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WILLIAM MANKUS, witness on behalf of the Government testified as
Direct Examination by Mr. Fleming.
I have lived one year at Waukegan before that at North Chicago for six months, before that at 2212 South Leavitt street, Chicago; I was born in Russian Lithuania, came to the United States in January, 1910, became connected with the United States Navy on May 14, 1917, I am a tailor at the station there, I am rated as a fireman. I was connected with the Y. P. S. L. in 1917, a member of Lithuanian Branch on the South Side. I was a delegate to the convention held at Wicker Park Hall May 6, 1917. The Convention began 10:30 in the morning. I was a member of the committee on resolution. We went in the committee room to draw up a resolution, there were six or eight on the committee. (Handing document to witness) I recognize this paper you hand me. It bears my signature as a member of the committee on resolution. It is the resolution passed or recommended by the resolution committee in the committee in the committee room in the same meeting hall. It was typewritten by Mr. Kruse. I don't remember the names of the men who worded this resolution but all the committee discussed it and talked of it. All the committee was there. Kruse discussed it with the rest of the committee.
(Objection by counsel for defendants; as incompetent, irrelevant, remote, and not connected with any of the defendants.
The Court: Overruled.
erally and jointly. 488 (Whereupon_said document referred to was offered in evidence as
Government's Exhibit 50; objection by Mr. Cunnea, specifically as follows: there is nothing showing that action was taken on this resolution, the name of Kruse does not appear as the signature to the resolutions.)
The Court: It would be admissible on the question of his intent. That is all it is offered for, intent as to the defendant Kruse.
(Objection overruled ; exception by defendants) (Said document was thereupon admitted in evidence markedl Government's Exhibit 50 and the same is in words and figures as follows)
Whereas the ruling class of the United States has succeeded in engulfing this country into the world war, and
Whereas the working class of the U. S. have no cause to war against the working class of any nation in the world, and
Whereas there is no doubt in the minds of Socialists that this is a war for profits waged in the interests of the capitalist class but fought by the workers of the belligerent nations who have nothing to gain and everything to lose in murdering each other under the artificial stimulus of false and pernicious "patriotism," and
Whereas, the Socialists of Germany, France and England were bitterly criticised and condemned by the Socialists of America because at the beginning of the conflict in Europe they failed as a unit to resist the call to arms, and
Whereas, the excuse given was that the war has come upon them so suddenly that they had no opportunity to think clearly or organize effectively in oppositio.. and
Whereas, even tho this excuse be valid for our comrades across the sea, it cannot avail in the United States, for we have had over two and one half years to think, and every opportunity to realize the nature of the struggle and the part that the socialist movement should play in it, and
Whereas, the volunteer system having failed, the governing powers of the U. S. have resorted to conscription to fill up the ranks of the Army and Navy, and Whereas this failure shows clearly that the spirit and opinion of the working class and the masses are opposed to the war or military preparation for war, and
Whereas, if our principles were true before the war they are unquestionably true now that war has been thrust upon us, and if we are not to prove traitors
to the cause of the working class it is our duty at once to take a positive stand refusing to fight the wars of the exploiters of this country, therefore be it
Resolved, by the Convention of the Y. P. S. L. of Chicago, a part of the international socialist movement, that we call upon all workers not to join the fighting forces of the nation, whether drafted or not, i. e., to bear arms or aid in the furtherance of the war in any way whatsoever, and be it further
Resolved that we express our hearty concurrence with the war program 490 adopted by the Socialist Party National Convention at St. Louis, namely,491 1. Continuous, active and public opposition to the war, through demon
strations, mass petitions, and all other means within our power. 2. Unyielding opposition to all proposed legislation for military or industrial conscription. Should such conscription be forced upon the people, we pledge ourselves to continuous efforts for the repeal of such laws, and to the support of all mass movements in opposition to conscription. We pledge ourselves to oppose with all our strength any attempt to raise money for payment of war expense by taxing the necessaries of life or issuing bonds which will put the burden upon future generations. We demand that the capitalist class, which is responsible for the war, pay its cost. Let those who kindled the fire furnish the fuel.
3. Vigorous resistance to all reactionary measures, such as censorship of press and mails, restriction of the rights of free speech, assemblage, and organization, or compulsory arbitration and limitation of the right to strike. 4. Consistent propaganda against military training and militaristic teach
ing in the public schools. 492 5. Extension of the campaign of education among the workers to or
ganize them into strong, class-conscious, and closely unified political and industrial organization, to enable them by concerted and harmonious mass action to shorten this war and to establish lasting peace.
6. Widespread, educational propaganda to enlighten the masses as to the true relation between capitali: m and war, and to arouse and organize them for action, not only against present war evils, but for the prevention of future wars and for the destruction of the causes of war.
