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Treatment, Sewer Maintenance, Sewage Treatment Plant Design, Design and Construction of Sanitary and Storm Sewers, Uniform System of Accounts for Wastewater Utilities, and Operation for Wastewater Plants.

In addition, the federation is one of the three sponsoring organizations for the continuing production of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, which is updated on a continuing basis but revised and published each five years. This publication is the standard in the analytical field in matters concerning water and wastewater.

Formerly: Federation of Sewage Works Associations (1949); Federation of Sewage and Industrial Wastes Associations (1959).

(3) to promote welding research in the universities; and (4) to provide a means for cooperation, interchange of ideas, and information with similar agencies abroad.

The council disseminates the results of its own research work and that of many other affiliated organizations through its five regular publications, namely: Welding Research, Reports of Progress, Welding Research News, Bulletins, Welding Research Abroad.

In addition to the regular publications of the council, pamphlets, books, and special reports are issued from time to time. All of these publications, which represent some $3 million worth of research annually, are made available to subscribers and research workers, as well as code-making bodies.

The council is currently administering work in the following areas: interpretive reports, weldability, pres. sure, vessel research, resistance welding, structural steel, aluminum alloys, welding processes, high alloys, and reactive and refractory metals.

In addition to the major engineering societies, the council works closely with more than a dozen Govern. ment departments, and such leading trade associations as the American Iron and Steel Institute, American Petroleum Institute, American Institute of Steel Construction, American Gas Association, Edison Electric Institute, Aluminum Association, Resistance Welding Manufacturers' Association, and others.

WATER SYSTEMS COUNCIL, 221 North LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois 60601


6980 SW. Varns Road,

P.0. Box 23145,
Portland, Oregon 97223

The council, founded in 1932, represents and serves the leading manufacturers of domestic and farm water systems equipment. Approximately 85 percent of all such production is represented by the membership of the council.

The Testing and Rating Standards adopted by the council have been established in the public interest, and are designed to supply the purchaser and/or user automatic, electric water systems with accurate performance data and to assist in the determination of proper application and selection of this equipment. Any manufacturer of electric water systems may indicate adherence to these standards by stating in the specifications and product description: “Tested and rated in accord. ance with Water Systems Council standards.” member manufacturers of the council may also affix their performance certified by manufacturer seal to products bearing their name or brand name, or incorporate the seal design in the description of any product to indicate adherence to these testing and rating standards and procedures. The standards cover: (1) shallow well water system pumps; (2) deep well water system pumps; (3) deep well submersible water system pumps ; (4) pump motor standards; (5) submersible pump motor standards; and (6) hydropneumatic tank volume standards.

Formerly: National Association of Domestic and Farm Pump Manufacturers.


West Coast Lumber Inspection Bureau (WCLIB) is an industry owned, nonprofit corporation that provides lumber quality control services at its approximate cost. WCLÍB serves the area west of the summit region of the Cascade Mountains in the States of Washington and Oregon, and the entire State of California. Its services are available to any producer, user, distributor, or dealer handling West Coast lumber products.

The bureau was founded in 1911 as a part of the old West Coast Lumbermen's Association.

The bureau is one of the three major rules writing agencies in the United States. The others are the Western Wood Products Association and Southern Pine Inspection Bureau. These three agencies are responsible for the principal part of all the quality control programs for softwood lumber production in the United States. WCLIB supervises or grades four and one-half to six billion feet of lumber per year which is the bulk of all production west of the Cascades.

The main objectives of the bureau are to maintain uniform standards of lumber grading and manufacture, to promote the use of grade stamped lumber as assurance to the buyer, seller and consumer that the interests of each are fully protected, and to assist in the efficient use of West Coast lumber products.


Room 801,
New York, New York 10017

The Welding Research Council, organized in 1935 by the Engineering Foundation, is a realistic, flexible mechanism set up by interested engineering societies and trade associations to accomplish certain objectives. These objectives simply stated are: (1) to conduct needed cooperative research in welding and closely allied fields; (2) to disseminate research information;


The American Lumber Standards Committee is the licensing agent for all of the twelve grading agencies and six rules writing agencies in the United States.

Bureau activities include the publication and distribution of West Coast Grading Rules, supervision of the grading manufacturing practices of subscriber plants, grade stamping of West Coast lumber with official Bureau stamps, certificate inspection of lumber shipments, reinspection of lumber in dispute at destination and assistance to specification agencies, buyers and consumers of West Coast products.


P.O. Box 25278,
Portland, Oregon 97225

Spruce, Sitka Spruce, Mountain Hemlock, Western Hemlock, Western Red Cedar, Incense Cedar, Red Alder and Aspen.

The association writes grading rules in conformity with Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-70, published by the U.S. Department of Commerce for all softwood lumber, except Redwood and Sitka Spruce, produced in the western states. In addition, the association supervises grading by its members using grading rules written by other lumber inspection bureaus.

