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afford Ahkuckootish Albany ascended aspen banks Banksian pine Bay Company's Post beaver boulders Canadian Pacific Railway canoe Churchill clay climate coast considerable numbers course crops cultivated distance explorations favourable feet in circumference fifty miles Flying Post forty forty-ninth parallel Green Lake grow growth Height of Land Hudson Bay Company's Hudson's Bay Company Hudson's Strait hundred feet hundred miles Huronian important Indians islands James junction La-cloche Lake Huron Lake Mattagami Lake Superior latitude Laurentian less Long Portage lying marshes Matawagamingue Mattagami River miles in length Missinaibi Mississagua River Monabing Moose Factory Moose River natives navigation nearly North-West Territories northern Ontario opinion peat peat-mosses probably Province quantity rapid red and white red pine region ridges rock route season seen shore of Lake soil southern spruce stream stretch tamarac timber trees valuable white pine width Winnibeegon Winnipeg York Factory
Page 34 - Hudson's Bay itself cannot fail, at no distant day, to challenge more attention. Dr. Bell reports that the land is rising at the rate of five to ten feet in a century, that is, possibly an inch a year. Not, however, on this account will the...
Page 33 - Bay may also prove available for these purposes. To the south-west of the wide part of the bay the country is well wooded, and although little or no rock comes to the surface over an immense area, still neither the soil nor the climate are suitable for carrying on agriculture as a principal occupation until we have passed over more than half the distance to Lake Winnipeg. This region, however...
Page 31 - Soapstone is abundant not far from Mosquito bay on the east side, and iron pyrites between Churchill and Marble island on the west. Good building stones, clays and limestones exist on both sides of the bay. A cargo of mica is said to have been taken from Chesterfield inlet to New York, and valuable deposits of plumbago are reported to occur on the north side of Hudson strait. Some capitalists have applied to the Government for mining rights in the latter region.
Page 33 - Some of the timber found in the country which sends its waters into James bay may prove to be of value for export. Among the kinds which it produces may be mentioned white, red and pitch pine, black and white spruce, balsam, larch, white cedar and white birch. The numerous rivers which converge towards the head of James bay offer facilities for "driving" timber to points at which it may be shipped by sea-going vessels.
Page 33 - Hudson bay now begins to possess a new interest not only to Canadians, but also to the people of Great Britain, from the fact that the future highway between the great North-West of the Dominion and Europe may pass through it. The possibility of this route being adopted for trade is not a new idea.
Page 8 - Hayes river and two of its branches might also apparently be navigated by such craft in the spring to points about 140 miles inland, and the Albany for nearly 250 miles; while larger steamers might ascend the Nelson for seventy or eighty miles from the open sea. The Nelson is the only muddy-water river entering Hudson bay.
Page 9 - ... from the open sea. If the section referred to were deepened, steamers coming in from sea might enter this part of the river and find perfect shelter, or even proceed up the stream to any point below the rapid referred to. In continuation of the channel running down the estuary, a 'lead' of deeper water extends out into the bay, and forms the ' North River,' or ' York Roads,
Page 34 - Not, however, on this account will the hydographer notice it ; but because the natural seaports of that vast interior, now thrown open to settlement, Keewatin, Manitoba, and other provinces unborn, must be sought there. York Factory, which is nearer Liverpool than New York, has been happily called by Professor H. Y. Hind, the Archangel of the West. The mouth of the Churchill, however, although somewhat further north, offers far superior natural advantages, and may more fitly challenge the title....
Page 8 - ... feet above the sea. The country on the south-west side of the main bay, as well as that lying to the west of James bay, is low and generally level, with shallow water extending a long distance out from shore.