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BRANCH OF RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Assistant Division Chief, P-4, $3,800; Wildlife Division.-Adequate coordination and supervision of activities, prompt and efficient action in meeting demands for field work, and proper supervision of research in libraries and in the field, require the establishment of a position of Assistant Chief of the Division on a permanent basis. The Assistant Chief, under the Chief of the Wildlife Division, will direct, supervise, and coordinate the activities of field naturalists, the supervisor of fish resources, regional wildlife technicians, associate technicians, as. sistant technicians, stenographers, and clerks of the Division. He will be sta. tioned in the Washington office and, in the absence of the Chief of the Division, will assume full responsibility for wildlife management and restoration in accordance with established policies.

Senior stenographer, CAF-4, $1,800; Wildlife Division.-It is essential that a senior stenographer be assigned to this Division for stenographic work, and to supervise the regular routine paper work occasioned by the expansion of activities and the further development of the wildlife work. The appointee will relieve the Chief and Assistant Chief of the Division of important office details.

GENERAL EXPENSES

Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is “General expenses”, $27,000, which is the 1937 appropriation.

Mr. DEMARAY. Yes, sir.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. In the Budget break-down of this item you have estimated $15,000 for travel, and the actual expenditures in 1936 were reported as $9,891. Is there any reason why that amount should not be reduced to $10,000, inasmuch as you used only $9,891 for travel last year?

Mr. DEMARAY. What item is that, Mr. Chairman?
Mr. SCRUGHAM. That is under general expenses.

Mr. DEMARAY. Under the general expense item there was $25,000 appropriated in 1936, and the actual expenditure was $24,256.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. These figures were furnished to me by the clerk of the committee. When he is present I will find out about the discrepancy.

Mr. DEMARAY. The estimate for 1937 was $27,000, and it is estimated that the entire amount will have been expended by the end of the fiscal year.

Mr. ScrUGHAM. My authority for the statement I made is on page 379 of the bill, which is right here before me. The fourth item on page 379 is travel expenses. Now, travel expenses are estimated at $15,000 instead of $25,000, as stated by you, and the actual amount expended is given as $9,891, instead of $24,000. Now, where is that discrepancy?

Mr. DEMARAY. Well, in the next item, transportation of things, was estimated at $300, and the actual expenditures were $1,579, and for equipment $400, and we actually expended $1,720. Communications expense was estimated at $6,500, and there was actually expended $8.118.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. I referred particularly to travel expense, and you took the entire item. That was the discrepancy?

Mr. DEMARAY. Yes, sir; we have taken the entire item.

ACADIA NATIONAL PARK, MAINE Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is “Acadia National Park.” You are asking for $47,710, an increase of $1,710 over the 1937 appropriation.

Mr. DEMARAY. Yes, sir. The following justification is presented in support of this item: Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year, 1938_

$17, 710 Appropriation, fiscal year, 1937

40, ON Vet increase, 1938 over 1937..

1,714) The net increase of $1,710, plus $750 representing a decrease in the equipment account from $1,390 to $810, provides $2,460) additional for other accounts as follows:

Administration and protection (increase, $1,860).---This increase is necessity for the employment of an additional permanent ranger to provide adequate pro tection for approximately 6,000 acres of land now in process of acquisition on the western side of Mount Desert Island, which will become part of the park boy July 1, 1937.

Maintenance, repair, and operation (increase, $600).-A portion of this increase is to provide $100 additional for the maintenance of buildings, including repairs necessary for the preservation of the Brown Mountain Gate Lanize, a beautiful building, donated by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. An additional sum of $400 is included to provide for the maintenance of 28 miles of roads added to tl... park system, for repairs necessary for old roads, and for proper maintenance of trails in the 6.000 acres of arditional land to be added to the park by 1:07 An increase of $100 is included to provide for maintenance of the telephesin system installed with Public Works funds.

Mr. Scrigham. What is the justification for that increase of $1.710!

Mr. DEM ARAY. The net increase of $1,710, plus $750 representing a decrease in the equipment account from $1,590 to $810, provides $2.464) additional for other accounts.

Mr. SOROGHLAM. Yes.

Mr. Demaray. $1.860 of that $2.460 is for an additional permanent ranger to provide adequate protection of lands on the western side of Mount Desert Island, which will be a part of the park by July 1, 1937.

Mr. SORUGHAM. If you did not have this ranger would there be danger of vandalism and of fires ?

Mr. DEMARAY. Yes; the area of the park is being increased. We are acquiring 6,000 acres of land over there and there is not any protection over it.

BRYCE CANYON NATIONAL PARK, UTAN

Mr. SORUGHAM. The next item is “Bryce Canyon National Park, I'tah."

