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within four & Twenty hours or as soone as may bee without great Inconveniencys, PROVIDED an Officer for that purpose be Established in each Town throughout the Province: And on Default thereof all such Liquors as shall be found in any Retaylers house within this Province or Dependencyes, as have not been Duely Entered & paid the Rates above Expressed then and in such Case on the Testimony of two or more substantial Witnesses the said Retayler or Retaylers soe offending in the premises shall forfeit such Liquors, and in case the value thereof shall be under the sume of five pounds Currant money aforesaid, shall Likewise and beyond forfeit and pay the Treble Value of such Liquors, one halfe to the Informer and ye other halfe to the Publique Treasurer of this Province to be sued for in any Court of Record within each County, where any such Action or Actions shall arise, wherein noe Essoine protection or wager of Law shall be Allowed * * * * *

* “PROVIDED alwayes & itt is further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that if any of the Goods Merchandize, Wines, Rum, Brandy & other Distilled Liquors for which the Dutyes in this Act mentioned is paid or secured to be paid at the Importation, be Exported out of the Province within Six months after their Importation then the Moyety or one halfe of the aforesaid Dutyes in this Act mentioned shall be returned for as much as shall be so exported the Exporter makeing Oath in the Custome house thatt the whole Duty hath been Duly paid for the said Wines & Liquors at the Importation & thatt there hath been noe fraud or Mixture used to Increase the said Liquors to be Exported and that thereupon he bring a Certificate from the surveyor or Searcher that the said Wines or Liquors are accordingly shipped, any thing Contained herein to ye Contrary in any wayes notwithstanding. PROVIDED allwayes that this Act and all things therein Contained shall only Continue and Remaine in force for the Time and space of two Years next and after the Publication thereof and no Longer any thing Contained herein to the Contrary in any wayes Notwithstanding.

“ AND be itt further ENACTED that if any person or persons within this Province & Dependencyes not being thereunto Duly Licenced shall att any time hereafter presume to sell by Retayle any the Liquors aforesaid that is to say less quantity att one time than fifteen gallons the person soe offending shall forfeit & pay the sume of five pounds for every such Offence, being thereof Convict by the Oath of two or more substantiall Evidences to be sued & Employed for in such manner & proportions as is Last aforesaid "

1692, November 11th. An Act Establishing a Revenue upon their Majesties for the defray

ing the publick and necessary Charges of the Government.” “ The Representatives * * * convened in Generall Assembly * * *

“And be it therefore Enacted by the Governour and Councill and Representatives now met in Generall Assembly * * * that from and after the cighteenth day of may next which will be in the year of our Lord, 1693, there shall be throughout this their Majesties Province of New York and the terrytory's depending thereon in America, Raised, Levied, Collected, and payd for the Purpose and Intent aforesaid dureing the Space and Terme of Two year's from the 18th day of May aforesaid and no Longer the Rates and Duty's of Excise hereinaftermenconed In manner and form following (that is to say) for every Galland of rum brandy and distilled Liquors that shall be imported into this Province and dependancyes aforesaid the sume of four pence Currant mony of this Province, and for every pipe of Madera, mamsey, ffeyall, St. Georges, Pisada, Canary, Malaga, Sherry, and all sorts of Sweet wynes, the Summe of forty shillings Currant mony, aforsaid and So in Prporcon for all greater and Smaller Quantityes imported as aforesaid and for every hogshead of red, white and Rhenish wynes the sume of

twenty shillings Currant mony aforesaid, and so in ppcon for all greater and smaller quantity's imported as aforesaid, and upon all other merchandises imported into this Province and dependancies aforesd the sume of forty shillings Currant mony, aforesaid, for every hundred pound prime cost's except these hereafter specifyed (vist) salt, brick, pantyle Coales, ffish sugar

“And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid that there be also given and granted unto their said Majesties for the Ppose aforesaid the Dutys of Excise upon all Liquors Retailed throughout the Pvince and dependency's aforesaid under the quantity of five gallons, the sume of twelve Pence Currt mony aforesaid for each gallon so retailed (beer and Syder only excepted) and likewise the sume of six shillings for each barrell of beer and Syder sold by retaile througbout the Pvince

