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My credit now stands on such slippery ground,
That one of two bad ways you must conceit me,
Either a coward or a flatterer.

That I did love thee, Cæsar, O! 'tis true:
If then thy spirit look upon us now,
Shall it not grieve thee dearer than thy death,
To see thy Antony making his peace,
Shaking the bloody fingers of thy foes,
Most noble in the presence of thy corse?
Had I as many eyes as thou hast wounds,
Weeping as fast as they stream forth thy blood,
It would become me better than to clo-e
In terms of friendship with thine enemies.
Pardon me, Julius! Here wast thou bay'd,
brave hart;


Here didst thou fall; and here thy hunters stand, Sign'd in thy spoil, and crimson'd in thy death. O world! thou wast the forest to this hart; And this, indeed, O world! the heart of thee. How like a deer, strucken by many princes, Dost thou here lie!

Cas. Mark Antony,Ant.


Pardon me, Caius Cassius: The enemies of Cæsar shall say this; Then, in a friend, it is cold modesty.

Cas. I blame you not for praising Cæsar so; But what compact mean you to have with us? Will you be prick'd in number of our friends, Or shall we on, and not depend on you?

Ant. Therefore I took your hands, but was indeed

Sway'd from the point by looking down on Cæsar.
Friends am I with you all, and love you all, 220
Upon this hope, that you shall give me reasons
Why and wherein Cæsar was dangerous.

Bru. Or else were this a savage spectacle.
Our reasons are so full of good regard
That were you, Antony, the son of Cæsar,
You should be satisfied.


That's all I seek:


And am moreover suitor that I may
Produce his body to the market-place;
And in the pulpit, as becomes a friend,
Speak in the order of his funeral.
Bru. You shall, Mark Antony.
Brutus, a word with you.
Asule to BRUTUS. You know not what you do;
do not consent

That Antony speak in his funeral:
Know you how much the people may be mov'd
By that which he will utter?
By your pardon;
I will myself into the pulpit first,
And show the reason of our Cæsar's death:
What Antony shall speak, I will protest
He speaks by leave and by permission,
And that we are contented Cæsar shall
Have all true rites and lawful ceremonies.
It shall advantage more than do us wrong.
Cas. I know not what may fall; I like it not.
Bru. Mark Antony, here, take you Cæsar's

You shall not in your funeral speech blame us,
But speak all good you can devise of Cæsar,
And say you do 't by our permission;
Else shall you not have any hand at all
About his funeral; and you shall speak
In the same pulpit whereto I am going,
After my speech is ended.




I do desire no more.

Be it so ;

Bru. Prepare the body then, and follow us. Ereunt all but ANTONY.

Ant. O pardon me, thou bleeding piece of


That I am meek and gentle with these butchers;
Thou art the ruins of the noblest man
That ever lived in the tide of times.
Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!
Over thy wounds now do I prophesy,
Which like dumb mouths do ope their ruby lips,
To beg the voice and utterance of my tongue,
A curse shall light upon the limbs of men;
Domestic fury and fierce civil strife
Shall cumber all the parts of Italy;
Blood and destruction shall be so in use,
And dreadful objects so familiar,
That mothers shall but smile when they behold
Their infants quarter'd with the hands of war;
All pity chok'd with custom of fell deeds:
And Cæsar's spirit, ranging for revenge,
With Ate by his side come hot from hell,
Shall in these confines with a monarch's voice
Cry Havoc!' and let slip the dogs of war;
That this foul deed shall smell above the earth
With carrion men, groaning for burial,

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Enter a Servant.

You serve Octavius Cæsar, do you not? Serv. I do, Mark Antony.


Ant. Cæsar did write for him to come to Rome. Serv. He did receive his letters, and is coming; And bid me say to you by word of mouth-s O Cæsar!Seeing the body.

Ant. Thy heart is big, get thee apart and weep. Passion, I see, is catching; for mine eyes, Seeing those beads of sorrow stand in thine, Began to water. Is thy master coming?

Serv. He lies to-night within seven leagues of Rome.

Ant. Post back with speed, and tell him what hath chanc'd:


Here is a mourning Rome, a dangerous Rome,
No Rome of safety for Octavius yet;
Hie hence and tell him so. Yet stay awhile;
Thou shalt not back till I have borne this corpse
Into the market-place; there shall I try,
In my oration, how the people take
The cruel issue of these bloody men;
According to the which thou shalt discourse
To young Octavius of the state of things.
Lend me your hand.
Excunt, with CESAR'S body.

