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Tuition in the Five Civilized Tribes and Quapaw Agency, Okla., was paid durirse 1936 at a rate of 15 cents per day of actual attendance during the period ending December 31, 1935. For the remainder of the year the amount available was pn> rated among the districts on the basis of actual daily attendance. During tLsecond half of the fiscal year the rate paid was approximately 8 cents a day, makinr the rate for the year 11}£ cents a day.


Mr. Johnson. The Dext item is on page 157, under the head of "Support of Indian schools from tribal funds", there appears to be a slight reduction in this item, that is almost astonishing if true.

Mr. Dodd. I submit the following justification for the record:

Beginning with the fiscal year 1929, a limitation was placed upon the amour; of tribal funds, and revenues derived from sc:hool earnings, which could be expended for educational purposes in any one year. Authority for the use of miscellaneous revenues is contained in the act of May 17, 1926 (44 Stat., p. 5*i0), as follows:

"That hereafter al miscellaneous revenues, derived from Indian reservations, agencies, and schools, which are not required by existing law to be otherwise disposed of, shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States under the caption 'Indian Moneys, Proceeds of Labor', and are hereby made available for expenditure, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior, for the benefit of Indian tribes, agencies, and schools on whose behalf they are collected, subject however, to the limitations as to tribal funds imposed by section 27 of the act of May 18, 1910 (Thirty-ninth Statutes at Large, p. 159).

"Sec. 2. The act of March 3, 1883 (Twenty-second Statutes at Large, p. 590), and the act of March 2, 1887 (Twenty-fourth Statutes at Large, p. 463), are hereby amended in accordance with the foregoing."

Indian funds, other than those described in the foregoing law, are used for educational purposes* in accordance with provisions of existing laws or treaties relating to the funds in question at the particular jurisdiction involved. The purpose of this item is to show the approximate anticipated expenditures for educational purposes from tribal funds.

Expenditures from these funds for educational purposes have been decreasine for the last few years by reason of the depleted condition of cash balances and failure of income to the tribes. The tribal fund appropriations since 1930 have been:

1930 $1, 100, 000

1931 983,200

1932 881,000

1933 803,000

1934... S706, 100

1935 597, 550

1936 387, 580

1937 330, 820

By further diminution of these funds it is necessary to transfer to the gratuityeducation appropriation for 1938 additional amounts as follows:

Appropriation, 1937, base for 1938 $330, 820

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17, 825 Estimate for 1938 - 312.995

Tuition, mission contract, Shoshone, $12,875.-—The item of tuition at Shoshone is to cover the education of Indian children in contract schools. Contracts during the present year provide for the education of 83 pupils in the St. Michael's Mission School and 20 pupils in the Shoshone Mission. The total amount of the contracts is $12,875, or at the rate of SI25 per pupil. These contracts will provide for care of the children during 1938 from gratuity funds.

Cheyenne River.-—The income of this tribe has diminished to such an extent that further appropriations from the tribal fund are not justified. We therefore propose to transfer to the gratuity appropriation the sum of $4,950 now being used for care of children in mission schools.

Included in estimate

Chippewa in Minnesota fund $63, 750

St. Benedict's (Consolidated Chippewa), 115 at $125 $14, 375

St. Mary's (Red Lake) 40 at $125 5,000

Tuition (public school) Red Lake 12, 000

Tuition (public school) Consolidated Chippewa 32,375

Menominee funds 41, 400

At. Anthony's (Keshena), 100 at $25 -. $2, 500

St. Anthony's (Keshena), 35 at $40 1, 400

St. Joseph's (Keshena), 300 at $125 37, 500

Indian moneys, proceeds of labor, reservation and nonreservation schools 107,845

Miscellaneous educational expenses, various tribes, including publicschool tuition 100, 000

Total 312,995

It has been necessary to use tribal funds to some extent for educational expenses of mentally and physically defective children, as requests for use of the fund for aid of such children exceeded the amount available under the appropriation for 1937. To date $4,200 has been authorized from tribal funds for such use.

In addition to Chippewa and Menominee funds used for educational purposes $13,860 was used during 1936 from tribal funds of Indians of the Cheyenne River Reservation. We have authorized $26,000 for tuition so far during 1937.

