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We have yet to meet anyone who is enthusiastic over the war except biz business men, bankers, and their satellites among the lawyers and others. And a great many of these are not enthusiastic over it.

It is a business man's war, and the object is profits, not democracy. 557

GOVERNMENT'S EXHIBIT 73.

To Welcome Kruse.

Members of the Young Peoples Socialist leagues of the South, North and East sides are arranging a splendid afternoon program for the reception of William F. Kruse and members of the Chicago Young Peoples Socialist Leagur for Sunday in Pabst Park. Members of the Young Peoples Socialist Organizations averaging about 300 have promised to attend the annual Wisconsin State Socialist picnic and Lincoln Chautauqua.

Kruse will deliver an address in Pabst Park Hall during the afternoon The entertainment will consist of vocal and musical numbers. It is expected that a large number of the young people of Milwaukee will turn out. No admission will be charged. The meeting will be called to order at 3:30 P. M.

ELEANOR SPATHE, called as a witness on behalf of the Government. 558 testified as follows:

Direct Examination by Mr. Fleming. I live at 4447 Irving Park boulevard. My home is in Milwaukee ; am enployed by the Public Ownership League 1429 Unity Building as a stenographer. I have been so employed since the 1st of September. Prior to that I was erployed by the National office of the Socialist Party from January, 1913, unti September 1st of 1918, my duties were that of a filing clerk, that is, filing away letters. I filed letters addressed to the Young Peoples Socialist League. I filed separately for them. The letters of the National office of the Socialist Party were filed under different departments, as executive department, organization department, literature and young peoples department. I filed corre spondence by the Young Peoples Socialist League in a separate drawer in the filing cabinet. In filing letters received and answered by William F. Kruse I would go to his room and get them about once a week. Sometimes he would bring them to me. I would file them and mark them with a blue pencil with an abbreviation of the State, and paste the answers to the letters together. Referring to the witness letter bearing date April 6, 1917, addressed to William F. Kruse and attached carbon copy dated April 16, 1917, the witness identified notation made by her of abbreviation of the State and further testified; that is one of the letters I received and filed in due course.

(Whereupon said document was marked Government's Exhibit 74, letter bearing date April 6, 1917, to William F. Kruse by Leo D. Adolph and copy of reply under date of April 16, 1917, said document being received in evidence.)

(Whereupon the witness identified notation made by her for purposes of classification of the following documents and testified they were received and filed by her in due course which were offered and received in evidence on bt half of the Government as follows:)

(Exhibit 75, a letter of reply of William F. Kruse bearing date March 29, 1917, to B. F. Neissler of Camden, New Jersey, in reply to post card received under date of March 22nd, and further Government's Exhibit 76, letter ad

dressed to William F. Kruse by C. V. Ulrich, dated May 4, 1917, and reply 559 dated May 7, 1917, and further Government's Exhibit 78, a letter bearing

date May 9, 1917, to William F. Kruse and copy of his reply under date of May 17th, and further Government's Exhibit 79, a letter from George C Kirkpatrick, with reply to Kirkpatrick under date May 15, 1917; and further Government's Exhibit 80, a letter from L. Dunn, Hartford, Connecticut, and reply thereto from William F. Kruse under date of June 11th, and further Government's Exhibit 81, a letter addressed to William F. Kruse, together with a reply, the reply being to Mannie Deutsch, New York City, bearing dated August 8th; and further Government's Exhibit 82, a letter from Rudolph Koller of Elizabeth, New Jersey, dated May 16, 1917, to Mr. Kruse, together with copy of reply. And further Government's Exhibit 83, a copy of telegram to Algernon Lee sent by Adolph Germer and William F. Kruse: and furthe Government's Exhibit 84, a letter received by William F. Kruse from A. L.