“ And for the due and orderly Collecting of the aforesaid Rates and duty's of Excise And also for preventing of frauds and Embezelments of the said rates & duty's of Excise Be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid that all ships and Vessells whatsoever that shall come to any Port Creek or harbour with this Province and dependencies to trade or traffique, the Master, Mate or Purser shall come to such place or places as shall be appointed By the Governour for the time being and there make report of all such Parcell or Parcell's of Merchandizes and other thing's that he or they hath on board said ship or Vessell, and also declare upon their Corporall Oath, that he or they hath not broak bulk since his or their arrivall, within the Province before he or they made such report as aforesaid And also that all Merchant's that have any good's or Merchandizes on board such shipp's or Vessell's as aforesaid shall at such Place or Places as is above directed make a true and distinct entry of all such Parcell or Parcell's of good's or Merchandize he hath on board such shipp or Vessell according to the Prime Cost and if any difference should arise about the vallue of the said good's Their Majesties Collector for the time being is hereby authorized to Administer to all or any such Person or Person's making such entry their Corporall Oath that said Entry is according to the invoyce or Invoyces sent to them from the place or places from whence such good's or Merchandizes did come

“ And for the due and orderly Collecting of all Duty's of Excise hereby given and granted Be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all Retailers of wyne Rum Brandy or any other strong Liquors within this Province or dependencies shall upon their Purchase and Receipt of all such Liquor or Liquor's before Expressed and Excissable come to the office or offices of the excise and there or with him make entry of all such Liquor or Liquor's as they shall buy or receive and pay such duties as are hereby appointed within twenty-four hours' or at such Convenient time as the Officer of the Excise shall appoint and on default thereof all such Liquors as Shall be found in any Retailers House or wharehouse seller or other place, belonging unto him within this Province or dependencies and have not been duely entered and Payd the duty's and Excise, as aforesaid then and in such case upon the Testimony of two Evidences before any Justice of the Peace within this Province and dependencies the said Retailer or Retailer's so Offending in the Premisses shall forfeit all such Liquors and three times the vallue thereof one third to their Majesties one third to the governor and one third to the Informer who shall Prosecute the same before any Justice of the Peace throughout this Province and dependencies who are hereby authorized and empowered to hear and determine the same and if need be to Issue out their warrants for the seizing and condemning of all such Liquor's forfeited as aforesaid. And for Comiting to goale all such Retailers of Liquors who have not entered and Payd the duty's of excise in manner aforesaid there to, remain without bayle or mainprise untill they shall satisfye and make payment of three times the vallue of such Liquors seized and forfeited as aforesaid And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid that if any Person or Persons within this Province and dependences not being duely Lycenced shall at any time hereafter Presume to sell by Retaile any of the Liquors aforesaid that is to say a Less Quantity at one time Than five gallons the Person soe offending shall forfeit and Pay the sume of five pounds Currant mony aforesaid for every such offence being thereof convict by the oath of two or more Evidences to be sued as aforesaid before any Justice of the Peace throughout the Prov. ince and to be imployed in such manner and Proportion as aforesaid, Alway's Provided that it is the true intent and meaning of this Act that no Retailers of Liquor's under five gallon's or any other that sell any Liquor or strong liquors shall take any such liquor into their houses, sellers or Warehouses or into any other place, belonging unto them in New York and Albany but by the hands of the sworn Porter's under the penalties aforesaid to be sued and Recovered for the uses aforesaid in manner and form' as aforesaid Provided alway's and it is hereby understood, that there shall be no duty payd nor forfeiture upon any goods or Merchandizes That are not Landed within this Province' or Immediately transported again' without being Landed or sold in this Province and Dependencyes Alway's Provided that all Merchant's Quallifyed to trade by the acts of Navigation and Regulateing the Plantation trade. Comeing into this Province or any parts thereof Be well and Honestly treated and Demeaned for such things as by this Act is granted without oppression to be don' to them Paying the duty's aforesaid.”

