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GETTYSBURG NATIONAL CEMETERY, PA.; INCREASE, $540 Administration and protection; increase, $540.—Under the provisions of the Classification Act of 1923, the superintendent's position was reallocated from grade CU-4 at $1,320 per annum to grade CU-7 at $1,860. This reallocation will require an additional sum of $540 to provide for the increase during the fiscal year 1938.

KENNESAW MOUNTAIN BATTLEFIELD PARK, GA.; DECREASE, $775 IN THE EQUIPMENT

ACCOUNT

KILLDEVIL HILL MONUMENT, N. C.; INCREASE, $2,990 Administration and protection; increase, $2,190.-Under the provisions of the Classification Act of 1923, the position of superintendent was reallocated from grade CU-3 at $1,200 to grade CU-7 at $1,860 per annum, for which no additional funds have been provided. An increase of $990 is urgently recommended to provide for the salary increase of the superintendent during the fiscal year 1938 and for the employment of a temporary clerk for 3 months to assist the superintendent during the travel season, The increased number of visitors, and expanded activities, have added considerably to the administrative work of the monument.

The present allotment of funds provides for the services of a guard for a period of 6 months. The increased travel to the area and the opening of the monument 24 hours daily require additional protection services, and an increase of $1,200 is recommended to establish a new permanent position of guard.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $800.-To prevent the area from reverting to drifting sand, it will be essential to spread approximately 35 tons of fertilizer, costing $30 per ton, over 64 acres of ground to encourage the growth of vegetation. An increase of $800 is urgently recommended to provide for this work.

KINGS MOUNTAIN NATIONAL MILITARY PARK, S. C.; INCREASE, $3,750 Administration and protection; increase, $2,900.-In commemoration of the battle of Kings Mountain which was fought on October 7, 1780, the Kings Mountain Battleground in the State of South Carolina, including such adjacent and contiguous lands as may be useful and proper in carrying out the purposes of the act, was declared a national military park by the act of Congress approved March 3, 1931, and transferred to the National Park Service by Presidential proclamation in October 1933. The administrative work of the park is now performed in the office of the Superintendent of Colonial National Historical Park; however, with the development of the area, it will be necessary to set up an administrative force at the site.

It is proposed to establish a new (permanent) position of superintendent at a salary of $2,600 per annum, and the sum of $300 will be required for office supplies, fuel for the office building, travel expenses of the superintendent, freight, and electricity. The appointment of a superintendent is essential to plan the development work and supervise operations, maintenance, construction and educational and research activities.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $100.This increase is recommended to provide for the maintenance, repair, and operation of a passenger vehicle proposed for purchase in 1938.

Equipment; increase, $750.—This increase is proposed for the purchase of a passenger car for use of the superintendent. The availability of such a vehicle is essential for the administration, contact, and development work of the area.

MARKER AT COLUMBUS, GA.; INCREASE, $1,000 The sum of $1,000 is recommended to carry out the provisions of the act approved April 10, 1936 (Public, No. 499, 74th Cong.), which authorizes an appropriation of that amount for the erection in Columbus, Ga., of a suitable marker or markers to cominemorate the site of the engagement of Columbus fought in that city on April 16, 1865.

MERIWETHER LEWIS NATIONAL MONUMENT, TENN.; INCREASE, $100 Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $100.— The monument reservation comprises an area of 300 acres and the one permanent laborer is unable to maintain the grounds properly. An additional sum of $100 is recommended for the employment of temporary labor to assist in keeping the grounds in proper condition,

MOORES CREEK NATIONAL MILITARY PARK, X. C.; INCREASE, $175 Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $125.--Practically all of the buildings in the area were erected about 1907 and, due to the age of the structures, considerable repairs are necessary to preserve them in proper condition. An increase of $100 is included for miscellaneous labor and materials to allow proper repairs. The Chevrolet truck operated in the park was purchased in July 1934. Repair work increases with age and by the fiscal year 1938 an additional sum of $26 will be needed to maintain the vehicle in proper condition.