Some tribal funds are being used for special services for Indian children, usually in public schools, including clothing, school books and supplies, and board of a few children where this was necessary to enable them to attend school. So far $4,700 has been allowed, as follows:

Special services:

Blackfeet $4,500

Shawnee from Sac and Fox tribal funds 200


Chippewa in Minnesota fund, $63,750.—There were 3,245 Indian children in the public schools of Minnesota during 1936. Many of the public schools receive assistance under the special authorization of Chippewa funds. These are usually schools in districts having considerable areas of nontaxable land not otherwise provided for by gratuity appropriations. Indian children are well received and the public-school officials of the State take great interest in them. During 1936 over $32,000 was paid from tribal funds for children of the Consolidated Chippewa jurisdiction and $12,000 for children of the Red Lake reservation. This was supplemented by the gratuity appropriation at Red Lake.

Something over $19,000 has been approved from Chippewa tribal funds for care of 40 pupils of the Red Lake jurisdiction enrolled in St. Mary's Mission School and for care of 115 pupils of the Consolidated Chippewa Agency enrolled in St. Benedict's Mission School during 1937. The annual charge per pupil is S125. The capital fund of the Chippewa Indians has been reduced during the last few vears to such an extent that interest thereon is not sufficient to meet these charges. Provision must be made for the children, and the charge has therefore been shifted to the principal fund to the credit of the tribe.

Tuition, mission contract, Keshena (Menominee), $41,400.—The boarding school on the Menominee Reservation is being operated under contract with the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions. The annual cost is 937,500, which provides for the education of 300 pupils on a boarding basis at $125 per capita. A day school at Xeopit is also operated under contract with the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions at an annual cost of $3,900, providing for education of 100 grade students at $25 per capita and 35 high-school students at $40 per capita. This method of educating Menominee children was adopted at the request of the tribe and has resulted in a reduction of expenditures. The per-capita cost for the boardingschool pupils would be on the basis of not less than $305, and the day-school pupils about $80, if in schools operated entirely by the Government.

Indian moneys, proceeds of labor, both reservation and nonreservation schools, $107,845.—The act authorizing the use of this class of funds is quoted earlier in thl» justification. There follows a statement showing the expenditures in 1936 and the proposed expenditures in 1937 and 1938 for the group of nonreservatioa boarding schools:


These funds are used for the purchase of subsistence, supplies, clothing, bici instruments, athletic equipment, materials for handcraft, feed for livestock, and numerous miscellaneous items needed in connection with school activities. Development of the arts and crafts program in our schools will necessitate considerable leeway in use of funds. "Indian moneys, proceeds of labor", will be called into use extensively in connection with this part of the school program.

Miscellaneous educational expenses, various tribes, including public school tuition. $100,000.—Under this heading are included miscellaneous expenditures authorized by treaties or specific acts of Congress, funds being used either for certain definite objects specified or to supplement other available funds. A sample of this type of fund is the one entitled "Interest on Sioux fund, education" from which approximately $10,000 will be used during 1937. This money arises under section 17 of the act of March 2, 1889 (25 Stat., p. 895). This act provides that $3,000,000 shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of the Sioux Nation as a permanent fund to bear interest at 4 percent per annum, and the interest is made available for annual expenditures, half for educational purposes and half for annuities. The main fund is being pro rated, and as shares are withdrawn the annual interest available for educational purposes becomes less. There are other funds of a similar nature, but the expenditures therefrom are being reduced each year because of the depletion of the funds. Unforeseen demands may arise during the year which may cause small expenditures from funds of various tribes, if such funds are available. During the present year we are compelled to use tribal funds on some reservations for the purchase of clothing and textbooks for pupils enrolled in public schools. We estimate $100,000 will be used during 1938.

Language change.—The changes in the text of this item are proposed so that it will conform generally to the gratuity item.


Mr. Johnson. You suggest some changes in the text of this item.

Mr. Dodd. This item aiithorizes the use of $312,995 of tribal funds, for purposes similar to those under the gratuity appropriation item, and the changes in the text of this item will make it read almost identically with the preceding item.

We would like in connection with this item to suggest the same change with reference to the effective date of the contracts—that is, in the last two lines of page 157, strike out the words "in advance" and insert the words "from the date of admission."

That amendment will make it follow the language in the previous item.

Mr. Johnson. Personally, I see no objection to the amendment.

Mr. Dodd. The funds in this item are all taken from the various tribes. We transfer out of the item $17,825 of charges heretofore made because the tribal funds have become exhausted. That is made up of $12,875 of funds of the Shoshones in Wyoming, and $4,950 of the Cheyenne River Indians of South Dakota.

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