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48 & 49 Vict.

c. 57.

Short titles and construction,

The last paragraph of the section prevents the Act applying to appointments of revising barristers in the event of death, illness, or absence after the conclusion of a circuit and before the 5th September. Such appointments take place under s. 29 of the Act of 1843, p. 87, aud must be made by "the senior judge in the commissions” (p. 86). After the 5th September the appointment is by the judge at chambers (Seats Act, 1885, s. 29, p. 240).

Birmingham.] For the area of the parliamentary borough of Birmingham, see p. 272. It includes portions of Staffordshire and Worcestershire, which, apart from this section, are on the Oxford Circuit.

Appointment ... heretofore made ... valid.) This clause gives validity to the irregular appointments of 1884, and also to such appointments in 1885 as were made before the passing of this Act.

The North Wales Division and South Wales Division form one circuit, and the senior of the two judges travelling any part of either division had the appointments.

2. The Act of the session of the sixth and seventh years of the reign of her present Majesty, chapter eighteen, intituled “ An Act to amend the law for the registration of persons entitled to vote, and to define certain rights of voting, and to regulate certain proceedings in the election of members to serve in Parliament for England and Wales," is in this Act referred to and may be cited as the Parliamentary Voters Registration Act, 1843.

This Act shall be construed as one with the Parliamentary Voters Registration Act, 1843,* and that Act and this Act and the Registration Act, 1885,6 may be cited together as the Parliamentary Voters Registration Acts, 1843 and 1885, and this Act may be cited separately as the Revising Barristers Act, 1885.

The proper short titles of the Acts mentioned are the “Parliamentary Registration Act, 1843" (p. 140), and the “Registration Act, 1885" (p. 78).

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PART III.

ELECTORAL AREAS.

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PAGX 27 Hen. 8, c. 26 Counties and Boroughs in Wales :

245 2 Will. 4, c. 45 Reform Act, 1832

246 24 & 25 Vict. c. 112 Birkenhead

253 30 & 31 Vict. c. 102 . Representation of the People Act, 1867

253 48 & 49 Vict. c. 23 Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 .

257 (N.B.—These Acts do not in themselves contain a complete list of Parliamentary Boroughs and Counties. For Table containing such list, see p. 339.)

.

c. 26.

27 Hen. 8, c. 26. An Act for Laws and Justice to be 27 Hen. 8, ministered in Wales in like Form as it is in this Realm.

[A.D. 1635. 29. For this present Parliament, and all other Parliaments to Knights and be holden and kept for this realm one knight shall be chosen burgesses for and elected to the same Parliaments for every of the shires of in Wales, and Brecknock, Radpor, Montgomery, and Denbigh, and for every their fees. other sbire within the said country or dominion of Wales; and for every borough being a shire-town within the said country or dominion of Wales, except the shire-town of the aforesaid county of Merioneth, one burgess; and the election to be in like manner form and order, as knights and burgesses of the Parliament be elected and chosen in other shires of this realm ; and the knights and burgesses, and every of them, shall have like dignity pre-eminence and privilege, and shall be allowed such fees, as other knights of the Parliament have and be allowed ; and the knights fees to be levied and gathered of the commons of the shire they be elected in; and the burgesses fees be levied and gathered as well of the boroughs and shire-towns as they be burgesses of, as of all such ancient boroughs within the same shire.

The English counties returned members to Parliament at common law, but this was not the case with the Welsh counties, which returned, and most of which still return members by virtue of this Act alone, the arrangements of which, except by the Act of 1832 giving an additional member to each of the counties of Carmarthen, Carnarvon, and Denbigh, and by the Act of 1885 dividing these counties, and also giving five members to Glamorgan (also divided), have not been disturbed by any of the three Reform Acts.

As to Welsh boroughs, which also first returned members by virtue of this Act alone, see 8. 8 of the Act of 1832, and Schedule E., post.

The fees to which members were entitled have not been abolished, but have not been enforced for two centuries.

2 Will. 4,

2 Will. 4, c. 45.

c. 45.

cease to send

P. 249.

REFORM ACT, 1832.
An Act to amend the Representation of the People in
England and Wales.

