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Organization Leaflets Popular. * Send me The American Socialist for one year, I think it is a great para Have been reading my neighbors' papers and leaflets. Send me the moodi organization leaflets. “Boost the Socialist Party, is my slogan?”—Edgar Fogh man, Indiana.

“ The American Socialist has been good from the first, but it is getting bett every issue.”—J. C. Harkness, Washington.

" This is the time to grow, and we are growing," says Comrade Nelson B ings, of San Francisco, as he orders a bundle of July leaflets.

on " . , Dell Rapid S. D., as he orders a bundle of July leaflets.

" People in this community are beginning to look for some light-after e nomic depression. The stomach seems to be the dominating source of brai supply.” A. C. Brookey, of Pittsburgh, makes the above comment when sendin in an order for July leaflets. Wrap your name around a dime, send it in 1 the National Office, and get 100 leaflets."

“Buy a Liberty Bond." “ Get a real one--not the bankers' kind. The bonds the banks are offerin you are Slavery Bonds; they bind you to the chariot wheel of Morgan forere

" Send a dime for 100 copies of

Protect Your Rights

By Ralph Korngold.
June Leaflet of the Socialist Party.

The Real Liberty Bonds. Send 2 dimes for 200, 3 dimes for 300, 75 cts. for one thousand. Every on delivered to a neighbor means a Bond to Liberty and Future Peace.

803 West Madison Street,

Chicago, Ill. 517 WILLIAM MACK, called as a witness on behalf of the Governmen

testified as follows:

Direct Examination by Mr. Fleming. I live at 1326 North Harding avenue. I lived in Chicago 12 years; now en ployed at Troy Machine Laundry; employed as such for the last week. Prit to that for Chas. E. Reed & Co. machine work. I was born in Austria, came i America in 1900; became a citizen in 1916. Reside in 35th Ward. Member the Socialist party for nine years. I have been secretary of the Ward brapei at present I have no office with the Party. I know Irwin St. John Tucker. M him in July, 1917. I was instructed by the branch on the last Thursday July to purchase 10,000 leaflets entitled “ Why you should Fight" by Comrad Tucker. The following Saturday, July 30th, I went to the County Office, sa Tucker personally ; I asked if he had 10,000 copies of “ Why You Should Fight he didn't know but said he would see and later said “Yes” so I made a d posit of $4. The charge was $7.50. I received 10,000 copies of pamphlet e

titled “Why you should fight.” The next week I brought the quota 1 518 each of our precinct workers and distributed 250 in my own precincts.

helped in the distribution of the American Socialist after its suppressio doing my share, delivering them usually Saturday afternoon.

Recross Eramination by Mr. Cunnea. I usually got the papers Friday evening, and distributed them Saturday at Sunday. The paper bore the date of the Saturday of the week but went t press days before that. We received the Chicago Section of American Socialis

Redirect Examination by Mr. Fleming.

(Exhibiting American Socialist to the witness.) On the second page there was a sheet like that.

J. E. HARRIS, called as a witness on behalf of the Government, testified as lows:

Direct Examination by Mr. Fleming.

I live at 216 Martin street, Milwaukee; employed by the Milwaukee Journal r the last year and a half as newspaper man. Before that I was with the ilwaukee Sentinel for about a month, prior to that with the Milwaukee ader from December 14 until the last of May, 1917. I served in the cacity as copy reader, reporter as managing editor. I had been managing itor about a year at the time I severed my relation with the Milwaukee ader. Mr. Fleming: Q Why did you leave the Milwaukee Leader?

Mr. Cochems: Objection as incompetent, irrelevant and immaterial. The Court: Overruled and exception allowed. You may answer.

The Witness: I was no longer in agreement with the policy of the per. The Court: The fact of his not being in agreement may be stricken out. The Witness: I had discussions with him regarding the matter of handling ir news in the paper. The first conversation was at the time I agreed to cept the position of Managing Editor and at various times soon after that. told Mr. Berger I would accept the position as managing editor and he ent over with me the troubles he had had, the fault he had to find with the Ith my predecessors in that position, with the men who had held he position fore me, the substance of which was that the only other two men in the ice that he would consider for that position were strongly Pro-Ally or proaglish, I think he called them, and that he was afraid to trust them for ar things would get into the paper, headlines in particular which were fensive to the friends of the paper, to German friends he mentioned and

his friends. I had definite instructions regarding the matter of handling e war news. We ran a news story covering the operations in the field. The structions were that the Berlin dispatch was always to be used as the lead the story. This instruction was given a month after I became managing

editor. I carried out the intructions. I gave the desk force and the 0 telegraph editor the same instructions I received from Mr. Berger. A

few months before May, 1917, Mr. Berger found fault in the printing the Leader of a special war story by one of the united press correspondents; was a separate story from the regular war news. He (Berger) said in effect at the story was unreliable; that it was rot; that it should not have been inted. The dispatch was from somewhere in Europe; it was a signed disItch of United Press writers. Mr. Cochems: Just a moment. Inasmuch as that appears to be in the files id the exact article is here I ask that the reference be made so we shall now the author of it and the source of it. The Government has that article | its possession and all our files covering that period, I am informed. The Winess: Mr. Berger said we should not have printed it. He instructed e that in the future he wanted to see all copies of those special articles, irticularly in case there was anything of the same nature (special war story r one of the United Press corespondents) in them as that article and that ley would not be run until after he had seen them. Leo Wolfson was our legraph editor at that time, City editor Claude Diegle. When I first went work there war news was handled by Ernest Unterman, I said nothing urther to Mr. Berger with reference to the policy of the paper until I left.

