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This is a creditable showing, particualrly in view of the fact that many of the Indian reservations are located in mountainous regions of the west, where construction costs are high. Upward of 70 percent of every dollar goes into the laborer's pocket.

In addition to work performed by the Indian Service we have had some projects under construction where a small amount of this appropriation is posted as the sponsor's share in connection with work relief projects prosecuted under the Works Progress Administration. Such projects generally are of direct benefit to the public with reservation benefits being incidental.

The Indian Service is constructing secondary roads that will best serve the needs of the Indians in the administration of their property. Experienced road engineers are employed to insure the best location of each road so that money expended will not have been wasted should it ever be decided to improve any of the roads to a higher standard at a later date. There is close cooperation with the Bureau of Public Roads, the various States, and other organizations in road matters of mutual interest.

The table following shows allotments by reservations for road construction from the $4,000,000 Public Works Administration allotment made in 1933; from the $2,000,000 provided by the act of June 19, 1934 (48 Stat., p. 1058); from the $4,000,000 provided in the Interior appropriation act for 1936; and the $3,500,000 appropriated for 1937:

Allotment of road money


Montana: Blackfeet.
Nevada: Carson....
New Mexico: Charles H. Burke...
North Carolina: Cherokee..

Cheyenne and Arapaho. .

South Dakota: Cheyenne River..
Idaho: Coeur d'Alene....
Arizona: Colorado River.
Washington: Colville...
Minneapolis: Consolidated Chippewa.
Colorado: Consolidated Ute.
Montana: Crow...
South Dakota: Crow Creek.
New Mexico: Eastern Navajo.
Oklahoma: Five Civilized Tribes
South Dakota: Flandreau
Montana: Flathead...
Arizona: Fort Apache..
Montana: Fort Belknap.
North Dakota: Fort Berthold.
Idaho: Fort Hall.....
Montana: Fort Peck....
North Dakota: Fort Totten.
California: Fort Yuma...
Kansas: Pottawatomi (Hask
California: Hoopa Valley...
Arizona: Hopi.......
New Mexico: Jicarilla...
Oklahoma: Jones Academ
Wisconsin: Keshena.
Oklahoma: Kiowa.
Oregon: Klamath..
Wisconsin: Lac du Flambeau
Arizona: Leupp.....
New Mexico: Mescalero...
California: Mission....
New Mexico: Northern Navajo
Oklahoma: Osage.
Utah: Palute.....
Oklahoma: Pawnee...

Phoenix (Salt River and Fort McDowell)
South Dakota: Pine Ridge
Oklahoma: Quspaw.

1 Total allotment to all Navajos in Arizona.
• Total allotment to all Navajos in New Mexico

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» Zuni, Southern Pueblos, and Santa Fe consolidation.

Language change.—The change of date and statute reference is made to conform to the Hayden-Cartwright Act passed during the last session of Congress.

The proviso will permit purchase, lease, construction, or repair of buildmp needed in connection with road work on Indian reservations. Much heavy machinery has been purchased, but storage facilities are not available for it. "D some reservations we have erected temporary shelters, but we need permanent structures providing not only for storage but for repair of such equipment. l0 some instances it may be desirable to purchase or rent such facilities. A limitation of $7,500 on the cost of new construction is specified.


Mr. Scrugham. The road between the Owyhee Indian Reservation and the reservation irrigation reservoir in Owyhee Canyon, several miles away, is in band condition. It is used by a number of peop'e' and there is also a heavy through traffic over the road between nearby towns and the railroad terminal at Elko, Nev., about 100 miles aff»yThe total cost of the proposed improvements between Owyhee Reservation and the reservoir will be about $400,000. Of this amount the Indian benefit is calculated to be about 10 percent, or $40,000. The emainder of the cost will be paid from other sources. It is my inention to ask the committee to include this $40,000 appropriation n the Indian road allotment for 1938. I have suggested to Senator ^IcCarran that he come before tliis committee and give them the beneit of his observations in the matter.


Mr. Dodd. On page 249 I should like to ask that the $8,000 limitation for personal services in the District of Columbia be increased to ill,200.

Mr. Johnson. What is the reason for that?

