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stealing property of the value of that embezzled; and where the property embezzled is an evidence of debt or right of action, the sum due upon it or secured to be paid by it must be taken as its value; if the embezzlement or defalcation is of the public funds of the United States, or of this state, or of any county or municipality within this state, the offense is a felony, and is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not less than one nor more than ten years; and the person so convicted is ineligible thereafter to any office of honor, trust, or profit in this state. En. February 14, 1872. Am’d. 1880, 8; 1905, 682. The amendment substitutes "in" for "under" before the word "this,”
thus making a person convicted of embezzlement ineligible to any office in this state, whether it be a state office or not.-Code Commissioner's Note.
Cal. Rep. Cit. 61, 135; 91, 273; 94, 575; 116, 386. Embezzlement of public funds.—"No person convicted of the embezzlement or defalcation of the public funds of the United States, or of any state, or of any county or municipality therein, shall ever be eligible to any office of honor, trust, or profit under this state, and the legislature shall provide by law for the punishment of embezzlement or defalcation as a felony''; Const. Cal. art. IV, sec. 21.
EXTORTION. $ 518. "Extortion" defined. § 519. What threats may constitute extortion.
520. Punishment of extortion in certain cases.
521. Extortion committed under color of official right. § 522. Obtaining signature by means of threats. $ 523. Sending threatening letters with intent to extort. $ 524. Attempts to extort by means of verbal threats. $ 525. Officers of railroad companies making overcharges. $ 526. Sale of tickets to theater, etc.
§ 518. “Extortion” defined. Extortion is the obtaining of property from another, with his consent, induced by a wrongful use of force, or fear, or under color of official right. En. February 14, 1872. Cal. Rep. Cit. 81, 277; 93, 456; 123, 522; 123, 523; 126, 367;
§ 519. What threats may constitute tatürtion. Fear, such as will constitute extortion, may be induced by a threat, either:
1. To do an unlawful injury to the person or property of the individual threatened, or to any relative of his, or member of his family; or,
2. To accuse him, or any relative of his, or members of his family of any crime; or,
3. To expose, or impute to him or them any deformity or disgrace; or,
4. To expose any secret affecting him or them. En. February 14, 1872. Cal. Rep. Cit. 57, 563; 63, 491; 81, 277; 81, 278; 81, 279;
95, 641; 95, 642; 123, 523. Subd. 2—126, 367. Subd. 1. Injury to property: See sec. 523.
8 520. Punishment of extortion in certain cases. Every person who extorts any money or other property from another, under circumstances not amounting to robbery, by means of force, or any threat, such as is mentioned in the preceding section, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding five years. En. February 14, 1872.
Cal. Rep. Cit. 81, 279.
8 521. Extortion committed under color of official right. Every person who commits any extortion under color of official right, in cases for which a different punishment is n'ot prescribed in this code, is guilty of a misdemeanor. En. February 14, 1872.
See ante, sec. 518.
§ 522. Obtaining signature by means of threats. Every person who, by any extortionate means, obtains from another his signature to any paper or instrument, whereby, if such signature were freely given, any property would be transferred, or any debt, demand, charge, or right of action created, is punishable in the same manner as if the actual delivery of such debt, demand, charge, or right of action were obtained. En. February 14, 1872.
$ 523. Sending threatening letters with ten to extort. Every person who, with intent to extort any money or other property from another, sends or delivers to any person any letter or other writing, whether subscribed or not, expressing or implying, or adapted to imply, any threat such as is specified in section five hundred and nineteen, is punishable in the same manner as if such money or property were actually obtained by means of such threat. En. February 14, 1872.
Cal. Rep. Cit. 81, 278; 95, 641.
8 524. Attempts to extort by means of verbal threats. Every person who unsuccessfully attempts, by means of any verbal threat, such as is specified in section five hundred and nineteen, to extort money or other property from another, is guilty of a misdemeanor. En. February 14, 1872.
