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In the great majority of cases no sion, and such dangerous tools restraint whatever is placed on the scythes and hatchets ready at hand. actions of an innocent, when once he So far, however, as one can judge, the is boarded out. So far as he knows, he desire to use them for any unlawful is perfectly free to go where he will, purpose never enters their miuds. The and do what he chooses. He may turn air of the place seems to have a soothinto the village ivu, if he wish, and ing effect on their uerves. Somo of order his wine or his beer; and, pro- those who, on their arrival at the Asyl, viding he have money in hand, he will are raving, become at the end of a be served just as any other customer. week or two quite amenable to the If he ask for a second glass, some gentle discipline that is in force there. little difficulty may arise, it is true. The fact of their being treated as if The landlord will then probably appear they were save seems to rouse their upon the scene, and explain, with amour propre ; they feel as if they had many courteous apologies, that his a reputation for intelligence to mainsupply of wine or beer, as the case tain. Sometimes when they think a may be, has run short. He is expect- paroxysm is coming on, they will make ing more in, of course, but for the the most pathetic efforts to ward it off ; moment he has not a single drop in the and, if they find it is too strong for place good enough to set before so hon- them, they will rush away to some soliored a guest. The inuocent may go to tary place where, as they believe, they the railway station, too, and take a can scream and struggle unobserved. ticket ; but he will always find that Then when the attack is past, they will there is no vacant place in the trains return home again trying hard to look that are running that day. For the as if nothing had happened. This enwhole population, from the highest to listing, as it were, of the sufferers the lowest, are in the secret, and do themselves as combatants against their their best to keep up the delusion disease, bas often an important bearing among these unfortunate people that on their recovery. Every effort they they are as free as their fellows. But, make to control themselves increases little as the patients know it, a very their chances of becoming sane. A careful watch is kept on their proceed- large number of very remarkable cures ings. They have no idea, of course, have been effected at Gheel. that the man who saunters about Children play an important role in among them, chatting as a good com- the colony, for it is found that, in some rade with each in turn, is a keeper who respects, they make better keepers of is noting every change in their mood. the insane than their elders. Gheelois Nor do the majority of them ever sus- children, it must be remembered, are pect that the persistence with which not quite as other children; for, as their nourriciers seek their society is they have grown up in the company of due to anything but personal regard. innocents, they are in perfect symIt is a very rare thing, however, for an pathy with them upon most points. It innocent at Gheel even to attempt to is no unusual thing to see a great escape ; they are much too comfortable strong man talking away in the most where they are to have any wish to go confidential strain to a mere child — elsewhere.

his nourricier's little son, perhaps, Oddly enough, although there are who has been told off to take charge nearly two thousand lunatics living at of him. The two are hail - fellowGheel, it is a most unusual occurrence well-met, and the best of friends, for for any act of violence to be committed there is not enough difference between there. This is the more remarkable them intellectually to raise up barriers. as, with the exception of those sub. Even the more violent of the lunatics jected to special restraint - only some will listen quite patiently to anything a two per cent. of the whole — they have child says to him, and will almost inas often as not knives in their posses- | variably do what it wishes. If a patient shows signs of restlessness, and seems | tion more self-important than sane men on the verge of an outbreak, one of the and women, more inclined to attach nourricier's favorite devices for sooth- weight to their own opinions. Even ing him is to place a baby in his arnis the gentlest and humblest

among and ask him to take care of it. At them resent contradiction as if it were Gheel a lunatic was never known to a personal insult. This is, perhaps, injure a little child.