Use of the association's official grade, trade and species marks, indicates that the lumber was graded under association supervision by either a member or a grading rule subscriber. These marks are protected and can be placed on lumber only by a Western Wood Products Association quality supervisor or by an operator whose grading practices are given regular and periodic quality supervision by the association. Each grade stamp carries a mill number or name so that the shipper can be identified.

The association's inspection certificates financially guarantee the grade and tally of certified shipments. WESTERN WOODEN BOX ASSOCIATION,

430 Sherman Avenue,

Suite 206,
Palo Alto, California 94306

Founded August 9, 1963, Western Wood Moulding and Millwork Producers is a multiservice manufacturer's trade association within which standards programs account for 5 to 10 percent of the total budget. Standards are initiated through a standing committee and administered by the association staff.

The most important standard is the WP/Series Moulding Patterns catalog of accurate, full scale renderings of the most popular wood moulding profiles used nationwide. This may be used as a standard basis for all U. S. moulding producers. Work has been initiated to pave the way for conversion of wood mouldings to metric sizes within five years. Within the current catalog are grading rules for standard mould. ings and finger joint and priming standards.

Recently produced standards include Industry Standard WM 1.73 for Wood Interior Door Jambs and Frames and WM72-21, Vinyl Wrapped Interior Moulding and Millwork Products Standard. The Federal Housing Administration's approval is being pursued for the latter standard.

In addition, the American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM D-3110-Standard Specification for Adhesives Used in Non-Structural Glued Lumber Products was formulated by Western Wood Moulding.

The association is a certified testing agency under the provisions of the U.S. Department of Commerce Commercial Standard CS 262-63, Water-Repellent Preservative Non-Pressure Treatment for Millwork.

All standards issued by the association are intended for national use.

Formerly: Western Wood Moulding Producers (1968).

The Western Wooden Box Association (WWBA) was established in 1929. WWBA represents the manufacturers and distributors of sawn wooden boxes, crates, lugs, veneer components, pallets and loading material for interstate and export shipment of western fresh fruit, vegetables and melons.

In California, where most of the box shook manufactured by the industry is used, the majority of such containers are covered by standards set up under the California Agricultural Code and Western Wooden Box Tariff No. 1. In arriving at the standards so set by law, cooperation between the wooden box industry, the fresh fruit and vegetable industries, the Uniform Classification Committee representing American Railroads, Transcontinental Freight Bureau, and the Bureau of Fruit and Vegetable Standardization (a division of the California Department of Agriculture) is maintained.

The wooden box industry itself has manufacturing standards as set forth in the Standard Grade Rules for Box Shook and Western Wooden Box Tariff No. 1. Whereas the standards set up under the State of California Agricultural Code specify inside dimensions of containers, the standard grading rules provide a yardstick for quality of shook and official specifications used in the manufacture of containers. In addition, Freight Container Tariff No. 1.H

provides mandatory standards for minimum thickness and other container specifications for use in movement of perishable fresh produce via rail interstate. Truck movement of sawn wooden nailed containers, although not covered by container tariffs, for the most part are covered by specifications of inside measurements as set forth in the California Agricultural Code and Western Wooden Box Tariff No. 1.


ASSOCIATION, 1500 Yeon Building, Portland, Oregon 97204

This association combines the membership of the former Western Pine Association and West Coast Lumbermen's Association and has members throughout the 12 contiguous Western States. Its members process Douglas Fir, Larch, Ponderosa Pine, Sugar Pine, Idaho White Pine, Lodgepole Pine, White Fir, Engelmann

Formerly: Pacific Division of National Wooden Box Association.

WHEY PRODUCTS INSTITUTE, 130 North Franklin Street, Chicago, Illinois 60606

understanding of welded wire fabric so that it can be used more effectively and its market can be expanded. This research is in these areas: (1) physical proper. ties, (2) design methods and practices, and (3) behavior of fabric in construction applications.

Consulting Service-Upon request, consulting serv. ices are rendered to Government agencies as well as to consulting engineers, architects, contractors, and builders. These contacts provide an opportunity to educate the specifiers and constructors regarding the best design and construction procedures, and at the same time, direct these practices to fit in with manufacturing limitations.

The Whey Products Institute (WPI), a national trade association of whey processors, was founded in 1971. WPI's purposes are to stimulate and conduct research and to collect and disseminate information for the education of the public and users as to the character, quality, convenience, economy, use and functions of whey products and products derived from whey, to promote the utilization of such products, and to collect and disseminate such statistics and information as will further such purposes.

