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PROMOTION OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION IN PUERTO RICO Mr. Rich. The item is for vocational education in Puerto Rico. Dr. STUDEBAKER. The justification for that is as follows:

This appropriation is authorized for the promotion of vocational rehabilitation of persons disabled in industry in Puerto Rico. The act was passed Marca 1951, bui Puerto Rico did not inaugurate its prograin until 1936. The program was not suthciently organized during that year to warrant an appropriation of funds, however.

The sum of $17,000 was annually appropriated by Puerto Rico in its acceptance act for the purpose of matching funds allotted under the Federal at, niet for alministrative penses. The rehabilitation program has been established in Puerto Rico and the total amount althorized, $15,000, was appropriated for 1937. We were advised that they expected to spend the entire amount appropriate l, anl that they would be prepared to use the total amount authorizei utili 1938. Our estimate is submitted on the basis of this advice.


DISABLED IN INDUSTRY Mr. Rich. The next item is for salaries and expenses, vocational rehabilitation. Dr. STUDEBAKER. The following justification is submitted:

SALARIES AND EXPENSES, VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION This appropriation is authorized for the administration of the art apposed Junr 2, 1920, as amei ded, which provides for the promotion of vocatio' al rial : tation of pursus di

died in industry, or otherine', al.d their return to t. employment.

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One special agent for the blind, P-5, $4,600.—Under general supervision of the Chief of Vocational Rehabilitation, this agent will be required to develop a comprehensive program for the enlargement of the economic opportunities of the blind through their placement in self-supporting occupations; to plan, organize, and direct the work of the service for the blind; to maintain cooperative relationships with State commissions; to direct professional assistants, and carry on research; to organize and conduct field studies of employment opportunities and possibilities for the blind.

To encage in such necessary travel in the field as is required by the aforementioned duties.

One assistant supervisor of service for the blind, CAF-9, $3,200.-Under the Supervisor of the Chief and the Supervisor of the Service:

(1) To review and check individual plans for stand locations in Federal buildings, preparatory to approval by the Federal agency concerned;

2) To organize and supervise the preparation of reports, data, and other information to be published in Braille;

(3 To supervise the collection, digest, indexing, and cataloging of data and information on the operation of stands and occupations for the blind, and the supplying of such information to individuals and organizations interested in the blind;

(4) To prepare forms, such as agreements, leases, supply contracts, etc., to be used by licensing agencies in licensing blind persons to operate stands; in leasing stand locations in private and public buildings other than Federal buildings; and in providing stocks of articles to be vended.

One principal stenographer, CAF-4, $1,800.-The duties of this office will demand a capable secretary-stenographer. Inasmuch as the act provides that 50 percent of the personnel employed in the administration of this act shall be blind, additional duties and responsibilities will devolve upon this position. The other stenographer to he employed in this service will be a blind person.

One senior stenographer, CAF-3, $1,620.---This position is to be filled hy a hlind person who will be required to take dictation in Braille, by hand or on Braille machines) on technical matter in the field of vocational rehabilitation and services for the blind, consisting of letters, memos, reports, articles, and bulletins, and the transcription of same on the standard typewriter; typing from dictaphone dietation; filing and general clerical work in the field of service for the blind; writing and trascription of correspondence in Braille, and the keeping of such records in Braille as may be found necessarv.and proper.

Vote.---The Office of Education submitted an estimate to cover the administration of the act providing for the operation of stands by the blind which included a total of eight positions. Only four of these positions were approved, and they were included in the estimates in the grades approved, as follows: Supervisor, P-5...

$4, 600 Assistant supervisor, P-4.

3, 800 Senior stenographer, CAF-3.

1, 620 Dictaphone operator, CAF-2. Total...

11, 460 After consideration, however, it is necessary to change the plans for administering the act. With the limited staff provided it will be necessary to limit the program in its initial stages to that of establishing the service of licensing and training of blind persons to operate vending stands in public buildings. The ela-cification of positions is affected by this change, and the following positions are now recommended: Supervisor, P-5.....

$4, 600 Assistant supervisor of service for the blind, CAF-9.

3, 200 Principal stenographer, CAF 4.

