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And those the rest,' whose bones are gather'd yet
Whilst eagerly I fix on him my gaze,
9 The army of Manfredi, which, through the treachery of the Apulian troops, was overcome by Charles of Anjou in 1265. See the Purgatory, Canto iii.
3“O Tagliacozzo." He alludes to the victory which Charles gained over Conradino, by the sage advice of the Sieur de Valeri, in 1268.
The disciple of Mohammed.
More than a hundred spirits, when that they heard,
6“ Dolcino.” In 1305, a friar, called Dolcino, who belonged to no regular order, contrived to raise in Novara, in Lombardy, a large company of the meaner sort of people, declaring himself to be a true apostle of Christ and promulgating a community of property and of wives, with many other such heretical doctrines. He blamed the Pope, cardinals, and other prelates of the holy Church, for not observing their duty, nor leading the angelic life, and af. firmed that he ought to be pope. He was followed by more than three thousand men and women, who lived promiscuously on the mountains together, like beasts, and, when they wanted provisions, supplied themselves by depredation and rapine. After two years, many were struck with compunction at the dissolute life they led, and his sect was much
diminished; and, through failure of food and the severity of the snows, he was taken by the people of Novara, and burnt, with Margarita, his companion, and many others, whom he had seduced.
6 " Medicina.” A place in the territory of Bologna. Piero fomented dissensions among the inhabitants of that city, and among the leaders of the neighboring states.
Guido del Cassero and Angiolello da Cagnano, two of the worthiest and most distinguished citizens of Fano, were invited by Malatestino da Rimini to an entertainment, on pretence that he had some important business to transact with them; and, according to instructions given by him, they were drowned in their passage near Cattolica, between Rimini and Fano.
That if 'tis given us here to scan aright
Forthwith he laid his hand on the cheek-bone
g“ Focara's wind.” Focara is a mountain, from which a wind blows that is peculiarly dangerous to the navigators of that coast..
10 The doubt in Cæsar's mind." Curio, whose speech (according to Lucan) determined Julius Cæsar to proceed when he had arrived at Rimini (the ancient Ariminum), and doubted whether he should prosecute the civil war.
11 “ Mosca.” Buondelmonte was engaged to marry a lady of the Ami. dei family, but broke his promise, and united himself to one of the Donati. This was so much resented by the former, that a meeting of
themselves and their kinsmen was held, to consider of the best means of revenging the insult. Mosca degli Uberti, or de' Lamberti, persuaded them to resolve on the assassination of Buondelmonte, exclaiming to them, “the thing once done, there is an end." This counsel and its effects were the source of many terrible calamities to the State of Florence. “This murder," says G. Villani, lib. v. cap. xxxviii, “ was the cause and beginning of the accursed Guelf and Ghibelline parties in Florence.” It happened in 1215. See the “ Paradise," Canto xvi. 139.
“The deed once done, there is an end,’ that proved
12 “Bertrand.” Bertrand de Born, II of England. Bertrand holds a Vicomte de Hautefort, near Peri distinguished place among the Progueux in Guienne, who incited John vençal poets. to rebel against his father, Henry
ARGUMENT.-Dante, at the desire of Virgil, proceeds onward to the bridge that crosses the tenth gulf, from whence he hears the cries of the alchemists and forgers, who are tormented therein; but not being able to discern anything on account of the darkness, they descend the rock, that bounds this, the last of the compartments in which the eighth circle is divided, and then behold the spirits who are afflicted by divers plagues and diseases. Two of them, namely, Grifolino of Arezzo, and Capocchio of Siena, are introduced speaking.
O were mine eyes inebriate with the view S Of the vast multitude, whom various wounds Disfigured, that they long'd to stay and weep. But Virgil roused me: “What yet gazest on? Wherefore doth fasten yet thy sight below Among the maim'd and miserable shades? Thou hast not shown in any chasm beside This weakness. Know, if thou wouldst number them, That two and twenty miles the valley winds Its circuit, and already is the moon Beneath our feet: the time permitted now Is short; and more, not seen, remains to see.” “If thou,” I straight replied, “hadst weigh'd the cause, For which I look'd, thou hadst perchance excused The tarrying still.” My leader part pursued His way, the while I follow'd, answering him, And adding thus: “Within that cave I deem, Whereon so fixedly I held my ken, There is a spirit dwells, one of my blood, Wailing the crime that costs him now so dear.” Then spake my master: “Let thy soul no more Afflict itself for him. Direct elsewhere Its thought, and leave him. At the bridge's foot I mark'd how he did point with menacing look At thee, and heard him by the others named Geri of Bello.' Thou so wholly then * “Geri of Bello.” A kinsman of ered as a proof that Dante was the Poet's, who was murdered by more impartial in the , allotment of
one of the Sacchetti family. His his punishments than has generally being placed here, may be consid been supposed.