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An increase of $250 is recommended for maintenance and repairs for the 25 sewage and 46 water systems. In addition to the maintenance of the new sewer system at headquarters, more frequent flushings are required due to the added use of conveniences by an increased number of visitors. The additional sum of $600 is included for the maintenance of three new passenger vehicles, one acquired in 1937 for which no funds were allotted for operation, and two proposed for acquisition in 1938.

There is an Increased number of game animals to be fed during the winter months due to natural increase of the deer herds and the fact that the natural range for mountain sheep and other game animals was almost, completely destroyed by the Heavens Peak Are in Swift Current Valley. The sum of $300 is recommended to provide an additional supply of feed for 1938. An additional sum of $100 is recommended for the operation of live new sets of quarters during the fiscal year 1938.

Equipment; increase, $2M00.—The sum of $11,800 is included for equipment for 1938. an increase of $2,600 over the sum of $9,200 appropriated for 1937. It is proposed to purchase two passenger cars for use of the chief ranger and the naturalist to provide more suitable transportation than that afforded by the light-delivery trucks now used. The remaining equipment proposed for purchase includes trucks for replacement purposes, two underground storage tanks, furniture and furnishings, office equipment, and miscellaneous small tools and equipment.

Mr. Scrugham. You are requesting an increase of $14,120 on this item. "Will you explain that increase?

Mr. Demarat. In Glacier Park, for administration and protection we are asking for an increase of $1,670 to provide for the employment of a junior naturalist for 6 months, for additional temporary ranger services, and for travel expenses, printing, and photography, and so forth. The recommended increase is necessary due to increased activities resulting from the greatly increased number of visitors to the park.

The number of visitors increased from 143,240 in 1935 to 210,072 in 1936. For maintenance, repair, and operation, we are asking for an increase of $9,850.

Mr. Scrugham. What was the increase in travel in the park?

Mr. Demarat. From 143,240 to 210,072.

Mr. O'neal. All of the receipts are covered into the Treasury?

Mr. Demarat. Yes. sir; they are covered into the Treasury.

Grand Canyon National Park, ARIZ.

Mr. Scrugham. The next item is "Grand Canyon National Park." Mr. Demarat. The justification in support of this item is as follows:

Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year 1938 $11S, 500

Appropriation, fiscal year 1937 113, 5(10

Net increase. 1938 over 1937 5,009

The net increase of $5,000, plus $875, representing a decrease in the equipment account from $3,550 to $2,075 provides $5,875 additional for other accounts as follows:

Administration and protection; increase, J2.77J.—The sum of $1,140 is required for a new position of junior clerk-stenographer so it will not be necessary for the engineer, naturalist, and chief ranger to type their reports and letters, allowing more time for the work for which rhey are employed. An increase of $675 is recommended for 5 months of additional temporary ranger services during the summer season to take care of the increased number of visitors. An additional sum of $060 is recommended for temporary janitor service for the new community building containing 8,500 square feet of floor space, constructed with Public Works funds.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $3,100.—An increase of $1,200 will provide for an additional laborer position to assist the sanitary inspector in the operation of the sewage treatment plant. The maintenance of additional telephone lines constructed with emergency funds and additional maintenance needed for the electric and telephone systems will require an increase of $500. The additional sum of $400 is required for the water system to provide proper maintenance of new extensions thereto constructed with emergency funds. Most of the heavy machinery is old and needs extensive repairs for which the additional sum of $250 will be required. An increase of $750 will be necessary for the operation of 41 additional housekeeping quarters constructed during the last fiscal year for which no funds have been provided for operation,

Mr. Scruoham. You are asking for an increase of $5,000 for Grand Canyon National Park. Will you explain that?

Mr. Demaray. Of that amount, $2,775 is to provide for additional personnel, a junior clerk-stenographer at $1,440, and $675 for 5 months of additional temporary ranger services during the summer season to take care of the increased number of visitors.

Mr. Scrugham. What was the increase in the number of visitors!

Mr. Demaray. The increase was from 206.108 visitors in 1935 to 268,412 in 1936.

GRAND TETON NATIONAL PARK, WTO.

Mr. Scrtjgham. The next item is for "Grand Teton National Park. Wyo."

Mr. Demaray. The justification in support of this item is as follows:

Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year 1938 $25,530

Appropriation, fiscal year 1937 19,9W

Net increase, 1938 over 1937 5,630

The net increase of $5,630 is recommended to provide as follows:

Administration and protection; increase, $l.~tiO.—The quantity of clerical work resulting from the large increase in number of visitors is too great for the one permanent clerk, and the sum of $1,500 is recommended for the employment of an assistant clerk. The additional sum of $200 is required for travel expenses, printing, photographing, etc., of the administration and protection forces due to expanded activities resulting from increased travel.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $1,870.—An increase of $500 will be necessary for the maintenance of a ranger station, comfort station, storehouse, and garage, constructed with Public Works funds, and to provide suffi cient funds for the maintenance and repair of the old structures. The additional sum of $750 is necessary so that roads and trails may be maintained in a safe and proper condition for the increased number of visitors. Past allotments for the work have been insufficient, resulting in a negligible amount of repair work, and additional trails have been constructed with Public Works funds at a cost of $25,000. An increase of $400 is needed for the maintenance and operation of an electric plant at Jenny Lake campground and for the maintenance of the new sewage disposal, water, and sanitation systems at Beaver Dick Lake campground. Additional sums of $70 for repairs to trucks, machinery, and equipment: $50 for the operation and repair of three passenger cars: and $100 for the proper operation of quarters, including two new sets for the superintendent and chief ranger are recommended.

