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to operate on this amount by eliminating a part of the improvements and general upkeep of the irrigation system. The same will probably be true for 1937, except that the activities will be still further curtailed. During 1936 no large unforeseen repairs due to breaks in canals or structure washouts, requiring a considerable amount of money, occurred. The same may be true for 1937, but this cannot be foreseen. Disregarding the possibilities of such unforeseen expenditures, water can be kept in the canals by curtailing the upkeep activities. The curtailment of work on improvements and upkeep of the system in general, however, should not go on indefinitely.

The present Fort Hall project covers an area of approximately 60,000 acres, and approximately 32,000 acres under cultivation are scattered over the entire area, which necessitates the up-keep of the canal and lateral system to the extent that would be required if the entire area were under cultivation. The only additional expense probably would be a few extra ditch riders and the maintenance of structures. The method of assessment at present is by dividing the total costs by the irrigable area of the project. Since the white-owned lands are interspersed with the Indian lands, it would be impossible to segregate the costs involved in maintaining the system for the white owners exclusive of the Indian land. The assessment against the white-owned land for 1936 was $1 per acre, which was no reduction over the last 3 or 4 years, and naturally the ranchers do not expect any curtailment in the up-keep activities or service to them. Quite a large number of the old timber structures need replacing with a more permanent type, such as concrete or metal. Up until 1936 it was possible to carry on a regular program of replacement of the old structures with more permanent types; also it was possible to replace the Idaho Canal diversion structure, at a cost of approximately $7,000, from maintenance funds.

Since the landowners have been called upon to sign three contracts for construction purposes, it is quite likely that another additional contract for the rehabilitation of the system would be a failure. For this reason it is believed that the maintenance assessment of $1 per acre should not be reduced, and that the appropriation should not be so low as eventually to require a complete rehabilitation of the system.

The proposed expenditures for 1938 consist of the following items: (1) Storage system...

$3, 600 (2) Feeder canal (Idaho)--(3) Distribution system.--

34, 000 (4) Hydrography-...

1,500 (5) Water commissioner's salary and expense.

1, 200 (6) Drainage system.---

1,000 (7) Buildings and grounds.

3, 600 (8) Telephone system.-----

600 Total.-------

--------- 48, 000 The Fort Hall irrigation preject consists of: Blackfcot Dam and Reservoir, capacity 418,000 acre-feet; Grays Lake Reservoir, capacity 40,000 acre-feet; Idaho or ferder canal, 11.5 miles in length, capacity 800 second-feet; Fort Hall main canal, 25 miles in length, capacity ranging from 1,500 to 575 second-feet; 216 iniles of canals and laterals with a capacity of less than 500 second-feet. In these canals and laterals there are 3,065 structures, ranging iv cost from $15 to $10,000 each, exclusive of the tybee siphon which cost approximately $100,000. There are 79 miles of telephone line, 21 permanent buildings, and 7 wells.

The project is designed to serve 60,196 acres, including 12,890 acres of whiteowned land on the ceded portion of the project, 3,490 acres of white-owned land and 43,816 acres of Indian-owned land on the reservation portion of the project. Project works completed to date provide storage capacity for the entire project, and the canal and lateral system constructed to date will serve 54,875 acres. The construction cost to date, including the storage system, distribution system, and other works, is $1,894,874, or approximately $32 per acre.

During the last fiscal year 9,058 acres were irrigated by Indians, 6,446 acres by lessees of Indian lands, and 15,905 acres by white owners. The average annuel crop value for the years 1930–34 was $19 per acre. The value of crops, depending on the crop, ranges from $110 per acre on the best land to probably $4 cr $5 per acre on some of the poorest land.

The project collects operation and maintenance charges from all white owners, competent Indians, lessees of Indian land, and also collects construction charges from all white-owned lands. No construction charges are assessed or collected from Indian-owned lands; neither are the lands farmed by Indians assessed opera

2, 500

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tion and maintenance charges. The total operation and maintenance costs are prorated equally to each acre of land on the project. The white-owned lands are self-supporting, but a specific appropriation in addition to the appropriation of funds deposited in the Treasury for maintenance collections is necessary to cover the Indians' pro-rata share of the costs.

