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in various friends and relations to won- | I fear I was not much consoled by der aud admire.

Céleste's remark, “Du moins, c'est We took our cook“ Céleste” entirely propre," but I thanked her humbly, on the score of her " devotion to our for she is soft-hearted and meant well. person," to borrow a royal expression; After all, these are the smallest of but in a few days we felt auything but minor evils when compared with all royal, her ideas of cooking being most the rest, refreshment, and novelty we eccentric. She would put the potatoes have enjoyed in our mountain retreat, on soon after breakfast, let them boil and it will be a sad day when we must a little, cool a little, and then boil a turn our backs upon our chalet home, second and third time. Finally, they to take up - cheerfully, we hope, and sat on the kitchen table and degener- willingly — the responsibilities of our ated into a tepid, sodden mass whose more burdensome English life. sole virtue was economy, for we could not eat them at all.

In self-defence I one day made a cake, and left Céleste to bake it. She

From Chambers' Journal let the fire out at least three times dur. ing the baking, and brought the cake On the death this summer of the twice to me on the balcony, remarking twelfth Duke of Hamilton, the title that we should be fortunate if it were passed to a distant relative. The done by to-morrow. As I had forgot-iwelfth duke was fifth in descent from ten the butter, it is perhaps well to the fourth duke through his eldest son draw a modest veil over the result. James ; the thirteenth is also fifth in

Our parlormaid “Rosine," who does descent from the same fourth duke, not sleep in the house, comes regularly, but through his third son Anne (so with broad, smiling face, to shake called after his godmother Queen hands and say Good-uight” before Anne). The fourth duke it was who, she goes home. Swiss maids have no a hundred and eighty-three years ago, idea of tidying themselves and “pre- fought the famous fatal duel with Lord senting arms in the afternoon, as Mohun, in which both principals were their Euglish sisters would do. We killed. In “Esmond," Thackeray invited friends to tea, and insisted on gives the story with all the heightening clean caps and aprons. No one could of romance, for, as every reader will have looked more fresh and dainty ; remember, the duke's death occurs on but just as we expect our tea-party, the eve of his marriage to Beatrix Céleste, with a laudable desire not to Castlewood, and the fatal

is waste time, encamps outside the front brought to his bride by Henry Esmond door, and proceeds to polish, with as she is choosing her wedding gifts. wany doubtful looking rags, a whole Esmond had been diving with his old array of brass candlesticks. To our commander, Geueral Webb, and the horror, we find our plate is also cleaned feast, we are told, had been arrauged in this prominent position, for Rosine in honor of the Duke of Hamilton behas never heard of a thief. Our boots, fore his departure as ambassador to the I regret to say, after some needful re- court of Louis XIV. At the last mopairs, lived outside for half a day, in ment, however, he had sent an apology, full view of the highroad. Perhaps pleading most urgent business. The Céleste's most trying performance was business was with Lord Mohun in when I confided to her my dress, from Hyde Park. which she begged to clean a single Without the chief guest, the evening grease spot. To my dismay, that after- passed somewhat gloomily, and several noon I descried in the public wash-of the company had left, when suding-trough a black mass, a shapeless, denly carriage-wheels were heard to melancholy pulp, which proved on in- stop on the street outside, and “Mr. vestigation to be my decent black gown. I Swift entered with a perturbed face.


says he.


St. John, excited with drink, was mak- Grace was a few days afterwards aping some wild quotation out of Mac- pointed ambassador extraordinary to beth,' but Swift stopped him. “Drink France upon the conclusion of the no more, my lord, for God's sake,' Treaty of Utrecht; but, while splendid

• I come with the most preparations were making for that emdreadful news. Duke Hansilton is bassy, the Duke of Hamilton fell in a dead; he was murdered an hour ago duel with Charles, Lord Mohun, Barou by Mohun and Macartney. They had of Oakhamptou in Devoushire (who a quarrel this morning ; they gave him was also killed on the spot), in Hyde not so much time as to write a letter. Park, on Saturday, 15th November, He went for a couple of his friends, 1712, in the fifty-fifth year of his age, and he is dead; and Mohun, too, the and was buried with his ancestors at bloody villian who was set on him. Hamiltou.” They fought in Hyde Park just before The two noblemen had married sissunset; the duke killed Mohun, aud ters, vieces of Lord Macclesfield, and Macartney came up and stabbed him, fell out as to their property. High and the dog is filed. I have your chariot words " passed between them, then below. Send to every part of the low bows, as was the fashion of the country and apprehend that villain. times, and an hour or two after, swords Come to the duke's house and see if were flashing, fatally on this occasion any life be left in him.'

for both. The memoirs above quoted "Oh Beatrix, Beatrix !’thought Es- give a long and circumstautial account. mond, and here ends my poor girl's of the combat, and a ghastly butchery ambition.'

