The Metaphysics of Pragmatism
Since its inception, pragmatism has been criticized as and-metaphysical, its focus on scientific method and critical inquiry viewed as undermining one of the very foundations of traditional philosophy. Here, Sidney Hook begins his distinguished philosophical career by juxtaposing these terms to show that the pragmatic method cannot begin to help us solve human problems without holding to a particular view of how the world is arranged both physically and conceptually. But this does not imply that pragmatism holds to a traditional, rigid metaphysic; rather, it has an interactive dimension in which human problems are viewed as contingent upon the ways we structure our questions and design methods for finding solutions, both of which can change -- and the implied metaphysic evolve -- as inquiry uncovers new information about ourselves and the world.
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Introductory Word by John Dewey I
The Metaphysics of the Instrument
Thinking as Instrumental 4 I
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activity affirming the consequent analysis application Aristotle become behavior belief characters conception conclusion concrete consequences deduction define definite denied determined Dewey discovered distinctions doctrine ends environment epistemology ethical Euclidean geometry existence existential experience explain expressed fact follows formal forms freedom function habit Hegel human hypothesis ideal ideas implies inquiry instru instrument intelligible John Dewey judgment kind knowledge laws leading principles logicians mathematical means mechanical ment metaphysical method mind movement natural necessity never Nicolai Hartmann nominal definitions non-Euclidean geometries novelty objective operation organization Peirce Philosophy physical possible potentialities pragmatism premises present probable inference problem processes propositions psychological purposes question realm reference rules of inference scientific selection sense Sidney Hook sign function significant situation social specific structure strument subject matter subject-matter teleological theory things thinking thought tion true truth types ultimate uncon universe validity words