I never argued the policy with him. Unterman left the paper a short 11 time after I became managing editor. I had several discussions with

Mr. Berger over Unterman leaving, during which he repeatedly gave e instructions regarding the handling of war news. He instructed me to at the Berlin dispatches in the lead and be careful that nothing offensive the German readers of the paper got into the headlines. I remember the t. Louis Convention which convened in St. Louis during the month of April, 117. I spoke to him with regard to having the Convention covered for the eader, before he went to the St. Louis Convention; he said he would look fter that and that if he did not have time to do it he would get Engdahl to o it. We received the regular U. P. report over the wire, and the reports of ve committee on resolution and platform, etc. I presume they came from [r. Berger or Mr. Engdahl. While the Convention was in session we fur

13852519--VOL 2-13

duty as I understood and saw it. In the letters I received from Kruse said most of the members would be in the army; he told about the difficulty of keeping the leagues together. I believe that was what he said. This was stated as one of the reasons for organizing emergency committees and possible have some young women on them.

Redirect Examination by Mr. Fleming. I enlisted April 29, 1918. I saw a large number of witnesses in the Dis trict Attorney's office. Somebody spoke to me about the testimony of Arnod Schiller in this case on my first visit, and some one spoke to me about the testimony that Arnold Schiller gave in this case. You, Mr. Fleming, spoke to me about my testimony in this case. My father has not spoken to me about it. It is not a fact that my father related to me a conversation that he heart in Fleiners Hall.

Mr. Fleming: Q Did your father not tell you that he had heard a converse. tion in Fleiners Hall, the metting place of your league? 511 Mr. Cunnea : I object to that.

Mr. Fleming: I am trying to find out his attitude here, and the reason for the change in certain statements.

Mr. Cunnea : I object to the statement of counsel.
Mr. Fleming: I withdraw the statement.
Mr. Cunnea : The damage is already done.

The Court: Gentlemen : You will disregard counsel's statement about his reason for witness changing his statement.

Mr. Fleming: Q Your father is a member of the Socialist Party, is he not? The Witness : Yes.

(Objection by defendants counsel as incompetent, irrelevant and immaterial and not proper cross-examination; objection overruled ; exception.' Mr. Fleming: Q. Is your wife a member of the Y. P. S. L.?

(Objection by defendants counsel as incompetent, irrelevant and immateriai and not proper cross-examination; objection overruled; exception.)

The Witness: My wife is a member of the Y. P. S. L.?

I think Levish was arrested at Grant Park at a nfeeting held by the Peoples Counsel and Y. P. S. L.; helped to usher, take up the collection, did evers. thing possible to help the meeting.

Cross-Examination by Mr. Stedman. To my knowledge there was nothing ever said about the stickers in the presence of Germer or Berger or Tucker or any of the defendants except Kruse

(Whereupon was tendered and received in evidence on behalf of the gofernment Exhibit No. 55, being the following articles from the American Social ist under date of June 30, 1917: Advertisement from p. 2, col 2, entitled "Buy a Liberty Bond"; article p. 3, col. 3, entitled “The Price We Pay"; article from p. 4, foot of page, entitled, “ The July Leafllet"; cartoon from p. 3, etitled “ George III”; poent from p. 2, col. 3, entitled “Friends of Conscrip tion.")

Counsel object as to all defendants as incompetent, immaterial and irrelevant. court overruled and exception allowed. 512

American Socialist June 30 1917

Buy A Liberty Bond Get a Real one-not the Banker's Kind. The Bonds the Banks are offering you are Slevery Bonds; they bind you to the chariot wheel of Morgan forever.

Send a dime for 100 copies of

“ Protect Your Rights"

by Ralph Korngold.
June Leaflet of the Socialist Party.

The Real Liberty Bonds.
Send 2 dimes for 200, 3 dimes for 300, 75 cts, for one thousand.
Everyone delivered to a neighbor means a Bond to Liberty and Future Peace.

The Socialist Party
803 West Madison Street,

Chicago, Ill.
The Price We Pay

The Champaign, Ill., Gazette, in its leading editorial of June 17, warns its
aders against reading “ The Price We Pay.” It says, in black face, double
ided type:
“Every loyal, flag-loving man and women in these two cities into whose
inds this pamphlet falls should destroy it without waste of time in its
The Gazette is afraid to trust its readers to read such literature. It warns
em to burn it without perusal. It fears that, in a rush of brains to the head,
ey might become Socialists.
This is the greatest possible testimony to the power of the pamphlet, whose
les are now nearing the million mark.
Send for a bundle of “The Price We Pay.” Price, $1.50 a thousand, 20 cts.
hundred. It has made more converts than any literature we have issued in

Socialist Party
803 West Madison Street, Chicago, Ill.


3 (Whereupon there was offered and received in evidence as Govern

ment's Exhibit 56 the following articles from the American Socialist ider date of June 7, 1917, paragraph without heading from column 3 page 3; cartoon entitled “ Yesterday and To-day” on page 3; a paragraph without ading from column 4 page 3.

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