Improper Advances: Rape and Heterosexual Conflict in Ontario, 1880-1929
Why do men rape women? This is a question for which there are many political, psychological, and sociological answers, but few historical ones. Improper Advances is one of the first books to explore the history of sexual violence in any country. A study of women, men, and sexual crime in rural and northern Ontario, it expands the terms of current debates about sexuality and sexual violence.
Karen Dubinsky relies on criminal case files, a revealing but largely untapped source for social historians, to retell individual stories of sexual danger—crimes such as rape, abortion, seduction, murder, and infanticide. Her research supports many feminist analyses of sexual violence: that crimes are expressions of power, that courts are prejudiced by the victim's background, and that most assaults occur within the victims' homes and communities.
Dubinsky distinguishes herself from most feminist scholars, however, by refusing to view women solely as victims and sex as a tool of oppression. She finds that these women actively sought and took pleasure in sexuality, but they distinguished between wanted and unwanted sexual encounters and attempted to punish coercive sex despite obstacles in the court system and the community.
Confronting a number of key theoretical and historiographic controversies, including recent debates over sexuality in feminist theory and politics, she challenges current thinking on the history of women, gender, and sexuality.
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abduction abuse Algoma District Angelina Angelina Napolitano argued boyfriend Canada Canadian Capital Case File Carleton County CCJCC century Chapter charges church claimed courtroom courtship criminal court cultural daughters Designing Women economic ethnic farm father female feminists gender guilty heterosexual historians History of Sexuality husband immigrant immorality incest involved judge jury justice labor legal system lives male Mary McClelland and Stewart mother movement murder Napolitano neighbors Nineteenth-Century northern Ontario Notes to Pages Ontario County Ottawa parents patriarchal Perth County police Port Arthur pregnant prosecutions prostitution race rape region relationship Roughmond rural Sault Sault Ste scandal seduction law sexual assault sexual conflict sexual crime sexual danger sexual politics sexual relations sexual violence social purity social purity movement strangers street harassment Sudbury Thunder Bay Thunder Bay District tion Toronto Press town trial University of Toronto urban woman working-class young