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an additional clerical assistant, and $1,870 is asked for maintenance, repair, and operation. That is for repair work on roads and trails, and for the operation of an electrical plant at Jenny Lake camp ground, and other small items.

Then we are asking for $2,000 for equipment, $600 of which will be used to replace an old 1930-model Buick phaeton, which will have been in use 7 years by July 1; $1,400 is requested for the replacement of a 112-ton truck.

The travel there increased from 100,000 in 1935 to 125,000 in 1936.

GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK, N. C. AND TENN.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is “Great Smoky Mountains National Park, N. C. and Tenn."

Mr. DEMARAY. The justification in support of this item is as follows: Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year 1938_

$76, 500 Appropriation, fiscal year 1937

59, 900

Net increase, 1938 over 1937..

16, 600 The net increase of $16,600 is recommended to provide as follows:

Administration and protection; increase, $5,310.-The sum of $2,000 is recommended to provide for the employment of a United States commissioner. Congress has accepted Federal jurisdiction over the area and has authorized the employment of a United States commissioner. At the present time park regulations are being violated continuously, and the presence of this employee would result not only in speedily dispensing wit cases but in reducing the number of violations. An increase of $1,620 is required for the employment of a clerkwarehouseman to maintain warehouse records and keep a careful check of equipment and tools valued at approximately $250,000. The increased amount of $100 is recommended to provide sufficient janitor service and for additional stationery, office, medical, and sundry supplies, travel expenses, transportation of things, and printing and photographing incident to the growth of the administrative staff.

The park is famous as a botanist's paradise, and an increase of $840 is recommended for the employment of two temporary ranger-naturalists for 3 months each to explain the flora, fauna, and geology in which the hundreds of thousands of tourists are interested. An increase of $300 is needed for mounting paper, chemicals, museum and educational supplies, taxidermy, the preparation of museum exhibits, and for travel expenses of the naturalist in attending scientific meetings held by various societies in North Carolina and Tennessee.

Due to increased activities, the numerous inspection trips within such a large park and conferences with officials in outside cities, an additional $150 will be required for travel expenses of the park engineer.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $11,290.-Of this increase, the sun of $8.000 is recommended for the maintenance of 56 miles of high-standard highways within the park in the States of North Carolina and Tennessee, heretofore maintained by the States before reconstruction at Federal expense. The construction with emergency funds of 424 miles of class A, 125 miles of class B, and 250 miles of class C trails will be completed by the fiscal year 1938 and an increase of $750 will be required to provide for proper maintenance.

An increased sum of $400 is included for the maintenance of 16 miles of telephone lines installed by Emergency Conservation Work activities and for maintenance and repairs to the 57.5 miles of old lines. The additional sum of $800 will be needed for repairs to trucks, machinery, and equipment, including two snow plows, one concrete mixer, one friction hoist, and one 8-ton trailer proposed for purchase in 1938. Funds have not previously been allotted for repairs to machinery and equipment.

The operation, repair, and maintenance of a passenger car acquired with Emergency Conservation Work funds, but which will be used on regular park work in 1938, will require an increase of $250. The sum of $1,000 is recommended for the employment of temporary tenders for the campgrounds to be.

operated at Chimneys, Greenbrier, and Smokemont to protect against randalism and keep the grounds in a sanitary condition for the large number of risitors. An increase of $90 is included to provide adequate directional and warning signs for tourists.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. You are asking for a $16,600 increase for Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Will you touch on that?

Mr. DEMARAY. Five thousand three hundred and ten dollars of this increase is for administration and protection and for personnel

. That is, to provide additional personnel to take care of the visitors, and the maintenance and repair item is increased $11,290. Of this increase, $8,000 is needed for the maintenance of 56 miles of highstandard highways within the park in the States of North Carolina and Tennessee, heretofore maintained by the States before reconstruction at Federal expense. The construction with emergency funds of 424 miles of class A, 125 miles of class B, and 250 miles of class C trails will be completed by the fiscal year 1938, and an increase of $750 will be required to provide for proper maintenance.

We have to have $400 to maintain 16 miles of telephone lines, and an additional sum of $800 will be needed for repairs to trucks, machinery, and equipment, including two snow plows, one concrete mixer, one friction hoist, and one 8-ton trailer proposed for purchase in 1938. Funds have not previously been allotted for repairs to machinery and equipment.

Then in the operation, repair, and maintenance of the passenger car acquired with Emergency Conservation Work funds, but which will be used on regular park work in 1938, we will require an increase of $250.

The sum of $1,000 is recommended for the employment of temporary tenders for the campgrounds to be operated at Chimneys. Greenbriar, and Smokemont, to protect against vandalism and keep the grounds in a sanitary condition for the large number of visitors. and an increase of $90 is included to provide adequate directional and warning signs for tourists. It is all necessary in the operation of the park.

