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t ion and maintenance charges. The total operation and maintenance costs are prorated equally to each acre of land on the project. The white-owned Ian* are self-supporting, but a specific appropriation in addition to the appropriation of funds deposited in the Treasury for maintenance collections is necessary to cover the Indians' pro-rata share of the costs.

(1) Storage system, Blackfoot and Grays Lake Reservoirs, $3,600.—This amount includes salary and transportation expense of the reservoir superintendent, repairs to buildings and structures, gage readings, and other miscellaneous expense.

(2) Feeder canal (Idaho), $2,500.—This includes the ditch rider's salary, gage reading, structure repairs and replacements, and channel maintenance.

(3) Distribution system, $34,000.—The above amount includes the salaries of the watermaster and 10 ditch riders (8 months), maintenance of canals and lateral', and the repair and replacement of structures, as well as the installment of w« structures.

(4) Hydrography, $1,500.—This item covers the expense of hydrographie wort, including transportation, maintenance and repair of measuring devices, and etis recorders.

(5) Water commissioner's salary and expense, $1,200.—The above amount includes the project's pro-rata share of the water commissioner's salary and expense on Snake River Water District No. 36 and Blackfoot River Water District No. 34.

(6) Drainage system, $1,000.—This item covers the channel and structure maintenance of the drains and wasteways.

(7) Buildings and grounds, $3,600.—This amount is required to make repair? and improvements to 21 Government-owned buildings. It also includes tbe furnishing of fuel, light, water, and irrigation and maintenance of lawn and trees at project headquarters.

(8) Telephone system, $600.—This amount is required to maintain 79 miles of telephone line, including the purchase of the necessary poles, wire, and other necessities, as well as labor.

Statement of collections

Collections on hand, Julv 1, 1935 $15, 536

Receipts, fiscal year 1936 30,656

Total available, 1936 46,212

Expenditures, 1936 21.066

Balance on hand, July 1, 1936 25,146

Receipts, fiscal year 1937 23,600

• Total available, 1937 48,746

Expenditures, 1937 25,000

Balance on hand, July 1, 1937 23,746

Receipts, fiscal year 1938 23,600

Total available, 1938 47.346

Expenditures, 1938 30,000

Balance on hand, July 1, 1938 17,346

Mr. Johnson. The estimate provides for $48,000 against a current appropriation of $45,000.

Mr. Dodd. Actually there is a reduction of $2,000 in the amount from the Treasury and an increase of $5,000 in the amount from the collections from white water users; or a net increase in the item of $3,000 of the total requested, $30,000 is used for the white share o/ the annual costs and $18,000 for the Indian share.

MAINTENANCE, IRRIGATION SYSTEM, FORT BELKNAP RESERVATION

MONT.

Mr. Johnson. The next item, on page 127, is for the Fort BelknaP

project in Montana, and there is no increase in the amount requested.

Mr. Dodd. The following justification is submitted for the record: The amount required for this project for 1938 is tabulated as follows:

Maintenance and operation:
Milk River unit:

Mow and burn brush $6, 200

Clean and raise banks main canal 1, 900

Clean and raise banks laterals 1, 000

Repairs to structures 600

Construct new ditch riders quarters 2, 500

Total 12, 200

Three Mile unit:

Mow and burn brush 100

Clean and raise banks 190

Repairs to structures 190

Total 480

White Bear unit:

Mow and burn brush 500

Clean and raise banks 1, 000

Repairs to structures 300

Total 1,800

Peoples Creek unit:

Mow and burn brush 200

Clean and raise banks 200

Repairs to structures 200

Total 600

Big Warm unit:

Mow and burn brush 200

Clean and raise banks 300

Repairs to structures 200

Total 700

Duck Creek unit:

Clean and raise banks 350

Repairs to structures 220

Total 570

Total operation and maintenance 16, 350

General expense:

Fuel, light, and water $400

Gas and oil, tires, and tubes 600

Repairs to buildings 400

Miscellaneous equipment and small tools 350

Repairs to cars 250

Miscellaneous expense 650

Total general expense 2, 650

Total 19,000

This project comprises seven separate irrigation systems, lying within the Fort Belknap Reservation. The ultimate irrigable area is 23,375 acres, of which approximately 20,368 are under constructed works. The entire area, with the exception of about 150 acres, is in Indian ownership. Irrigation works consist of 165 miles of canals and laterals, 3 storage reservoirs with total capacity of 2,910 acre-feet, 617 canal and lateral structures, 9 miles of drain ditches, 11 diversion dams, and 12 buildings, including quarters, warehouses, garages, and barns. The total construction cost to June 30, 1935, is $378,654.18.

Heretofore, annual operation and maintenance costs, which each year included some items of extraordinary maintenance together with minor construction items, have been between $15,000 and $21,000 for the period 1927 to 1936, inclusive.

139751—37—pt. 1 66

These annual expenditures have kept the project in a fair state of repair and operating condition and represent a cost on the average of around $1 per acre of irrigated land.

Statement of collections

Collections on hand, July 1, 1935 $11,311

Receipts, fiscal year 1936 1,802

Total available, 1936 13, 113

Expenditures, 1936 1,467

Balance on hand, July 1, 1936 ll.tvk"

Receipts, fiscal year 1937, 2,00*

Total available, 1937 13. «*

Expenditures, 1937 ± SK"<

Balance on hand, July 1, 1937 9, 44?

Receipts, fiscal year 1938 2, 000

Total available, 1938 ll,44r

Expenditures, 1938 4, 20P

Balance on hand, July 1, 1938 7,246

MAINTENANCE, IRRIGATION SYSTEMS, FORT PECK RESERVATION, MONT.