Mr. DEM ARAY. The justification in support of this item is as follows: Amount included in the Budget, final year 1:38.

$123) Appropriation, fixul year 1437 -

12 (2) Net increase, 188 over 1837 ... The net incrence of 8301 peoniminded to protide as follows:

Maintenance, repair, and operation; incrrare, $250 -- Or this increas, the aum of $130 is recommended to provide adequate maintenance of the park med Ny stem, and $10) for the operation of additional employers' quarters, consisting of one cottage and one cabin, construwted during the final year 1907.

Equipment; inrte asr, $101) This trufrat trigether with the sum of son in the account, is necessary for the par hame of a day ton priehup truck for general park work, and for misellaneous stull tolls and equipment.

CARLSBAD CAVERNS NATIONAL PARK, N. MEX. Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is “Carlsbad Caverns National Park, X. Mex."

Mr. DEMARAY. The justification in support of this item is as follows: Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year 1938..

$103, 000 Appropriation, fiscal year 1937---

64, 000 Net increase, 1938 over 1937.-

39,000 The language change is proposed to provide not to exceed $23,000 for remodeling the power plant. Both the electrical and elevator units are badly in need of repairs to maintain the necessary high degree of safety to visitors and park employees,

The net increase of $39,000 is recommended to provide as follows: Administration and protection; increase, $9,244.—The sum of $1,620 is recommended for the employment of a permanent clerk-cashier whose duties will be to sell entrance tickets to the carerns and maintain records of sales, thus relieving the ranger now doing this work for the guide service for which he was employed and is needed. The sum of $7,224 is for the employment of two additional permanent rangers at $1.860 each, and for temporary rangers and per diem guides during the heavy travel season. It is estimated that during the fiscal year 1938 the park will have approximately 185,000 visitors. An increase of $400 will be required to furnish supplies for the additional employees.

Maintenance, repair, and operation; increase, $6,020.The sum of $800 is terommended to accomplish major building repairs during the fiscal year 1938, vesisting of roof repairs, painting interiors, and repairs to plumbing and Miscellaneous electrical work. The sum of $1,000 will be required for maintenance of the newly constructed W. Inut (anyon Road, 10 miles in length, traveled by all visitors entering and duyarting from the park. The road was constructed under the Public Works

gram and funds have not been provided previously for maintenance. A new fruition of laborer at $1,080 per annum is recommended to assist in the maintealle work of cavern trails. It is proposed to establish a new position of elec'yian helper at $1,260 per annum to assist in maintaining the electric cable

tal wiring within the caverns and on the surface, electrical appliances, and the passenger elevators. The additional sum of $600 is requested for general *reunditioning of the telephone system, including repairs, purchase of new opphones, and line replacements which have not been possible during the last ..sears when funds were available for minor repairs only.

An increase of $1,080 is necessary to provide a new laborer position to assist i's jurk sanitation work to safeguard health and avoid criticism from visitors **20r the convenience and services are not adequate.

Old employee quarters have been renovated with Public Works funds to Like them habitable and an increase of $200 will be required to provide for eir operation. Equipment; increase, $750.- The sum of $3,000 is included for equipment for ** an increase of $750 over the sum of $2,250 appropriated for 1937. It is

ed to purchase 2 trucks to replace 2 old units purchased in 1931 and 1932 il furniture and fixtures for the elevator buildings, bunk and mess house, **printendent's office in ('arlsbad and the offices at the caverns. Improrements to power plant; increase, $22,986.- Detailed studies made of the electrical and mechanical equipment installed at Carlsbad Caverns National Park indicate the building and equipment require immediate improvements vital in the safety of the public and park employees. The failure of any part of the wwer plant and distribution system-either of a mechanical or an electrical tature. will cause an interruption of service to the cavern lighting system and the elerators. The seriousness of such an interruption is apparent. A crowded Berator locked halfway in the shaft in total darkness could very easily have a fatal reaction on some of the passengers. For the period October 1, 1935, to Angust 1936, a total of 106,467 people visited the caverns. The visitors and park employees depend upon proper and conditioned operation of the electrical

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equipment while in the dark chambers of the underground caverns. Sudden interruption of lighting facilities while large parties are underground might very well result in panic and a stampede that could only result seriously. It is imperative that proper repairs to existing installations, or replacement with new where necessary, be made as soon as possible.

The cost of the work has been estimated as follows: Electrical features.

$5,800 Mechanical features.

4, 130 Building improvements..

9, NO Elevators, cables.

1, 750 Transformer room.

100

Total_ Engineering

21.600)

1, 316

Total.--

22,94 Mr. SCRUGHAM. There is an increase in this item from $64,000 to $103,000, or an increase of $39,000. What is the justification for that increase?

