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Scarfed, decorated with flags.
Scath, destruction, harm.
Sconce, the head, or a kind of

Scotch, to bruise or crush.
Scrimers, fencers. Fr.
Scroyles, scabby fellows.
Scrubbed, stunted, shrub-like,
or short and dirty.
Sculls, shoals of fish.
Seam, lard.
Seamels, a bird.

Seamy side without, inside out.
Sear, dry.

Sear, to close up.
Seel, to sew up.
Seeling, blinding.
Seld, for seldom.

Semblably, in resemblance, alike.

Seniory, seniority.

Sennet, a flourish on cornets. Sense, sometimes for reason and natural affection. Septentrion, the North. Sequence, of degree, methodically.

Sere, dry, withered. Serpigo, a kind of tetter. Sessa, from cesser, be quiet. Set of wit, a term from tennis. Sets up his rest, a term from the military exercise. Setobos, a kind of god or devil. Several, or severell, a field separated from others to bear corn and grass.

Sewer, the person who placed the dishes in order. Shard borne, borne on shards or wings.

Shark up, to pick up without distinction.

Shaven Hercules, Samson.
Sheen, shining, bright, gay.
Sheer, pellucid, transparent.
Shent, scolded, roughly treated.
Sherris sack, sherry sack.
Shive, a slice.
Shog, to go off.
Shotten, projected.
Shove groat, a kind of game.
Shovel boards, shillings used at
the game of shovel-board.
Shoughs, a species of dog.
Shoulder clapper, a bailiff.
Shrewd, sometimes for severe,
Shrift, confession.

Shrive, to call to confession. Side, purpose or resolution. Siege, a stool, or privy, or seat. Sieve, a common voider. Sightless, unsightly.

Sights, i. e. of steel, the perforated part of the helmet. Single, sometimes for weak, little.

Sister, to imitate or re-echo.
Sith, and sithence, since.
Sizes, allowances.

Skain's mates, kin's mates.
Skill, reason.

Skills not, is of no importance. Skinker, a tapster; from Skink, drink.

Skirr, to scour.

Slave, to treat with indignity.
Sleave, coarse, unwrought silk.
Sledded, carried on a sledge.
Sleided, untwisted.
Slights, arts.

Slip, a counterfeit piece of money.

Slips, a contrivance in leather, to start two dogs at the same time.

Slivered, sliced.

Slops, loose breeches or trow


Slough, the skin which the serpent throws off annually. Slowed, delayed.

Slubber, to obscure.
Smirched, soiled, obscured.
Sneap, rebuke, check.
Sneck up, a cant phrase, pro-

bably for, go hang yourself. Snipe, an insignificant fellow. Snuff, sometimes for anger. Snuffs, dislikes.

Soft, i. e. conditions, gentle qualities of mind. Soil, sometimes, turpitude, reproach.

Solidares, some species of coin. Sooth, truth.

Sorer, a greater or heavier crime.

Sorel, a deer during his third year.

Sort, to choose out. Sorts, different degrees or kinds.

Sort and suit, figure and rank. Sot, fool. Fr.

Souced gurnet, a gudgeon, a term of reproach.

Soud, sweet, or an exclamation denoting weariness.


Sowle, to drag down.
Souter, the name of a hound.
Spanieled, dogged.
Speak parrot, to act childishly
and foolishly.
Speak holiday, i.e. words, curi-
ously and affectedly chosen.
Speculation, for sight.
Speculative instruments, the


Speed, fate or event.
Sperr, to stir.
Spill, to destroy.

Spleen, often for hurry, or tu
multuous speed,
Spotted, wicked.
Sprag, ready, alert.
Sprighted, haunted.
Springhalt, a disease incident
to horses.

Square, sometimes, to quarrel,
Squarer, a quarrelsome fellow.
Squash, an immature peascod.
Squiney, to look asquint.
Squire, sometimes for a rule or
Stage, to place conspicuously.
Staged, exhibited.
Staggers, a disorder peculiar
to horses.