1692, November 11th. “ An Act for the satisfiing and Paying the debts of the government."

“The Representatives convened in generall Assembly being willing that all such that have advanced mony for the support of the government should be well and truly payd and satisfyed and for that purpose have agreed that the Rate and duty's hereinafter mentioned should be Levyed and collected * * * Be it therefore enacted *

“And that from and after the Publication hereof there shall be raised Levyed, Collected and payd unto their Majesties dureing the space and term of two year's after the Publication hereof as aforesaid and no Longer the Severall Rates, and duty's hereinafter mentioned over and above all other duty's charges and impositions by any foriner act and acts set & imposed (that is to say) the rate and duty of two pence currant mony of New York, for every gallon of rum brandy or other distilled Liquors and the rate and duty of thirty shillings for every pipe of wyne and five shillings for every hogshead of Mallasses and so in proportion for a greater and lesser quantity that shall be imported into this Province, and dependancies from and after the Publication hereof;

“ And also that there are severall Persons that continue and remain indebtd for the severall dutys and impositions & excise upon Liquor's which was formerly Established by the Late government for the defraying the Publick Charge thereof and that it is most reasionable and just that all the arrear's of the same should be raised Levyed, Collected answered and payd unto their Majesties Receiver generall, for and towards the payment of the debts aforesaid, Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid that all and every Person or Person's who have received any sume or sum's of mony from any of their Majesties subjects, with in this Province or under Pretence of any Duty's impositions or Excise formerly established by the Late Government from the Elea venth day of August One thousand six hundred eighty and eight untill the twentieth day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand Six hundred ninty and one, And likewise all and every Person or Persons that are in arrears for any of the Duty's impositions or Excise as aforesaid shall within four Callender months after the Publication hereof come unto their Majesties Receiver Generall at New York and there accompt with him for all and every summe and summes of mony so Collected and received by them and every of them, And also for what they are in arrears for any of the dutys Impositions, or Excise as aforesaid and pay the same unto him without any further delay and if any Person or Persons shall refuse or neglect upon summon's of their Majesties Receiver generall to account and pay the sumes of mony found due in arrears as aforesaid it shall then be lawfull for their Majesties Receiver generall who is hereby authorized to do the same, to issue out his warrant under his hand & seale to make distress upon the goods and Chattles of such Person or Persons that shall be found indebted or in arrears as aforesaid and the same to expose to sale by publick outcry and the produce thereof to take untill he be satisfied for the summes of money due and in arrears as aforesaid, all which sume & sumes of mony soe received by him shall be payd and imployed, to the uses aforesaid and in such manner and form aforesaid and to no other use intent or purpose whatsoever and all the Acts and Ordinances made by the Late Governor and Councill for and concerning any of the duty's impositions and Excise aforesaid shall remain and continue in their full force and virtue untill all the said sum's of mony and arrear's due thereupon be fully paid and satisfyed according to the tenour of this Act any thing herein or in any other act to the contrary hereof in any way's notwithstanding Provided that all Merchants and other's who are to pay the additionall rates, and Duty's hereby established shall have the time of three month's after their respective entry's made for the duty's aforesaid for the payment of the Rates and duty's aforesaid anything contained to the contrary hereof notwithstanding."

1693, September 22nd. “ An Act confirming & continuing unto their Majesties the Revenue

Established by an act of Generall Assembly made in the 4th year of their Majesties Reign for defraying the publick and necessary charges of the Government five years longer than the term therein