Mr. Dodd. To provide for the employment of an engineer who can keep our reservation maps of roads that we construct up to date. We have only three people in our roads section here in Washington, ind we need a man who is capable of doing that type of work. The •est of the work is done in the field. That has been discussed in the office since the budget was prepared, and we feel it is necessary to do that.


Mr. Johnson. Now we come to a gratuity item, for new construction and major repairs. This apparently is a new item. Mr. Dodd. I submit the following justification for the record:

Practically no direct appropriations have been made for construction work in the Indian Service since 1932 except for some few irrigation projects and appropriations for the construction, repair, and maintenance of roads. The construction needs of the Indian Service have been met since the summer of 1933 through allotments made to us by the Public Works Administration principallv from the original Public Works appropriation ol $3,300,000,000. A total of $29,795,225 has been allotted from emergency funds for 618 projects scattered among nearly all of our field jurisdictions. These allotments, however, have covered approximately 1,340 separate construction projects. Of the total amount allotted, approximately $4,000,000 was for road construction, repair, and maintenance, and about $10,000,000 was for the development of water supplies and irrigation projects. Deducting these two items leaves, in round figures, $15,800,000 for the construction of physical improvements such as hospitals, day schools, quarters for personnel, heating and power plants, sewer and water systems, and other miscellaneous types of projects essential to the successful administration of Indian affairs.

The first allotment was made in August 1933, or near the beginning of the fiscal year 1934. All unobligated funds expire on June 30, 1937. The $15,800,000 above mentioned has covered the construction needs for a period of approximately 4 years. This has given an average of $3,952,695 a year for the construction of physical improvements, exclusive of irrigation developments and road projects. For 1932, $5,570,440 was appropriated for construction purposes in the Indian Service, exclusive of roads but including irrigation work. Notwithstanding the availability of emergency funds, there has been no expansion in Indian Service construction based upon the appropriation made for 1932.

For consideration in connection with the annual 6-year construction program, field superintendents have presented needs in excess of $60,000,000. Some items are extremely meritorious. In an effort, however, to keep our request for construction funds within an amount that may reasonably be expended or obligated during the next fiscal year, we have culled these needs and included in this estimate items of an urgent nature. Of the total requested, $463,500 is to replace moneys once allotted by the Public Works Administration but later taken away

and assigned to another agency of the Federal Government to inert mr. relief needs. The actual cancelations aggregated $1,124,215. To th. added $283,600 for two projects, funds for which were transfermd tu:2 ects because of insufficient funds. The projects involved in the news and transfers have not qualified for approval under the Work Prena tration, and it has been impossible to obtain substitute allotmerte ter

A comparison of construction appropriations over a perani of nano following results:

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Omitting road funds entirely, the amount requested for 1935 e 24 . than provi led for 1931; $1,575,410 less than provided for 1832, $. 32013 than provided for 1933; $2.208,132 less than the average for 1954. 1. 1 1936; and $3,441,531 less than the average for 1937.

The amount last named takes into consideration a direct apsaugos. $85,000 for two water-improvement projects; specific tion construction, aggregating $780,900); an'i reappropriation of a : pended balance for the Siour Sanatorium, South Dakota

The irrigation estimates for construction, totaling $2.1**) () ve slopes discurreI. Projects now under consideration consist of hospitais, sc: quarters for personnel, heating, lighting, sewer and water systems. 24%. miscellaneous physical improvements.

The estimate may be divided into general headings, as follow 1. Replacement of canceled allotments from emergency funds 2. Replacement of funds transferred to other projects an.... 3. Hospital improvements in Alaska... 4. School improvements in Ilaska. 5. Replacement or reliabilitation of heating and power plants 6. Improvement of sewer and water systems. 7. Quarters for personnel ..

Miscellaneous, including ariministrative coats

Total ....................................... . (1) Replacement of canceled allotments from emergency funds, 8-3 projects included under this heading are as follows. ial School building and gymnasium, Walker River, Xey... Thi Classroom building, Lac du Flaubeau, Wis... Ici Hospital and quarters, Mescaler, X. Mex..

Quarters, Purbale of New Mexico. te Improvement of quarters, Shoshone, Wvo u Central heating plant, l11.ah and Ouray, t'tah..