Cal. Rep. Cit. 63, 491; 123, 523.
$ 525. Officers of railroad companies making overcharges. Every officer, agent, or employee of a railroad company, who asks or receives a greater sum than is allowed by law for the carriage of passengers or freight, is guilty of a misdemeanor. En. February 14, 1872. Cal. Rep. Cit.
145, 637. Rate of charges: See Civ. Code, sec. 489.
$ 526. Sale of tickets to theater, etc. Every person who sells or offers for sale any ticket or tickets to any theater or other public place of amusement at a price in excess of that charged originally by the management of such theater or public place of amusement is guilty of a misdemeanor. En. Stats. 1905, 140.
FALSE PERSONATION AND CHEATS.
528. Marrying under false personation.
532. Obtaining money, property of labor by false pretenses,
537. Removal of mortgaged chattels. (Repealed.) 53742. Fraudulent registration of cattle.
53734. Defrauding owner of livery stable a misdemeanor, § 537a. Fraudulent registration of cattle. § 537b. Defrauding owners of livery stables. Š 538. Removing mortgaged personal property; further incumbrance or
sale. § 538a. Misrepresentation of newspaper circulation. § 538b. Wearing badge of secret society unless entitled to.
8 528. Marrying under false personation. Every person who falsely personates another, and in such assumed character marries or pretends to marry, or to sustain the marriage relation towards another, with or without the connivance of such other, is guilty of a felony. En. February 14, 1872.
Consent obtained by fraud: See Civ. Code, sec. 58.
§ 529. Personating another in private or official capacity. Every person who falsely personates another in either his private or official capacity, and in such assumed character, either:
1. Becomes bail or surety for any party in any proceeding whatever, before any court or officer authorized to take such bail or surety;
2. Verifies, publishes, acknowledges, or proves, in the name of another person, any written instrument, with in. tent that the same may be recorded, delivered, or used as true; or,
3. Does any other act whereby, if done by the person falsely personated, he might, in any event, become liable to any suit or prosecution, or to pay any sum of money, or to incur any charge, forfeiture, or penalty, or whereby any benefit might accrue to the party personating, or to any other person;
Is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding two years, or by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars. En. February 14, 1872. Am’d. 1905, 684. The change consists in the insertion of the words "in either his pri
official capacity,” after “another," the amendment being designed with the purpose of changing the construction put upon this section in People v. Knox, 119 Cal. 73, where it was held that the section did not apply to a case where a person falsely assumes an official character.-Code Commissioner's Note. Cal. Rep. Cit. 77, 439. Subd. 1—119, 73. Subd. 2—77,
§ 530. Receiving money or property in a false character. Every person who falsely personates another, in either his private or official capacity, and in such assumed character receives any money or property, knowing that it is intended to be delivered to the individual so personated, with intent to convert the same to his own use, or to that of another person, or to deprive the true owner thereof, is punishable in the same manner and to the same extent as for larceny of the money or property so received. En. February 14, 1872. Am’d. 1905, 684. With the same object in view as in the amendment to the preceding
section, the words "in either his private or official capacity" hav., been inserted after “another."-Code Commissioner's Note. Cal. Rep. Cit. 127, 282.
§ 531. Fraudulent conveyances. Every person who is a party to any fraudulent conveyance of any lands, tenements, or hereditaments, goods or chattels, or any right or interest issuing out of the same, or to any bond, suit, judgment, or execution, contract or conveyance, had, made, or contrived with intent to deceive and defraud others, or to defeat, hinder, or delay creditors or others of their just debts, damages, or demands; or who, being a party as aforesaid, at any time wittingly and willingly puts in, uses, avows, maintains, justifies, or defends the same, or any of them, as true, and done, had, or made in good faith, or upon good consideration, or aliens, assigns, or sells any of the lands, tenements, hereditaments, goods, chattels, or other things before mentioned, to him
or them conveyed as aforesaid, or any part thereof, is guilty of a misdemeanor. En. February 14, 1872.