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altar Ancient Rome apostle Appian apse archeologia cristiana Augustus basilica beautiful belonging body bronze building built Bullettino di archeologia buried Callixtus Campus Martius Capitol Capitoline Capitoline Museum cardinal catacombs cemeteries chapel Christ Christian church Clement coffin columns Constantine contained Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum cross crypt death decorated described discovered discovery Domitian Domitilla emperor engraved epitaph erected excavations faith feet fragments frescoes Giovanni graves Gregory Hadrian Herodes honor hundred imperial inscription Jupiter Lateran Liber Pontificalis loculi Lorenzo marble Maria martyrs mausoleum Mausoleum of Augustus Maximus memory mention modern monument mosaic Nero original pagan painted palace Palazzo Paul pedestal persecution Peter Piazza Pietro pilgrims pontificate Pope Porta portico removed represented Roma Roman Rossi ruins sacred Salaria sarcophagus Senate shrine side statue stone Suetonius Temple Tiber tion tomb Vatican vault Via Latina Via Salaria Via Triumphalis Villa walls
Page 127 - Vatican. The Circus was the scene of the first sufferings of the Christians, described by Tacitus in the well-known passage of the ' Annals,', xv., 45. Some of the Christians were covered with the skins of wild beasts, so that savage dogs might tear them to pieces ; others were besmeared with tar and tallow, and burnt at the stake ; others were crucified (crucibus adfixi), while Nero, in the attire of a vulgar Auriga, ran his races round the goals.
Page 212 - ... is a line of heads of the Popes carried all round the church above the lower arches. Larger than life, white solemn faces, they lean, each from his separate niche, crowned with the triple tiara, and labelled with the name he bore. Their accumulated majesty brings the whole past history of the Church into the presence of its living members. A bishop walking up the nave of Siena must feel as a Roman felt among the waxen images of ancestors renowned in council or in war. Of course these portraits...
Page 190 - Of nations freed, and the world overjoy 'd, Some hands unseen strew'd flowers upon his tomb: Perhaps the weakness of a heart not void Of feeling for some kindness done, when power Had left the wretch an uncorrupted hour.
Page 261 - To the adorable, blessed soul of L. Sempronius Firmus. We knew, we loved each other from childhood : married, an impious hand separated us at once. Oh, infernal Gods, do be kind and merciful to him, and let him appear to me in the silent hours of the night.
Page 212 - They are painted in the cubiculi of the catacombs, engraved in gold leaf in the so-called vetri cemeteriali, cast in bronze, hammered in silver or copper, and designed in mosaic. The type never varies— 8.
Page 123 - from a strictly archaeological point of view, avoiding questions which pertain, or are supposed to pertain, to religious controversy. "For the archseologist the presence and execution of SS. Peter and Paul in Rome are facts established beyond a shadow of doubt by purely monumental evidence.
Page 125 - ... progress of recent discoveries and of critical literature. There is no event of the Imperial age and of Imperial Rome which is attested by so many noble structures, all of which point to the same conclusion — the presence and execution of the apostles in the capital of the Empire. When Constantine raised the monumental basilicas over their tombs on the Via Cornelia and the Via Ostiensis; when Eudoxia built the Church ad Vincula; when...
Page 74 - Heavy vapors hung over the springs, -and tongues of flame were seen issuing from the cracks of the earth. The locality became known by the name of the fiery field (campus ignifer), and its relationship with the infernal realms was soon an established fact in folk-lore. An altar to the infernal gods was erected on the borders of the pool, and games were held periodically in honor of Dis and Proserpina, the victims being a black bull and a black cow.
Page 231 - Ciedwalla went to Rome, and received baptism of Pope Sergius, and he gave him the name of Peter, and in about seven days afterwards, on the twelfth before the Kalends of May, while he was yet in his baptismal garments, he died; and he was buried in St.
Page 126 - Empire — must we consider them as laboring under a delusion, or conspiring in the commission of a gigantic fraud ? Why were such proceedings accepted without protest from whatever city, whatever community — if there were any other — which claimed to own the genuine tombs of SS. Peter and Paul? These arguments gain more value from the fact that the evidence on the other side is purely negative.