Mr. DEMARAY. The revenues in this park are in excess of the appropriations.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. The revenues in 1936 were $181,675; is that correct! Mr. DEMARAY. Yes, sir. Mr. SCRUGHAM. This increase is justified by the increased number of visitors coming to the park?

Mr. DEMARAY. Yes, sir; on account of the increased number of visitors.

NUMBER OF VISITORS TO PARK

Mr. SCRUGHAM. The annual number of visitors is about 100,000, or something like that; is it not ?

Mr. DEMARAY. I think the number of visitors is shown here, 148,129 persons.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. It must have been over 100,000 to have brought in that revenue.

Mr. DEMARAY. $22.986 of this increase of $39,000 is necessary to put the power plant in the proper condition. We have a very difficult situation there. We have built this power plant up from time to time, using a lot of surplus materials. We have some very expensive Diesel engines in it. This is a break-down of the $22,986 estimate: $5,800 for electrical features, $4,150 for mechanical features, $9,800 for building improvements, $1,750 for cables for elevators, and $100 for improvements in the transformer room.

Mr. ScruGHAM. Last year your revenues from Carlsbad were nearly three times as great as the amount expended.

Mr. DEMARAY. That is correct.

CRATER LAKE NATIONAL PARK, OREG.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is Crater Lake National Park, Oreg.

Mr. DEMARAY. The justification for this item is as follows: Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year 1938_.

$73, 730 Appropriation, fiscal year 1937---

62, 600 Net increase, 1938 over 1937--The net increase of $11,130 is recommended to provide as follows:

Administration and protection; increase, $3,183.-An increase of $1.203 is recommended to provide for the establishment of a junior clerk position to

11, 130

reduce present overtime work. An increase of $300 is required for supplies and fuel for the new administration building. The sum of $280 is recommended to provide sufficient sundry supplies and fuel incident to the preparation of exhibits, slides, motion pictures, and drafting and artists' supplies. An increased sum of $1,400 is recommended for approximately 11 months of additional ranger service, without which many ranger activities must be left unattended.

Maintenance, repair, and operation, increase, $5,700.-The sum of $1,800 is recommended to provide for the maintenance of 18.5 miles of newly completed highway on the East Entrance Road and Rim Drive, for clearing trails to make them available to the early season visitors, and for repairs to buildings annually damaged by extremely heavy snows. Due to the opening of the park for winter travel, an increase of $3,900 is recommended to provide for repairs to trucks and other equipment, for the maintenance and operation of passenger vehicles, for sanitation facilities, for operation of living quarters, and for the operation of the telephone, radio, and water systems.

Equipment; increase, $2,247.--The sum of $750 is included for the purchase of a passenger vehicle to replace a 1931 model car which has traveled more than 60,000 miles. The recommended increase of $1,497 will be needed to purchase trucks to replace worn-out vehicles and for furniture, furnishings, and fixtures, educational and scientific equipment, and miscellaneous small tools and equipment.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. There is requested an increase of $11,130 on this item. What is the necessity for that increase, Mr. Demaray?

Mr. DEMARAY. In Crater National Park most of the increase is for maintenance, repair, and operation items. We are asking for $5,700 for that purpose.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. Is that due to the increased number of visitors? Mr. DEMARAY. It is partly due to that, and partly due

the necessity of keeping the road open in the park for winter travel.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. Yes.

Mr. DEMARAY. Last year, after the item had left your committee it went to the Senate for consideration, and they added additional funds in order to keep the main road, which runs from the south boundary to the west boundary open in winter time.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. Is that part of a transcontinental road?

Mr. DEMARAY. Yes, sir; there is a main road there, and travel continues across there in the winter time. From Annie Springs, the junction point up, to the rim of lake, which has become a great resort for winter sports, the park road is also kept open for winter-sport enthusiasts.

GENERAL GRANT NATIONAL PARK, CALIF.

Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next item is for the General Grant National Park, Calif.

Mr. DEMARAY. The justification in support of this item is as follows:

Amount included in the Budget, fiscal year 1938_
Appropriation, fiscal year 1937---

$17, 570 15, 000

Net increase, 1938 over 1937.

2, 570 The net increase of $2,570 is recommended as follows:

Administration and protection; increase, $640.-This increase is recommended to provde additonal temporary services of a ranger-naturalist and a ranger during the heavy-travel season.

Maitnenance, repair, and operation; increase, $880.-An increase of $200 is recommended for the maintenance of a bathhouse and comfort station, service station, barn, stable, and new employee's residence, constructed with emergency funds. The additional sum of $250 is included for increased maintenance work on roads, trails, and grounds made necessary by construction under the Public Works and Emergency Conservation Works programs. The maintenance of

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