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Sixth Series,
Volume VII.


No. 2666.- August 10, 1895.


From Beginning,

Vol. CCVI.

323 334


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337 349


London Quarterly Review,

Cornhill Magazine,
RITIES. By F. M. F. Skene,

Blackwood's Magazine,
IV. COLOR-MUSIC. By William Schooling, Nineteenth Century,

Gentleman's Magazine,

Temple Bar,

Macmillan's Magazine,

IX. ILLUSION. By Alice Mackay,

Blackwood's Magazine,

356 365 373





380 383


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Then the cream was poured in, and the By down and shore the south-west bore

sugar was stirred; The scent of hay, an airy load ;

"Was the fragrant infusion too strong or As if at fault it seemed to halt,

too weak?" Then, softly whispering, took the road, She asked ; and in answer I whispered a To haunt the evening like a ghost,

word Or some belated pilgrim lost.

Which brought the swift rose to her deli

cate cheek ; High overhead the swift clouds sped ; Her eyes found a refuge beneath their long

Beside the moon they furled their sails ; fringes, Soon in the skies their merchandise But she did not say nay to my passionate Of vapor, built in toppling bales,

plea; Fulfilled a visionary pier

Oh, the gate of love's Eden swung back That spanned the eastern atmosphere.

on gold hinges

At afternoon tea ! Low in the west the sun addressed

His courtship to the dark-browed night ; And we had such sweet secrets to tell to While images of molten seas,

each other Of snowy slope and crimson height, That it might have been sunset or moonOf valleys dim and gulfs profound

rise or dawn, Aloft a dazzling pageant wound.

Till we chanced to look up and encoun

tered her mother, Where shadow fell in glade and dell

Come softly upon us across the soft lawn Uncovered shoulders nestled deep,

Come softly upon us, unruffled and stately, And here and there the braided hair

With a questioning glance at her daughter Of rosy goddesses asleep; For in a moment clouds may be

Which changed to a smile as I handed Dead, and instinct with deity.

sedately Saturday Review. JOHN DAVIDSON.

Her afternoon tea.

and me,


Ah, love! it is years since we lingered


Below the green boughs in the glory of AT AFTERNOON TEA.

June, At afternoon tea, and alone for a wonder! With hopes that were bright as the sunThe quaint little table invitingly drawn

shiny weather, Where the shadows lay cool, and sunlight

And hearts beating time to one old-fash

ioned tune; crept under The low-growing beeches that sheltered the

But I know our joint lives are with happilawn ;

ness laden, In a dainty white gown, and hat large and As I tell the small fairy enthroned on my

knee shady,

How “Mother" was won, when a beautiHalf hiding the face I was wishful to see ;

ful maiden, More radiant than Summer she sat my

At afternoon tea. fair lady

Chambers' Journal.

E. MATHESOX. At afternoon tea.

Far off in the pleasance a fountain was

singing, And tossing its silver high over the trees ; The wood-birds were glad, and the jasmine

was flinging, With prodigal haste, its white stars to the

breeze; While above the blue china we bent, and

grew merry O'er topics on which two can always agree, Mere gossip, of course, but enjoyable — very,

At afternoon tea.

GLAD Summer's servitors will brook

Naught sombre in their lady's sight,
Forget-me-nots deck each dim nook,

King-cups make marshes bright.
And if beside the sunny way

A cross be found, austere and bare,
Sweet honeysuckle wreathes it gay,

Wild roses veil it fair.



From The London Quarterly Review. with much judgment. The result is a

volume with which all students of the LORD EDMOND FITZMAURICE has period must of necessity make themproduced one of the most valuable selves familiar. biographies of the season. It will

William Petty was born at Rumsey, scarcely be popular, but it is singularly in Hampshire, on May 26, 1623. His instructive. It recalls attention to a father was a clothier, and, as Aubrey scientific man who took a chief part in notes, “ did dye his own cloths.” The founding the Royal Society, and whose chief amusement of Petty's boyhood brain teemed with projects for the im- was to watch the skilled workmen of provement of shipping, of trade, and of the little town-smiths, watchmakers, education. It allows us to step behind carpenters and joiners — busy at their the scenes in the later days of the Com- trades. At twelve years old, Aubrey monwealth, and throws a flood of light says, with some pardonable exaggeraon those difficult problems in Ireland tion, he could have worked at any of which taxed the resources and the

these trades. The boy had a vein of

patience of the government so sorely in satirical humor and a power in caricathe latter half of the seventeenth centure drawing which made the townsfolk tury. Sir William Petty was one of take special note of the precocious little the pioneers of modern science and fellow. Petty describes himself as of political economy; he accomplished perfect cheiromantes.”

