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Equipment; increase. $50.—This increase, plus $100 in the account, will provide for the purchase of much-needed museum equipment to display and protect exhibits which are subject to deterioration by insect attack and humidity.

CANYON I)B CHELI.Y, ARIZ. ; INCREASE, $4Ti0

Administration and protection; increase, $)50.—This sum will be needed to provide for an additional seasonal ranger for 3 months to give adequate protection to the three distinct areas of the monument during the travel season. Only two seasonal rangers are provided for at present

(ASA GRANDE, ARIZ.; INCREASE, *!ir,0

Equipment; increase. $550.—This increase, plus $50 in the account, is proposed for the purchase of a light delivery truck to replace a wornout 1933 Dodge Vi-ton truck received second-hand in July 1935 by transfer from the Geological Survey. The truck was reconditioned at an expenditure of $116 but cannot be continued in operation alter the 1937 fiscal year.

CHACO CANYON, N. MEX.; DECREASE, $r>80 IN THE EQUIPMENT ACCOUNT
CH1RACAHUA, ARIZ. ; INCREASE, *200

Administration and protection; increase. $100.—This additional sum is needed for the purchase of gasoline and oil to provide transportation for the custodian for trips to Willcox or Douglas, Ariz., approximately 40 miles distant, for supplies and mail.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $100.—An increase of $100 is recommended for the maintenance of two comfort stations, a bathroom and washroom at the campground, a contact station and equipment shop, and an employee's residence, constructed by Emergency Conservation Work activities.

EL MORRO, N. MEX.; INCREASE, *1»0

Administration and- protection; increase. $190.—The sum of $750 is necessary to provide for the full-time employment of a custodian in lieu of the 8 months' service now provided for. This employment will obviate the necessity of employing a part-time ranger who receives $560. and this amount plus the increase of $l!Mt will provide the additional amount necessary for the full-time custodian's salnry.

HOVENWEHP, UTAH AND COLO.; INCREASE, *150

Administration and protection: increase. $150.—This increase is recommended to extend the employment of the seasonal ranger from 2 to 3 months, including additional supplies for the added month of service.

MONTEZUMA CASTLE, ARIZ., DECREASE *430 IN THE EQUIPMENT ACCOUNT
NATURAL BRIDGES, UTAH ; INCREASE, »250

Administration and protection; increase, $280.—The present arrangement of employing a temporary custodian for 6 months leaves the monument unprotected during at least 2 months of the year when it is readily accessible to travelers. An increase of $280 is recommended to correct this situation by extending the employment of the custodian to 8 months.

Equipment.—Decrease, $30.

NAVAJO, ARIZ.; INCREASE, $2,000

Administration and protection; increase $1,550.—The several groups of finely preserved ruins at this monument, constituting one of the most important archeological treasures in the Southwest, are fairly accessible by two roads, making it essential to provide year-round protection. An increase of $1,550 is urgently recommended, therefore, to extend the present 4 months' ranger service to full-time employment and for additional supplies and materials, such as gasoline and oil, for the added period of service.

Equipment; increase $450.- No funds were appropriated for equipment for the 1937 fiscal year. The sum of $150 is recommended for the fiscal year las to provide for the purchase of camping equipment and small tools for the ranger, and for use in bracing the weakened walls of the ancient ruins.

WALNUT CANYON, ARIZ. ; INCREASE, $300

Administration and protection, increase $300.-While travel to the monument is lighter during the winter months, visitors reach the area in appre ciable numbers throughout the year, and vandalism (eurs if the piontinent is left unprotected. An increase of $300 is urgently recommended to extend the employment of the custodian so that the ancient ruins will not be daina aged or destroyed by souvenir hunters and raudals.

WHITE SANDS, X. MEX; INCREASE, $1,700

Administration and protection, increase $1,750.- The only appointed employee is the custodian, who does not reside at the monument, and receises $3 IN annum for his part-time services Travel to White Sands is constant through. out the year, and proper contact of visitors and control of the area can be accomplished only by the presence of a full-time employee. Acquisition of the Garton property of approximately 1,280 acres and development of the wild. fowl refuge have added to the necessity for a full-time position. The sum of $1,740 is recommended to provide for the net salary of a permanent ranger

Equipment; increase, $50.--This increase, plus $50 in the account, will pro vide $100 for the purchase of cooking and heating stoves for the quarters to be occupied by the full-time ranger recommended under administration and protection."

WUPATKI, ARIZ.; INCREASE, $693

Administration and protection, increase, $500.- This monument. 40 miles from Flagstaff, Ariz., is publicized by that city as a tourist objective and the combined duties of protection and public contact require the year-round more. lees of a custodian. The increase recommended, plus a kasing in other ac counts, will provide for full-time employment of a custodian in lieu of the presint 8 months service, and will enable him to administer the Sunset (rater National Monument, loxuted but a few miles from Wuputki, making at unny. sary to employ regular permanel at Sunset ('ruter.

Equipment, increase, $195.. This increase plus $31) in the account, will pro vide $225 for the purchase of a typewriter and file cabinet, one study in an and one botanical sperimen ohne for displaying and preserving botanical spet mens and skins of birds and mammals, and for small tools and equipment.