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First Cit.
I will hear Brutus speak.
Second Cit. I will hear Cassius; and compare
their reasons,

When severally we hear them rendered.

Exit CASSIUS, with some of the Citizens. BRUTUS goes into the pulpit. Third Cit. The noble Brutus is ascended: silence!

Bru. Be patient till the last.

Romans, countrymen, and lovers! hear me for my cause, and be silent, that you may hear: believe me for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that you may believe: censure me in your wisdom, and awake your senses, that you may the better judge. If there be any in this assembly, any dear friend of Cæsar's, to him I say that Brutus' love to Cæsar was no less than his. If then that friend demand why Brutus rose against Cæsar, this is my answer: Not that I loved Cæsar less, but that I loved Rome more. Had you rather Cæsar were living, and die all slaves, than that Cæsar were dead, to live all free men? As Cæsar loved me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him; but, as he was ambitious, I slew him. There is tears for his love; joy for his fortune; honour for his valour; and death for his ambition. Who is here so base, that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so rude, that would not be a Roman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so vile, that will not love his country? If any, speak; for him have I offended. I pause for a reply.


Citizens. None, Brutus, none.

Bru. Then none have I offended. I have done no more to Cæsar than you shall do to Brutus. The question of his death is enrolled in the Capitol; his glory not extenuated, wherein he was worthy, nor his offences enforced, for which he suffered death.


Third Cit. Let him be Cæsar.

Fourth Cit.
Shall be crown'd in Brutus.


Enter ANTONY and Others, with CESAR'S body. Here comes his body, mourned by Mark Antony who, though he had no hand in his death, shall receive the benefit of his dying, a place in the commonwealth; as which of you shall not? With this I depart: that, as I slew my best lover for the good of Rome, I have the same dagger for myself, when it shall please my country to need my death.


Citizens. Live, Brutus! live! live!
First Cit. Bring him with triumph home unto
his house.

Second Cit. Give him a statue with his an

Cæsar's better parts

First Cit. We'll bring him to his house with

shouts and clamours.


Tending to Cæsar's glories, which Mark Antony, By our permission, is allow'd to make.

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can say.

Ant. You gentle Romans,-
Peace, ho! let us hear him.
Ant. Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me
your ears;

I come to bury Cæsar, not to praise him.
The evil that men do lives after them,
The good is oft interred with their bones;
So let it be with Cæsar. The noble Brutus
Hath told you Cæsar was ambitious;
If it were so, it was a grievous fault,
And grievously hath Cæsar answer'd it.
Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest,
For Brutus is an honourable man;
So are they all, all honourable men;
Come I to speak in Cæsar's funeral.
He was my friend, faithful and just to me:
But Brutus says he was ambitious;
And Brutus is an honourable man.
He hath brought many captives home to Rome,
Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill:
Did this in Cæsar seem ambitious?
When that the poor have cried, Cæsar hath wept ;
Ambition should be made of sterner stuff:
Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;
And Brutus is an honourable man.
You all did see that on the Lupercal
I thrice presented him a kingly crown,
Which he did thrice refuse: was this ambition?
Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;
And, sure, he is an honourable man.
I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke,
But here I am to speak what I do know.
You all did love him once, not without cause:
What cause withholds you then to mourn for





Third Cit.

Bru. My countrymen,-
Second Cit.

Bru. Good countrymen, let me depart alone,
And, for my sake, stay here with Antony.
Do grace to Cæsar's corpse, and grace his

Has he, masters? Peace! silence! Brutus speaks. I fear there will a worse come in his place. First Cit. Peace, ho! Fourth Cit. Mark'd ye his words? He would not take the crown; Therefore, 'tis certain, he was not ambitious. First Cit. If it be found so, some will dear abide it. Second Cit. Poor soul! his eyes are red as fire with weeping.


O judgment! thou art fled to brutish beasts,
And men have lost their reason. Bear with me;
My heart is in the coffin there with Cæsar,
And I must pause till it come back to me.
First Cit. Methinks there is much reason in
his sayings.

Second Cit. If thou consider rightly of the matter,

Cæsar has had great wrong.

Third Cit. There's not a nobler man in Rome | That day he overcame the Nervii. than Antony.

Fourth Cit. Now mark him; he begins again to speak.

Ant. But yesterday the word of Cæsar might Have stood against the world; now lies he there,


And none so poor to do him reverence.
O masters! if I were dispos'd to stir
Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage,
I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius wrong,
Who, you all know, are honourable men.
I will not do them wrong; I rather choose
To wrong the dead, to wrong myself, and you,
Than I will wrong such honourable men.
But here's a parchment with the seal of Cæsar;
I found it in his closet, 'tis his will.
Let but the commons hear this testament,
Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read,
And they would go and kiss dead Cæsar's wounds,
And dip their napkins in his sacred blood,
Yea, beg a hair of him for memory,
And, dying, mention it within their wills,
Bequeathing it as a rich legacy

Unto their issue.