(1) Storage system, Blackfoot and Grays Lake Reservoirs, $3,600.-This amount includes salary and transportation expense of the reservoir superintendent, repairs to buildings and structures, gage readings, and other miscellaneous expense.

(2) Feeder canal (Idaho), $2,500,- This includes the ditch rider's salary, gage reading, structure repairs and replacements, and channel maintenance.

(3) Distribution system, $34,000.-The above amount includes the salaries of the watermaster and 10 ditch riders (8 months), maintenance of canals and laterals, and the repair and replacement of structures, as well as the installment of des structures.

(4) Hydrography, $1,500.-This item covers the expense of hydrographic work, including transportation, maintenance and repair of measuring devices, and stage recorders.

(5) Water commissioner's salary and expense, $1,200.—The above amount includes the project's pro-rata share of the water commissioner's salary and expense on Snake River Water District No. 36 and Blackfoot River Water District No. 34.

(6) Drainage system, $1,000.—This item covers the channel and structure maintenance of the drains and wasteways.

(7) Buildings and grounds, $3,600.-—This amount is required to make repairs and improvements to 21 Government-owned buildings. It also includes the furnishing of fuel, light, water, and irrigation and maintenance of lawn and trees at project headquarters.

(8) Telephone system, $600.-This amount is required to maintain 79 miles of telephone line, including the purchase of the necessary poles, wire, and other necessities, as well as labor.

Statement of collections
Collections on hand, July 1, 1935.--
Receipts, fiscal year 1936.---

30, 656

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46, 212 21, 066

Total available, 1936-.-. Expenditures, 1936..

Balance on hand, July 1, 1936.. Receipts, fiscal year 1937.

· Total available, 1937-.-Expenditures, 1937.-----

25, 146 23, 600 48, 746 25, 000

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23, 746 23, 600

47, 346

17, 346

Balance on hand, July 1, 1937.-Receipts, fiscal year 1938.----

Total available, 1938.--Expenditures, 1938.---

30,000 Balance on hand, July 1, 1938.Mr. Johnson. The estimate provides for $48,000 against a current appropriation of $45,000.

Mr. DODD. Actually there is a reduction of $2,000 in the amount from the Treasury and an increase of $5,000 in the amount from the collections from white water users; or a net increase in the item of $3,000 of the total requested, $30,000 is used for the white share of the annual costs and $18,000 for the Indian share.

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MAINTENANCE, IRRIGATION SYSTEM, FORT BELKNAP RESERVATION,

MONT.

Mr. Johnson. The next item, on page 127, is for the Fort Belknap project in Montana, and there is no increase in the amount requested.

Mr. DODD. The following justification is submitted for the record:

The amount required for this project for 1938 is tabulated as follows:
Maintenance and operation:
Milk River unit:

Mow and burn brush.-------------
Clean and raise banks main canal...
Clean and raise banks laterals ------
Repairs to structures.-----------
Construct new ditch riders quarters..

$6, 200 1, 900 1, 000

600 2, 500

12, 200

Total.-----
Three Mile unit:

Mow and burn brush.-------------------
Clean and raise banks.---
Repairs to structures.----

100

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Total.-----
White Bear unit:

Mow and burn brush.
Clean and raise banks....
Repairs to structures------

Total.--------------
Peoples Creek unit:

Mow and burn brush.--
Clean and raise banks...
Repairs to structures...

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Total
Big Warm unit:

Mow and burn brush...
Clean and raise banks..-.
Repairs to structures...

200 300 200

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Total.--------------

700 Duck Creek unit: Clean and raise banks..

350 Repairs to structures.--

220 Total.

570 Total operation and maintenance.--

----- 16, 350 General expense: Fuel, light, and water..---

$400 Gas and oil, tires, and tubes.---

600 Repairs to buildings...

400 Miscellaneous equipment and small tools

350 Repairs to cars.--------

250 Miscellaneous expense..--

650 Total general expense-------

------- 2, 650 Total.

