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Mr. Demarat. It is on one of the main highways. Mr. Scruoham. You mean that there is heavy traffic there? Mr. Demarat. There is very heavy traffic there. Mr. Cammereh. It is pretty well known throughout the country, and everybody wants to go to the Petrified Forest.
HOMESTEAD NATIONAL. MONUMENT OF AMERICA, NEBR.
Mr. Scrtjgham. On page 427 you have a new item for the Homestead National Monument.
Mr. Demarat. That is a separate item and we have a separate justification for that, as follows:
An appropriation of $24,000 is recommended, as authorized in Public, No. 480, Seventy-fourth Congress, approved March 19, 1936, for the acquisition on behalf of the United States by gift, purchase, or condemnation "the south half of the northwest quarter, the northeast quarter of the northwest quarter, and the southwest quarter of the northeast quarter section 26, township 4 north. range 3 east, of the sixth principal meridian, Gage County, Nebr., the same being the flrst homestead entered upon under the General Homestead Act of May 20, 1802, by Daniel Freeman, and that when so acquired, the said area lie designated 'The Homestead National Monument of America'", and for the development of the said national monument area in an appropriate manner, to wit, the erection of a suitable memorial emblematic of the hardships and the pioneer life through which the early settlers passed in the settlement, cultivation, and civilization of the great West, and for the construction of suitable buildings for museum purposes.
Of the total amount recommended, the sum of $16,000 is estimated as necessary for land acquisition and $8,000 for buildings, monuments, etc.
Mr. Lambertson. What is the purpose of this new monument in Nebraska?
Mr. Demarat. That was authorized by an act of Congress approved March 19, 1936 (49 Stat., p. 1184). It authorizes an appropriation of $24,000, and that item is now submitted in this bill.
Mr. Lambertson. Where is it and what is it?
Mr. Scruoham. What particular merit does this homestead posses to warrant this appropriation?
Mr. Demarat. This homestead was the first homestead entry entered under the General Homestead Act of May 20, 1862, by Daniel Freeman. In the act authorizing its acquisition it said:
For the acquisition on behalf of the United States by gift, purchase, or condemnation.
And then it gives the legal description of it—
In section 26, township 4 north, range 5 east, of the sixth principal meridianGage County. Nebr., the same being the first homestead entered upon under the General Homestead Act of May 20, 1S62, by Daniel Freeman, and that when so acquired, the said area lie designated "The Homestead National Monument of America", and for the development of the said national monument area in an appropriate manner, to wit, the erection of a suitable memorial emblematic of the hardships and the pioneer life through which the early settlers passed in the settlement, cultivation, and civilization of the great West, and for the construction of suitable buildings for museum purposes.
We have had our men out there, and we estimate that it will cost $16,000 to acquire the land. Then there will be $8,000 for buildings and markings, and so on.
Mr. Scrugham. Isn't this most unusual for you to have to purchase the land for a national monument?
Mr. Cammerer. It happens to be the first homestead, and it is in private ownership.
I suppose, if I might make a special plea for this—I was born in a sod house not far from this place, so that I know something about the early pioneer life out there.
This homestead was the first one entered upon under the homestead law of 1862. Daniel Freeman was a Union soldier, home on leave; and in order that he might enter this first homestead, they opened up the office at midnight and gave him the first opportunity to enter; and he entered and went away to war.
Mr. Scrugham. It was during the Civil War?
Mr. Cammerer. Yes, sir. In 1862.
The purpose of this monument is—and I think it is a very commendable jmrpose—to make this a show place, a museum place, to display artifacts and implements that the early pioneers used. In other words, it is a memorial to the energy and the effort and the determination of the early pioneers. And it is a good place to do it in.
Mr. O'neal. What is there at this site?
Mr. Cammerer. Just a farm place.
Mr. Demaray. It is the first homestead under the Homestead Act.
Mr. Rich. What is it going to cost annually, from your best experience with this kind of property, to take care of it after you get it?
Mr. Demaray. No doubt we will have to have a superintendent. It will depend largely on the number of people who go there.
Mr. Rich. What will be the salary of the superintendent?
Mr. Demaray. He will get about $2,600.
Mr. Rich. How many attendants and assistants will you have there?
Mr. Demaray. He may have to have during the summer season probably two temporary rangers, I would say, at $1,860. That would jrive him two men during the summertime.
NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARKS AND MONUMENTS
Mr. Scrdgham. The next item is National Historical Parks and Monuments. Mr. Demaray. I wish to submit the following justification:
This estimate of $127,000 is to provide for administration, protection, maintenance, and improvement of the following areas during the fiscal year 1938:
Abraham Lincoln National Park, Ky $8,000
Colonial National Historical Park, Va 66, 940
George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Va 17,250
Lee Mansion (Arlington), Va 15,210
Morristown National Historical Park, N. J 19,600
Abraham Lincoln National Park, comprising 110 acres, was established by act approved July 17, 1916, to preserve the farm on which is situated the log-cabin liirthplace of Abraham Lincoln.
