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WEDNESDAY, APRIL 14, 1917
EDUCATION OF INDIANS
SUPPORT OF INDIAN SCHOOLS, INCLUDING TUITION OF PUPILS ATTR
ING PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Mr. Johnson. We will now take up the items under the headın: "Education."
The first item is for the support of day and reservation bar a : schools, tuition of pupils attending public schools, and for other : cellaneous educational purposes. You are asking for a total o $5,896,930.
Mr. Dopp. We offer the following justification for the record Regular appropriation, 1937 act
. ... $5, 379
..... 3. 291 byte $299, 300
22,0) 69 000) 13, 073
Base for 1938
Total estimate, 1938...... General This appropriation is used for support and maintenance boarding school facilities on Indian reservation, pament of tut..!!:) pupils in public schools and other educational institut..s, act o r s c! thing for chool cl..birey, school suri 101), and other educatiot...! With the returtin in onrrrvation bar 01918 yowls at:d the drir.. educational fornities for Indians (live to their own homes as far as the appropriation to cover the inajor educational activities of the 1: :2.
There follows a tablation showing the vario's items of this state t-<. LE with a statement of the amounts appropriated in 1937:
1. Boarding schools (reservation) 2. Day pupils in boarding schools (reservation). 3. Day schools..... 4. Special consolidated day schools. 5. Aid to public schools.... 6. State cooperation contracts... 7. Tuition grants for higher education.... 8. Tuition, deal, dumb, blind, and incapacitated 9. Alabama and Coushatta Indians in Texas.. 10. Mission contracts.... 11. Boarding home care... 12. Care and training of delinquents. 13. Food, clothing, books, etc., public-school pupils 14. Supervision, local reservation 15. Supervision, general... 16. Miscellaneous....... 17. Summer subsistence. 18. Apprentice teachers.
Gross total.. Less savings ---
1. Boarding schools, $2,009,200 (increase, $299,300).—This amount is composed of the following:
To show the detail by schools, there follows a tabulation showing the number of boarding pupils contemplated in each of the reservation boarding schools during 1938, together with the number proposed in the upper grades:
172 000 76,250 67. 100
1,500 1. 500
61,000 21. 800 104, 700 GL. 000 21,500
62.500 38.000 111, 200 63,800 35, 250
178, 800 2.000,200
Vocational differential.-No increase is requested for the regular per-capita rate nor for the per-capita differential rate. The net increase of $28,500 for vocational differential is accounted for through an increase of 570 additional pupils who are enrolled in grades above the sixth and for whom special vocational training work is required. At the Fort Sill School, for example, on the Kiowa Reservation, we are asking for an increase of 35 pupils in grades above the sixth. At the Riverside School we are requesting the vocational differential for 50 additional pupils. At these two schools we are developing senior high-school facilities of an agricultural nature. These two illustrations are typical of all of the other requests for the vocational differential and are in line with our policy of developing senior vocational high-school facilities on the reservations, where local needs can more adequately be provided for than in the non-reservation boarding schools.
Increased enrollment in existing schools.-A total net increase of 910 pupils, spread over the varying per-capita rates and amounting to $270,800, represents increased enrollments at numerous schools as itemized in the above table. It also represents the reestablishment of boarding facilities at Blackfeet, Mont., Fort Totten and Standing Rock, N. Dak., and Crow Creek., S. Dak. These four items are discussed separately.
Cherokee.—We are asking for 40 additional pupils at this school. Senior vocational high-school facilities are being provided and since local public schools will not accept these Indian pupils, it is necessary that we make provision for them. Included in this additional group are provisions for 20 children below the sixth grade who are unable to attend on a day basis.
Cheyenne and Arapaho.—We are requesting an increase in the enrollment at this school of 25 in order to care for the senior vocational high-school program. At the present time such facilities are not available, and these pupils are not attending anywhere. The tribal council has petitioned for these facilities.
Cheyenne River.- We are requesting an increase of 35 at this school in order to care for pupils who are not now in attendance at any school and also to provide senior high-school facilities there.
Crown Point (Navajo). --We are requesting an increase of 50 pupils on a boarding basis at the Crown Point School. A corresponding decrease of 50 pupils is indicated under the item for day pupils in boarding schools. Our experience in the past 2 years has demonstrated that these pupils are not available on a day basis and they are being cared for at the present time as boarding pupils.
Fort Sill.-- We are asking for an increase of 50 pupils at the Fort Sill Boarding School, 35 of whom will be on a senior vocational-high-school basis. As has previously been explained, we are developing a senior high-school program at the Fort Sill School. At the present time the majority of these pupils have not been in attendance in any school.
Riverside. We are requesting an increase of 25 pupils at the Riverside School on the Kiowa jurisdiction. The justification submitted for Fort Sill is applicable for Riverside.