after all, but natural, for many of them Infinite trouble is taken to make life are firmly convinced that they are very run smoothly and quietly for these high and mighty personages — personinnocents, and to guard them from ages whom in real life few would venall forms of unwholesome excitement. ture to contradict. Never were there At the same time many simple pleas- so many notable individuals — kings, ures and amusements are provided for generals, statesnien, millionaires — livtheir benefit. They are always present ing together in one little town as at at any entertainment their nourriciers Gheel. It is startling, to say the least may give — family fêtes, Christmas of it, to hear a quiet, intelligent-looking parties, picnics, etc. — and upon such gentleman describing, in the calmest occasions comport themselves, as a tone in the world, how he won Waterrule, with the most edifying dignity loo, delivered Italy, or outwitted Bisand propriety. A surprisingly large marck. One patient believed firmly number of them have a decided talent that he was the moon, and could never for music, and this they are given the be induced to go out of doors until opportunity of cultivating. There is a after sunset ; another was sure that the Philharmonic Society in the colony, responsibility for the management of and, although most of its members are the affairs of a nation rested on his more or less insane, they practise regu- shoulders ; while there are many who larly and diligently, and give concerts hold firmly that they are in the possesfrom time to time — and by no means sion of secrets by which, if they had bad ones either. Then, church-going but a free hand, they could make right is an unfailing source of delight to all that is wrong in this world. many of them, especially on high cere- A chance visitor will always find in a mony days, when there are plenty of colony for luvatics much that is terribly lights and Aowers on the altar, and depressing ; to him even these innogood music. There is something cents at Gheel will seem but a pitiable strangely pathetic then in the passion- set. This, however, is far from being ate fervor with which they throw the view they themselves take of their themselves into the services; their condition. Some of them, it is true, voices tremble with emotion as they are subject from time to time to fits of join in the prayers, and they seem for the deepest gloom, but the majority are the time quite unconscious of what is quite cheerful ; not only are they fairly passing around them.

content with their lot, but they eviThe great majority of the Gheel dently think life well worth living. At lunatics are, in appearance, quite re- every turn there are hearty laughs to markably sane ; the only noticeable be heard, and bright, happy faces to be difference between them and their fel- seen, among the colonists at Gheel. lows is that their eyes are just a touch brighter, and their hands more nervous. In manner, too, they are on the whole singularly calm and quiet. One might live with many of them for days,

From Chambers' Journal. in fact, without ever discovering that ELECTRICITY FROM RUBBISH. they were not as other men. By de- THE satisfactory disposal of the rubgrees, however, certain little peculiar- bish and refuse of our large towns has ities come to the fore ; for one thing, for years occupied the close attention these people are almost without excep- of engineers and sanitarians alike, and various modes of dealing with the prob- velocity of air through the furnace lem have been advocated and carried bars, and rapid combustion and intense into practice ; whilst the statement fur- heat in the furnaces themselves. vished by reliable statistics that Lon- A destructor erected on the Livét don alone produces no fewer than a system is now in operation af Halifax, million and a half tons of refuse per in Yorkshire, and produces, from the annum, affords our readers some ade- combustion of refuse, electric current quate idea of the magnitude and im- sufficient for some two thousand candleportance of the difficulty to be grappled power arc lamps, and a search-light of with by local and municipal bodies. twenty-five thousand candle-power.

Conveyance of the refuse to the sea It is, of course, unnecessary to point has been practised with success; but out how widely diverse is the composisuch mode is obviously too costly for tion of town refuse ; its constituents towns not on the seaboard ; and under ashes, vegetable refuse, tins, cans, old these circumstances, the adoption of boots, paper, etc., and the million items cremators, in which the rubbish is which find their way sooner or later to wholly consumed by fire, has come the dust-heap are well known to more and more into favor ; so that at every one ; and obviously any attempt the present moment the majority of to put a value on the heat-producing the principal cities are either construct- capabilities of rubbish must be a little ing, or about to construct, the new vague in dealing with the subject genrefuse cremator.

erally. Taking, however, a rough Much heat is necessarily evolved in average of the results obtained, an the destruction of the refuse ; and the ordinary sample of town refuse is proidea is now gaining ground that such nounced by experts to be equivalent to heat may be largely and advantageously about one-third or one-fifth its weight utilized in the production of steam in coal - namely, from three to five power and electricity, instead of being pounds of refuse will generate as much permitted to run to waste. The pro- heat as one pound of coal; whilst the duction of a furnace suitable for the refuse after consumption is found to be most economical combustion of all a clean, massive, metallic clinker, well kinds of refuse has necessarily required fitted for road material ; or, after being much time and skill; and it was only ground up, for making mortar. after twenty-five years of close appli- It is, of course, hardly necessary to cation to the problem that the late M. add one word of caution in regard to Fountain de Livét, a French engineer, the invention now under consideration. succeeded in securing a powerful nat. It is not to be assumed that because ural draught in furnaces without arti- rubbishi is burnt, the electricity necesficial means, and in consuming rubbish sarily costs absolutely nothing; the without smoke or noxious fumes of any cost of plant, distribution of power, kiud.

