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Warm Springs. This school has been growing gradually and new buildings have been added. At the present time there is a new school building being constructed. Most of the other buildings, however, are old and we have found it very difficult properly to maintain these buildings with the allowance previously made. We are asking for an increase of $500 in this amount.

Fort Peck.-Through inadvertence Fort Peck, Mont., dormitories were omitted from this item last year. We are asking for an allowance of $2,000 to keep this old boarding plant in repair. At the present time we are taking care of 100 Indian children.

2. Repair and maintenance, day schools, $92,000 (increase, $5,800). This estimate is based upon the following:

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We are requesting an increase of $5,800 in this item which is accounted for by the addition in the last 2 or 3 years of 18 new schools.

Frequently the boarding schools on the reservations are in need of so many repairs that nothing is left for day school maintenance. We have endeavored to establish a fair average requirement for day school maintenance, using a sliding scale to meet the needs according to the size of the school.

Many of these schools are not the conventional classroom building alone, but are plants comprised of classrooms, quarters for personnel, necessary outbuildings, and water, sewer, heating, and light plants. Where meals are served dining room and kitchen facilities for the pupils are also provided. The lowest possible cost today for a one-room school, with quarters, dining room and kitchen for pupils, and water and sewer system, is about $8,000. At 5 percent on this investment, $400 should be provided annually for maintenance. We are asking only $300. The same ratio is applied to the larger schools.

3. Repair and maintenance, consolidated schools, $42,100 (increase, $10,200).— This estimate covers the following schools:

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Casa Blanca..
Fort Totten
He Dog..

se du Flambeau
Rocky Boys...
Salt River
Santa Rose
Santo Domingo..
Turtle Mountain


The amount specified for each school is small in comparison with the value of the individual plant. The Taos School, for example, was constructed at a cost of more than $80,000, yet the amount asked for maintenance is only $1,500, or less than 2 percent of the value of the building. More than $100,000 is invested in the new Salt River School and quarters but only $2,000 is requested for repair purposes. The school at Turtle Mountain, N. Dak., is unusually large, and there are many other structures besides the classroom building. Shoshone, Wyo., is a converted boarding school, with old and numerous buildings. The size of the various schools listed fully justifies a more liberal appropriation for maintenance. The modest amount requested for each, in many instances is due to the fact that a number of the schools have recently been constructed through allotments from the Public Works appropriation. The amounts for these schools will have to be increased in future years. Many of them are practically new at present and require a minimum expenditure for maintenance.

Fruitland.—This is a school now under construction, and we are asking for $1,500 for its repair and maintenance. While this amount will not be adequate in future years, in view of the fact that it is a new plant, we feel that this amount will meet the needs for 1938.

Hays.—This school plant is owned by the Government but has been loaned to the public-school district for operation. For 1938 we plan its operation as s regular Federal consolidated day school. The plant is old and while we are asking for funds for the construction of a new building, some allowance is necessary to care for repair and maintenance at the present time. We are asking for $800 83 a minimum.

Jicarilla. — We are requesting $1,000 for repair and maintenance of the Jicarilla consolidated day school. This is an exceedingly old plant and is in need of CONstant repair.

Lac du Flambeau.—Allowance for Lac du Flambeau in 1937 was $1,000 and for 1938 we are requesting an additional $1,000 for repair and maintenance. This is! an old boarding school plant that has been changed into a day school. Most of the buildings are in a disreputable state of repair and while funds have been requested for construction of a new plant, this amount will be needed to keep the old building in usable condition until a new plant is provided.

Macy. We are asking for $2,000 for repair and improvements to the Macy school. It is planned to operate Macy as a Federal day school in 1938, and we estimate $2,000 as the minimum requirement for repairs and maintenance.

Mescalero.—This is an old boarding-school plant which has been converted into a day school. The buildings are extremely old and in considerable need of repair. We estimate $2,000 as the minimum requirement.

Oraibi.-A new high-school building is being completed at the present time at Oraibi, but the school plant is comprised of a number of other buildings that are aged. This is one of our large community day schools, and we estimate $2,000 will be the minimum required for its maintenance.

Rocky Boy's.—We contemplate the operation of a school plant at Rocky Boy's as a consolidated day school in 1938. During the past few years we have main. tained a small day school there and paid tuition for Indian children attending the public school. There are a number of Government buildings included in this plant, and we estimate $900 as the minimum requirement.