Stain, colour or tincture.
Stale, a decoy to catch birds.
Stannyel, the name of a kind
of hawk; a stallion.

Stark, stiff.

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State, sometimes for a chair of Surcease, cessation, stop.

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Surreigned, overridden. Swart, or swarth, black or dark brown.

Swashing, imposing, bullying.. Swath, the quantity of grass cut down by a single stroke of the seythe.

Sway, weight or momentum.
Sweltered, weltered.
Swinge-bucklers, rakes or ri-


Swounded, swooned.

Table, the palm of the hand extended, a picture. Tables, books of ivory for memorandums.

Tabourines, small drums. Ta'en order, taken measures. Tag, the valgar populace. Taint, corruption or disgrace. Take, i. e. a house, to go into a house.

Take, sometimes, to strike with lameness or disease.

Take in, to subdue. Talent, often for talon. Tarre, to stimulate, to set on. Tasked, sometimes for taxed. Tassel-gentle, or tercel gentle, a species of bawk. Tawney coat, the dress of a summoner or apparitor. Taxation, sometimes for censure or satire.

Teen, sorrow, grief, or trouble.
Temper, to mould like wax.
Temperance, temperature.
Tend, sometimes for attend.
Tender, to regard with affec-

Tent, to take up residence.
Tercel, the male hawk.
Terms, the technical language
of courts.

Tested, attested, genuine.
Testerned, gratified with a tes-
ter, or sixpence.
Tetchy, touchy, peevish, fret-

Tether, a string by which any animal is fastened. Tharborough, third borough, a peace officer. Theorick, theory.

Thews, muscular strength, or appearance of manhood. Thick-pleached, thickly inter


Thill, or fill, the shafts of a cart or waggon. Thin helm, thin covering of


Thought, sometimes for melan

choly, Thrasonical, insolently boasting; from Thraso, a braggadocio in Terence. Thread, sometimes for to pass. Three-pile, rich velvet. Thrift, a state of prosperity. Thrumbed, made of thrum, the

end of the weaver's warp. Tib, a nickname for a wanton. Tickle, sometimes for ticklish. Tickle-brain, the name of a strong liquor. Tilley-valley, an interjection of contempt. Time, a ripener. Timeless, untimely. Timely-parted, i. e. ghost, departed in the course of time and nature.

Tire, to fasten, to fix the talons.

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Tired, sometimes for adorned.
Tod, to produce a tod, a certain
quantity of wool.
Toged, wearing their habits.
Tokened, spotted.
Tolling, taking toll.
Tomboy, a masculine, forward

Too much, any sum, ever so much.

Topless, supreme, sovereign.
Topple, to tumble.

Touches, the features, the trait. Toward and towards, sometimes, instead of readiness. Toys, sometimes for whims, freaks.

Toze, to unravel, to close examine.

Trace, sometimes, to follow or succeed in.

Trail, the scent left by the passage of the game. Trammel, to catch; tremmel is a species of net. Tranect, probably some kind of ferry, dam, or sluice. Translate, sometimes for to change or transform. Trash, to cut away the superfluities, or to check; a phrase in hunting.

Traverse, an ancient military word of command. Traversed, i. e. arms, arms

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Turlygood, for turlupin, a naked beggar. Turquoise, a species of precious stone, supposed to be endued with extraordinary virtues. Twangling Jack, a paltry musician.

Twiggen-bottle, a wickered bottle. [scribed. Tyed, limited, or circum

Vail, sometimes to cast down,

to let fall down. Valenced, fringed with a beard. Validity, sometimes for value. Vanity, an illusion. Vantage, opportunity. Vantbrace, armour for the arm. Fr.

Vast, sometimes for waste, dreary.

Vaunt, the avant, what went
before, or the vanguard.
Vaward, the forepart.
Velure, velvet.

Venetian, admittance, a fashion admitted from Venice. Venew, a bout at a fencing school.

Veneys, venews.

Vent, rumour, materials for discourse.