it must have been. But fascinating as are Thackeray's “The duke,” we read," next mornbrilliant pages, it may be well to turn ing went in his chariot to Colonel Hamto a more authentic version of the ilton's lodgings at Charing Cross and tragedy.

hurried him away. The colonel baviug Iu the “ Historical and Genealogical forgot his sword, his Grace stopped the Memoirs of the House of Hamilton ” carriage, gave the servant a bunch of by Mr. Anderson, priuted at Edinburgh keys, with orders to bring a mourning in the year 1825, a long chapter is de- sword out of a particular closet, and voted to this James, fourth Duke of then drove to Hyde Park, where they Hamilton. He was the eldest son of found Lord Mohun aud General MaAnne, duchess in hier own right; aud cartuey before them. The duke made after violently opposing the Union, had some compliment, and threw off his made his peace with the queen, and cloak, when Lord Mohun, bowing to: been created Duke of Brandon in the bim, said: “I must ask your Grace one peerage of the United Kingdom. Her favor, which is, that these gentlemen Majesty also decorated him with the may have nothing to do in our quarrel.' Garter, in addition to the order of the "To this the duke answering, My Thistle which he already possessed. Lord, I leave them to themselves,' all When remonstrated with for bestowing immediately drew and engaged. such an unprecedented superfluity of Such was the animosity with which honors, her Majesty replied: "Such a they fought, that, neglecting the rules subject as the Duke of Hamiltou has a of art, they seemed to run on one anpre-emineut claim to every mark of other as if they tried which should kill distinction which a crowned head cau first." confer. I will henceforth wear both In a few minutes both the priucipals orders myself.” So his Grace was at were mortally wounded. The seconds all events spared the incouvenience of survived, although they had their owu singularity in his public appearances. “ animosities,” to fire their blood, for

Alas ! it was but for a very short Colonel Hamilton had an old prejudice time the duke was permitted lo enjoy against the general for being made * either titles or decorations, “His major in the Scottish Guards over his head; but the park-keepers interfered | up again when we picked up one paper before they had seriously injured each which had somehow escaped notice. other. On being examined before the It was a thin, yellow sheet, that might. Privy Council, Colonel Hamilton gave have lain ip a pocketbook, and we evidence that Macartuey, having been unfolded it, hardly expecting it would disarmed by him, had given the fiual contain anything of more moment thau thrust which despatched the duke. those we had already examined. But a

Whether this was the case or not, it glance told that here was something raised a hue and cry against the gen- different. The writing was faded, and eral, who fled the country. The Scot- difficult to decipher at first sight, but tish peers made the matter their own, the date at the end was distinct in oldand presented a petition to Queen fashioned figuring, " thirteen day of Ande “that she would be pleased to february i7i4 ;” and below the date write to all kings and states in alle were signatures in large, legible chargiance with her, not to shelter General acters, with seals attached to them. Macartney, but to cause him to be ap- Gradually we spelt out the lines, till prehended and sent over to England." the import of the document unravelled

But things moved slowly in those itself before us, and in spirit we passed days. Macartney was safe at Antwerp across the centuries. We were away before it was really known that he had back in Esmond's world ; a world fled, avd there he remained, spite of of court ladies beautiful as Beatrix, any communication with “ kings and of noble gentlemen balancing their states," till 1716, when he came back chauces as best they might between 10 England, and (George I. having the Elector of Hanover and the Stuarts by this time succeeded) gave himself at St. Germains ; a world of plots and up to be tried by the Court of King's intrigue, whose honor was so false that Bench. “The jury, by direction of the no mau dare trust his neighbor, court, acquilled him of the murder, delicate that for a word, for a gesture but found a verdict of manslaughter, of eveu Hyde Park and drawn swords. which he was discharged by the for. For this worn yellow paper was an mality of a cold iron [that is, he was original document relating to the very nominally “ burnt in the hand ” with a duel in which the Duke of Hamilton cold iron), immediately made use of to was killed, as related by Thackeray. prevent appeal.”

But let it tell its own story : – A bundle of old papers put into our bands the other day, revived for us in We undersubscryvers Tutors to James: a singular way the story recorded in Duke of Hamilton Being informed that the “ Historical Memoirs " and elab- Generall George Macartny who was accesorated in “Esmond." The papers fell sery to the murder of the deceased James: apart as we undid the tape which had for apprehending of whom there is a proc

Duke of Hamilton our umquile father and bound them for many a year; and lamation issued by her majestie and now there, open to the curious eye of to- by good providence issued in the Isle of day, lay all their faded records, their Man And we being desirous to know the forgotten secrets. Accounts, notes of certainty of the said information, Doe receipts and disbursements long since hereby give power and commission to you! settled, estimates for repairs, measure- Lieutennant James Hamilton and Ensign ments of au estate which has been built Alexander Cleland (?) to goe in company over and municipalized for half a ceu- with sutch servants or other persons as lury — such

were their coutents. you shall think fitt to imploy to the said Those who wrote them, those to whom Isle of man or to any place where you are they were written, are goue long ago, is sailed And there to take tryall if the:

informed that the said Generall Macartny and the interest of the papers was

person so called is the Generall Macartny. gone with them.

