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That name ne'er utter'd without tears in Milan.
He then, who never fail'd me at my need,
CANTO XIX ARGUMENT.-The Poet, after describing his dream, relates how, at the summoning of an Angel, he ascends with Virgil to the fifth cornice, where the sin of avarice is cleansed, and where he finds Pope Adrian V.
TT was the hour, when of diurnal heat
No reliques chafe the cold beams of the moon,
O'erpower'd by earth, or planetary sway
“ There is be.” Alberto della Scala, Lord of Verona, who had made his natural son Abbot of San Zeno.
20 “ First they died." The Israel. ites, who on account of their dig. obedience died before reaching the promised land.
11“ And they," Those Trojans, who, wearied with their voyage, chose rather to remain in Sicily with Acestes than accompany Æneas to Italy.
1" The hour." Near the dawn.
3“ The geomancer.” The geomancers, when they divined, drew a figure consisting of sixteen marks, named from so many stars which constitute the end of Aquarius and the beginning of Pisces. One of these they called "the greater fortune.”
His Greater Fortune up the east ascend,
I look'd upon her; and, as sunshine cheers
I straightway rose. Now day, pour'd down from high,
8"A woman's shape.” Worldly happiness. This allegory reminds us of the “ Choice of Hercules."
“Ulysses.” It is not easy to determine why Ulysses, contrary to
the authority of Homer, is said to have been drawn aside from his course by the song of the Siren. No improbable way of accounting for the contradiction is, to suppose that she is here represented as purposely deviating from the truth. Or Dante may have followed some leg. end of the Middle Ages.
6" A dame." Philosophy, or per. haps Truth.
Fill'd all the circuits of the sacred mount;
With swan-like wings dispred and pointing up,
“What aileth thee, that still thou look'st to earth?” Began my leader; while the angelic shape A little over us his station took.
“New vision," I replied, “ hath raised in me Surmisings strange and anxious doubts, whereon My soul intent allows no other thought Or room, or entrance.”—“Hast thou seen,” said he, “That old enchantress, her, whose wiles alone The spirits o'er us weep for? Hast thou seen How man may free him of her bonds ? Enough. Let thy heels spurn the earth; and thy raised ken Fix on the lure, which Heaven's eternal King Whirls in the rolling spheres." As on his feet The falcon first looks down, then to the sky Turns, and forth stretches eager for the food, That wooes him thither; so the call I heard: So onward, far as the dividing rock Gave way, I journey'd, till the plain was reach'd.
On the fifth circle when I stood at large, A race appear'd before me, on the ground All downward lying prone and weeping sore. “My soul hath cleaved to the dust," I heard With sighs so deep, they well nigh choked the words.
“O ye elect of God! whose penal woes G“ Who mourn.” “ Blessed are they that mourn; for they shall be
comforted.”—Matt. v. 4
Both hope and justice mitigate, direct
“If ye approach secure from this our doom, Prostration, and would urge your course with speed, See that ye still to rightward keep the brink.”
So them the bard besought; and such the words, Beyond us some short space, in answer came.
I noted what remain'd yet hidden from them:' Thence to my liege's eyes mine eyes I bent, And he, forthwith interpreting their suit, Beckon'd his glad assent. Free then to act As pleased me, I drew near, and took my stand Over that shade whose words I late had mark'd. And, "Spirit !” I said, " in whom repentant tears Mature that blessed hour when thou with God Shalt find acceptance, for a while suspend For me that mightier care. Say who thou wast; Why thus ye grovel on your bellies prone; And if, in aught, ye wish my service there, Whence living I am come.” He answering spake: “The cause why Heaven our back towards his cope Reverses, shalt thou know: but me know first, The successor of Peter, and the name And title of my lineage, from that stream That 'twixt Chiaveri and Siestri draws His limpid waters through the lowly glen. A month and little more by proof I learnt, With what a weight that robe of sovereignty Upon his shoulder rests, who from the mire Would guard it; that each other fardel seems But feathers in the balance. Late, alas! Was my conversion : but, when I became Rome's pastor, I discerned at once the dream And cozenage of life; saw that the heart Rested not there, and yet no prouder height
?" I noted what remain'd yet hid Counts of Lavagno, died thirty-nine den from them.” They were ig days after he became Pope, with the norant, it appeared, whether Dante title of Adrian V, in 1276. was come there to be purged of his O" That stream.” The river Lasins.
vagno, in the Genoese territory; to " The successor of Peter." Ot. the east of which_territory are sittobuono, of the family of Fieschi, uated Siestri and Chiaveri. 8-VOL. XX
HC 10 “ A kinswoman.” Alagia is said to have been the wife of the Mar chese Marcello Malaspina, one of
Lured on the climber: whereof, of that life
My knees I stoop'd, and would have spoke; but he, Ere my beginning, by his ear perceived I did him reverence; and “What cause," said he, “Hath bow'd thee thus ? ”-“Compunction," I rejoin'd, “And inward awe of your high dignity.”
“Up,” he exclaim'd, “ brother! upon thy feet
the Poet's protectors during his ex ile. See Canto viii. 133.