Total . ... -., . - -... While all of the 20 projects involved in the $1,124,213 canceled were born other therris wluch hair armen during the rar have compelled us to tpos of the projects until the more urgent nous diave twen met iqi school huolating and gymnasium, Walker korer, No. 83.,

r of this cai erind allotment was $33,230 Plans and specifications were n r of prrparation when the funds were withdrawn. These have been ne These facilities are not ded to provide arromen dations formers Iu . xardot K CIce There are almont 12 ch.kirts and school age as tran sA few are enrulled in public schools. The majority, however, must be a

dated in Government boarding or day schools. Existing classrooms in the day school are inadequate for the pupils enrolled. Two additional rooms, toilet facilities, and a combination auditorium-gymnasium are contemplated. The latter facilities will serve both students and adults living in this Indian community. The Indians have expressed keen regret at the delay in providing this building, and are looking forward to the early completion of this project.

(b) Classroom building, Lac du Flambeau, Wis., $147,500.The allotment for this project was $121,250. Since the allotment was first made it has been found that both the sewer and water systems have got to be improved, and a self-contained heating plant provided. The original proposed location has been changed, because of the need of placing this school nearer to the Indians. To meet changed conditions, and the increase in both wages and materials, at least $147,500 will be needed for this project. This is one of the urgent needs of the Indian Service. For a number of years an old, dilapidated structure, condemned long ago, has been used. It is unsafe for further occupancy. No reasonable expenditure for repairs would place the structure in decent condition. Plans and specifications have been completed and the job can be advertised soon after the appropriation is made. In addition to classrooms, dining room, kitchen, and auditorium facilities are provided.

(c) Hospital and quarters, Mescalero, $ 148,000.- For this project $118,750 was allotted and later withdrawn. The allotment in the first instance was too small to permit erection of the facilities needed. Material prices have advanced and wages have been raised. The amount requested will be necessary to provide a hospital of about 30-bed capacity, and quarters for hospital personnel. Equipment is also chargeable to this appropriation. The hospital will replace an antiquated and dilapidated structure poorly suited for modern hospitalization. The Indians of this reservation are sorely in need of careful medical attention. Living conditions have increased the prevalence of tuberculosis and other diseases. Efforts are in progress to rehabilitate this group. As a first step, a number of new homes have been constructed through a loan and grant of relief funds. Other homes will be provided through a loan from the revolving loan fund. Day schools are being erected in the several communities on the reservation, and a modest investment is being made in irrigation facilities. All of these items will aid materially in improving health conditions, but a hospital is needed for the sick. The one we propose to build will have accommodations for general and surgical cases, for maternity cases and for those afflicted with tuberculosis. Plans and specifications have been prepared and advertisements for bids will issue soon after the appropriation becomes available.

(d) Improvement of quarters, Shoshone, Wyo., $58,000.-For this project $48,500 was provided. Here again, material and labor costs require a larger amount. Plans and specifications have been prepared and work may proceed soon after the money is provided. This project includes one new residence, to be occupied by the superintendent, and the rehabilitation of a number of old houses built and occupied by the Army for many years. Most of these houses are of adobe construction-a material not now used to any great extent in Wyoming. The principal need is to place these buildings on stone foundations. The adobe has disintegrated through weathering and unless the structures are soon strengthened, they may collapse. New roofs are required, and the interiors must be rearranged. When constructed, bathrooms, plumbing and lighting facilities were omitted. Later, a water supply was developed and plumbing was installed. Bathrooms were placed in inconvenient locations. In practically all of the houses to be remodeled access to the bath is through one or more bedrooms. These old structures can be remodeled to provide satisfactory living accommodations and at a cost below that for new houses. The amount requested is only a portion of the total required completely to modernize the quarters for personnel at this station.

(e) Central heating plant, Uintah and Ouray, Utah, $50,000.--This project is for the school plant at White Rocks. The original allotment was $38,000. Field studies and preliminary plans indicate that all of $50,000 will be needed. All buildings, with the exception of the schoolhouse and gymnasium, are heated by stoves. This is extremely dangerous where so many children are housed. For several months in the year roaring fires must be kept. In addition to the smoke, dust, and dirt, this method of heating is expensive. By the use of stokers and cheap coal it is believed that savings in fuel costs would amortize this investment in a few years. A laundry would be provided as a part of this plant. Laundry work is now performed in an old dilapidated structure unsuitable for the purpose.

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