INDEPENDIST Most MX NTB

BADLANDS, & DIK, INCREAS $4,65 )

Administrutton and protrrison ; **4reare, $.33.36) -- It is antirate that you to July 1. 11K57, the privately owney land within the manmestar ":"1 transferred without expon to the l’nited States that evroti hixhali 1.11 have been countrusted by the State of South Dakota, and that a Pr**lera! prowlamnion will be in tied formally donar und witing this area a a national monument The sum of $.23 is reminded to pronolde fer t rim ployment of #permanent pretendian at any of $ 3

a!1' 1 ,' . temporary ranger for 6 months to aust the distawu nie! furtinh infurinin to visitors during the travel av

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BLACK CANTON OF THE GUNNISON, COLO.. INCREASE, *4.200

Administration and protection; increase, $000.—Au increase of $61)0 is recommended to provide for the services of an additional temporary ranger. There are two distinct subdivisions to the monument, the north and south rims, necessitating the employment of two rangers during the travel season to aid the visitors and protect the areas properly.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $500.—The increased amount of $380 is needed to provide adequate maintenance for the two roads in the area and for the services of a part-time road-maintaiuer operator. An increase of #120 is included for repairs to the road maintainer proposed for purchase under the equipment account and for necessary repairs to 2 pick-up trucks.

Equipment; increase, $3,100.—This increase is proposed for the purchase of a self-propelled, scarifier-type road maintainer, necessary to maintain the roads in proper condition, and for miscellaneous tools and equipment. The type of maintainer proposed for purchase requires but one operator and insures the most economical method of maintenance of the monument highways.

COLORADO, COl.0. ; INCREASE, *3,603

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, S.J.}o.—An increase (if $250 is recommended for the maintenance of recently completed sections of the new Scenic Rim Highway being constructed witli Public Works and roads and trails allotments. The increased sum of $95 is required for the maintenance and repair of pick-up truck, repairs to the road maintainers, and proper maintenance <>f the sanitation system.

Equipment; increase, $3,320.—This increase, plus the sum of $2K0 in the account, is necessary for the purchase of a motorcycle with sidecar for patrolling the completed sections of the new Scenic Rim Highway, a road maintainer for use on the approximately 20 miles of highway to be maintained upon the completion of the construction program, and for office equipment and small tools.

CRATERS OF THE MOON, IDAHO; DElKEASE, $700 IN THE EQUIPMENT ACCOVNT DEATH VALLEY, CALIF.; INCREASE, *5,490

Administration and protection; increase, $3J~>0.—An increase of $2,300 is urgently recommended for the employment of an assistant superintendent. Travel to the monument in 1035 totaled 50.000 visitors, indicating the popularity of the area. The superintendent of Sequoia National Park, with l:oadqunrters 400 miles away, retains the general administration of Death Valley, but a competent, responsible officer residing in the monument is essential to represent the superintendent, to coordinate plans and activities, and to handle emergencies and problems as they arise. With an area of 2,510 square miles, over 500 miles of roads, and traveled by such a large number of visitors, additional ranger service is urgently needed. The sum of $!>.~0 is proposed for the employment of an additional temporary ranger for 6 months and for additional printing, photography, and supplies, such as gasoline, oil, and first-aid materials.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $i,270.—The sum of $2,000 is urgently recommended for the maintenance of approximately 300 miles of improved roads and nearly 400 miles of unimproved roads within the area. Only 1300 was allotted for the purpose for the 1937 fiscal year. An increase of $250 is required for maintenance and repairs to 20 buildings, valued at $35,000, and constructed with emergency funds. An increased sum of $100 will be required to maintain three generating plants scheduled for purchase during the fiscal year 1937.

A radio set with seiniportnhle sets distributed at vital points in the vast area provides the only means of communication. An increase of .$750 is recommended to provide for a repairman during the busy winter months and for emergency service during the remainder of the year.

The maintenance of new sewage and water systems installed during the past several years with emergency funds will require an additional amount of $250. An increase of $270 is essential for the proper repair of trucks, machinery, and equipment, and the additional sum of $250 will be required to provide proper sanitation conveniences to safeguard the health of the large number of visitors. The increased sum of $400 is required for the operation of six additional sets of quarters completed with Public Works funds and for two additional sets contemplated for construction during the present fiscal year. Equipment.—Decrease, $2,080.

DEVILS TOWER, WYO.; DECREASE, $750 IN THE EQUIPMENT ACCOUNT

LEHMAN CAVES, NKV.; DECREASE, $700 IN THE EQUIPMENT ACCOUNT

MOUNT OLYMPUS, WASH.; INCREASE, $5,720

Administration and protection: increase, $4,520.—An increase of $800 is recommended for the establishment of the i>osition of superintendent at a salary of $3,200 per annum in lieu of the present position of custodian at $2,400 per annum. With the development of the area an additional sum of $1,000 will be required to provide sufficient supplies, such as gasoline, oil, fuel, and sundry supplies, travel expenses, rent uf headquarters offices nt Port Angeles, and fur transportation charges. The sum of $2,720 Is needed for the employment of an additional permanent ranger, a temporary ranger for 6 months, and for miscellaneous per-diem help, such as packers and laborers.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase. $(><)<).—This increase is essential for the proper maintenance of approximately 115 miles of trails winding through rough country and subject to earth and rock slides, and for the maintenance, repair, and operation of a passenger vehicle transferred recently from Mount Rainier National Park.