Look! in this place ran Cassius' dagger through:
See what a rent the envious Casca made:
Through this the well-beloved Brutus stabb'd;
And as he pluck'd his cursed steel away,
Mark how the blood of Cæsar follow'd it,
As rushing out of doors, to be resolv'd
If Brutus so unkindly knock'd or no;
For Brutus, as you know, was Cæsar's angel:
Judge, O you gods! how dearly Cæsar lov'd him.
This was the most unkindest cut of all;
For when the noble Cæsar saw him stab,
Ingratitude, more strong than traitors' arms,
Quite vanquish'd him: then burst his mighty


And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
Even at the base of Pompey's statua,
Which all the while ran blood, great Cæsar fell.
O! what a fall was there, my countrymen;
Then I, and you, and all of us fell down,
Whilst bloody treason flourish'd over us.
140 O now you weep, and I perceive you feel
The dint of pity; these are gracious drops. 200
Kind souls, what! weep you when you but behold
Our Cæsar's vesture wounded? Look you here,

Fourth Cit. We'll hear the will: read it, Mark Here is himself, marr'd, as you see, with traitors.

Citizens. The will, the will! we will hear
Cæsar's will.

Ant. Have patience, gentle friends; I must
not read it:


It is not meet you know how Cæsar lov'd you.
You are not wood you are not stones, but men ;
And, being men, hearing the will of Cæsar,
It will inflame you, it will make you mad.
'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs ;
For if you should, O! what would come of it.
Fourth Cit. Read the will! we'll hear it,

You shall read us the will, Cæsar's will.

Ant. Will you be patient? will you stay

I have o'ershot myself to tell you of it.
I fear I wrong the honourable men
Whose daggers have stabb'd Cæsar; I do fear it.
Fourth Cit. They were traitors: honourable
men !

Citizens. The will! the testament!


Second Cit. They were villains, murderers. The will! read the will!

Ant. You will compel me then to read the

Then make a ring about the corpse of Cæsar,
And let me show you him that made the will.
Shall I descend? and will you give me leave?
Citizens. Come down.

Second Cit. Descend. ANTONY comes down.
Third Cit. You shall have leave.
Fourth Cit. A ring; stand round.
First Cit. Stand from the hearse; stand from
the body.


Second Cit. Room for Antony; most noble

Ant. Nay, press not so upon me; stand far off.
Citizens. Stand back! room! bear back!
Ant. If you have tears, prepare to shed them


You all do know this mantle: I remember
The first time ever Cæsar put it on ;
'Twas on a summer's evening, in his tent,

First Cit. O piteous spectacle !
Second Cit. O noble Cæsar!
Third Cit. O woeful day!
Fourth Cit. O traitors! villains!
First Cit. O most bloody sight!
Second Cit. We will be revenged.
Citizens. Revenge!-About!-Seek!-Burn!-
Fire!-Kill!-Slay!-Let not a traitor live.
Ant. Stay, countrymen.


First Cit. Peace there! Hear the noble

Second Cit. We'll hear him, we'll follow him, we'll die with him.

Ant. Good friends, sweet friends, let me not stir you up

To such a sudden flood of mutiny.

They that have done this deed are honourable:
What private griefs they have, alas! I know not,
That made them do it; they are wise and

And will, no doubt, with reasons answer you.
I come not, friends, to steal away your hearts:
I am no orator, as Brutus is;

But, as you know me all, a plain blunt man,
That love my friend; and that they know full

That gave me public leave to speak of him.
For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth,
Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech.
To stir men's blood: I only speak right on;
I tell you that which you yourselves do know,
Show you sweet Cæsar's wounds, poor poor
dumb mouths,

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And bid them speak for me: but were I Brutus,
And Brutus Antony, there were an Antony
Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue
In every wound of Cæsar, that should move
The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny.
Citizens. We ll mutiny.

First Cit. We'll burn the house of Brutus
Third Cit. Away then! come, seek the con-

Ant. Yet hear me, countrymen; yet hear me speak.

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Wherein hath Cæsar thus deserv'd your loves?
Alas! you know not: I must tell you then.
You have forgot the will I told you of.

Citizens. Most true. The will! Let's stay that, I fear. Proceed; directly. and hear the will.