actenberg of New York City. together with a reply under date of June 14, 7; and further Government's Exhibit 85, a letter to Mr. Kruse from Rudolph homek, together with reply under date of June 11, 1917 (Bohemek, living Baltimore, Maryland); and further Government's Exhibit 86, a letter to n Wilson, Terre Haute, Indiana, dated June 22d, 1917; and further Govern

ment's Exhibit 87, letter to Kruse from A. Devylis, together with copy of ) reply attached thereto regarding Comrade Mankus, under date of June

27, 1917; and further Government's Exhibit 88, letter received by William Kruse from Carl Wolf, together with reply under date of June 16, 1917; 1 further Government's Exhibit 89, a letter received by William F. Kruse m S. Dunn, from Hartford, Connecticut, together with copy of reply under te of July 7, 1917; and further Government's Exhibit 90, letter bearing te July 14th, 1917 a letter of William F. Kruse and further Government's hibit 91, a letter to William F. Kruse by Rudolph Blum, Pittsburgh, Pennvania, and copy of reply under date of July 18, 1917, and further Governnt's Exhibit 92, letter addressed to William F. Krise dated August 19, 1917, Nicholas Duzenberg with copy of reply under date of August 21st; and fur'r Government's Exhibit 93, a letter addressed to J. Louis Engdahl, replied by William F. Kruse the letter being from Ernest Leo, together with answer der date of August 24, 1917; and further Government's Exhibit 94, letter m Phillip Kessler dated October 9, 1917, to Mr. Kruse with copy of reply der date of October 23, 1917; and further Government's Exhibit 95, letter ad

dressed to Irwin St. John Tucker by Mr. Kruse dated November 10, 1917.) 1 The defendants by their counsel jointly & severally entered their objec

tion to the admission of said exhibits numbers 74 to 95 inclusive, upon ground that said documents respectively are each irrelevant, incompetent, material and remote and not a part of the res gesta and should be limited effect to the purported writers if admitted at all, which objection was overled and to which ruling of the court admitting said documents in evidence, e defendants jointly and severally were allowed an exception. Said documents were thereupon by the court admitted in evidence, marked wernment's Exhibit 74 to 95, both inclusive, and the same are in words and ures as follows, to wit:

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April 16, 1917. 0 D. Adolph, 629 Fairfield Ave.,

Bridgeport, Conn. ar Comrades : I am very glad to note your fine progress and would appreciate. your sendg me the exact addresses, officially, of your state officers. Usually the State xretary represents the league of any state on the National Committee, and omrade Manfreda will so serve until someone is officially elected. As to the sending in of reports, it is true that the constitution is poorly orded in this respect, but it will do no harm to furnish the reports of stand$, etc., that have been requested. At the same time, however, you should ake a demand for the exchange of fraternal delegates with a voice but no te at one another's meetings. I made a report of our Y. P. S. L. activity

the Party convention in St. Louis and it was very well received-very well deed. The older comrades all look to us for their hope of the future, and e will not disappoint their hopes. I took the floor in favor of a ringing antiar stand and that is just what they have taken. No matter what forces are favor of war-the Socialist movement is against it, and none more so than le Y. P. S. L. There are now 150 good standing leagues and six state federaons. As to the National Championship Contest, read the enclosed article from

the Am. Soc. of Jan. 20th, fill out the enclosed blanks, and send them with best wishes, I remain

Yours for comradship, 14 (Stamped) The Socialist Party National Office Received Apr 91917 No.

Madison & Halsted Sts., Chicago, Ills.

629 Fairfield Ave. Bridgeport, Conn.

April 6, 1917. Dear Comrade Kruse :

Enclose please find check to the amount of three (3) dollars for which kim forward fifty (50) due stamps & one (1) dozen Yipsel pins. The price is list at $2.00 per dozen.

Now be prepared to meet some questions. The local organizer of the SI has requested the league to submit to him a report of our financial standin number of members etc. The league questioned his authority and a discuss ensued. I looked up the national constitution and that document makes mention of any reports to be submitted. Therefore please answer if we had to make any reports to the local S. P.