mentioned." * The Representatives convened in Generall assembly taking into their serious consideration the extraordinary Expence that the defence of this Province requires from their Majesties dureing this term of war and being Willing on all occasions to give Demonstration of their constant Loyalty and dutyfull affections unto their most Excellent Majesties do humbly pray and beseech that the Revenue given and Granted unto their most sacred Majesties for the term of two years by an act of Generall Assembly made in the fourth year of their Majesties reigne Entituled an act for establishing a revenue upon their Majesties for the defraying the publick and necessary charges of the Government may be continued and confirmed unto their most Excellent Majesties for the time and Space of five years next after the Expiration of the term of the two years aforesaid, And humbly beseech that it may be Enacted and be it further Enacted by the Gouvernour and Councill and representatives convened in Generall Assembly and by the authority of the same That the Rates Duties and Excise made payable upon Merchandizes ffurs And Liquors shall be levyed, collected and paid unto their most Excellent Majesties for the term and space of five years next and after the expiration of the term limitted in the Said act to commence and be computed from the 18th of May which shall be in the year of our Lord 1693 according to such Rules and Direction and under such pains and forfeitures as is contained and Enjoyned by the said act, and the aforesaid Act and every Article rule and clause therein mentioned shall be, abide and remain in full force and effect to all intents and purposes dureing the said term of five years and no Longer as fully and in like manner as if the same were particularly and att large recited and Set down in the Body of this act any thing contained therein to the contrary hereof in any wayes notwithstanding."

1694, March 26th. “ An Act confirming and continuing an Act of Generall Assembly made

in the fourth year of their Majesties Reign Entituled An Act for the satisfying and paying the debts of the Government one year

longer than the term therein mentioned.” “ Whereas it is found needfull that there should be forthwith raised the sum of six hundred pounds Currant money of this province for the Defraying the charges of his Excellency Expedition to Albany and the making of presents to the Indians and Whereas there is an act of Generall assembly made in the fourth year of their majesties reign Entituled an act for the satisfying and paying the debts of the Government which doth Expire by its own limitation upon the 14th day of november next and whereas it is thought convenient for the payment of the said sum of six hundred pounds with ten per Cent annuall Interest that the said Act Entituled An Act for the satisfying and paying the debts of the Government should be confirmed and continued in Force one year Longer than the Term therein mentioned be it therefore Enacted by the Governour and Councill and Representatives convened in Generall assembly and it is hereby Enacted by the authority of the same That the additional rate and Duties payable upon merchandize and liquors imported into this province by virtue of the said act shall be levyed collected and paid unto their Majesties receiver Generall for the time being at their majesties Custom house at the Citty of New Yorke for the term and space of one whole year next and after the Expiration of the term limited in the said act to commence and be computed from the 14th day of november next in this Instant yeare of our Lord 1694 and to terminate and end upon the 14th day of november then next following which shall be in the yeare of our lord one thousand six hundred ninty and five according to such rules and Direction and under such Pains and forfeitures as is contained and Enjoyed by the late said act And the aforesd act and Every article rule and Clause therein mentioned shall be, abide continue and remain in full force virtue and Effect to all Intents and purposes for the payment of the said six hundred pounds with the Interest aforesaid During the said term one whole year and no longer as fully and in Like manner as if the same were particularly and at large recited and set down in the body of this act any thing contained therein to the contrary hereof in any ways notwithstanding, allwayes provided that if the said additionall rates and duties shall during the said Term of one whole Year amount to more than the sum of six hundred pounds aforesd with the Interest aforesd then the residue or surplusage of the sd sun shall be applyed for the satisfying and paying the Debts of the Government according to the Directions contained in the said act and to no other use or Intent whatsoever."

1694, March 26th. An Act to enable the Citty and County of Albany to defray their

Necessary Charge.” “ FORASMUCH as the Inhabitants of the City and County of Albany have been during the time of the late disorders very much aggrieved wasted destroyed and impoverished by the Incursions of the French their Majesties declared enemies and that it is absolutely necessary that some suitable and Convenient way should be found out for the Relief and more easie defraying of the necessary Charge of that Citty and County BEE IT THEREFOR ENACTED By the Governour and Councill and Representatives convened in generall assembly AND IT IS HEREBY ENACTED by the Authority of the same that the Imposition or rate of two per Cent shall be raised and levyed upon all Indian Goods that are brought up to that Citty and County of Albany and there sold or Consumed and alsoe that the Impost of three pence be raised and levied upon Each gallon of Rum that is sould and consumed within that Citty and County and for

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