7. To protect the masses of the American people from the pressing danger of starvation which the war in Europe has brought upon them, and which the entry of the United States has already accentuated, we demand :
(a) The restriction of food exports so long as the present shortage continues, the fixing of maximum prices, and whatever measures may be necessary to prevent the food speculators from holding back the supplies now in their hands;
(b). The socialization and democratic management of the great industries concerned with the production, transportation, storage, and the marketing of
food and other necessaries of life ; 493 (c) The socialization and democratic management of all land and other
natural resources now held out of use for monopolistic or speculative profit. 494 And be it finally Resolved that the Young Peoples Socialist League with
the aid of the Socialist Party establish a fund to aid all comrades who become involved in difficulties on account of agitating for our principle. Member of Englewood
495 The Witness (continuing): The resolution was signed by Chairman C. A.
Bachman, with a cross for the Member of Englewood league and next by Paul Backall and William C. Dunke, I. N. Hamburger, William V. Mankus, Louis Sherman and Frederick F. White. Afterthe resolution was prepared we went back to the meeting hall. William f. Kruse was speaking at that time. I heard him speak five or seven minutes. He spoke in favor of the resolution. I was not present at the second session of that convention held one week later at Douglas Park).
Cross-Examination by Mr. Cunnea.
Mr. Kruse was the National Secretary of the Y. P. S. L. Our committee went out and drew up this document (Government's Exhibit 50). I do not know whose typewriter it was but I know Kruse typed it. Some one of the committee had this piece of newspaper which is attached to Exhibit 50. I don't remember any part of the talk that Kruse made when I went back from the
comntittee room. I voluntarily listed in the Navy one week after this con496 vention, and the day after the second session. I talked to Mr. Fleming
about this five or six weeks ago. Mr. Fleming first mentioned the named of William F. Kruse and asked me if Kruse had done anything about that resolution. I told him he was helping discuss the question with the rest of the committee. I do not know any of the other men whose names appear on the reslution. I never met them before. The resolutions committee consisted of one member of each branch represented who was chosen by the other delegates present from that branch.
(Whereupon was tendered and received in evidence on behalf of the gorerliment Exhibit No. 51, being the following articles from the American Socialist under date of June 2, 1917; pnem from p. 2, col. 2, entitled “ Come Ye Slaves article from p. 3, col. 4, entitled “ Bonds and Bondage " by Adolph Germer; advertisement from p. 3, cols. 1 and 2, entitled " Second Edition · The Price We Pay” by Irwin St. John Tucker ; paragraph without heading from p. 4, col. 2: paragraph without heading from p. 4, col. 4.)
(Whereupon was tendered and received in evidence on behalf of the government Exhibit No. 52, being the following articles from the American Socialist under date of June 9, 1917: article from p. 1, entitled “ We Serve Notice on the Master Class, It has Had Its Day and Ours is ('oming"; advertisement on p. 2. entitled “ Half a Million Copies Sold"; advertisement from p. 3, col. 1, entitled “ Special Offers "; parapraph without heading from p. 4, col. 5.)
(Whereupon was tendered and received in evidence on behalf of the govern. ment Exhibit No. 53, being the following articles from the American Socialist under date of June 16, 1917: article on top of first page entitled “ Death, the hand-maiden of war, is coming closer"; article without heading from p. col. 1: advertisement from p. 2, cols. 1 and 2, entitled “Leaflets; Eye Openers": article from p. 3, entitled “Cheer Up"; article at top of p. 4, entitled " Let There Be Peace”; two paragraphs without heading from p. 4, col. 4.)
(Whereupon was tendered and received in evidence on behalf of the government Exhibit No. 54, being the following articles from the American Socialist under date of June 23, 1917: article from p. 1, entitled “Wake Up Washington"; article from p. 3, col. 1, entitled “The Flag Day Speech ” by Irwin St. John Tucker; poem from p. 3, col. 3, entitled “Show the Flag"; article from p. 3, col. 6, entitled "A Contribution ”; article from p. 4, col. 4, entitled “Paying a War Bill"; advertisement from p. 4, of pamphlet “ Why You Should Fight by Irwin St. John Tucker; advertisement from p. 2, col. 1, entitled “Leaflets, • Eye Openers.'")
Counsel for defendants object to Exhibits 51-52-53-54 as incompetent immaterial irrelevant and remote, objection overruled and exception allowed 497
GOVT EX 51 AMERICAN SOCIALIST JUNE 2 1917
One hundred thousand copies of “The Price We Pay” were sold out almost as soon as the announcement reached the comrades thruout the country that they were obtainable in bundle lost.
In every mail the orders came flooding in; the telegraph wires were bor with orders. Five thousand, ten thousand, fifteen thousand were ordered at a time.
A second edition of 100,000 has been printed, and this is melting away faster than the first edition. The article fills a desperate and pressing need. It short powerful phrases, tremendous logic and vivid word picturse grip the imagination and convince the reason.