Mr. Johnson. For the Fort Peck project in Montana, appearing on page 129, you are asking the same amount allowed for the present year.

Mr. Dodd. The justification for this item is as follows:

The amount requested is required for the operation and maintenance of the project and is divided approximately as follows:

Distribution system $7, 800

Pumping plant 2,000

Buildings and grounds 200

Total 10. OOP

Of the amount asked $3,000 represents anticipated collections from water users, and $7,000 from the general fund of the Treasury, which is needed properly to maintain the distribution system.

Statement of collections

Collections on hand, July 1, 1935 $1, 936

Receipts, fiscal year, 1936 1, 724

Total available, 1936 3,660

Expenditures, 1936 1, 435

Balance on hand, July 1, 1936 2, 225

Receipts, fiscal year, 1937 2, 000

Total available, 1937 4.225

Expenditures, 1937 3, 000

Balance on hand, July 1, 1937 1, 225

Receipts, fiscal year 1938 2, 000

Total available, 1938 3, 225

Expenditures, 1938 _ 3,000

Balance on hand, July 1, 1938 225

There are approximately 22,794 acres under constructed works on the Fort Peck project. The water supply on some of the units is insufficient for all-season irrigation, and on those units only flood irrigation is possible. On two of the units storage reservoirs have been constructed, and a pumping plant was also constructed on one of these units to supplement the gravity water supply available. During 1935 a total of 2,367 acres were irrigated, of which 1,029 acres were farmed by Indians, 522 acres by lessees, and 816 acres by white owners.

The principal project works consist of 2 storage reservoirs having a combined capacity of 7,700 acre-feet; 190 miles of canals and laterals; 1 pumping plant with a capacity of 36 cubic feet per second; 734 structures; 4'/i miles of telephone lines; 4 diversion dams; and 10 buildings. The construction cost to June 30, 1935, was 8865,460.

MAINTENANCE, IRRIGATION SYSTEM, FLATHEAD RESERVATION, MONT.

Mr. Johnson. The next item, on page 131, is for the Flathead project in Montana, and there is an increase of $10,000. Mr. Dodd. I offer the following justification for this item:

The Flathead irrigation project contains an area of 138,000 acres which will ultimately be irrigable. The irrigable area under constructed works is 114,000 acres. The acreage irrigated in 1935 was 67,513 acres of which 1,831 acres were irrigated by Indians and 5,275 acres were irrigated by lessees of Indian land. The crop return was estimated at $1,162,338. The water duty varies from 1.5 to 6 acre-feet, the average requirement being 2 acre-feet per acre. Twelve reservoirs with a capacity of 132,180 acre-feet are being operated in delivering Water to the water users. The construction of one more reservoir is contemplated during the fiscal year 1937. The constructed canal mileage is 79 miles of feed canals and 854 miles of laterals. Seven field camps are maintained as operating points for watermasters and ditchriders. The operation and maintenance organization consists of 4 watermasters and 1 general foreman, all reporting to the project engineer, and a maximum of 24 canal riders and 9 patrolmen, reporting to the watermasters and general foreman. The canal riders and patrolmen work from 4 to 10 months per vear. The operation and maintenance costs for the irrigation svstem during the calendar year 1935 were $79,585.32.

Statement of collections

[table]
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(1) Storage system, $10,600 (increase, $ 1,000).—The estimate for 1938 is $1,000 more than for 1937 for the reason that it will be necessary to make minor repairs on the storage system.

(2) Distribution system, $85,400 (increase, $10,000).—This item covers the cost of operation and maintenance of the 79 miles of feed canals and 854 miles of laterals. The amount estimated is $10,000 in excess of the 1937 estimate, accounted for by the fact that a more intensive weed and rodent control program is to be initiated; more canals are to be cleaned, the repair and replacement of structures cost more each year, and laterals must be improved with an increase in irrigated acreage.

(3) Telephone system, $1,000 (decrease, $1,000).—A 58-mile telephone system is being operated connecting the several field camps with the central office. The estimated cost is $1,000 less than that for 1937.

(4) Buildings and grounds, $5,000.—Forty-six buildings are owned and must 1)0 maintained in operating the project. The estimated cost is the same as for 1937.

POWER SYSTEM

The project operates a hydroelectric power plant located on Big Creek. Under provisions of the repayment contracts with the three irrigation districts, the net revenue derived from the operation of the power plant must be used to reimburse the United States for its investment in the power plant, and for other named purposes.

loi Generating station, $6,100.—The generating station located on Big Creek has a rated capacity of 320 kilowatts. It is operated 16 hours each day, requiring the services of two operators—one operator for each S-hour shift. The estimated cost is the same as foi 1937.

tfil Distribution systrm, $30,900.—The distribution system consists of 7 substations having an aggregate capacity of 1.SS5 kilovolt-amperes and 336 miles of transmission and distribution circuits. Electric service is carried to a total of 1,900 customers, tilio of which are on project farms. The townoof Poison, Ronan. Charlo, St. Ignatius, Pablo, Dixon, Hot Springs, Ravalli, Ariee, and Camas make up the balance of the load served.

(7* (\>»i»«"'Tt<j/ erftrnse. $t$.0iiO.—The project power system has grown to » point whore the small generating plant on Big Creek is only capable of earning a small part of the total load. Every advantage is taken of the water supply when available by miming the plant in parallel with the Montana Power Co. system. With this arrangement practically no water is wasted, because during periods of high water any surplus generated is fed into the Montana power system, which reduces the amount of power to be paid for when taken back from that system later on. Because of such operation our power plant generated »

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