For the past few months I have noticed in the American Socialist the stati ings of the different leagues in a contest. Kindly send details about the en test for I like to have the league represented.

The Yipsel is progressing remarkably; we have now twenty-one good stas ing members & four applications on file. Last Sunday, Mar 25 we had a dare

which proved a success, both financially and morally. We charged 565 admission only hat checks & we incurred no expense for the hall 7

free & music was furnished by my brother & I. Elections for the State Board of Control are now being held. The followin are the candidates: Helen Manfreda of Walingford-State Secretary la Adolph of Bridgeport-State Organizer Joe Davis of Bridgeport-Director Education Sam Dunn of Hartford--Director of Entertain Sam Weistat New Britain Director of Entertain.

I will mail the results to you as soon as I receive them. (Could you tell how many leagues & state organizations there are now in the U. S.?

If you are to represent the Y. P. S. L. at the convention at St. Louis take the same position as you told Pres. Wilson the Yipsels will take.

No con scription whatsoever! No difference what the results may be.)

At the dance we held, New Haven league was represented by twelve dele gates. The Bridgeport league gave them a midnight reception, at which the attitude of Yipsel towards any nation's flag was discussed. The delegates let for home early Monday morning 1 A. M.

I believe that is all the news for the present. Hoping to receive the pina and stamps before April 15. I remain True to the Yipsel

LEO W. ADOLPH.

Organizer From Kruse file 12/8/17JDR 566

GOVERNMENT EXHIBIT 75.

(Postal Card addressed to “ Wm. F. Kruse, 803 W. Madison St., Chicago, Ill." Cancelled and stamped “Camden N. J., Mar. 28 1.30 AM 1917")

“ Camden N. J. March 27 Dear Comrade Bill:

I received a communication from you yesterday and all it contained was 1 blanck sheet of paper. There must have been a mistake because April fools day is next Sunday. Hoping to hear from you and anxious for a reply, I remain

Yours for the cause,

H. F. NIESSNER, Camden,"

“ March 29, 1917. H. F. Niessner,

927 W. 27th St.

Camden, N. J. Dear Comrade:

That blank sheet was supposed to be a letter telling you to make a duplicate of your membership mailing list and other important records and put them

away in a safe place so that if the war should come and the authorities

T try to put us out of business we won't be entirely helpless and lost.

I also advise you to list all the dependable socialist members of your ague and form them into an unofficial executive committee and pledge them

work for our movement and be true no matter what happens. It may be lat the war scare will pass over but we are taking no chances. Take the tip ad burn this letter. This is no April Fool joke. With best wishes, I remain,

National Secretary Y. P. S. L.

18

GOVERNMENT EXHIBIT 76.

Headquarters
Local Toledo Socialist Party.

Third Floor Meredith Building.
Corner Jefferson Avenue and Michigan Street

Toledo, Ohio, May 4th, 1917 omrade Kruse

We had a hum-dinger of a debate at Memorial Hall between You perhaps reeived the slips. Hall crowded Police necessary to enfarce Fire rules. Crowd ehaved nicely but at times gave way to feeling. Some of us Nearing students ot together and gave a "yell” for him when he entered the stage. The Clipping rill give you the Information. ' I took some notes myself but must have lost hem. I can promise you big doings next week. Please wait until I get it all toether print only news regard the Debate. . Now, the Students will have a arade at 3 pm Sat. & Tuesday night at 8 pm. We ordered banners got Hall & rinting. next week you will get news will send cut or picture too if I can. ovely time coming. Yours truly,

C. V. ULRICH."

69

" May 7, 1917.

Ir. Carl V. Ulrich,
Meredith Building,
Jefferson Ave. & Michigan St.,

Toledo, O.
Dear Comrade:

Thanks for the Nearing debate clippings which I am returning herewith to rou. Keep me informed on all later developments.

Have any of the students made any preparations to resist the draft law in eal earnest or is it merely a popular enthusiasm and dare-devil spirit in favor of Nearing?