Taos.—We are asking for $500 increase in the amount allowed for the Taos School. This is an $80,000 plant and while only $1,000 has been allowed during the past year we feel that in order to keep this school plant in a proper state of repair, this additional $500 will be required.

Turtle Mountain. - We are asking for an increase of $1,000 in the amount allowed for the Turtle Mountain School. This is an unusually large plant comprising many structures besides the classroom building. Experience has shown us that it is impossible to keep the plant in proper state of repair in the amoun previously allowed.

Zuni. We are asking for an increase of $500 in the amount allowed for th school. There has recently been completed a new large classroom building, ou there are other buildings that are quite old and need a great deal of repair and maintenance. We feel that an increase of $500 is the minimum to provide to this need.

5. Student projects, $1,500.–We have included in this item $1,500 to purchase material and supplies for minor new construction to be undertaken as a studen. training project. We have previously mentioned that our boarding and da schools are largely of a vocational nature and in order to insure adequate training projects, it is essential that authorization be provided for the use of a certain por



tion of our funds for this purpose. At many of our schools there is frequent need for minor new construction, such as chicken houses, hog houses, and garages. These types of construction will serve as excellent student projects. They will be under the supervision of competent instructors and will afford students an opportunity for actual practical experience in work of this kind. When the Indian boy leaves our schools, we expect him to be able to do minor construction work of this kind on his own farm; consequently, this practical experience is essential. The experience gained will also be helpful in the event new construction projects are undertaken in the vicinity of his home, either by the Government or by private individuals.

7. Rent, $3,500,—This item covers rent of buildings and land required by both boarding and day schools. During the present year, funds have been allotted for rentals at: Consolidated Ute, Colo...

$1, 034 Fort Berthold, N. Dak..

150 Mescalero, N. Mex...

300 Navajo.

1, 080 United Pueblos, N. Mex.

1,380 Total...

3, 944 This covers such items as the rent of a building at Blanding, Utah, used to house Indian children attending the Allen Canyon day school, and the rent of mission property on the Mescalero Reservation, N. Mex., to be used as a day schoo! until a new Government school is erected.

8. Supervision, $19,400.—This item covers: Salaries of 2 supervising construction engineers at $4,600 each..

$9, 200 Salary of 1 supervising construction engineer at $3,500..

3, 500 Traveling expenses-3 at $1,500.-----

4. 500 Equipment and miscellaneous --

2, 200 Total..


19, 400 These employees are needed for general supervision of construction and repair work, and until a specific general appropriation for buildings, and for repairs and maintenance, is obtained their salaries and expenses must continue to be paid from this fund.



Mr. JOHNSON. There seems to be an actual increase in this item of $35,000.

Mr. Dodd. Just briefly, that increase of $35,000 is broken down into four items: $17,500 for the maintenance and upkeep of boarding schools that we are putting back into operation, including the Blackfeet Boarding School in Montana, the Fort Totten School in North Dakota, and one or two others that I have mentioned previously.


The second item of $5,800 is for the maintenance of certain new day schools being constructed from Public Works funds, and that will be placed in operation for the first time next year. I might say that the amount of these items does not represent in any sense of the word the normal annual maintenance cost. For the first year, with a new building, the maintenance will be held down to the minimum, but at the end of 3 years' time we will reach a figure of, perhaps, $500 for the maintenance of a two-room school plant. That includes painting, repairs to heating system, water system, and things of that sort.

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Mr. JOHNSON. Last year there was an item of $20,000, as I recall, for the Kiowa Schools at Fort Sill and Riverside; I understand there was $10,000 for each of those two schools.

Mr. Dond. Yes, sir.

Mr. Johnson. Let me say that I have frequently visited both of those schools, and have seen the result of the funds that were expended. Those funds certainly met a long-felt need there, but additional funds are badly needed. I am frankly disappointed that there is not an item this year for additional repairs at both of those schools.

Mr. DODD. We requested a considerably larger amount for the maintenance of our school buildings for the next fiscal year. We did not earmark any large amount for those two specific schools. We felt that the appropriation of last year and the appropriation available for this year was taking care of the more urgent needs. Both of those schools, under normal conditions, would receive about $6,000 a year, which is about the same amount that is used for the maintenance of boarding schools of similar capacity.