HAWAII NATIONAL PARK
Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is Hawaii National Park.

Mr. DEMARAY. The justification in support of this item is as
follows:
Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year, 1938
Appropriation, fiscal year, 1937-

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4.500

Net increase, 1938 over 137.. The net increase of $1.500. plus $1.970 representing a decrease in the equin ment account from $4,370 to $2,400, provides $6,470 additional for other accomts as follows:

Administration and protection; increasp, $3,730.-The sum of $1.620 is recommended for a new position of clerk-accountant to obviate the necessity of so much overtime work by the present clerical personnel. An increase of $110 is required to provide for necessary communication service between park headquarters and the Halea kala section of the Island of Maui, where a ranger is now stationed. The sum of $1.860 is recommended for the employment of an additional ranger to assist in the patrol and inspection of trails within the interior of the 26-square-mile crater on the newly opened Haleakala section. An increase of $110 is necessary to provide for additional supplies and materials, communication service, etc., required in the administration and development of the new Haleakala area.

Maintenance, repair, and operation, increase, $2,750.—The sum of $835 is included to provide for the purchase of paints and stains, and for the replacement of plumbing fixtures, sills, joists, windows and casings, sidings, steps and posts for buildings damaged by the climatic and volcanic elements to such an extent that extensive repairs are an absolute necessity. Due to the heavy rains and frequent earthquakes, considerable damage is done to roads, requiring immerliate repairs to prevent serious accidents. An increase of $885 is recommended to allow proper maintenance. An increase of $110 is included to provide for the maintenance of 38 miles of trails in the Haleakala section, constructed with emergency funds.

The sum of $910 is recommended to provide for the employment of maintenance personnel on work incident to the repair and maintenance of the telephone, sewage, and water systems; trucks, machinery and equipment; and employees' quarters. Extensions have been made to the telephone, sewage, and water systems, and 5 new employees' quarters have been constructed with emergercy funds. The transfer to the park of the Volcano Observatory, and the leasing of the Research Association plant for the nominal sum of $1 a year, the latter including a machine shop with lathes and other accessories for which no additional funds have been provided, have added to the equipment to be repaired and maintained.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. There is an increase of $4,500 requested for this park. Will you explain that?

Mr. DEMARAY. We are asking for $3,730 for administration and protection. That includes $1,620 for a new position of clerk-accountant, and it also provides for $1,860 for the employment of an additional ranger to assist in the patrol and inspection of trails within the interior of the 26 square mile crater on the newly opened Haleakala section. The park there is on two islands-on the island of Maui and on the island of Hawaii. Within the last 2 years a road has been constructed to the summit of the Haleakala Crater, which is the largest extinct volcano in the world, and travel to the summit of the volcano and into the crater itself has increased considerably. There are a great many people going down there. It happens that there has been a decrease from 207,208 in 1935 to 186,049 in 1936, and that is explained by the fact that on the Island of Hawaii is the small crater of Kilauea. Whenever any lava begins to come into that crater everybody flocks over to Kilauea to see it. In 1935, for a short time, lava began to flow in Kilauea Crater, and during that period of activity everybody flocked over there to see it. So you have these fluctuations in travel as the volcano becomes active.

SERVICES PERFORMED BY DR, JAGGAR

Mr. SCRUGIAM. Is Dr. Jaggar employed by the National Park Service?

Mr. DEM ARAY. Yes, sir; he is now employed by the National Park Service. He is the park naturalist there. As you know, he was formerly with the Geological Survey, and we receive a special allotment, I believe, that was formerly made for the Geological Survey. Your committee decided, I think, year before last, that this special appropriation in the Survey budget would be eliminated and it would be transferred to the Park Service, and whatever funds he needed to carry on his volcanic studies should be secured from outside sources. That has been the case, and he gets some funds from the Bishop Museum and other places for his studies of volcanology.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. I read a magazine article last week that complained bitterly about the treatment accorded to Dr. Jaggar by the

Director of the Bureau. Have you had any complaints that he has been treated in such an outrageous manner and not been given sufficient funds to perform his functions properly!

Mr. DEMARAY. No, sir; he has not complained to us. Of course, as I understand it, his studies before included a greater scope than they do now. His studies in connection with volcanoes extended to the Aleutian Peninsula, Alaska, and in Lassen Park, Calif.

Mr. ScruGHAM. I visited this park a few years ago, and I gained the impression that he was treated with remarkable generosity and liberality, and that every possible facility had been given to him, but in view of this magazine article I want to make the inquiry a matter of record.

Mr. DEMARAY. No, sir; he has not complained to us. His services have been requested by a number of other governments which have the problem of volcanoes. Recently he was loaned to the Royal Society of London, England, at their request, to make certain studies on the Island of Montserrat in the West Indies.

HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK, ARK. Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is Hot Springs National Park, Ark.

Mr. DEMARAY. The justification in support of this item is as follows: Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year 1935.

$72,50 Appropriation, fiscal year 1937

71. 200 Net increase, 1938 over 1937.--

1.300) The net increase of $1,300. plus $200 representing a decrease in the equipment account from $1.750 to $1,550, provides $1.500 additional for other accounts as follows:

Administration and protretion; increase, $700.- This additional sum is needed to provide for the increased cust for fuel, water, and electricity incident to the orrupancy of the new administration building constructed with Public Work funds at a cost of $77,000.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase. $800,- An increak of sun is needed for the maintenance of the new administration building, and for nde quate repairs to old structures. The sum of $500 is needed to insure uninterrupted service in the distribution of water from the hot springs to the various bathhonses. The increased asp of the baths requires greater use of pumps and water lines with a consequent increase in maintenanre costs.

Mr. SCRIGHAM. There is a small increase there of $1,300). Will you explain that!

Mr. DEMARAY. Seven hundred dollars of that increase is the increased cost of fuel, light, water, and electricity due to the occupancy of the new administration building which was constructed with Public Works funds, at a cost of $77.000. Formerly we had a small, rather poor office, and with an allocation of Public Works funds, we now have a new structure, a very nice and very adequate administration building.

Mr. SORUGHAM. How many people visited the park in 193; and 1936 !

Mr. DEMARAY. In 1935 there were 247.3-9 visitor to the park, and in 1936 there were 273.083 visitors.

LASSEN VOLCANIC NATIONAL PARK, CALIF.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is Lassen Volcanic National Park, Calif.

Mr. DEMARAY. The justification in support of this item is as follows: Amount included in Budget, fiscal year 1938_

$35, 000 Appropriation, fiscal year 1937-

28, 100 Net increase 1938 over 1937--

6, 600 The language change is proposed to provide not to exceed $1,000 for the maintenance of approach roads through the Lassen National Forest. The Forest Service uses the Viola and Butte Lake roads principally for fire-protection purposes ; therefore they are not interested in maintenance work thereon, except during the active fire season. Snow removal is necessary to keep these roads open for park purposes. The net increase of $6,600 is recommended to provide as follows:

Administration and protection; increase, $2,065.-The sum of $900 is recommended for the employment of a clerk-stenographer for a period of approximately 7 months, and an increase of $615 is included to provide part-time janitor service for the museum building. It is now necessary for the bookkeeper, ranger, naturalist, and United States commissioner to perform typing and filing work, and the janitor work must be performed by ranger and naturalist personnel. An additional sum of $500 is required for the salary of a museum assistant for a period of 4 months to care for the museum and exhibits and explain the story of the park and its activities to visitors. The sum of $50 is recommended for the purchase of additional supplies, such as office and taxidermy supplies, gasoline, and oil, and materials necessary for the educational program.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $3,685.-The additional sum of $200 is recommended to provide for necessary repairs and painting of park buildings which are subject to the severe winter climate of high altitudes. The additional sum of $2 035 is recommended for the maintenance of 30 miles of standard paved highway, 17 miles of secondary roads, and 91 miles of trails in the park. An increase of $300 is proposed to provide for maintenance of the electric, telephone, sewage, and water systems which hare been extended due to the development of the Manzanita Lake area with emergency funds. Repairs to trucks and other machinery and eqnipment will require an additional sum of $700 to keep the units in repair and obviate the necessity of purchasing new equipment. The purchase of an additional passenger vehicle in the fiscal year 1938 will require an increase of $50 for maintenance and operation. The sum of $400 is recommended to provide adequate sanitation facilities for four new rampgrounds and to provide sufficiently for the opeartion of employees' quarters.

Equipment; increase, $850.-The sum of $1.600 is recommended for the purchase of equipment, an increase of $850 over the amount of $750 appropriated for 1937. Or this amount, $750 is proposed for the purchase of a car to replace a 1929 model Nash sedan, which has traveled approximately 100,000 miles, and has been converted into an ambulance for emergency use. The sum of $850 is recommended for the purchase of a 4-ton pick-up truck, and miscellaneous office equipinent.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. An increase of $6,600 is requested for this item. Will you explain that?

Mr. DEMARAY. Here we are asking for $2,065 for administration and protection ; $900 is asked for the employment of a clerk-stenographer, for a period of approximately 7 months, and an increase of $615 is included to provide a part-time janitor service for the museum buildingb. It is now necessary for the bookkeeper, ranger, naturalist, and the United States Commissioner to provide typing and filing work, and the janitor work must be performed by the ranger and naturalist personnel, and when they do that, they are not available for the services of the park.

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