Colonial National Historical Park comprises 6,150.50 acres, and was established to depict the Colonial history of America from its beginning at Jamestown in 1607, through its momentous development at Williamsburg, to its culmination at Torktown in 1781. The area was astanlished as a national monument by proclamation December 30, 1930, and changed to a national historical park by act approved June 5, 1936.
George Washington Birthplace National Monument, comprising 394.47 acres, was established by the act approved January 23, 1i>30, to preserve the site where George Washington was born in 1732. the Washington Family Burial Ground, and other lands formerly owned by William Augustine Washington, the father of George Washington. The mansion house and kitchen were restored in 1930-31 upon the site of the old foundation.
The Lee Mansion in Arlington National Cemetery was built by George Wa-liington Parke Custis and was later the home of Robert E. Lee. The mansion contains priceless relics of the period 1861-65, and is one of the greatest examples of southern colonial architecture in the United States. The memorial was established by act approved March 4, 1925.
Morristown National Historical Park embraces 957.44 acres and was established by act approved March 2, 1933, for the preservation of the winter camnground of the Amercian Army during the Revolutionary War, and the headquarters of Gen. George Washington during the formative years of the Nation.
The net increase of $17,600, plus $1,350, representing a decrease in the allotment for George Washington Birthplace National Monument, will provide increases of $2,300 for Abraham Lincoln National Park; $4,940 for Colonial National Historical Park; $4,510 for Lee Mansion and $7,200 for Morristown National Historical Park, as follows:
ABRAHAM LINCOLN NATIONAL PARK, KT.| INCREASE. *2.:ldo
Administration and protection; increase, $800.—The position of superintendent was reallocated in November 1935 and no funds were provided for the increase for 1937. The additional sum of $800 will be needed during 1938 to take care of the increase in salary from $1,200 to $2,000 per annum.
Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $1,800.—Five laborer positions were reallocated from $720 to $1,080 per annum, without funds having been provided for the increases. The additional sum of $1,800 is needed to provide for the increases during the fiscal year 193S.
COLONIAL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK, VA.; INCREASE. $4,040
Administration and protection; increase $3,7.r>0.—All administrative recur* for Colonial National Historical Park, Yorktown National Cemetery, Cowpens Battlefield Site, and Guilford Courthouse, Kings Mountain, and Moores Creek National Military Parks are maintained under the supervision of the superintendent of Colonial National Historical Park. An increase of $1,440 is recommended to establish a new position of junior clerk-stenographer to assist in tbe increased clerical work
A constant patrol will be needed on the parkway from Yorktown to William* burg to enforce regulations, prevent reckless driving, and regulate traffic; and an increase of $1,860 is recommended to establish a new ranger position to provide for the necessary patrol. The increase in ranger activities will require the additional sum of $450 for the purchase of supplies, such as gasoline, oilfirst-aid supplies, etc.. and for communication service.
Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase. $3.190.—The additional sum of $2000 will be required for the maintenance and upkeep of 40 buildings. 24 of which have been constructed since the establishment of the park. Most of the buildings are restorations and reconstructions of colonial structures erected on ancient foundations, and the maintenance, workmanship, and materials necessary to keep them in a proper state of repair must he of the highest quality obtainable. An increase of $440 is recommended to replace portions of defective sewer lines nnd provide for repairs to the 4 miles of water mains and extensions Tire replacements nnd heavy repairs to trucks will require an additional amount of $250.
An increase of $400 will be needed to provide adequate sanitary measures to safeguard the health of the increased number of visitors. An increase of $100 is included for the operation of an additional employee's residence to be constructed this fiscal year.
OKORGR WASHINGTON BIRTHPLACE NATIONAL MONUMENT, VA.; INCREASE, |1,S50
The 1938 estimate of $17,250 is $1,350 less than the 1937 appropriation of $18,600.
LEE MAN8ION, VA.; INCREASE, *4,.->10
Administration and protection; increase. S^,,jlO.—The sum of $2,600 is recommended to establish a new position of superintendent, whose duty it will be to interpret the history of this historical mansion to the approximately 1,000.000 annual visitors. An increase of ¥1,910 (net) is recommended for the establishment of two permanent positions of ranger-historian to contact visitors, escort them through the mansion and grounds, explain the history of the site, and answer inquiries. With the employment of the ranger-historians, the position of sergeant of the guard and the services of a temporary guard will be abolished.