Mr. JOHNSON. That would be $6,000 each?


Mr. Dodd. Yes, sir; $6,000 each. We asked for a total of $470,000 for the maintenance of school buildings.

Mr. JOHNSON. How much did the Budget allow?

Mr. Dodd. $360,000, or a reduction of $110,000. As I explained to the committee in connection with our item for repairs to agency buildings, there are many emergency appeals that come to us day after day for improvement of water supplies, for purchasing and installing new boilers, and for making major repairs where some defect has occurred, and those things must be taken care of. The amount that we have for the maintenance of our buildings is less than 1 percent of the value of the buildings.

Mr. Johnson. Do you feel that considerably more funds are absolutely necessary in the repair item?

Mr. DODD. Yes, sir; we could use at least $100,000 to good advantage and as an economical investment in the preservation of this property, which has been built at Government expense and is maintained by the Government.

Mr. JOHNSON. A good many of the buildings are old.

Mr. Dodd. Yes, sir; and that is especially true of such schools as those at Riverside and Fort Sill; also, at Fort Apache, Ariz., Fort Totten, N. Dak., and other places. Some of the plants were old abandoned military posts where the buildings have been used for 40 or 50 years. Some of them we have had to replace in recent years.

REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE OF CONSOLIDATED DAY SCHOOLS Mr. Dodd. We were discussing the increases in connection with the Indian school buildings item, and I covered the first two. The third one is $10,200 for consolidated schools such as Fruitland on the Navajo Reservation. Jicarilla, N. Mex.; Lac du Flambeau, Wis., Macy, Nebr.; Mescalero, N. Mex.; Oraibi, Ariz.; with small amounts for one or two other schools. We have taken out of this heading

$3,000 for repairs at the Fort Totten school and transferred that over to the increase of $17,500 for the boarding schools.

PURCHASE OF MATERIALS FOR STUDENT TRAINING PROJECTS The last item is $1,500 for the purchase of materials for small students' training projects, where we will purchase the materials for garages, poultry houses, and other small buildings, to give training to the Indian boys in the building trades.

--- $100, 000

CONSTRUCTION, ENLARGEMENT, ETC., PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDINGS Mr. Johnson. The next item is construction, enlargement, and so forth of public school buildings. This appears to be a continuation of the availability of funds previously appropriated.

Mr. Dodd. The justification in support of this item is as follows:

During the first session of the Seventy-fourth Congress a number of separate acts were passed authorizing appropriations for new structures, or improvement of existing structures at local public schools enrolling Indian pupils. One of the reasons for these aids to local schools was the large area of untaxed Indian lands within the several districts and the low tuition paid for Indian pupils enrolled. Appropriations were made for the following projects: State and reservation:

Amount California: Sacramento (Covelo)------

$50, 000 Montana:

Blackfeet (Glacier County)---
District 17-H....

158, 000
District 27.------

80, 000 Flathead:

40,000 Lake and Missoula Counties

100, 000
Fort Belknap (Blaine County).

15, 000
Fort Peck:
Wolf Point

50, 000

40, 000 Poplar..

25, 000 Frazier...

25, 000 Medicine Lake

25, 000

658, 000 South Dakota: Pine Ridge (Shannon County)--

125, 000 Washington: Quinaielt (Queets).

$10, 000 Tulalip (Marysville)--

38. 000 Yakima (White Swan)-

50, 000

98, 000 Utah: Uintah (Duchesne County).--

50, 000 North Dakota: Standing Rock: Cannon Ball...

$30, 000 Fort Yates....

97, 000

127, 000



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Grand total...

------- 1, 108, 000 The appropriation for the Duchesne County school was made by the act of August 13, 1935 (Public, No. 265). The acts authorizing expenditures for the Cannon Ball and Fort Yates schools directed that the money come from the public works appropriation. Allotments were made in fulfillment of these authorizations on November 5, 1935 (Indian projects 612 and 613, respectively). Repayment of the investment in these three schools is not required, but for all other schools, repayment must be made in accordance with the provision contained in the Second Deficiency Act, fiscal year 1935, which reads:

"That any amount expended on any project hereunder shall be recouped by the United States within a period of 30 years, commencing with the date of occupancy of the project, through reducing the annual Federal tuition payments

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