Leupp.--We are requesting an increase of 25 pupils on a boarding basis and under the item for day pupils in boarding schools, there will be found a corresponding reduction of 25 pupils on a day basis. Our experience in the past 2 years has demonstrated that these 25 pupils cannot attend on a day basis. They are being cared for at the present time as boarding pupils.
Pawnee.-- We are asking for an increase of 25 pupils at the Pawnee Boarding School. The justification submitted for the Fort Sil School is applicable here.
Pine Ridge.- We are asking for an increase of 40 pupils at the Pine Ridge Boarding School. A new school building is being erected at this school and will make possible facilities for 40 additional pupils who are not otherwise being cared for.
Quapaw (Seneca).-We are asking for an increase of 25 pupils at the Seneca Boarding School. A senior high-school program is being developed here and this additional number of pupils is already enrolled at this school, but no appropriation has ever been requested for them.
Rosebud.---We are requesting an increase of 20 pupils at the Rosebud Boarding School. This is to make available the educational facilities that are now being denied this number of pupils.
Shiprock (Navajo).- We are requesting an increase of 100 pupils at the Shiprock Boarding School, and under the item for day pupils in boarding schools will be found a corresponding decrease on a day basis. Our experience of the past 2 years has demonstrated conclusively that not more than 100 children are available for attendance at the Shiprock School on a day basis, whereas our budget has previously provided for 200 on a day basis. It has been necessary for us to care for these 100 pupils on a boarding basis or deny them school privileges.
Tongue Rirer.--A careful survey has indicated a considerable number of the Tongue River jurisdiction who are not enrolled in any amb un tion of the elementary school program there. We are proposition", ineta pupils and provisions for senior vocational high school opportunities part: * adapted to the local reservation Deadls.
Tuba (ity i Parajol. - We are proposing an increase of 40 pipienst . basis at the Tuba City School and inder the item for Jav p il in S. * schools will be found a corresponding decrease. Experience ir tie past ? * has demonstrated that it is not possible for these 40 papule to atteput c a 10 basis.
Il'arm Springr." -A complete reservation educational program i hrob on the Warın Springs Reservation and provision for 2 pupils on a ry, 01
1 high-school basis are the minimum requirements at the prent time T T . considerable number of pupils who have not had the opportunits of *** f . upon completion of the elementary and junior high-chool program at t"," school.
BCHOOLS REESTABLISHED Blarkfeet. We are requesting funds for the reopening of the Blackfert Bar School with an enrollment of 1.50 pupils, for 30 of whom the vocational dr * should be allowed. Because of the reduction of funds for thr Itran several years ago, drastic action was necessary in order to continue an e rat. program in the Indian Service within the funds allowed. We attempted to the spirit and letter of the economy legislation and made a consciorytare eft om provide educational opportunities for the Indians of the Blackfeet juris For the past several years those children who have been attending hasr enrolled in the Browning public schools. Conditions have not turn art satisfactory. A comprehensive survey was recently made of the situat: . " Was found that with the abolishment of the boarding school, Luan fas: moved into the town of Browning in order that their chilinen mietit atte: 1 public school. These Indians are stockmen and farmer and should be their land. It is extremely difficult, however, to provide dar schoul farsi the local arras because of the nature of these industries. The Indiune hair .. in the so-called slum district of Browning and live in abject provert Are Moral conditions are bad. Their home consist of wharks built of tin ran., tents, and dilapidated sheds Frequently there is nothing more than me. for a door. As many as from 4 to 10 adults and children artvall, liver room shack of this kind, in an area where the thermometer gure to u1 zero in the winter and the snow at times completely covers the dark
Our survey indicated a list of about 100 children of school age in the Barn Reservation who were apparentlr without writable home care: 57 metro s . 276 had one parent dend, 50 were iliegitimate, 79 had been despre los ". parents, and 50 or more were the victims of broken hotrex or other sovran cunstanere. It is recogned that making provist of orly 15) in s tva! setool will not entirely meet the situation. Ersti e farij , hewrit, at old Blackfert Boarding School plant are inadequate to care for more than a number. This is one of our most urgent ferds
Fort Totten. As a result of reduced approf riat 1318 it was neereens tap the Fort Totten School. This school has been operated in the past ? var m3 Federal consolidated day school Dimmg 1936), as the result of a toppar.'* sursev, a cutinderable number of children of this monthern arra were few it. afflicted with tuberculos. Many others were diagnosed as probar It is protawy to establish at the Fort Tetten Boarding Sched a pompte school for the care of protuberculosis children 'The survey indicates that 1. will be the mifummum number for whom such fari'itin should be prosjert in 1 Andronal funds will be needed for medical care of these rule ard tum Willie filtrat in connection with the appropriation for health staviti in I. Indian Nrvice.
Standing Rore. We pune accommodations for 10 tuunils on a lanche at the stanem Rock School, Fort Yates, X. Dak. "The was an a4 har school plant that was abandoned several yean ago. Some of the page