WPI's standardization activities consist of 60-75 percent of the total program. The Standards/Research Committee administers the standards program. The current standards are in the areas of: product definition/nomenclature; specifications and grade classification; and sanitation. These standards are accepted as national in scope by the industry. WPI's activities outside the organization consist of cooperation with the Food and Drug Administration and the Department of Agriculture and on an international level, WPI contributes towards the Codex Alimentarius.


1201 Waukegan Road,
Glenview, Mlinois 60025

WSFI was originally formed as the Wood Flooring Institute in 1954; synthetics were added in 1970. The institute is principally comprised of more than 40 flooring contractors throughout the United States. Standards have been published for all types of floors and floor surfaces. A set of 14 standards is available from WSFI Headquarters in Glenview, Illinois.

Currently the institute is developing programs for better estimating of flooring installations and investigating fire safety synthetic surfaces.

The institute operates a continuing program of updating specifications and is the only major representative of the flooring industry in the United States.


717 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94103

ZINC INSTITUTE, 292 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10017

This institute, founded in 1934, devotes its efforts in standardization primarily towards advocating the adoption of wine and brandy quality standards as established by Federal and state agencies. This institute's committees make studies and recommendations in connection with standards of identity and quality for wine and brandy. The recommendations are then placed before official agencies for consideration in connection with the establishment of new standards or the revision of existing standards.


7900 Westpark Drive, McLean, Virginia 22101

WRI, the Wire Reinforcement Institute, is a volun. tary, incorporated association of United States and Canadian manufacturers of steel welded wire fabric. It was founded in Washington, D.C. in 1930, and was pruunisu to increase the sale and use of welded wire fabric bi dissemination of information about the

iuct and its applications, and through scientific Si market research. It provides technical service in the public interest and cooperates with Government so n all levels, in any program affecting the

a inclustry. 3132*** Serrice Research is conducted to et information from which to gain a better

The Zinc Institute was founded in 1918. The activities of this institute in the field of standardization are confined to specifications and standards in connection with the finished products of the zinc industry. The institute is a member of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and cooperates with those committees dealing with corrosion of iron and steel, on specifications for nonferrous metals and alloys, and on corrosion of nonferrous metals and alloys. It has cooperated in the preparation of ASTM specifications covering slab zinc (spelter), rolled zinc, and zinc base alloy die castings. In addition, it concerns itself in all ASTM specifications relating to zinc-coated steel and iron articles such as fencing, wire, sheets, pipe, hardware, etc., as well as methods of test in connection therewith.

It cooperates also with the Standardization Division, Federal Supply Service, General Services Administration, in the preparation and revision of Federal specifications covering slab zinc (spelter): zinc plates, sheets and strip: zinc anodes for cathodic protection: zinc base allows for die castings; and zinc dust-zinc oxide primer paint (for galvanized zinc-coated or zinc surfaces). In conjunction with the promotion activities of the institute and its efforts to improve the quality of zinc-coated (galvanized) roofing sheets, the institute licenses steel manufacturers without charge to stamp the American Zinc Institute's seal of quality mark on all galvanized sheets, which conform to rigid specifications as to quality and which carry a full 2-ounce coating.

Formerly: American Zinc Institute (1968).

long period of time. It is a program of statewide scope for which implementation is anticipated in the near future. The program will include a full time standards committee. The use of standards, upon implementation of the new program, will be promoted by selling the program to using agencies and by appropriate contracts and awards to substantiate the standards established.

3. State Governments



Purchasing Division, Department of Finance and Control,

P.O. Box 1141,

460 Silver Street, Middletown, Connecticut 06457

ARIZONA, STATE OF, Manager, Purchasing Office,

Finance Division, Department of Administration,

The Capitol Building, 1700 West Washington, Phoenix, Arizona 85007

The State of Arizona Purchasing Office, Division of Finance, Department of Administration, is responsible for administering the standardization activities for the State as applies to procurement of supplies, materials and equipment.

The standards program was implemented in 1968 when a central State purchasing office was authorized by legislative appropriation.

Currently standards issued by this office approximate 150 items. These standards are those reviewed and adopted from the National Association of State Purchasing Officials and National Institute of Governmental Purchasing organizations information exchange circulars.

The Manager of the State Purchasing Office is Chairman of the State Standards Committee. The committee is comprised of department administrators representing approximately seven larger agencies and institutions of the State on a rotating basis and dependent on the commodity under review.

The standards are promoted by (1) informing State agencies of the existence and adherence to State specifications as formulated or adopted by the standards committee; (2) review of all State agency requests by central purchasing for deviations and changes to State specifications and standards.

The prime function of the State of Connecticut Standards Division is to supervise, study, and review all commodity standards and specifications submitted to the Standardization Committee for their consideration and adoption.

To assist in this important function, approximately 300 qualified personnel, representing 30 Advisory Committees, are currently serving on these committees, some of which were originally organized in June, 1952.