Equipment; increase, $600.—This increase is proposed for the purchase of a one-half ton pick-up truck necessary for the maintenance work of the area.

MUIR WOODS, CALIF. ; DFJCREA8E. $5K0 IN THE EQUIPMENT ACCOUNT

OREGON OAVES. ORFJG.; DECKKASE, $200 IN THE EQUIPMENT ACCOUNT

PETRIFIED FOIiEST, ARIZ. ; INCREASE, $0,70fi

Administration and protection; increase. S.j.306'.—An increase of $1,656 (net* is recommended for the employment of a permanent clerk. This area comprises over 02.000 acres, with travel amounting to approximately 2*K),000 persons annually, and no provision has yet been made for clerical services.

With the proposed museum development and other activities in the recently acquired Painted Desert area, the present museum and educational work will be more than doubled. To meet this situation an increase of $1,400 is necessary for the employment of a ranger-naturalist for 6 months, for fuel and museum and educational supplies, and for the establishment of the position of assistant naturalist in lieu of the present position of junior naturalist. An additional sum of $1,250 is included to provide additional temporary ranger service, for ranger supplies, such as gasoline, oil, and first-aid supplies, and fuel for a new ranger station.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $1,850.—The increased sum of $1,000 is urgently recommended to provide for the maintenance of 25 miles of newly paved highway, constructed with Public Works funds. Other increases required are: $100 for the adequate maintenance and repair of buildings: SI1*' for extensive repairs necessary for two electric generators; $75 for the main ten a nee of 19 miles of telephone line and two sewer systems constructed by Emergency Conservation Works activities: $125 for the general overhauling of machinery and equipment and for extensive repairs necessary for two IVi-ton and five %-ton trucks, due to increased age: and $50 to provide additional sani tntion facilities due to the increased number of visitors and development of the Painted Desert area.

With the development of the water system in the Painted Desert area and the greater need for water at headquarters, due to increased travel, an additional sum of $200 is reeded "or the proper maintenance and supply of this important utility. An increase of $200 is included to provide fuel for hcatinand cooking, electricity, and refrigeration for the additional personnel recommended for employment.

Equipment; Increase, $■'>■'>().—This increase is proposed for the purchase of a passenger oar to replace a 1030 Ford sedan which will have passed the stage of economical operation by the 1038 fiscal year.

Mr. Scrugham. I see that your appropriation for 1937 was $167,000 and that you are estimating for tins year $205,600. I presume this increase of $38,600 is due to the same causes that you have mentioned at these other points?

Mr. Demaray. Yes. You probably know that this covers an item for all of the national monuments, of which there are 71. However, there are only 45 monuments that actually have funds allotted to them, which range from $50 in a small monument in South Dakota to the largest sum of $-24,590 in Death Valley, Calif. The travel, however, is a million and a half- people annually to these areas.

SOUTHWESTERN MONUMENTS, GENERAL ADMINISTRATION

Mr. Scrugham. In this item of general administration of the Southwestern national monuments, is any of that money expended at Washington?

Mr. Demaray. No. That is expended in the field.

Mr. Scrugham. Is that spent for supervision of the monuments?

Mr. Demaray. Frank Pinkley who is the superintendent of all the Southwestern monuments, which include the great archeological areas, is located at Casa Grande National Monument; and the assistant superintendent is located there also.

Mr. Scrugham. This is designed to cover their travel expenses?

Mr. Demaray. Yes. Anil their salaries.

METHOD OF COUNTING VISITORS

Mr. Lambertson. How do you arrive at the number of people who visit the monuments? You don't have any men at most of them, do you?

Mr. Demaray. We only count those at the 45 monuments at which we have men stationed.

Mr. Scrugham. You don't count them at the other monuments?

Mr. Demaray. No. We don't try to count them there..

KEE8 FOB VISITORS

Mr. O'neal. Do you charge any fees at any of these monuments?

Mr. Demaray. No. There is no fee at the present time. We are going to propose some parking fees at a number of these areas. In other words, the monuments are largely small. The traveler enters on the road and parks in a designated area. We are proposing to charge a series of parking fees in these monuments.

Mr. O'neal. Don't you think that the service that you render would justify a fee?

Mr. DEArARAY. Yes, sir.

Mr. Cammerer. It would be all right if it would just pay for the cost of keeping the camps clean. We have to have a man to clean up the waste matter that they leave around.

PETRIFIED FOREST, ARIZ.

Mr. Scrugham. Why does the appropriation for the Petrified Forest item run higher than the others? I can understand why some of those other areas should be large, but why should the item for the Petrified Forest be larger?

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