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Mr. Rich. You are suggesting putting the Government up in the establishment of slaughterhouses and meat canneries. Mr. Collier. This is a loan to the Indians.
Mr. Leavy. I do not think there is anything in this loan which would put us in the meat-packing business.
Mr. Collier. I might state that the Navajo Indians have been very responsive. They have cut the sheep population, as I recollect the figures, from around 1,250,000 to around 820,000 out on their reservation. They have cut the goat population in half in the last 3 years. But the range is still terribly overloaded. Mr. Johnson. Do you propose to cut it?
Mr. Collier. The ultimate carrying capacity of this range area— I might have to correct my figures in minutiae—would be approximately one-half a million sheep units, and it is now carrying about a million.
Mr. Leavy. As a member of the agricultural subcommittee, about 10 days ago this matter was gone into quite extensively; and it was brought out at that time as the result of overgrazing that the erosion problem has been created; that the land is washing away rapidly, and not only a tremendous amount of land destroyed from a productivity standpoint but it is interfering very greatly with the use of the waters of the Colorado River, and it has made necessary a quite extensive program in soil conservation.
Mr. Johnson. I will say that I was over a great deal of that country last year and this soil is eroded worse than I had anticipated.
Mr. Collier. The Navajos have done some quite remarkable things recently. They have adopted range regulations which are quite thorough. They are making sacrifices. They are doing what they can do, but unless we devise some means of getting the scrub stock off, and marketing the lambs, we will still continue to have a surplus of useless or inferior animals on the land, undoing much of the srood that the Government is accomplishing.
Mr. Johnson. Why would it not be possible to finance this matter out of the Wheeler-Howard Act?
Mr. Collier. They are not under the act. They rejected the act by about 400 votes in 16,000 votes cast, and they cannot vote again without enabling legislation. If they were under the act, that is precisely what we would do. Mr. Johnson. Are there any further questions?
AMOUNT REQUIRED POR CONSTRUCTION OF PLANT, ETC.
Mr. Rich. What percentage of increase are you asking for? There •s a difference of $135,000 more than you are asking for this purpose. What part of that $135,000 are you going to use for building a manufacturing establishment?
Mr. Dodd. The total amount for new construction that we put in there would not exceed $50,000. That would include the plant and equipment, stock corrals, and feeding plants, and things of that sort. It would probably not run over $50,000.
Mr. Rich. Then for what purpose would you utilize that equipment and plant in another year?
Mr. Dohd. It is a constantly revolving proposition.
Mr. Rich. What do the people of Oklahoma and the people of Arizona and the people of California and the people of other States
This leaves a balance of $24,000 for distribution according to the demands fce agricultural activities in the spring. Special emphasis is being given to the investment of these funds in enterprises which will enable Indians to realize a retur in the quickest possible time. Individually planned agricultural and livestock programs assist the Indians to make wise use of this loan fund.
Sixty-one students have received loans totaling $10,669 from the funds set aside for educational purposes. The balance of $4,331 probably will be at: before the beginning of the second semester of the school year 1936 37.
Total... ---- -
Industry among Indians (education), 1937
10 de Palaver Aug. 21, 1936.
Total............ The apport for it.", firefi-ral year 1936 waaS 0,000 The up of $2!.146 64 for expr esfria!, thopit : 1
) cattled from '. .Vis .Mi. Rural RI List a (mination Port the Rrette ment Admirat. . ' 'itets wilt lat pits to the l. 1. Va Iniciar lav. Klai to care for cattle of taie fo'lidatiophorde at ar -.
Indians of 41 jurisdictions obtained some assistance from this appropriation. Their requests, however, exceeded the amount available by $52,000.
IRRIGABLE LAND AND INDIGENT LOANS The loans for support in 1936 aggregated $13,180 as compared with $20,826.24 in 1935 and $23,800.09 in 1934. The act provides that such loans may remain a charge and lien against the Indian lands until paid and reimbursements from such loans will therefore not be made as rapidly as in the case of industrial assistance loans. Loans for the improvement of irrigable allotments totaled $1,837.50.
Applications for loans are made on a printed form and submitted to the Indian Office for approval. The amount loaned any one Indian does not exceed $1,000 where the money is to be used for development of the allotment, and where the loan is due to old age, disability or indigence, such amount as may be necessary properly to care for the applicant, in no case to exceed $600 in any one fiscal year. The total amount loaned cannot exceed 50 percent of the appraised value of the permanent improvements. When the loan is approved notation is made on our land records against the trust allotment or inherited land of the applicant. The total amount of the loan is placed to the credit of the allottee as individual money to be used for the specific purpose required. When authorized for land development the money may be used for any kind of productive improvement, for drainage, leveling, fertilizer, seed, needed buildings, and for proper equipment. Loans to allottees on account of old age are used for necessary living expenses of the individual and his immediate dependent family.
The amount of individual loans for support purposes ranged from $35 to $300 The average for the 114 loans made would be about $113.
Language change.-Effective July 1, 1935, the sir separate Navajo juristet were consolidated into one general agency. The Navajo Tribe has not perpted the Indian Reorganization Act. The limitation of $25,000 applied to the lans population of 47,000 will not permit sufficient aid to this group of Indians.
State ment of expenditures, collections, cancelations, losse8, and outstanding balances for the fiscal years 1928 to 1936, inclusive