----- 19,000 This project comprises seven separate irrigation systems, lying within the Fort Belknap Reservation. The ultimate irrigable area is 23,375 acres, of which approximately 20,368 are under constructed works. The entire area, with the exception of about 150 acres, is in Indian ownership. Irrigation works consist of 165 miles of canals and laterals, 3 storage reservoirs with total capacity of 2,910 acre-feet, 617 canal and lateral structures, 9 miles of drain ditches, 11 diversion dams, and 12 buildings, including quarters, warehouses, garages, and barns. The total construction cost to June 30, 1935, is $378,654.18.

Heretofore, annual operation and maintenance costs, which each year included some items of extraordinary maintenance together with minor construction items, have been between $15,000 and $21,000 for the period 1927 to 1936, inclusive.

139751-37-pt. 1- 66

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These annual expenditures have kept the project in a fair state of repair and oper. ating condition and represent a cost on the average of around $1 per acre of irrigated land.

Statement of collections Collections on hand, July 1, 1935.----

$11, 311 Receipts, fiscal year 1936.-

1, 8O2 Total available, 1936..

13, 113 Expenditures, 1936.-.

1, 467 Balance on hand, July 1, 1936

11, 646 Receipts, fiscal year 1937.----

2,006 Total available, 1937.

13, 646 Expenditures, 1937Balance on hand, July 1, 1937.

9,45 Receipts, fiscal year 1938.

2,00 Total available, 1938.-------

11, 446 Expenditures, 1938.----

4, 200 Balance on hand, July 1, 1938....

- 7, 246

--

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MAINTENANCE, IRRIGATION SYSTEMS, FORT PECK RESERVATION, MONT.

Mr. Johnson. For the Fort Peck project in Montana, appearing on page 129, you are asking the same amount allowed for the present year.

Mr. Dond. The justification for this item is as follows:

The amount requested is required for the operation and maintenance of the project and is divided approximately as follows: Distribution system.

-- $7. 800 Pumping plant.-

- 2, 000 Buildings and grounds----

an 200 Total.

--- 10,000 Of the amount asked $3,000 represents anticipated collections from water users, and $7,000 from the general fund of the Treasury, which is needed properly to maintain the distribution system.

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There are approximately 22,794 acres under constructed works on the Fort Peck project. The water supply on some of the units is insufficient for all-season irrigation, and on those units only flood irrigation is possible. On two of the units storage reservoirs have been constructed, and a pumping plant was also constructed on one of these units to supplement the gravity water supply available. During 1935 a total of 2,367 acres were irrigated, of which 1,029 acres were farmed by Indians, 522 acres by lessees, and 816 acres by white owners.

The principal project works consist of 2 storage reservoirs having a combined capacity of 7,700 acre-feet; 190 miles of canals and laterals; 1 pumping plant with a capacity of 36 cubic feet per second; 734 structures; 414 miles of telephone lines; 4 diversion dams; and 10 buildings. The construction cost to June 30, 1935, was $865,460.

MAINTENANCE, IRRIGATION SYSTEM, FLATHEAD RESERVATION, MONT.

Mr. JOHNSON. The next item, on page 131, is for the Flathead project in Montana, and there is an increase of $10,000.

Mr. Dodd. I offer the following justification for this item:

The Flathead irrigation project contains an area of 138,000 acres which will ultimately be irrigable. The irrigable area under constructed works is 114,000 acres. The acreage irrigated in 1935 was 67,513 acres of which 1,831 acres were irrigated by Indians and 5,275 acres were irrigated by lessees of Indian land. The crop return was estimated at $1,162,338. The water duty varies from 1.5 to 6 acre-feet, the average requirement being 2 acre-feet per acre. Twelve reservoirs with a capacity of 132,180 acre-feet are being operated in delivering water to the water users. The construction of one more reservoir is contemplated during the fiscal year 1937. The constructed canal mileage is 79 miles of feed canals and 854 miles of laterals. Seven field camps are maintained as operating points for watermasters and ditchriders. The operation and maintenance organization consists of 4 watermasters and 1 general foreman, all reporting to the project engineer, and a maximum of 24 canal riders and 9 patrolmen, reporting to the watermasters and general foreman. The canal riders and patrolmen work from 4 to 10 months per year. The operation and maintenance costs for the irrigation system during the calendar year 1935 were $79,585.32.

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