This profile provides a guide to the major recent economic, social, and political developments within Peru, viewed through the eyes of Peruvians themselves. John Crabtree emphasizes the depth of social divides in a country where more than half the population lives in poverty and without access to adequate employment. He analyzes the weakness of democratic institutions and the lack of political "voice" of the majority of men and women, while examining the background to the country's poor human rights record in recent years.
Peru is burdened with heavy foreign debts, and subject to IMF-designed adjustment policies. Exploitation of its tremendous resource wealth, including its gold, oil, and forests, has led, not to prosperity, but to depredation and environmental damage. Its climate and geology mean that Peru is also highly prone to natural disasters, and the chaos and poverty they engender. Nonetheless, Peruvians are resilient people. This book shows how, through a myriad of locally-based initiatives and institutions, they seek to forge a better future for themselves and their children. The book is richly illustrated throughout with original photographs.
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agrarian reform agriculture Alan Garcia Alejandro Toledo Amazon Andean APRA Apurimac Ayacucho Belaunde Cajamarca cent centre coast coastal coca coffee comedores companies crop culture Cuzco debt defend economic elections environmental ethnic export farmers fiesta Flora Tristan forced foreign Fujimori Garcia grass-roots organisations growers hectares Huallaga Huayllay huayno human rights Inca increased indigenous investment Juan de Lurigancho jungle La Oroya labour land Latin America liberalisation Lima living Locumba Lurigancho major migration military million mining ministry Montesinos municipality neighbourhoods NGOs Nino numbers Oxfam Oxfam GB Pamplona Pamplona Alta party peasant Perez family Peru Peru's Peruvian Piura Piura region political poor popular population poverty president problems producers programmes region river rural areas San Juan sector Sendero Luminoso sierra social SPCC spending Tambo Toledo Toquepala town traditional urban valley Velasco Villa El Salvador violence women
Page 57 - Soldiers wearing black ski masks, armed with heavy weapons. ..made his father lie on the ground... one kicked him while another hit him with the butt of a gun. He clung to his father and told the soldiers that his father was innocent, but the soldiers frightened him away with a cattle whip....
Page 62 - Though state schools do not charge fees, the quality of the education they provide is poor, and those who can afford it send their children to private schools or to schools run by the Catholic Church.