MORRISTOWN NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK, N. J.; INCREASE, $7,200
Administration and protection; increase $.>.200.—The new museum building under construction with Public Works funds will be completed during the present fiscal year, and the transfer of material from the Ford house and the installation of exhibits will be completed by July 1937. An increase of $2,000 is essential to establish a permanent position of junior historian to handle the museum programs and contacts with the public during the heavy travel season and. during the winter season, to engage in research work and preparation of exhibits. The additional sum of $3,000 will be required for furnishing heat, light, water, and electricity for the new museum building. An increase of $200 is recommended to provide temporary ranger services during the summer season. No funds have been allotted in the past for this needed protection.
Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase $2.100.—An increase of $750 is recommended to provide for the painting of Washington's Headquarters Building, which has not been painted since 1931. The sum of $111,250 has been allocated from emergency funds for the construction and reconstruction of roads for which no funds were made available for maintenance and repairs. The additional sum of $750 is required for the care of the roads to protect the heavy investment.
The increased sum of $200 is required for the maintenance and repair of the sewage disposal and water systems at the Ouerin House and comfort stations at Fort Nonsense and Jockey Hollow. An increase of $50 is needed to cover additional repairs to equipment due to increased age, and the sum of $50 will be required for additional maintenance and operation costs of a new passenger vehicle purchased in the fiscal year 1937.
An additional sum of $300 will be required for the operation of the (luerin House, which is being restored with Public Works funds and will be used for quartering employees.
APPOMATTOX COITRTHOrSE NATIONAL HISTORICAL MONUMENT
There was appropriated the sum of $100,000 for the fiscal year 1937, to remain available until expended, for development and improvement of the Appomattox Courthouse National Historical Monument. Va.. in accordance with the provisions of the Act approved August 13, 1935 (49 Stat. 0131. No estimate is included in the 1938 Budget for this monument.
Mr. Scrugham. You have an increase there of $17,600. The details are given on page 429 of the bill. What are the essential features of the increase?
ABRAHAM LINCOLN NATIONAL PARK
Mr. Demaray. The areas maintained under this appropriation are the Abraham Lincoln National Park, in Kentucky; the Colonial National Historical Park, Va.; the George Washington Birth Place National Monument, Va.; the Lee Mansion, Arlington, Va.; and the Morristown National Historical Park, N. J.
The Abraham Lincoln Park receives $8,000 of the total, the Colonial $66,940, George Washington Birth Place $17,250, the Lee Mansion $15,210, and the Morristown Park $19,600.
139751—37—pt. 1 35
The increase for the Abraham Lincoln was $2,300. The position of superintendent was reallocated in November 1935 and no funds were provided for the increase for 1937. We are asking for those funds to increase the salary, which was formerly $1,200, to $2,000.
Also five laborer positions were reallocated from $720 to $1,080 per annum, without funds having been provided for the increase. The additional sum of $1,800 is needed to provide for the increases during the fiscal year 1938.
COLONIAL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK At Colonial National Historical Park the increase is $4,940. A large part of it, $3,750, is for administration and protection.
We are asking $1,440 for a new position of junior clerk-stenographer to assist in the increased clerical work.
Also, we are asking for a ranger at $1,860 to enforce the regulations, prevent reckless driving, and regulate traffic from Yorktown to Williamsburg.
In the "Maintenance, repair, and operation" item there is an increase of $3,190. We have 40 buildings, 24 of which have been constructed since the establishment of the park. Most of the buildings are restorations and reconstructions of colonial structures, erected on ancient foundations; and the maintenance, workmanship, and materials necessary to keep them in a proper state of repair must be of the highest quality obtainable.
There is a decrease in the equipment item of $2,000.
Mr. SCRIGHAM. And the increases are rendered necessary by the constantly increasing interest and attendance, I take it?
Mr. DEMARAY. Yes, sir; we don't have our actual records of travel at Lee Mansion, or the number of visitors there, but at Morristown, so far as our records are concerned, there were 53,737 visitors in 1935, and over 530,000 in 1936.
Mr. S(RIGHAM. There is not only an increase, but it shows that the demand is greater.
Mr. DEMARAY. At George Washington's birthplace we are asking less than we had last year by $1,350.
XATIONAL MILITARY PARKS, BATTLEFIELDS, MONUMENTS, AND
Mr. SORUGHAM. The next item covers national military parks, battlefields, monuments, and cemeteries,
Mr. DEVARAY. The following justification is submitted:
NATIONAL MILITARY PARK, BATTLEFIELDX, MONT"MENTS, AND CEMETERIES Amudhit i'cludesti Buget, fiscal year 1934
** Appropriatiuti, fiscal par 1937 pcludes $4,0
-- -... $249,740
appropriated for Perry's Victory Memorial ('onam a n................................
..... 261. Vet increase, 193% over 1937......
27, 840 The net increase of 27.10 provides additional funds for winnistration, protection, and mar terance of the national titary paras, battlebells, monumente, and cemetener, as it