Equipment; increase, $50.—This increase, plus $125 in the account, will provide $175 for the purchase of a power mower and office equipment. The present method of using horse-drawn mowers for cutting grass is unsatisfactory.

PETERSBURG NATIONAL MILITARY PARK, VA.; INCREASE, $1,640 Administra!ion and protection; increase, $1,6.10.–With the increase in the number of visitors and the expansion of activities, it is impracticable for the superir. tendent to perform also the clerical duties incident to the administration of the park, and an increase of $1,440 is urgently recommended for the employment of a junior clerk-stenographer. An additional sum of $200 will be required for furnishing heat, light, and power to the (rater Building acquired July 30, 1936, for which funds were not made available previously.

SHILON NATIONAL MILITARY PARK, TENX.; INCREASE, $180 Equipment; increase, $350.- This increase, plus $100 in the account, will provide $450 for the purchase of equipment. The sum of $350 is propowd forte purchase of a motorcycle for use of the guard in patrol work, and an amount of $100 will be needed for the purchase of flags, and miscellaneous tools and equip ment.

SHILOH NATIONAL CEMETERY, TENX.; INCREASE, $190 Administration and protection; increase, $360.--I'nder the provisions of the Classification Act of 1923, the position of superintendent was reallocated from grade CỦ' 4 at $1,320 to grade cu 6 at $1,640 per annum, for which no altotional funds were made available. An increase of $360 will be required to provide for the increased salary during the 1938 fiscal year. Equipment; decrease, $170.

STATUE OF LIBERTY, N. Y.; INCREASE, $200 Administration and protection; increase, $2000).—This increase is urgently recommended for the establis.iment of a permanent position of junior historian at a salary of $2,000 per annum in lieu of the present ranger-historian position st $1,800 per annum. This change is essential to provide proper educational service for the large number of visitors to the statue which occupies such a prominent location in the port of New York. STONES RIVER NATIOXAL MILITARY PARK AND CEMETERY, TENN.; INCREASE, 1960

Equipment; increase, 55.40.— This increase", plus $130 in the account, wil provide $670 for the purchase of a truck to replace a 1929 model Chevrolet wh.co wil be unservietatile by the 1938 fiscal year.

FICKSBURG NATIONAL MILITARY PARK, MISR; INCREASE, 81,950 Maintenance, repair, and operation; inerense, ?,(*) --- An additional sum $1,033 In ren, 'ned to pompinie for in reass in sala 4* etertently the realista of labores gw.thom . er tre gros:8.4ns of the ('ins but. » Act of 1923 and!! dict. f'ils! Ale tattelu Iloidni previously. (otten'le envion w has been arroppassen! We lopte Emergency Corinnat..! Work program art the aim of (93is mustua lor tale of peralima bastant to mail.tain the proceto proteris Equi; mer!, der six,n).

YORK TYWY NATIONAL (TUITINY, V.; INCREA**., :0 Admik.istration and posterton, increase, ¢ !---- In Deermalen 1935 the pewitzen of s'perinte nitent was realiantet ut. ler the proteine vf the Classifica tua Art of 1923, art the sum of 1915 is repures to provade for the increase during the final year 1935.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. You have an increase there of $27,840, for administration and maintenance.

Mr. DEMARAY. This covers all of these types of areas that we have.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. But you have some general reasons for that increase, have you not?

Mr. DEMARAY. We have some general reasons. The very heavy travel, and most of them are due either to an increase of personnel or of maintenance, repair, and operation.

Mr. LAMBERTSON. You have a marked decrease at Antietam.

Mr. DEMARAY. Yes. There is a marked decrease there. We had an equipment item there, and we bought the automobile last year. That was the reason for the decrease in that appropriation.

Mr. O'NEAL. Do you have many more of these things? Mr. CAMMERER. Oh, yes. I may say that there are historical sites which are in process of being organized under the Historic Sites Act.