His Hampone of the greatest feats ever attempted shire school gave bini a grounding in by a surveyor, and proved himself in Greek and Latin, which proved of many trials a man of rare courage and much service in later days. When he steadfast purpose. He was the maker was fifteen, Petty made some unsucof his own fortune, and from the time cessful attempts to exchange home and when as a cabin-boy he astonished the employment with a lad from the Chanpeople of Caen by talking in Latin nel Is ds. He afterwards bound down to the last day of his life he himself apprentice to the master of a proved himself worthy of respect and vessel in which he sailed for France. admiration, bent, as Jean Paul Richter Aubrey says, “he knew not that he would have said, on making the best of was purblind [short-sighted] till his the stuff, on using every faculty and master bade him climb up the rope opportunity to the highest advantage.

and give notice when he espied The biography is founded on the Bo- a steeple, somewhere upon the coast, wood manuscripts, including Petty's

which was a landmark for the avoiding own papers, which afterwards came

of a shelf. At last the master saw it into he hands of his grandson, the from the deck; and they fathomed, Earl of Shelbourne, and Sir William's and found they were but in foot water; letters to his friend, Sir Robert South- whereupon as I remember his master well, which appear to have been added drubbed him with a cord.” The sailto the collection at Bowood by the ors, who were jealous because he knew third Marquis of Lansdowne. Scat- so much more about the art of navigatered manuscripts in the Sloane and tion than themselves, ill-treated him Egerton collections at the British Mu- and finally abandoned him with a seum and in the Rawlinson collection broken leg at a little French inn near at the Bodleian have also been used Caen. He was able to tell his story in

Latin, and all Caen began to talk about 1 The Life of Sir William Petty, 1623–1687. One “ Le petit Matelot Anglois qui parle of the First Fellows of the Royal Society; some Latin et Grec.” As soon as he could time Secretary to Henry Cromwell, Maker of the "Down Survey

” of Ireland, Author of “ Political move, an officer sent for him in order Arithmetic,” etc, Chiefly derived from Private that he might learn something about Documents hitherto unpublished. By Lord Ed- the tactics of the English navy. Then mond Fitzmaurice, author of the Life of Williams, he got employment as a teacher of Earl of Shelbourne. With Map and Portraits. London: John Murray. 1895. 168.

English, and saved enough to buy a

ladder ;

suit of clean linen. Whilst bathing in shreds of letters and parchment, wherewith the river he met the students of the to size paper. By all which I gott my exJesuit College. The fathers offered to penses, followed by Colledge, proceeded in take him as a pupil and promised to Mathematics, and cleerd four pounds. limit their proselytizing zeal to prayers

We are reminded by this quaint picfor his conversion. Thus the boy went ture of the father of the Wesleys who on availing himself of every opportu- set out for Exeter College, with nity of gathering knowledge. Long £2 58. in his pocket, received only a afterwards, in July, 1686, he describes

crown from his friends while in resithe painful process by which he built dence, yet showed such diligence in up his fortunes :

writing and teaching that he took his Deare Cozen, — The next part of my an- degree and left the university with £10 swer to yours of the 10th inst. is (1) How I of his own. got the shilling I mentioned to have had at