1, 800 Senior stenographer, CAF-3.

1, 620 Total.....

11, 220 This new classification represents a reduction of $240 in the amount previously estimated for personal services. This amount, however, will be required for Derial equipment for use of the blind members of the staff. It is not known at this time the particular items which will be required, nor the cost, but it is recognized that special consideration and equipment will be necessary to aid them in their office duties.

1, 440

Trarel er penses; increase, $3,640.- This increase is requested to cover the travel expenses of the three new specialists. The employment specialist will travel during the major portion of the year in the performance of the duties outlined for the position. The special agent for the blind will of necessity be required to travel in establishing relations with the organizations designated by the Commissioner of Education to cooperate with this office in the vocational rehabilitation of the blind, and in making field studies of employment opportunities and possibilities for the blind. An additional specialist was added to the staff during the current year, and no travel funds have heretofore been made available for the expenses to be incurred by this agent.

Printing and binding; increase, $1,300.—The einployment specialist will be required to secure data on labor standards, trade practices and personnel methods in commercial and industrial establishments into which the disabled are to be rehabilitated. Man'iscripts on the results of these studies will be published and furnished to the States to aid them in their rehabilitation programs. The special agent for the blind will carry on research and studies in connection with methods of training, vocational requirements of occupations, and the establishment of standards for determining the suitability of blind persons for various types of emplovment, the results of which will be printed for distribution to the States. In addition many new forms will need to be printed in connection with the operation of stands by the blind. The increase is requested to cover these items.

Supplies and equipment; increase, $560.-- This increase is needed for office materials, stationery and supplies for the five additional employees included in the estimates, $310; for telephone and telegraph service, $70; charges for express, $20; for incidental items, $10: for the equipment of one office, $120.

NOTE. It will be noted that the individual items of increase total $20,680. whereas the total increase in the appropriation is only $20,580, a difference of $300. This is explained by the fact that there is an estimated savings of $300 in 1937, and no savings are estimated for 1938. COOPERATIVE VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Mr. Rich. The next item deals with the cooperative rehabilitation of disabled residents of the District of Columbia, $15,000.

Dr. STUDEBAKER. The justification for that is as follows:

This appropriation is authorized for cooperative vocational rehabilitation of disabled resulents of the District of Columbia and provides for personal services, printing and binding, travel and subsistence, and payment of expenses of training, placement, and other phases of rehabilitating disabled residents of the District of Columbia The appropriation of Federal funds is available only when mateted by the District funds. The District funds are transferred to the Office of Educa. tor, and the total amount in obligated and disbursed by this office.

For the current year an amount of $25,000 was made available for this purpose in the District of Columbia Appropriation Act. This enabies this othee to employ an additional supervisor, a position which I as been needed for some time. À large number of applicants for training en tid not have been leiped witherit the and of additional workers provided throug" energener relief fund.

The duties of the supervisors in rehabilitation of the disable consists of the folion activities il Loration of case of disabled persons.

2 lntersw'wing them for the purpose of determining their eligibility and feasil, for training

1 vit Online misier and consel with reference to the types of work for which te* 11.4 Twet nittelalter training.

Talbotne prigrams of traning or preparation for specific jobs. 3 Stoto of 2* Hile 1, ofergring training

Pacruent of the truts in emplesment after training. 17. Foliyseins up eres after placemetit for the pirpose of determining the sulltal.its of tirar emtos ment

It is pattal teie surcess of the rehabtitation program to secure the coopers tion of other pulse ani of private agenes Three duties heretofore have been performed by two apertion. The abilitonal fund provideri in the District of col mia brufort will pable the othee not only to supply the additional super visor b'it will prurute additional fun te for the cost of retraining large number of

applicants who could not otherwise be served. There was an unexpended balance of only $246 in 1936.

There is no change in the Federal estimate for 1938. The total amount authorized, $15,000, is requested.


Mr. Rich. Dr. Wright, do you wish to make a statement on vocational rehabilitation of disabled civilians?

Dr. WRIGHT. The Vocational Rehabilitation Act provides Federal aid to the States and Territories for establishing and maintaining a service whereby persons who become vocationally handicapped through injury or disease are prepared for and placed in remunerative employment so that they may become economically independent and self-supporting citizens.