We look at them purely from the national standpoint, whether these are things of great value in some great national movement, as in the Revolutionary War or in the Civil War or in the western treks, and things like that. We weed out the smaller historical places and just put markers on them.

SCARCITY OF NATIONAL MONUMENTS AND HISTORICAL PARKS IN NEW

ENGLAND

Mr. O'NEAL. I would like to have you comment on the fact that there are very few of this sort of society or movement being done in New England, like in Massachusetts, where they have a lot of those places that figured in the Revolutionary War and in colonial days. Isn't it correct that you do not have many of these national historical parks and battlefields and so forth in New England.

Mr. DEMARAY. Yes, sir. That is correct.

On of the reasons for that is that in the New England States they want to retain the ownership of their historical homes and sites in their own hands; and they have consistently refused to have any of them transferred to the Federal Government.

The only one that I know of is Derby Wharf at Salem, Mass., which might be called a break-down in that general policy. Congress has already approved that, and the old customshouse has been transferred to the National Park Service. Mr. Rich. Do you have any supervision over Mount Vernon?

Mr. DEMARAY. No, sir. That is owned by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association.

Mr. Scrugham. Is there any further comment on this subject?

BOULDER CANYON PROJECT, ARIZONA AND NEVADA Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item has to do with the Boulder Canyon project in Arizona and Nevada.

Mr. DEMARAY. Our justification for that is as follows: The lake created by construction of the Boulder Dam will contain approximately 227 square miles of water service, 550 miles of shore line, and will measure approximately 150 miles in length and 30 miles in width at the widest point. Among the largest assets will be opportunities for water recreation including boating, swimming, camping, etc. The recreational activities of the project will

be administered by the National Park Service under an interbureau agreement with the Reclamation Service. Amount included in Budget, fiscal year 1938.

$15, 000 Appropriation, fiscal year 1937..

10,000

5, 000

Net increase, 1938 over 1937.----
The net increase of $5,000 is recommended to provide as follows:

Administration and protection; increase, $4,000.This increase is necessary to provide for the establishment of two additional ranger positions at $1,860 each to provide proper care and protection for visitors and Government property, and for additional supplies and materials, etc., for the increased ranger personnel.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $1,000.-The additional sum of $700 is recommended to provide for the proper maintenance of buildings and grounds. An increase of $100 is recommended for the proper maintenance and operation of a passenger car purchased in 1937, and $200 is needed for adequate sanitation facilities to safeguard the health of the large number of visitors, estimated at 500,000 annually.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. I would like you to give particular attention to this Boulder Canyon project in Arizona and Nevada. You are asking us to appropriate $15,000. Will you give us the number of visitors that come to Boulder Canyon? You probably don't have it for 1936, but you probably can give it to us for 1935.

Mr. DEMARAY. I am not sure that we have that figure immediately here; but I understand the number of visitors there has been simply tremendous over the Easter holidays, they have simply been swamped with visitors. They have hardly been able to get around there. But we have not had it long enough to be able to quote statistics.

Mr. ScrUGHAM. I would like to give particular attention to this project because it is a matter of personal interest to me. I have lived out in that section from the earliest inception of the project. In fact, I have been somewhat responsible for the initiation of the project.

The attendance at this project last year was probably 300,000 people. Over Easter it probably ran 2,000 people every day. And yet they are only asking an appropriation of $15,000, while the Grand Canyon, with only half the number of people attending it, had $185,000 and Yellowstone, with very little more attendance, had $411,000 appropriated.

This has had no money put in it at all, and I would like the committee to increase this estimate according to the supplemental estimate that was made by the National Park Service.

Do you have that supplemental estimate here? Mr. DEMARAY. Yes. We have a copy of the supplemental estimate. We have asked for an additional $50,000, making it a total of $65,000. If it is the desire of the committee, we will justify the $65,000 rather than the $15,000.

