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and enjoy all the powers, rights, privileges and au. thority, and be subject to all the pains, penalties, fines and forfeitures to which and with which the commissioners of the roads, where county courts are not established, are now, or at any time hereafter, shall be entitled or subject, or in anywise vested, and shall, from time to time, fill up any vacancy or vacancies which may happen in their members, in the same manner as the said commissioners are authorized to do, any law, usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding. ...And be it further enacted by the authority affesaid, That a public road be laid out and opened Road from from Rogers's lake, the nearest and best way to the ..." bridge on Crooked creek, a little below Tristram ” Thomas’s mills, until it shall intersect a road leading from Kolb's ferry to Fayetteville; and that Tristram Thomas, Robert Allison and Edward Crossland, be, and are hereby appointed commissioners to lay out the same. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the act of the legislature, miling per- Persons to sons liable to work upon the roads within a cer. ... tain distance of their place of residence, shall be. so construed as to compel every person to work distance. upon all public roads within that distance, whether the same be measured or calculated by the course of a public road, or that of any private road. ...And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall be the duty of the solicit-Nounauor of the district in which any put of the high loo road may have been, or shall be diverted from its ...” original course, unless by law, and he, the said course of solicitor, is hereby enjoined and required, on in- ** formation of any two persons, to commence a suit against any person or persons, who may have altered, or who shall hereafter alter the road, without authority, in order to compel the parties offending, as soon as may be, to restore, at their own expense, the high road, in its course as established by law.

.And whereas the judges of the county courts, and the commissioners of the roads, have, by an act of the legislature, passed the twenty-seventh day of February, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, the power of granting roads, &c. Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no petition shall be hereafter received by the legislature, praying for the establishment of any road, unless application shall first have been made to the commissioners of roads; unless the same shall extend through more than one county or parish. In the Senate House, the twentieth Day of December, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-sir, and in the oventy-first Year of the Independence of the United States of America.

DAVID RAMSAY, President of the Senate.

ROBERT BARNWELL, Sheaker of the
House of Representatives,

======= END of the ACTS of DEcEMBER, 1796.

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At a General Assembly, begun and holden at Columbia, on Monday the twenty-eighth day of November, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Ninety-six, and from thence continued by divers adjournments, till the sixteenth day of December, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninetyseven.

An ACT for establishing a Mutual Insurance
Company in Charleston.

W HEREAS a great number of the inhabit

ants of Charleston have petitioned for legislature aid, in forming an insurance company against fire: And whereas it is deemed practicable to form a company that may answer the wishes of the petitioners:

Be it therefore enacted by the honorable the Se

mate and House of Representatives, in general assembly now met and sitting, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That Henry Wil- Intendant

~ Jiam Desaussure, intendant, and Adam Gilchrist, and wardThomas Harrison M’Calla, Seth Lothrop, Willi- o am Allen Deas, William Robertson, Joseph Peace, commisJohn Ward, John Christian Martin, Robert How- * ard, Thomas Rhett Smith, Simon M*Intosh, James Lowndes, John Casper Polker, wardens, of the city of Charleston, be commissioners to perform the duties required by this act, that is to say: They, or either of them, after ten days previous notice given, shall open books in Charleston on the sixteenth day of January, in the year of our lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, to receive subscriptions of persons offering to be assured. As soon as may be convenient after the offerers for insurance shall amount to one hundred, the commissioners aforesaid shall, by public advertisement, call together the offerers, who, or a majority of whom, when convened, or a majority of such of them as may convene, shall have power and authority to conclude upon such rules and regulations as they, or a majority of those who may conver.-,

shall think best, and to appoint a committee for
these purposes, and to adjourn from time to time:
Which rules and regulations, so concluded upon,
shall be subscribed by such offerers as are present
when the same shall be concluded upon, and by
such of the offerers, or others, as may subscribe
the same within ten days thereafter; the persons
so subscribing shall be deemed the original mem-
bers of the Society, and the rules adoptcd by them,
shall be binding on them, and all such as shall
associate with them, and insure their property in
the said society, agreeably to the rules thereof.

The society, thus constituted, shall proceed to'

elect their own officers, and appoint their agents, and shall thenceforth be considered as a body politic, incorporated by this act. ...And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, company That the said company shall be known by the or name of the Charkston Mutual Insurance Comrate pany, and by the said name shall have a common seal, with power to change, alter, and make new he same, as often as the said corporation shall judge necessary, and to sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded, answer and be answered unto, in any court of law or equity in this state, and to make such rules and by-laws, not repugilant to laws of the land, as for the order, rule, good government, and management thereos may be thought Inecessary. ...And be it surther enacted by the authority aftore

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P.” the members of the society asoresaid, to make
the com-
not good any losses that may happen by fire, agreebly
o, to the rules of the society, shall be protected for
... that purpose, from all judgments and mortgages,
ments sub- which shall be obtainca or given subsequent to the
*** sid pledge: Provided the amount so protected
shall not exceed ten percent. of the estimated value
of the property pledged as aforesaid; and provided
Jurther, iii., by the rules of the society, the

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hames of the persons pledging, and a description of the property pledged, be recorded in the secretary’s office in Charleston, within the time limited by law for recording decds and mortgates. And be it further enacted by the authority asbresaid, That this act shall be deemed a public act, This act a and notice thereof shall be taken in all courts of “ justice, and elsewhere, in this state, and shall be given in evidence without special pleading. In the Senate House, the sixteenth Day of December, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and in the twenty-second Year of the Indefendence of the United States of America. DAVID RAMSAY, President of the Senate.

ROBERT BARN WELL, Sheaker of the
House of Reforesentatives.

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JAn ACT to authorize the Secretary of this State to deliver out grants of Lands, surveyed previous to the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two. HEREAS sundry inhabitants of this state have petitioned the legislature, setting forth that they are entitled to certain lands, surveyed previous to the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, subject to the payment of a bounty; but for which the scCretary of state does not conceive himself at liberty to deliver out grants, and praying relief: Be it therefore enacted by the honorable the Semate and House of Representatives, now met and sitting in general assembly, and by the authority of the same, That the secretary of this state shall, secretar, and he is hereby authorized and required, to deli. to deliver ver out to the persons, their heirs or assigns, for." whom surveys of lands were made, and duly re-sand. turned, previous to the first day of January, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, for any number of acres, not exceeding six hundred and forty acres, grants of lands, so surveyed and returned as aforesaid, upon receiving from

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