An attempt at a glossary of some words used in Cheshire. From the ArchŠologia. With additions

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Page 108 - ON, to excite to anger or violence, is still used in Cheshire. It is a good old word, used by Wicliffe in his Path Waye to Perfect Knowledg; and also in a MS. translation of the Psalms by Wicliffe, penes me : " They have terrid thee to ire.
Page 45 - HOULT, *. a holing, going into a hole, or putting a ball into a hole, which is required at several games. I gained three points at one hoult, ie at one holing.
Page 93 - CANKER'D, adj. ill-tempered. CARLINGS, s. gray peas boiled; so called from being served at table on Care Sunday, which is Passion Sunday, as Care Friday and Care Week are Good Friday and Holy Week; supposed to be so called from that being a season of particular religious care and anxiety. See Brand's Popular Antiquities, 4to, vol. ip 93: also Ihre, Dictionarium Suio-Gothicum in voce
Page 37 - Fettle, means order, good condition, proper repair. Being used in this sense, it appears to me to be derived from some deflection of the word Faire, to do, which itself comes from the Latin Facere. The nearest which occurs to me is the old French word Failure, which has exactly the ~ ™ same meaning as our substantive Fettle, and is explained by Roquefort, in his Glossaire de la Langue Romane, by Faqon, mode, forme, &c.
Page 101 - The following metrical adage is common in Cheshire : The Robin and the Wren Are God's cock and hen, The Martin and the Swallow Are God's mate and marrow.
Page 2 - Provincial words, accompanied by an explanation of the sense in whieh each of them still continues to be used in the districts to which they belong, would be of essential service in explaining many obscure terms in our early poets, the true meaning of which, although it may have puzzled and bewildered the most acute and learned of our commentators, would perhaps be perfectly intelligible to a Devonshire, Norfolk, or Cheshire clown.
Page 31 - These words are said to have a similar effect with those expressed in the old Monkish adage, " Exeat ortica, tibi sit periscelis arnica ;" the female garter, bound about the part which has suffered, being held a remedy equally efficacious. Mr. Wilbraham remarks that, " In dock, out nettle" is a kind of proverbial saying, expressive of inconstancy.
Page 12 - Upright ; not lying down ; on one end. When applied to a four-footed animal, it means rearing, or what the heralds call rampant.
Page 42 - GUILL, v. to dazzle, chiefly by a blow. GULL, s. A naked gull; so are called all nestling birds in quite an unfledged state. They have always a yellowish cast, and the word is, I believe, derived from the Ang. Sax. geole, or the Suio-Goth. gul, yellow. Som. and Ihre. The commentators, not aware of the meaning of the term " naked gull," blunder in their attempt to explain those lines of Shakspeare in Timon of Athens, " Lord Timon will be left a naked Gull, Which flashes now a Phoenix.
Page 48 - KEOUT, s. a little barking cur-dog. Randle Holme, in his Academy of Armoury, uses Skaut or Kaut for the same, which seems to designate Scout for its etymology ; and this is partly confirmed by that line of Tusser — " Make bandog thy Scout-watch to bark at a thief.

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