The functions of the Federal office are to promote the work, bear a part of the cost, provide a service of advice and research whereby the program of vocational rehabilitation may be made as efficient as possible. In many instances vocational rehabilitation is a complicated and involved process. Each person presents a special problem which requires a particular solution owing to variation in age, education, occupational experience, aptitude, desires, and type and extent of disability. They cannot be handled in mass. The usual procedure after locating the disabled person is to study his interests and abilities, advise with him in the selection of a suitable vocation, secure for him hospital treatment and artificial appliances when found necessary to make him employable, provide him with specialized vocational training that will fit him for the selected vocation, and then aid him in finding satisfactory employment.

Forty-five States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii are providing rehabilitation services to their handicapped persons. Kansas passed rehabilitation legislation last week. Favorable consideration is being given to rehabilitation legislation in the other two States--Delaware and Vermont. Programs have just started in Puerto Rico and Hawaii this fiscal year. There has just come to my attention a description of the excellent start in rehabilitation work made in Hawaii published in the Hawaii Educational Review. The article states that surveys indicate that there are 729 persons in Hawaii needing rehabilitation service. Interesting descriptions are given of a number of cases now receiving rehabilitation service. is a Hawaiian with permanent partial paralysis of legs resulting from a broken back, who is being trained as a radio repairman, and whose picture appears on the cover of the magazine. Another is of a Portugese young man 21 years of age who lost his right leg above the knee and through rehabilitation is becoming a skilled jeweler. A third case is that of a Japanese girl, a deaf mute, who is learning dressmaking. Other cases described include, beside native Hawaiians, a Korean, a Filipino, and a Chinese.

I want to describe a typical case from one of the States.

Owen Smith, when 18 months of age had an attack of infantile paralysis which left his right leg weak and deformed. He is the son of a tenant farmer who had 11 children. When this crippled boy came to the attention of the State rehabilitation department he was 18 years of age, his crippled leg was 3 inches short, the heel had slipped entirely under the foot, as shown by the picture. He was able to

do very little farm work. His older brothers picked on him because he did not do as much as they did. An orthopedic surgeon operated on the foot gratis, and a civic club took care of his hospital bill. .is soon as his foot had healed the rehabilitation department provided training in watchmaking for him. He has successfully followed this trade for the past 8 years. Social workers state that he was the only member of the family not on relief during the depression.

Another interesting case is that of a young man who lost his left arm at the shoulder by the accidental discharge of a shotgun with which he was guarding convicts. With the aid of the State rehabilitation department this unfortunate young man entered a business college where he successfully complete a course in bookkeeping, leading his class at all times. Immediately upon completion of the course he secured employment as a bookkeeper with a large power company. He has been handling the pay rolls and doing general office work for five hydroelectric plants for a number of years. For his services he receives $125 per month, with house rent, water, and lights. He is better paid, better contented, and far happier in his present position with one arm than he was in his former position with two good arms.

Rehabilitation statis!ics Number of rehabilitations last year.

10. 338 Totul on lise roll

41. 726 Con of reabilitation pas e4se

$251.76 Average earnings or wagen per week.



State aid, $1,938,000. Full amount requested. 1. Long waiting list of applicants in most States. 2. Most States have received State appropriations matching full allotment under the Social Security Act. Many receive local allotments to supplement State allotments.

3. U'nder the act States in a position to use more than their allotment of Federal funds on a population basis may secure additional funds from a reapportionment of funds which other States are not in a position to rise.

Any estimate of the amount of unexpended balance for 1937 would be purely a guess because too many variable factors enter into consideration

An estimate cannot be based on 1936 expenditures because the additional $938,000 under social security was not appropriated until February 1936, and did not reach the States until March. Legislatures in regular session in about 30 States this year,

BLIND ACT The act passed at the last session of Congress placing responsibility upon the Office of Education for appointment of agencies in the States to license blind operators of vending stands in federally owned public buildings and for mahing surveys of opportunities for vending stands and survers of employment opportunities for the blind in industry Additional appropriations are required to carry out the provisions of this act.

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