Ant. Here is the will, and under Cæsar's seal. To every Roman citizen he gives,

To every several man, seventy-five drachmas. Second Cit. Most noble Cæsar! We'll revenge his death.

Third Cit. O royal Cæsar !

Ant. Hear me with patience. Citizens. Peace, ho!

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Ant. Moreover, he hath left you all his walks, His private arbours, and new-planted orchards, On this side Tiber; he hath left them you, And to your heirs for ever; common pleasures, To walk abroad, and recreate yourselves. Here was a Cæsar! when comes such another? First Cit. Never, never! Come, away, away! We'll burn his body in the holy place, And with the brands fire the traitors' houses. Take up the body.


Second Cit. Go, fetch fire.

Third Cit. Pluck down benches.

Fourth Cit. Pluck down forms, windows, any thing. Exeunt Citizens, with the body. Ant. Now let it work. Mischief, thou art afoot, Take thou what course thou wilt!

Enter a Servant.

How now, fellow! Serv. Sir, Octavius is already come to Rome. Ant. Where is he?


Serv. He and Lepidus are at Cæsar's house. Ant. And thither will I straight to visit him. He comes upon a wish. Fortune is merry, And in this mood will give us any thing.


Serv. I heard him say Brutus and Cassius Are rid like madmen through the gates of Rome.

Ant. Belike they had some notice of the people, How I had mov'd them. Bring me to Octavius. Exeunt.

SCENE III.-The Same. A Street.
Enter CINNA, the Poet.

Cin. I dreamt to-night that I did feast with

And things unlucky charge my fantasy: I have no will to wander forth of doors, Yet something leads me forth.

Enter Citizens.

First Cit. What is your name?

Second Cit. Whither are you going?
Third Cit. Where do you dwell?

Fourth Cit. Are you a married man or a bachelor?

Second Cit. Answer every man directly.

First Cit. Ay, and briefly.

Fourth Cit. Ay, and wisely.

Third Cit. Ay, and truly, you were best.

Cin. What is my name? Whither am I going? Where do I dwell? Am I a married man or a bachelor? Then, to answer every man directly and briefly, wisely and truly; wisely I say, I am a bachelor.


Second Cit. That's as much as to say they are fools that marry; you'll bear me a bang for


Cin. Directly, I am going to Cæsar's funeral.
First Cit. As a friend or an enemy?
Cin. As a friend.

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He must be taught, and train'd, and bid go forth;

A barren-spirited fellow; one that feeds
On abject orts and imitations,


Which, out of use and stal'd by other men,
Begin his fashion: do not talk of him
But as a property. And now, Octavius,
Listen great things: Brutus and Cassius
Are levying powers; we must straight make

Therefore let our alliance be combin'd,

Our best friends made, and our best means stretch'd out;

And let us presently go sit in council,
How covert matters may be best disclos'd,
And open perils surest answered.

Oct. Let us do so: for we are at the stake,
And bay'd about with many enemies ;
And some that smile have in their hearts, I fear,
Millions of mischiefs.

SCENE II.-Camp near Sardis. Before

Soldiers; TITINIUS and PINDARUS meet them.
Bru. Stand, ho!

Lucil. Give the word, ho! and stand.

Bru. What now, Lucilius! is Cassius near? Lucil. He is at hand; and Pindarus is come To do you salutation from his master.

Bru. He greets me well. Your master Pindarus, In his own change, or by ill officers, Hath given me some worthy cause to wish Things done undone; but, if he be at hand, I shall be satisfied.

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Bru. Stand, ho! Speak the word along. First Sold. Stand!

Second Sold. Stand!

Third Sold. Stand!


Cas. Most noble brother, you have done me wrong.

Bru. Judge me, you gods! wrong I mine enemies?

And, if not so, how should I wrong a brother? Cas. Brutus, this sober form of yours hides

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Cas. In such a time as this it is not meet That every nice offence should bear his comment. Bru. Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourself Are much condemn'd to have an itching palm; To sell and mart your offices for gold To undeservers.


I an itching palm!


You know that you are Brutus that speak this, Or, by the gods, this speech were else your last. Bru. The name of Cassius honours this corruption,

And chastisement doth therefore hide his head. Cas. Chastisement !

Bru. Remember March, the ides of March remember:

Did not great Julius bleed for justice' sake!
What villain touch'd his body, that did stab,
And not for justice? What! shall one of us.
That struck the foremost man of all this world
But for supporting robbers, shall we now
Contaminate our fingers with base bribes,
And sell the mighty space of our large honours
For so much trash as may be grasped thus!
I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,
Than such a Roman.

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