Representatives of industry, other states, cities, towns, national purchasing groups and branches of the Federal Government have continued to express interest in the division's unique approach to the development of specifications and standards. This division strives to establish specifications developed in full cooperation with State agencies and responsible industry representation. The Standards Division promul. ated and/or revised 161 specifications, acceptable brands lists, and standards during 1971-1972 which controlled the quality of approximately $30 million of commodities purchased for using State agencies. The specifications are designated to provide optimum value and quality to satisfy the needs of the using agencies.

Approximately 350 documents, including acceptable brands lists, Connecticut standards, and specifications have been established to serve all phases of State procurement.

State Purchasing Director,

Division of Purchasing, Department of Administration, Suite 232 - State Services Building,

Denver, Colorado 80203


Division of Purchasing, Bureau of Standards,

Department of General Services,
William D. Bloxham Building,

Tallahassee, Florida 32304

Effective March 26, 1973 a State Purchasing Director was assigned to administer the standardization program for the State of Colorado.

The program is being developed to encompass those standards considered effective and applicable over a

The State of Florida Division of Purchasing implemented a standardization program in 1968. Under the Director of the Division of Purchasing, this program was designed to standardize the many high-volume common items purchased by various State agencies. Standardization is accomplished first by preparing State of Illinois. In the case of highly sophisticated equipment, the purchasing agents work with the engineers associated with the agency using such items. Agents may also meet with manufacturers to discuss new specifications or the need to update old ones. Specifications established by this office are sent to all appropriate State agencies.

specifications which reflect minimum requirements consistent with the present state of the art offered by manufacturers and secondly, by inspection and test of a quality standard product (pre-bid sample). Random samples are tested, using the same inspection and test criteria to assure product integrity throughout the term of a contract.

The Division of Purchasing has published 2050 standards covering a wide variety of items. When completed, these standards are promulgated with copies being sent to the National Bureau of Standards, General Services Administration, National Association of State Purchasing Officials, National Association of Purchasing Management, National Institute of Governmental Purchasing, and the American Society for Testing and Materials. Presently the American Society for Testing and Materials, using State of Florida specifications as a foundation, is working with the paper industry to establish industry standards on unwatermarked, cut size, office papers.



Division of Purchases,
Department of Administration,

State Office Building,
Topeka, Kansas 66612


Purchasing and Supplies Division,
Department of Administrative Services,

116 Mitchell Street SW.,
Atlanta, Georgia 30334

The standardization program, as it relates to commodities used by the agencies of Kansas government, is under the jurisdiction of the Division of Purchases. In July, 1953, Kansas by statutory authority created a centralized Purchasing Division under which specifications and standards are developed. This is a continuing process including constant revisions and additions.

Standards are on file in the office of Director of Purchases, State Office Building, Topeka, Kansas. The basic specifications and standards are written and indexed by employees of the Division of Purchases with help from the using agencies. A Standards Committee at the University of Kansas Medical Center assists with hospital and medical standards and specifications. Other areas are supplied by ad hoc committees, set up as needed in specific instances. The only standing committee is the Medical Center Committee.

Use of standards by the agencies of State government is a statutory authority of the Director of Pur. chases, and their use is a cooperative requirement of his office.

The standardization activities of the State of Georgia are administered by the Purchasing and Supplies Division of the Department of Administrative Serv. ices. Formal specifications development and a program of standardization of purchased materials began in April 1972, with the implementation of the Contract Section of the division. Currently about 60 statewide standard contracts are in effect and the program aims toward staffing for development of standard specifications covering one-half of the State's materials needs by the end of 1975. These standards and the associated purchasing contracts are promoted for utilization by all city and county purchasing functions in the State, also.

Chief, Specification and Inspection,

Division of Purchases,
Department of Finance,

New Capitol Annex,
Frankfort, Kentucky 40601

State Purchasing Agent,

Procurement Division, Department of General Services,

801 State Office Building,
Springfield, Illinois 62706

The Procurement Division of the Department of General Services, formerly known as the Purchases and Supplies Section of the Department of Finance, is responsible for purchasing commodities and equipment, and formulating specifications for all State agencies except for the universities.

State purchasing agents of this division (buyers) write specifications for various commodity and equipment items. There are currently over 90 standard specifications for commodities and products for the

The Specification and Inspection Section, of the Division of Purchases, within the Executive Department for Finance and Administration, was activated in 1956, but without continuous activity since. Its purpose is to assist commodity buyers, and construction and renovation buyers, by maintenance of the standards and specifications of the: General Services Administration, American Society for Testing and Materials, and several laboratory reporting services. The division's ongoing committee efforts exist in such areas as: vehicles, janitorial maintenance products, furniture and others, with the purpose of establishing written standard specifications which will be of benefit to all State agencies.

The Specification Section also conducts


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