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To tell you who I am were words mis-spent:
“If well I do incorporate with my thought
To whom the other: “Why hath he conceal'd The title of that river, as a man Doth of some horrible thing ?” The spirit, who Thereof was question'd, did acquit him thus: “I know not: but 'tis fitting well the name Should perish of that vale; for from the source, Where teems so plenteously the Alpine steep Maim'd of Pelorus, (that doth scarcely pass Beyond that limit,) even to the point Where unto ocean is restored what heaven Drains from the exhaustless store for all earth's streams, Throughout the space is virtue worried down, As 't were a snake, by all, for mortal foe; Or through disastrous influence on the place, Or else distortion of misguided wills That custom goads to evil: whence in those, The dwellers in that miserable vale, Nature is so transform’d, it seems as they Had shared of Circe's feeding. 'Midst brute swine, Worthier of acorns than of other food Created for man's use, he shapeth first His obscure way; then, sloping onward, finds Curs,' snarlers more in spite than power, from whom He turns with scorn aside: still journeying down, By how much more the curst and luckless foss 8 Swells out to largeness, e'en so much it finds Dogs turning into wolves. Descending still Through yet more hollow eddies, next he meets A race of foxes,1° so replete with craft, They do not fear that skill can master it.
* Rinieri da Calboli.
From the rise of the Arno in the Apennines, whence Pelorus in Sicily was torn by a convulsion of the earth, even to the point where the same river unites with the ocean. Virtue is persecuted by all.
The people of Casentino. 7“ Curs." The Arno leaves Arez. zo about four miles to the left.
8" Foss." So in his enger he terms the Arno.
9 "Wolves.” The Florentines.
Nor will I cease because my words are heard "
As one, who tidings hears of woe to come,
His visage, and the other's speech, did raise
The shade, who late address'd me, thus resumed: “Thy wish imports, that I vouchsafe to do For thy sake what thou wilt not do for mine. But, since God's will is that so largely shine His grace in thee, I will be liberal too. Guido of Duca know then that I am. Envy so parch'd my blood, that had I seen A fellow man made joyous, thou hadst mark'd A livid paleness overspread my cheek. Such harvest reap I of the seed I sow'd. O man! why place thy heart where there doth need Exclusion of participants in good ? This is Rinieri's spirit; this, the boast And honour of the house of Calboli; Where of his worth no heritage remains.
11 Guido still addresses Rinieri.
19 For Dante, who has told us that he comes from the banks of Arno.
18 " Thy grandson." Fulcieri da Calboli, grandson of Rinieri da Cal boli, who is here spoken to. 15“ Lizio.".
Nor his the only blood, that hath been stript ('Twixt Po, the mount, the Reno, and the shore") Of all that truth or fancy asks for bliss : But, in those limits, such a growth has sprung Of rank and venom'd roots, as long would mock Slow culture's toil. Where is good Lizio ? 15 where Mainardi, Traversaro, and Carpigna ? 16 O bastard slips of old Romagna's line! When in Bologna the low artisan,"? And in Faenza yon Bernardin " sprouts, A gentle cyon from ignoble stem. Wonder not, Tuscan, if thou see me weep, When I recal to mind those once loved names, Guido of Prata, and of Azzo him 20 . That dwelt with us; Tignoso and his troop, With Traversaro's house and Anastagio's,"> (Each race disherited;) and beside these, The ladies and the knights, the toils and ease, That witch'd us into love and courtesy; Where now such malice reigns in recreant hearts. O Brettinoro !” wherefore tarriest still, Since forth of thee thy family hath gone, And many, hating evil, join'd their steps ? Well doeth he, that bids his lineage cease, Bagnacavallo;” Castrocaro ill, And Conio worse,a who care to propagate
14 The boundaries of Romagna troduced into Boccaccio's “Decam. eron," G. v. N. 4.
16 Arrigo Manardi, of Faenza, or, as some say, of Brettinoro; Pier Traversaro, Lord of Ravenna; and Guido di Carpigna, of Montefeltro.
17 One who had been a mechanic, named Lambertaccio, arrived at a most_supreme power in Bologna.
18 Benardin di Fosco, a man of low origin, but great talents, who governed at Faenza. °°10 Prata." A place between Faenza and Ravenna...
20 “ Of Azzo him.” Ugolino, of the Ubaldini family in Tuscany.
21 Federigo Tignoso of Rimini.
situated castle in Romagna, the hos.
24Bagnacavallo.” A castle between Imola and Ravenna.
25 “ Castrocaro ill, and Conio worse." Both in Romagna.
A race of Counties from such blood as theirs.
We knew those gentle spirits, at parting, heard
Now in mute stilness rested all the air;
Therefore He smites you who discerneth all.” 20" Counties.” I have used this See “Hell,” Canto xxvii. 47 and word here for “ counts," as it is in note... .
“28 ** Hugolin.” Ugolino Ubaldini, 37 “ Pagani.” The Pagani were a noble and virtuous person in Faof them, Machinardo, was named probably, was not likely to leave “ the Demon," from his treachery. any offspring behind him.
lords of Faenza and Imola.
enza, who, on account of his age
ARGUMENT.An Angel invites them to ascend the next steep. On their way Dante suggests certain doubts, which are resolved by Virgil; and, when they reach the third cornice, where the sin of anger is purged, our Poet, in a kind of waking dream, beholds remarkable instances of patience; and soon after they are enveloped in a dense fog.
As much as 'twixt the third hour's close and dawn,
Appeareth of Heaven's sphere, that ever whirls
As restless as an infant in his play;
Evening was there, and here the noon of night;
“Marvel not, if the family of Heaven,"