And if it be so found that you apply to the We had looked through the whole governour deputy governour of the Island dusty packet, and were about to tie it. Justices of peace and all. other magistrats.

and so

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and officers and officers of the law to keep |“ Ruglen,” which is the signature of and reserve the said Generall Macartny in the boy's uncle, Lord John Hamilton, safe custody untill there be orders sent fourth

of the old duchess. from the government for his transporta- " Tweeddale" and "Panmure" tion, and that you doe attend personally on uncles by marriage, having married him yourselfes and imploy what persons

his father's sisters


while the last you think fitt for the effectual securing his person. Given under our hands Att Eden- signature to the paper is, according to

the corresponding shield and motto, burgh and Hamilton the thirteen day of

“ Tam virtute quam labore,” giveu iu february 17i4.


“ Andersou's Memoirs,” that of HamilRUGLEN.

TWEEDDALE. ton of Pencaitland, a member of the J. HAMILTON.

PANMURE. Society of Writers to the Signet, who

was appointed one of the senators of “We undersubscryvers ” by whom the College of Justice, by the title of the document is signed and sealed, are Lord Pencaitland, in 1712.” the guardians of the young duke, a boy Whetber“ Lieutennant James Haniof ten at the time of his father's death. ilton” and the “fitt persons who The first signature “Hamilton” has a were to accompany him, ever made black seal attached to it, and may be their way to the “ said Isle of Man,' that of the child's mother; or could it where " by good providence her be of his grandmother, the Duchess Majesty's proclamation Anne, who was still alive at this time, issued, we do not know. He belonged nearly eighty years of age? It bears to the Hamiltons of Dowan, and it is the coat-of-arms on a lozenge, with the through the family of his only child coronet and supporters, and the family that this worn and faded record of motto Through.” The same shield murder and vengeance has been preand motto are on the seal against served.

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THE ILLUMINATED BOOKS OF THE | art spread like wildfire into every country MIDDLE AGES. — The first harbinger of of Europe ; and in a few years written the great change that was to come over books had become mere toys for the imthe making of books I take to be the pro- mensely rich. Yet the scribe, the rubriduction in Italy of most beautifully written cator, and the illuminator died hard. copies of the Latin classics. These are Decorated written books were produced in often very highly ornamented ; and at first great numbers after printing had become not only do they imitate (very naturally) common; by far the greater number of the severe hands of the eleventh and these were Books of Hours, very highly twelfth centuries, but even (though a long ornamented and much pictured. Their way off) the interlacing ornament of that style is as definite as any of the former period. In these books the writing, it ones, but it has now gone off the road of must be said, is in its kind far more beau- logical consistency; for divorce has taken tiful than the ornament. There were so place between the picture-work and the many written and pictured books produced ornament. Often the pictures are exquiin the fifteenth century that space quite sitely finished miniatures belonging to the fails me to write of them as their great | best schools of painting of the day ; but merits deserve. In the middle of the cen- often also they are clearly the work of men tury an invention, in itself trifling, was employed to fill up a space, and having no forced upon Europe by the growing demand interest in their work save livelihood. The for more and cheaper books. Gutenberg ornament never fell quite so low as that, somehow got hold of punches, matrices, though as ornament it is not very “distinthe adjustable mould, and so of cast mov- guished,” and often, especially in the latest able type ; Schoeffer, Mentehn, and the books, scarcely adds to the effect on the rest of them caught up the art with the page of the miniature to which it is subenergy and skill so characteristic of the sidiary.

WILLIAM MORRIS. mediæval craftsman. The new German Magazine of Art.

Sixth Series,
Volume VII.


No. 2671. – September 14, 1895.

From Beginning,

Vol. CCVI.



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CONTENTS. I. NORWAY AND SWEDEN. By J. E. Sars and Carl Siewers,

Fortnightly Review, .

M. E. Francis,

Longman's Magazine,
III. HUXLEY. By P. Chalmers Mitchell, New Review,
ISTRY. By R. A. Gregory,

Fortnightly Review, .
V. WHEN WE WERE Bors. Part IV.,

Macmillan's Magazine,

By J. N.

Gentleman's Magazine,
Edith Sellers,

Nineteenth Century,

672 679


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