Order at once, comrades. We do not know how soon it may be too late Use the time while it is ours. At any moment the iron hand of junkerdom mar
close down, and “ Verboten !” be thundered from the new Potsdam in Washington.
Price, 20 cents a hundred, $1.50 per thousand.
National Office Socialist Party 303 West Madison Street,
Bonds and Bondage.
Oh, Liberty, Democracy, the growing aspirations of the poets and philosophers, the dream of the ages, what crimes are committed in thy name! What monsters of iniquity hide their sullied hands behind their banners! In thy name, a servile congress under the lash of an executive autocrat, who won his election under the slogan “He kept us out of war permits the mercenary interests to reach out their crimsoned tentacles and snatch from the homes of this country, the young men who are the buds of life and send them into the jaws of hell. In thy name, every human impulse is crushed, man is transformed into a brutal beast and sent out on the field of slaughter to send a bullet or a bayonet thru the heart of a fellow being. And to do this on the largest possible scale and with the greatest effect, every government, now a part of the mad house is fettering its people with a war bondage for generations to come.
Let me re-emphasize the purpose in selling these euphoneously tilted bonds to the common people is to safeguard against a repudiation of the staggering debt heaped upon this nation by the hideous infamy of war.
Lesson for All Workers.
May this serve as a valuable lesson to the workers of all nations. If the governments can issue bonds for war purposes, we shall insist that the government also issue bonds to create the necessary funds to acquire and carry on industry. This is especially desirable in times of war when profit hogs are gambling in the necessaries of life and are plundering the consumer, “be. cause they can get it."
These bonds are not for “liberty" but for bondage. We have a right to disbelieve you gentlemen of the administration. You were elected
on the slogan “ He kept us out of war and the people not wanting war, you forced us into it.
You told and still tell us of your great love for "democracy” but did ciple when you passed your infamous and un-American conscription law? you in any way practice that principle? You tell us of your great concern for the welfare of the people but what have you done to relieve the pressure from constantly increasing prices of food stuffs? We realize that our only hope lies in ourselves and in keeping with that, we shall rally the workers of the country into one organization, the Socialist Party which is dedicated to true democracy.
Come! Ye Slaves !
By Henry Edward Keas.
Come! Ye slaves--Register !
Slaves! Know ye not your masters?
We are the same ye knew at Lawrence and Ludlow, At Calumet and West Virginia
The same who gave you bullets when you asked for bread-
Slaves! Look sharp and register-
Come! Slaves, Hasten !
That we may fasten the yoke
Money secured thru the Liberty Loan will be invested in wholesale bloodshed and draw dividends in the tears of millions of American mothers.
Wilson might give Pershing and those 28,000 soldiers, soon destined for the killing beds of France, a little preliminary training by sending them against the Prussians in San Francisco Chamber of Commerce still trying to railroad labor to the gallows: 498 GOVT EXHIBIT No. 52 AMERICAN SOCIALIST JUNE 9 1917
We Serve Notice On the Master Class! It Has Had Its Day! Ours Is Coming!
This issue of The American Socialist went into the mails on Monday night, the eve of Registration Day, Tuesday, June 5th. It will not reach its readers until after this blackest day in our history has passed.
The American Socialist has not been suppressed as the jingo press would have you believe. The Socialist Party national office has not been raided or interfered with in any way.
We wish to serve notice now-that with the passing of June 5th, the master class has had its day. War, conscription, militarism, hunger,-all brought upon this nation by our dollar-worshipping plutocracy in the name of democracy,—will shortly sign the death warrant of the present ruling class in America.
This is no idle prophecy. It is already being fulfilled. Listen! Everywhere over the land we hear the tramp of thousands rushing to join the ranks of the Socialist movement, their only hope.
From myriads of men and women, newly awakened by the heavy hand of the oppressor, comes the cry for Socialist literature, for the enlightening message in this hour of trial. The increasing volume of new subscribers to the reading army of The American Socialist, unsupported by any other fact, proves to us that Our Day Is On the Way!
Our campaign of preparedness for Our Day, Nov. 5, 1918, Is On! This is the day of the next congressional election, our opportunity to still the voice of plutocracy and Prussianism in the halls of Congress.
The democratic and republican parties were both responsible for conscripting a free people into the mad world-war. They brought Black Tuesday, June 5, 1917, upon us.
Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 5, 1918, will be Our Day—and every day until then will be Registration Day for those eager to volunteer in the struggle to abolish Morgan-Rockefeller rule thru the demo-republican party, to end the tyrannical reign of the Kaisers and the Czars of industry in America, to banish war and militarism, hunger and poverty, to usher in the reign of peace and plenty, real industrial and political democracy—to realize the rule of the people.
The Day of Our Emancipation is on the way!