Ventages, the holes of a flute.
Verbal, verbose,
Verify, to hear witness.
Very, sometimes for immediate.
Vice, to draw or persuade.
Vice, a grasp. A mimic.
Vie, a term at cards, to brag.
Violenteth, probably rageth.
Virgin crants, maiden gar-
lands. Ger.

Virginal, a kind of spinnet.
Virginal, belonging toa virgin.
Virtuous, sometimes for salu-

Vizament, advisement.

Umber, a dusky, yellow-co-
loured earth.
Umbered, discoloured.
Unaneled, without extreme


Unavoided, unavoidable. Unbarbed, bare, uncovered, beardless.

Unbated, i. e. sword not blunted as foils are. Unbitted, unbridled. Unbonneted, without any addition from dignities. Unbreathed, unexercised, unpractised.

Uncape, a term in hunting, to stop every hole before the fox is uncaped or turned out of the bag.

Uncharged, unattacked. Unclew, to unwind, to rain. Uncoined, unrefined, unadorned. Unconfirmed, unpractised in the ways of the world, not hardened.

Undercraft, a phrase from heraldry, to wear beneath the

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Untraded, singular, not in

common use. Unvalued, invaluable. Upspring, upstart.

Use and usance, sometimes for usury.

Utis, a merry festival. Utterance, the extremity of defiance.

Waft, to beckon.

Wage, sometimes, to hire or
reward, to fight.
Wan'd, probably for waned,
decayed, or in the wane.
Wanned, pale, made wan.
Wanton, sometimes for a man
feeble and effeminate.
Wappened, probably decayed
or diseased.

Ward, defence, a phrase in the
art of defence.
Warder, a guard or sentinel.
Warden, a species of large

Warn, sometimes, to summons.
Warp, to change from the na-
tural state.

Wassel, a kind of drink, or
intemperate drinking.
Wassel candle, candle used at

Waxen, to increase.
Waxen, soft, yielding, easily


Web and the pin, diseases of the eye.

Wee, very little.

Ween, to think or imagine.
Weigh, sometimes, to value or


Weird, prophetic.

Welkin, the sky.

Welkin-eye, blue eye.

Whiles, until.

Whipstock, the carter's whip.
Whirring, hurrying away.
Whist, being silent.

Whiting time, bleaching time.
Whitstirs, bleachers of linen.
Whittle, a pocket clasp knife.
Whooping, measure and reck-
Wimpled, hooded, or veiled;
from wimple, a hood.
Winchester goose, a strumpet;
the stews were formerly li-
censed by the bishop of Win-

Winking-gates, gates hastily
closed from fear or danger.
Winnowed, sifted, examined.
Wis, to know.

Wish, sometimes, to recom-
mend or desire.

Wits, sometimes for senses.
one who
knows himself a cuckold,
and is contented.
Woe, to be sorry.
Wondered, able to perform
Wood, crazy.

Woolvish, giving an idea of a
wolf in sheep's clothing.
Woolward, clothed in wool, or
rather naked.

Worts, the ancient name of all
kinds of cabbage.
Wot, to know.

Wreck, resentment.
Wrest, an instrument for draw-
ing up the strings of a harp;
a help.

Wrested pomp, pomp obtained
by violence.

Writhled, wrinkled.
Wrought, worked, agitated.

Well-a-near, well-a-day, lack- Wrying, deviating.


Wend, to go.

Westward-hoe, the name of a
play acted in Shakspeare's
Wether, used for ram.
Whelked, varied with protube-
rances; from whelks, protu-
berances, a small shell-fish.
Whe'r, often for whether.
Where, sometimes for whereas.
Whiffler, an officer who walked
in processions.

Yare, handy, nimble.
Yearn, to grieve or vex.
Yerk, to kick.
Yesty, foaming, frothy.

Zany, a buffoon, a merry An-
Zealous, pious, influenced by

Zed, a term of contempt. The
letter Z is not in any word
originally Teutonic.

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