[June 7, 1832. Whereas it is expedient to take effectual measures for correcting divers abuses that have long prevailed in the choice of members to serve in the Commons House of Parliament, to deprive many inconsiderable places of the right of returning members, to grant such privilege to large, populous, and wealthy towns, to increase the number of knights of the shire, to extend the elective

franchise to many of his Majesty's subjects who have not heretoCertain

fure enjoyed the same, and to diminish the expense of elections ; boroughs to BE IT THEREFORE BNACTED, That each of the boroughs enumerated

in the Schedule marked (A.) to this Act annexed * (that is to say), members to shall from and after the end of this present

Parliament cease to Parliament.

return any member or members to serve in Parliament. What

2. Each of the boroughs enumerated in the Schedule marked boroughs (B.) to this Act annexed (that is to say), Petersfield,* Ashburton, to return one Eye,* Westbury,* Wareham,* Midhurst,* Woodstock,* Wilton, * member only. Malmesbury,* Liskeard,* Reigate, Hythe, Droitwich,* Lyme

Regis, Launceston,* Shaftesbury,* Thirsk, Christchurch, Horsham,* Great Grimsby, Calne,* Arundel, St. Ives,* Rye,* Clitheroe,* Morpeth, Helston,* North Allerton,* Wallingford, * and Dartmouth, shall from and after the end of this present Parliament return one member and no more to serve in Parliament.

Boroughs marked * ceased as such by the Act of 1885. See s. 2 and Sched. 1 of that Act.

Reigate was disfranchised for corruption by the Act of 1867. New boroughs 3. Each of the places named in the Schedule marked (C.) to to return two

this Act annexed (that is to say), Manchester,* Birmingham, members.

Leeds, * Greenwich, Sheffield,* Sunderland, Devonport, Wolverhampton,* Tower Hamlets,* Finsbury, Mary-le-bone, Lambeth, Bolton, Bradford,* Blackburn, Brighton, Halifax, Macclesfield, * Oldham, Stockport, Stoke-upon-Trent,* and Stroud, shall for the purposes of this Act be a borough, and shall as such borough include the place or places respectively which shall be comprehended within the boundaries of such borough, as such boundaries shall be settled and described by an Act to be passed for that purpose in this present Parliament, which Act, when passed, shall be deemed and taken to be part of this Act as fully and effectually as if the same were incorporated herewith; and that each of the said boroughs named in the said Schedule (C.) sball from and after the end of this present Parliament return two members to serve in Parliament.

Boroughs marked were divided, and their members were increased by the Act of 1885. Macclesfield was disfranchised for corruption by the Act of

C. 45.

1885, and Stoke-upon-Trent lost one member by the same Act. The bounda- 2 Will. 4, ries of Manchester, Birmingham, Bradford, Blackburn, Oldham, and Stokeupon-Trent were also altered by the same Act.

4. Each of the places named in the Schedule marked (D.) to New boroughs this Act annexed (that is to say), Ashton-under-Lyne, Bury, to return one Chatham, Cheltenham, Dudley, Frome, Gateshead, Huddersfield, member. Kidderminster, Kendal,* Rochdale, Salford, * South Shields, Tynemouth, Wakefield, Walsall, Warrington, Whitby,* Whitehaven, and Merthyr Tydvil, shall for the purposes of this Act be a borough, and shall as such borough include the place or places respectively which shall be comprehended within the boundaries of such borough, as such boundaries shall be settled and described by an Act to be passed for that purpose in this present Parliament, which Act, when passed, shall be deemed and taken to be part of this Act, as fully and effectually as if the same were incorporated herewith; and that each of the said boroughs named in the said Schedule (D.) shall from and after the end of this present Parliament return one member to serve in Parliament.

Of these boroughs, Kendal and Whitby ceased to return members by virtue of the Act of 1885, s. 2, and Schedule 1, post; and Salford gained two additional members by virtue of s. 5, and Schedule 3, of the same Act, post.

The remaining boroughs remain unaffected by subsequent legislation, except that the boundaries of Ashton-under-Lyne, Cheltenham, and Wakefield were altered by s. 7 of the Act of 1885, and Schedule 5.