Mr. SCRIGHAM. I wish you would do that. Nr. DEMARAY. I will insert this justification in the record here. (The justification is as follows:)

BOULDER DAM RECREATIONAL AREA, ARIZONA AND NEVADA The lake created by construction of the Boulder Dam will contain approximately 227 square miles of water surface, 550 miles of shore line, and will measure approximately 150 miles in length and 30 miles in width at the widest point. Among the largest assets will be opportunities for water recreation including boating, swimming, camping, etc. The recreational activities of the project will be administered by the National Park Service under an interbureau agreement with the Reclamation Service.

Amount recommended, fiscal year 1938.

$65, 000 Appropriation, fiscal year 1937

10, 000 Net increase, 1938 over 1937.--

55, 000 The net increase of $55,000 is recommended to provide as follows:

Administration and protection; increase, $21,850.-Of this increase, the sum of $18,340 is recommended for the establishment of new positions of chief clerk at $2,300 per annum, two assistant clerk-stenographers at $1,620 each per annum, four rangers at $1,860 each per annum, a navigator for the patrol boat at $2,000 per annum, and two boatmen at $1,680 each per annum. The remaining sum of $3,510 is recommended for office supplies, gasoline, oil, first-aid equipment, communication service, travel expenses, printing and photographing, heat and light, transportation of things, etc.

Maintenance, repair, and operation: increase, $10,900.--An increase of $700 is necessary for the maintenance of buildings, including the hospital building. The increase sum of $3,200 is included to provide for adequate maintenance of trails, paths, sidewalks, and grounds, for safe travel and convenience of the large number of visitors. An increase of $3,200 is urgently recommended for the employment of a radio technician at $2,000 per annum to provide for the maintenance and operation of the three 2-way radio sets proposed for purchase under the equipment account, and for adequate maintenance of the electric and telephone systems. Proper repairs to machinery and equipment necessary in the administration of the area will require an increase of $600. An increased sum of $1,600 is necessary to provide $100 additional for the maintenance and operation of a passenger car purchased in 1937 and $1,500 for the operation of the patrol boat recommended for purchase under the equipment account. An urgent recommendation is made for an increase of $1,600 to provide adequate sanitation facilities to safeguard the health of the large number of visitors, estimated at 500,000 annually.

Equipment, increase; $22,250.Of the increase recommended, the sum of $18,500 is included for the purchase of a 50-foot patrol boat with a 50 horsepower Diesel engine and radio equipment. The availability of such a boat is essential to safeguard the lives of the large number of visitors who will utilize the excellent opportunities afforded for aquatic sports on such a large body of water, and who will take sight-seeing trips by boat thereon. An increase of $3,000 is urgently recommended to provide for the purchase of radio equipment. It is proposed to install three two-way stations at Pierce's Ferry, Overton, and the site of the dam. Availability of such equipment is essential to provide communication at such points to render immediate assistance to visitors whose lives may be imperiled by both land and water accidents. The remaining increase of $750 is recommended for the purchase of office and museum equipment and small tools.

Authorization is included to recompense Six Companies, Inc., for the hospital building erected on Government-owned land by that company at a cost in excess of $50,000. The building will be used by the Government as an adininistrationmuseun building for office space for the National Park Service staff that will administer the Boulder Dam recreational area and for housing articles of interest in connection with the Boulder Dam construction and artifacts of the prehistoric inhabitants of the Boulder Dam, recreational area. The sum of $27,355 has been allocated by the Public Works Administration to provide $15,000 for purchase of the property and $12,355 for renovation.

Mr. Rich. Let me ask you: What is the reason you had $15,000 in the bill and now you want to make it $65,000?

Mr. DEMARAY. We submitted a larger amount to the Budget Bureau, and the Budget Bureau cut it to $15,000.

Since that time we have organized there. We have taken this area over quite recently. We have appointed a superintendent. And, with the travel that is coming down there, we have since realized that we cannot possibly provide the service necessary out of $15,000 a year.

So we have submitted a supplemental estimate to the Budget Bureau, and it is there now for consideration. As I understand it, at Congressman Scrugham's request, we have been asked to indicate what is in this additional request now before the Budget Bureau. It has not been acted on by the Bureau as yet.

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