Equipment; increase, $2,000.—Of this increase. $600 will be used to replace an old 1930 model Buick phaeton, which will hnve been in use 7 years by July 1. 1937. The stun of $1,400 is proposed for the replacement of a lVi-ton truck now in poor condition, for equipment for two new sets of quarters, and for the purchase of miscellaneous tools and equipment.

Mr. Scrtjoham. There is an estimated increase of $5,630 on this item. Will you explain that increase?

Mr. Demaray. That is broken down as follows: For administration and protection, an increase of $1,760 is requested, which is for an additional clerical assistant, and $1,870 is asked for maintenance, repair, and operation. That is for repair work on roads and trails, and for the operation of an electrical plant at Jenny Lake camp ground, and other small items.

Then we are asking for $2,000 for equipment, $600 of which will be used to replace an old 1930-uiodel Buick phaeton, which will have been in use 7 years by July 1; $1,400 is requested for the replacement of a li/o-ton truck.

The Travel there increased from 100.000 in 1935 to 125,000 in 1936.

GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK, N. C. AND TEXN.

Mr. Scruoham. The next item is "'Great Smokv Mountains National Park, N. C. and Tenn."

Mr. Demarat. The justification in support of this item is as follows:

Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year 1938 $76, 500

Appropriation, fiscal year 1937 59,900

Net increase, 1938 over 1937 16,600

The net increase of $16,600 is recommended to provide ns follows:

Administration and protection; increase, $o,310.—The sum of $2,000 is recommended to provide for the employment of a United States commissioner. Congress has accepted Federal jurisdiction over the area and has authorized the employment of a United States commissioner. At the present time park regulations are being violated continuously, and the presence of this employee would result not only in speedily dispensing with cases but in reducing the number of violations. An increase of $1,620 is required for the employment of a clerkwarehouseman to maintain warehouse records and keep a careful cheek of equipment and tools valued at approximately $250,000. The increased amount of $400 is recommended to provide sufficient janitor service and for additional stationery, office, medical, and sundry supplies, travel expenses, transportation of things, and printing and photographing incident to the growth of the administrative staff.

The park is famous as a botanist's paradise, and an increase of $840 is recommended for the employment of two temporary ranger-naturalists for 3 months each to explain the flora, fauna, and geology in which the hundreds of thousands of tourist 8 are interested. An increase of $300 is needed for mounting paper, chemicals, museum and educational supplies, taxidermy, the preparation of museum exhibits, and for travel expenses of the naturalist in attending scientific meetings held by various societies in North Carolina and Tennessee.

Due to increased activities, the numerous inspection trips within such a large park and conferences with officials in outside cities, an additional $150 will be required for travel expenses of the park engineer.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $11.290.—Of this increase, the sum of $8.0<tf) is recommended for the maintenance of 56 miles of high-standard highways within the park in the States of North Carolina and Tennessee, heretofore maintained by the States before reconstruction nt Federal expense. The construction with emergency funds of 424 miles of class A. 125 miles of class B, and 250 miles of class C trails will be completed by the fiscal year 1938 and an increase of $750 will be required to provide for proper maintenance.

An increased sum of $400 is included for the maintenance of 16 miles of telephone lines Installed by Emergency Conservation Work activities and for maintenance and repairs to the 57.5 miles of old lines. The additional sum of $800 will be needed for repairs to trucks, machinery, and equipment, including two snow plows, one concrete mixer, one friction hoist, and one 8-ton trailer proposed for purchase in 193S. Funds have not previously beeu allotted for repairs to machinery and equipment.

The operation, repair, and maintenance of a passenger car acquired with Emergency Conservation Work funds, but which will be used on regular park work in 1938, will require an increase of $250. The sum of $1,000 is recommended for the employment of temporary tenders for the campgrounds to be operated at Chimneys, Greenbrier, and Sniokeinont to protect against vandalism and keep the grounds in a sanitary condition for the large number of visitors. An increase of $90 is included to provide adequate directional anil warning signs for tourists.

Mr. Sckugham. You are asking for a $16,600 increase for Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Will you touch on that (

Mr. Demaray. Five thousand three hundred and ten dollars of this increase is for administration and protection and for personnel. That is, to provide additional personnel to take care of the visitors. and the maintenance and repair item is increased $11,290. Of this increase. $8,000 is needed for the maintenance of 56 miles of highstandard highways within the park in the States of North Carolina and Tennessee, heretofore maintained by the States before reconstruction at Federal expense. The construction with emergency funds of 424 miles of class A, 125 miles of class B, and 250 miles of class C trails will be completed by the fiscal year 1938. and an increase of $750 will be required to provide for proper maintenance.