[5. Boroughs of Shoreham, Cricklade, Aylesbury, and East Retford to include certain adjacent districts. These boroughs, popularly known as the Hundred Boroughs, ceased to exist as such by virtue of s. 12 of the Act of 1885, and Schedule, post.]

6. The borough of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis shall from Weymouth and after the end of this present Parliament return two members, and Melcombe and no more, to serve in Parliament; and that the borough Regis to return

two members of Penryn, shall for the purposes of this Act include the town of

only, &c. Falmouth; and that the borough of Sandwich shall for the purposes of this Act include the parishes of Deal and Walmer.

Of these boroughs, Weymouth ceased to exist, Penryn lost one member, and Sandwich was disfranchised for corruption, by the Act of 1885.

7. Every city and borough in England which now returns a Boundaries of member or members to serve in Parliament, and every place existing sharing in the election therewith (except the several boroughs boroughs in enumerated in the said Schedule (A.), and except the several be settled. boroughs of New Shoreham, Cricklade, Aylesbury, and East Retford), shall, and each of the said boroughs of Penryn and Sandwich also shall, for the purposes of this Act, include the place or places respectively which shall be comprehended within the boundaries of every such city, borough, or place, as such boundaries shall be settled and described by an Act to be passed for that purpose in this present Parliament, which Act, when passed, shall be deemed and taken to be part of this Act as fully and effectually as if the same were incorporated herewith.

The Boundary Act so passed is 2 & 3 Will. 4, c. 64.

c. 45.

2 Will. 4, 8. Each of the places named in the first column of the

Schedule (E.) to this Act annexed shall have a share in the Places in Wales

election of a member to serve in all future Parliaments for the to have a share shire-town or borough which is mentioned in conjunction therein elections for with, and named in the second column of the said Schedule (E.). the shiretowns.

This arrangement of Welsh borough representation remains unaffected by subsequent statutes, with the exception that Cardigan district ceased to return a member by virtue of s. 2 of the Act of 1885.

Boundaries of 9. Each of the places named in the first column of the said shire-towns

Schedule (E.), and each of the shire-towns or boroughs named and places in Wales to be

in the second column of the said Schedule (E.), and the borough settled. of Brecon, shall for the purposes of this Act include the place or

places respectively wbich shall be comprehended within the boundaries of each of the said places, shire-towns, and boroughs respectively, as such boundaries shall be settled and described by an Act to be passed for that purpose in this present Parliament, which Act, when passed, shall be deemed and taken to be part of this Act as fully and effectually as if the same were incorporated herewith.

The Boundary Act so passed is 2 & 3 Will. 4, c. 64. Swansea. 10. Each of the towns of Swansea, Loughor, Neath, Aberavon,

and Ken-fig shall for the purposes of this Act include the place or places respectively which shall be comprehended within the boundaries of each of the said towns, as such boundaries shall be settled and described by an Act to be passed for that purpose in this present Parliament, which Act, when passed, shall be deemed and taken to be part of this Act as fully and effectually as if the same were incorporated herewith; and that the said five towns, so including as aforesaid, shall for the purposes of this Act be one borough, and shall as such borough, from and after the end of this present Parliament, return one member to serve in Parliament; and that the portreove of Swansea shall be the returning officer for the said borough; and that no person, by reason of any right accruing in any of the said five towns, shall have any vote

the election of a member to serve in any future Parliament for the borough of Cardiff.

The “ district” borough of Swansea herein incorporated gained one additional member by virtue of s. 5 of the Act of 1885 and Sched. 3, and was divided by s. 8 and Sched. 6 of the same Act.

[11. Description of the returning officers for the new boroughs. See this section, post, Part V., “The Election.”]

[12–14. Six knights of the shire for Yorkshire: two for each riding. Four knights of the shire for Lincolnshire. Counties of Cheshire, Cornwall, Cumberland, Derbyshire, Devonshire, Durham, Essex, Gloucestershire, Kent, Hampshire, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Norfolk, Northumberland, Northamptonshire, Shropshire, Somersetshire, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Surrey, Sussex, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, and Worcestershire to be divided, and to return two knights of the shire for each division.—Superseded by Act of 1885. See s. 9 of that Act and Sched. 7.)

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