Do you think they can be depended upon, many of them, to see this opposition o militarism thru to the end? It would be a fine spectacle if they could, but, vhat in your opinion as to the chances? With best wishes, I remain Yours for comradeship,

National Secretary Y. P. S. L.(Pencil notation on same “ Ohio")

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Jacob Wilner
Dental Depot and Laboratory
205 Sheetz Str.

W. La Fayette, Ind.

191 Wm. F. Kruse National Sec'y Y. P. S. L.

Chicago, Ill. Dear Comrade:

Now that the conscription bill is on, the Yipsels are to have nothing definite what to be guided by. I do not know what method to pursue in the next issue of the Bulletin which would serve as a practical advice to the comrades. I don't doubt the national body has worked out something, and I would like to follow

If you can spare the time Comrade. I would like you to write something for the Bulletin, "The Yipsel Page," which would no doubt be appreciated by the

138525—19—VOL 2-14

the same.

members. I must have my manuscripts in the state office by the 8th of the month.

The leagues all over the state are doing mighty fine. There is a considerabie gain in membership for the last few months, and also a few new leagues bare been organized. Hoping to be favored with an immediate reply, I am yours for freedom,

J. WILNER

State Ed. Director. 571 GOV. EX. 77.

MAY 2, 1917. Mr. J. Wilner,

205 Shetz St.,

W. Lafayette, Ind. Dear Comrade:

I am so rushed head over heels in detail - work-right now that I do not see how I can comply with your request for an article for the Bulletin.

There is no definite plan of action worked out by the National Office as you seem to suppose. (So far as I personally am concerned, I shall probably refuse to register or to serve, yet many of our members will not be situated in as favorable a position as I am at this time. To advise anyone to refuse to serve or to register would be a clear case of treason.)

I am very glad to note your splendid progress in Indiana and trust that you will keep it up.

The duties of the league right now is to distribute as large a batch of the Anti-war manifestos as we possibly can. Our war stand is summed up in that document and we should stand or fall by it. Do your best to spread it among the members generally, and if there is anything further that I can do, just let me know. With best wishes, I remain

Yours for comradship,

National Secretary Y. P. S. L. 572

GOVERNMENT EXHIBIT 78.

“Denver Colo. May 9, 1917. Mr. Wm. F. Kruse,

Chicago, Ill. Dear Comrade Kruse :

Now since Mrs. Jennie McGee told us what you looked like, I feel as tho I almost know you and am quite sure that your heart must be big enough to take care of all of us, Yipsels. Here I am with my tale of woe. I know you have plenty to do without answering my (perhaps foolish) questions but see if you cannot spare a few minutes for me. Of course I know what so people would say we ought to do but I always like to look ahead and see the outcome. Now for those who have no one depending on us it is alright to go right ahead. distribute our literature, refuse to register, if we are men, and resist conscription. Of course, I expect that is the thing we should do but will be bring our fellow workers any closer to Socialism if we enter this endless trouble-whic most likely means being out of a job, being in jail, and sometimes being shot. Then again some of us have families who are dependent upon us and our getting into trouble means our families suffering. Of course it is against my

principles giving in to these capitalistic ways but what should we de 573 Should we place our duties to our workers above everything and resist

or should we do everything we can in a mild way. One of our Socialist fellows was distributing the leaflets on the stand the Socialist decided to take at the St. Louis Convention and the papers said the police are looking into l' and will punish all caught distributing such literature against the United States. I know it is hard for anyone to say what they would advise anyone else to do but perhaps others of our Y. P. S. L.'s have come to you with the same questions. I have asked many i Socialist what they think but I don't seem to be any place. I would like to hear just what you think about it an? let me know as soon as your time permits.

I should also like to know if there is a Y. P. S. L. in Boston and when ani where they meet, and also where and when the Socialist Local meets. I would like the same answered for Detroit Michigan. I expect to go east the

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