We have to have $400 to maintain 16 miles of telephone lines, and an additional sum of $800 will be needed for repairs to trucks. machinery, and equipment, including two snow plows, one concrete mixer, one friction hoist, and one 8-ton trailer proposed for purchase in 1938. Funds have not previously been allotted for repairs to machinery and equipment.

Then in the operation, repair, and maintenance of the passenger car acquired with Emergency Conservation Work funds, but which will be used on regular park work in 1938, we will require an increase of $250.

The sum of $1,000 is recommended for the employment of temporary tenders for the campgrounds to be operated at Chimneys. Greenbriar. and Smokemont. to protect against vandalism and keep the grounds in a sanitary condition for the large number of visitors. and an increase of $90 is included to provide adequate directional and warning signs for tourists. It is all necessary in the operation of the park.

HAWAII NATIONAL PARK

Mr. Scrigham. The next item is Hawaii National Park. Mr. Demaray. The justification in support of this item is as follows:

Amount included in the Budget, tiscal year. 1938 $f>0. lim

Appropriation, fiscal year. 1937 l."i.tX)i

Net increase. 1988 over 137 4.">*»>

The net increase of $4..">00. plus $1,970 representing a decrease in the equipment account from $4,H70 to $".2,400. provides $6,470 additional for other account-as follows:

Administration and protection: increase, $S~M.—The sum of $1,020 is recommended for a new position of clerk-accountant to obviate the necessity of *' much overtime work by the present clerical personnel. An increase of $11" is required to provide for necessary communication service between park headquarters and the Haleakala section of the Island of Maui, where a ranger i* now stationed. The sum of $1,800 is recommended for the employment of an additional ranger to assist in the patrol and inspection of trails within the interior of the 20-squa re-mile crater on the newly opened Haleakala section. An increase of $140 is necessary to provide for additional supplies and materials, communication service, etc., required In the administration and development of the new Haleakala area.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $2,740.—The sum of $835 is included to provide for the purchase of paints and stains, and for the replacement of plumbing fixtures, sills, joists, windows and casings, sidings, steps and posts for buildings damaged by the climatic and volcanic elements to such an extent that extensive repairs are an absolute necessity. Due to the heavy rains and frequent earthquakes, considerable damage is done to roads, requiring immediate repairs to prevent serious accidents. An increase of $8Sf> is recommended to allow proper maintenance. An increase of $110 is included to provide for the maintenance of 38 miles of trails in the Haleakala section, constructed with emergency funds.

The sum of $910 is recommended to provide for the employment of maintenance i>ersonnel on work incident to the repair and maintenance of the telephone, sewage, and water systems; trucks, machinery and equipment; and employees' quarters. Extensions have been mnde to the telephone, sewage, and water systems, and 5 new employees' quarters have been constructed with emergency funds. The transfer to the park of the Volcano Observatory, and the leasing of the Research Association plant for the nominal sum of $1 a year, the hitler including a machine shop with lathes and other accessories for which no additional funds have been provided, have added to the equipment to be repaired and maintained.

Mr. Scrugham. There is an increase of $4,500 requested for this park. Will you explain that?

Mr. Demaray. We are asking for $3,730 for administration and protection. That includes $1,6'20 for a new position of clerk-accountant, and it also provides for $1,860 for the employment of an additional ranger to assist in the patrol and inspection of trails within the interior of the 26 square mile crater on the newly opened Haleakala section. The park there is on two islands—on the island of Maui and on the island of Hawaii. Within the last 2 years a road has been constructed to the summit of the Haleakala Crater, which is the largest extinct volcano in the world, and travel to the summit of the volcano and into the crater itself has increased considerably. There are a great many people going down there. It happens that there has been a decrease from 207,208 in 1935 to 186,049 in 1936, and that is explained by the fact that on the Island of Hawaii is the small crater of Kilauea. Whenever any lava begins to come into that crater everybody flocks over to Kilauea to see it. In 1935, for a short time, lava began to flow in Kilauea Crater, and <luring that period of activity everybody flocked over there to see it. So you have these fluctuations in travel as the volcano becomes active.

SERVICES PERFORMED BV DR. JAGOAR

Mi-. Scrugham. Is Dr. Jaggar employed by the National Park Service?

Mr. Demaray. Yes, sir; he is now employed by the National Park Service. He is the park naturalist there. As you know, he was formerly with the Geological Survey, and we receive a special allotment, I believe, that was formerly made for the Geological Survey. Your committee decided. I think, year before last, that this special appropriation in the Survey budget would be eliminated and it would be transferred to the Park Service, and whatever funds he needed to carry on his volcanic studies should be secured from outside sources. That has been the case, and he gets some funds from the Bishop Museum and other places for his studies of volcanology.

Mr. Scrugham. I read a magazine article last week that complained bitterlv about the treatment accorded to Dr. Jaggar bv the

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