and many other expenses, must not be Without entering into the minutiæ of lost sight of, to say nothing of the labor M. Livét's invention, it may suffice to expended in collecting the refuse. Alstate that the latest and most approved lowing, however, for all this, it is quite generator of steam from refuse consists clear that an invention which rids the of three cylinders, two of which are community of a great nuisance, and fitted with internal tire-grates and does so without creating a further one flues ; whilst the third

placed cen- in the shape of noxious fumes and trally above, is kept about half full of smoke, and at the same time turns to water, and acts as a steam-chest. The good account the heat generated, must specialty of the furnace is the adapta- confer benefits on the community at tion of such form of flue as will utilize large ; and that the keen interest the increasing density or weight of the aroused in the new adaptation is amply gases generated as they travel towards warranted by the sound economic printhe chimney, thus inducing a high 'ciples on which it is based.


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Nineteenth Century, II. A MAN OF PROMISE. By Robert Hichens,

Temple Bar,

Blackwood's Magazine,

National Review,
F. J. Hudleston,

VI. Notes On J. G. LOCKHART,

Temple Bar,

United Service Magazine,


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130 | THE SHADOW Rose,

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The black cow thrusts her brass-tipp'd

horns THEY were days to be remembered,

Among the quick and bramble thorns ; When at sound of trumpet-call,

The dun cow rubs the padlock-chain ; Young recruits we left the village,

The red cow shakes her bell again, Bent on glory one and all.

And round and round the hawthorn-tree And the music round us flashing

The white cow bellows lustily. Made us feel that evermore

The wistful nightingales complain Our lives were worth the living

From bush to bush along the lane ;
As they never were before.

The ringdoves coo from fir to fir,
I remember the day

And cannot sleep because of her ;
When we rode all away,

The evejars prate on ev'ry side-
To the dreams that the music made,

O Phyllis, where do you abide ?
And our hopes one and all,
When the old trumpet call

Now fairies, fays, elves, goblins, go
Rang out clear for our first parade.

And find out where she lingers so,
And pinch her nose and chin and ears,

Nor heed her cries nor heed her tears ; It was glorious while it lasted,

At any farm 'twould be a crime But the years went by too soon, To be so late at milking time! Youth should stay a little longer


C. W. DALMON. When a lad's a bold dragoon. Then, like shadows from us drifting,

Comrades fell in foreign land. Home again ! the roll call found us

But a broken little band.

On one side slept the clover,
As we rode down the street

On one side sprang the wheat,
To the old measured beat,

And I, like a lazy lover,
It was tears that the music made,

Knew not which seemed more sweet, -
And it seemed like a prayer

The red caps of the clover,
For the lads who would ne'er

Or green gowns of the wheat.
Stand again by our side on parade !

The red caps of the clover,

They nodded in the heat,
But the marching days are over.

And as the wind went over Veterans ! now at ease we stand,

With nimble, flying feet, Till the order comes for marching It tossed the caps of clover, To the last and restful land.

And stirred the gowns of wheat. Only when the troops are passing,

O rare red caps of clover, Our ninety years we all forget,

O dainty gowns of wheat, And the old familiar music

You teach a lazy lover
Makes us feel we're soldiers yet.

How in his lady meet
And we're young once again

The sweetness of the clover,
As we hark to the strain,

The promise of the wheat.
Till the sounds in the distance fade.

So we wait one and all

For the last trumpet call
That shall sound for the last parade.
Temple Bar.

A NOISETTE on my garden path

An ever swaying shadow throws ;

But if I pluck it strolling by,

I pluck the shadow with the rose. Come, pretty Phyllis, you are late 1The cows are crowding round the gate ; Just near enough my heart you stood An hour, or more, the sun has set ;

To shadow it, – but was it fair The stars are out; the grass is wet ; In him, who plucked and bore you off, The glow-worms shine ; the beetles hum ; To leave your shadow lingering there? The moon is near - - come, Phyllis, come!


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