After leaving the Jesuit College, Xmas, 1636 ; which was by 6d. I got of a

Petty returned to England and entered country Squire by showing him a pretty the Royal Navy. By the time he was trick on the cards, which begot the other 6d. fairly won at cards. (2) How this shil-twenty he had saved about £60 and ling came to bee 48. 6d. When I went to had earned a reputation as one of the sea was 6d. given (or rather paid) mee by best mathematicians of his age. When Mother Dowling, who having been a sin- the Civil War broke out he retired to ner in her youth, was much relieved by my the Continent. He frequented the reading to her in the “Crums of Comfort,” schools of Utrecht, Leyden, and AmMr. Andrews' “Silver Watchbell," and sterdam. Then he went to study at the “Ye Plain Mans Pathway to Heaven.” School of Anatomy in Paris. In the The next 6d. I got for an old Horace given French capital he had the good fortune (why do I say given) or delivered mee by to form a close friendship with Hobbes. Ten. Green, for often construing to him in The philosopher at once recoguized his Ovid's Metamorphoses till my throat was soare, though to so little purpose that hee, ability and admitted him to familiar coming to say his lesson began Protinus intercourse. Petty, with his skill as a (signifying soon after”) King Protinus, draughtsman, was able to render conetc. My next booty was 18d., given me by siderable service to Hobbes in the my God-father for making 20 verses to con- study of optics on which he was then gratulate his having been made a Doctor in engaged. Through Hobbes he gained Divinity by some good luck. The other an entry into the coterie of English shilling was impressed by my Aunt, whom refugees who met at the house of I repaid by a bracelet bought in France for Father Marsia Merser, the mathemati4d., but judged to be worth 16d. This cian, to discuss scientific and literary 48. 6d. was layd out in France upon pitte questions. The Marquis of Newcastle ful brass things with cool'd glass in them, and Sir Charles Cavendish were meminstead of diamonds and rubies. These I sold at home to the young fellowes, whom bers of that circle. All the great ideas I understood to have sweethearts, for treble of the age were debated there. “The what they cost. I also brought home two atmosphere of the time throbbed with hair hatts (which within these 11 years scientific discovery, and the mental might have been seen) by which I gayned horizon of man seemed daily to grow little lesse. . . . I must not omit that “ La wider.” Petty's brain seems to have Grande Jane,” ye farrier's wife, had an caught fire by contact with these escu for setting my broken leg; the Potti- learned men. As yet, however, his cary 10 sols, and 8 sols, a payer of crutches, purse was thin. He had many a strugof which I was afterwards cheated. Upon the remainder (my ring trade being under- gle for bread. On one occasion, Aů. stood and lost) I set up with the remainder brey says that he lived for a week on of two cakes of bees-wax sent me in relief “threepennyworth of walnuts.” Yet of my calamity, upon the trade of playing such was his economy and resource cards, white starch, and hayre hatts, which that in 1646, when he returned to EnI exchanged for tobacco pipes and the gland, he had increased his little store


to £70, and had paid for the education | There was also to be a model hospital of one of his brothers.

for the benefit both of doctor and For a short time he carried on his patient. In closing his pamphlet, father's business. In 1647 he obtained Petty expressed his regret that no a patent for a kind of manifold letter- "Society of Men existed as careful to writer, “ easily made and very durable, advance arts as the Jesuits are to propwhereby any man, even at the first agate their religion." Samuel Hartlib, handling, may write two resembling to whom the pamphlet was dedicated, copies of the same thing at once, as sent a copy to Robert Boyle. He deserviceably and as fast as by the ordi- scribes Petty as ' a perfect Frenchman nary way." He announced this in- and a good linguist in other vulgar vention in a remarkable pamphlet on longues, besides Latin and Greek; a education. Petty suggested the for- most rare and exact anatomist, and mation of literary workhouses in which excelling iu all mathematical and mechildren might be taught, not only to chanical learning; of a sweet natural read and write, but might also learn disposition and moral comportment. some trade. All children of seven As for solid judgment and industry, were to be eligible, however poor their altogether masculine.” This was high parents might be. He showed himself praise for a young fellow of twentya wise reformer when he urged that four to gain from the man at whose “ the business of education be not, as suggestion John Milton had written now, committed to the worst and un- bis “ Tractate on Education." worthiest of men, but that it be seri- A letter to his cousin, written in ously studied and practised by the best 1649, gives us a glimpse of Petty's and ablest persons. He also sug- plans of life. " I intend,” he says, gested that reading and writing might “God willing, as soone as possibly I be deferred a while. He thought that can, to take the degree of Dr. of Phychildren should first be “taught to sicke, which being done, it will bee a observe and remember all sensible ob- great discredit for mee, and, consejects and actions, whether they be quently, a great hindrance to mee, to natural or artificial, which the edu- goe and buy small matters, and to doe cators must on all occasions expound other triviall businesses, which I have unto them .. as it would be more many times to doe, and being not able profitable to boys to spend ten or to keepe a servant, and withall not twelve years in the study of things having one-fifth part of employment than in a rabble of words. ... There enough for a servant, and lastly, much would not then be so many unworthy of that little business I have being such fustian preachers in divinity ; in the as I would not acquaint every one law so many pettyfoggers ; in physics with.” He urged his cousin to come so many quacksalvers ; and in country up to London, promising to give him schools so many grammaticasters." any clothes he could spare, to hire him The pamphlet proves that its writer a convenient place for a tape loom, to had also gained some inkling as to the lend him £40 to purchase a loom and value of technical training. He pro- the necessary material. John Petty posed the establishment of a College of would have to “make a sceleton" for Tradesmen in which one at least of his cousin and work on some experievery trade,“ the prime most ingenious ments relating to his inventions, for workmau,” might be elected a fellow which he would receive twelvepence and allowed a handsome dwelling rent per day. In addition to this he was to free. He thought that all trades would come to Petty's lodgings at some conthen make rapid strides to perfection ; venient time and execute various small inventions would become more fre- commissions for him. quent, and there would be the best Before the year was out, Petly reopportunity for writing a history of moved to Oxford. The following trades in perfection and exactness.' March he became doctor in physic, and

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