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Salaries...

Purchase and exchange passenger autos
Maintenance and operate autos !.....

Attend meetings .......
Topography.....

District of Columbia limiti.

Cooperative only 1...
Geology.

District of Columbia limit 1.
Alaska...

trict of Columbia limiti
Gaging streams..

District of Columbia limit".

Cooperative only I...
Classification lands

District of Columbia limiti.
Printing and binding....
Preparatory illustrations......
Engraving and printing maps.....
Mineral leasing ...

District of Columbia limiti.

Total.......

128, 060
30,000
55,000

2,000
400, 000
175, 000
225, 000
450,000
285, 000
70,000

25,000
650,000
130, 000
458, 000
150,000

94, 000
110,000

17, 500
110,000
200,000
56, 000

150,000
30,000
55, 000

2,000
1,000,000

360,000
217,000
538, 000
352, 600
100,000

40,000
800,000
140,000
583, 000
150.000
75,000
150,000

25,000
150,000
335, 000
65, 000

128, 060
30,000
55,000

2,000
440,000
125,000
217,000
488, 000
315, 000
70,000

34, 000
660, 000
130,000
458.000
100,000

70,000
120.000

21, 500
110,000
225,000
60,000

128, 060
30,000
55, 000

2,000
440,000
175,000
217.000
488,000
300,000
60,000
20,000
660.000
130,000
458, 000
100,000

70,000
120,000

21, 500
110,000
225,000
56,000

150,000
30,000
55, 000

2,000
650,000
250,000
217,000
500,000
315,000
70,000
34, 000
791, 317
130,000
589, 317
100,000
70,000
120,000

21, 500
110,000
315, 000
120,000

140,000
30,000
55,000

2,000
650,000
250,000
217,000
500,000
315, 000
60,000
34.000
791, 317
130, 000
589, 317
100,000
70,000
120,000

21, 500
110,000
315, 000
75,000

150,000
32, 500
60,000

3, 000
1,000,000

360, 000
227, 750
525, 000
335, 000
100,000
44, 000
874, 000
140,000
600,000
125,000

70,000
120,000

23,000
150,000
350,000
75,000

140,000
30,000
55,000

3,000
650,000
250,000
227, 750
500,000
315.000
60,000
34, 000
800,000
133, 000
600,000
100, 000
70,000
120,000

22, 000
120,000
315,000
75,000

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19, 183

1 Limitations on use of funds, not appropriations. Total Budget estimate, 1938..--. Total for District of Columbia expenditure, 1938.....

$2, 827,000 1,279,000 GENERAL EXPENSES Mr. FITZPATRICK. The next item is general expenses, which is as follows:

For every expenditure requisite for and incident to the authorized work of the Geological Survey, including personal services in the District of Columbia and in the field, including not to exceed $30,000 for the purchase and exchange, and not to exceed $55,000 for the hire, maintenance, repair, and operation of motor-propelled and horse-drawn passenger-carrying vehicles for field use only by geologists, topographers, engineers, and land classifiers, and the Geological Survey is authorized to exchange unserviceable and worn-out passenger-carryIng and freight-carrying vehicles as part payment for new freight-carrying Tehicles, and including not to exceed $3,000 for necessary traveling expenses of the Director and members of the Geological Survey acting under his direction, for attendance upon meetings of technical, professional, and scientific societies when required in connection with the authorized work of the Geological Survey, to be expended under the regulations from time to time prescribed by the Berretary of the Interior, and under the following heads:

Dr. MENDENHALL. The justification in support of this item is as follows:

General authorization for the conduct of field surveys, laboratory investigauns, and office work under each of the specific appropriation items that follow contained under this heading. No changes are proposed in the limitations on "the purchase and exchange" 3d on "the hire, maintenance, repair, and operation" of passenger-carrying 8pc? l though the present amounts are scarcely sufficient for the purposes. Tee of automobiles by scientific and technical workers is a recognized neces***y for the efficient and economical conduct of field work. Light trucks con

'p to be used whenever possible; in fact, more than three-fourths of the nes's automobiles are trucks, of which there were 524 in the fleet as of "e 30, 1936. But in the year-round work of some of the Survey units, pas

er carrying vehicles must be used. The actual funds for their operation 1. replacement are derived from the several appropriation items that follow, ad the figures stated here are simply limitations on the amounts that can * be spent from those appropriations.

The limitation upon the amount expendable for necessary attendance at ratifie and technical meetings was $5,000 through 1929, $4,000 and $4,500 to the period 1930_34, $3,000 in 1935, and $2,000 in 1936 and 1937. This great rondartion in the limitation is seriously hampering the work of the Bureau by

puting attendance at very significant meetings (through which a research 1 terhnical organization must keep in close touch with the advances and atest developments in scientific and engineering thought and practices), and artial restoration of the former amount is much needed.

TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEYS Mr. FITZPATRICK. The next item is topographic surveys, which is as follows:

Por topographic surveys in various portions of the United States, $650,000, of whirh amount not to exceed $250,000 may be expended for personal services

the District of Columbia : Provided, That no part of this appropriation shall beeipended in cooperation with States or municipalities except upon the basis

the State or municipality bearing all of the expense incident thereto in rss of such an amount as is necessary for the Geological Survey to perShta its share of standard topographic surveys, such share of the Geological

0Tpy In no case exceeding 50 per centum of the cost of the survey : Provided father, That $227.750 of this amount shall be available only for such cooperatyre with States or municipalities.

Mr. MENDENHALL. The justification in support of this item is as

follows:

TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEYS A ship trying to enter an unknown harbor, without adequate charts or an ferienced pilot, may reach port in safety; but its captain is taking an unwise Hek of serious loss or disaster. Similarly, a nation that enters upon great programs of administrative and industrial plannis, adequate basic information is unnecessarily ha'' some of the shoals, but inevitably it will be

ich was available and grave losses that will cost far more tha .

1, $106,602.45 was the information in advance.

i contrasted with Such basic information is furnished for

vided more ac.. variety of national and State goveri

of field instruments private and commercial uses. The

of ottice projects, and realiaztion of the imperative need

. wlry Federal imporin the study of long-range pluris' industrial, economic, and url.

vt projects is $133.001). administrators and engine

the funds is shown of their first needs is for

rip bendings of "Fedbefore them an exart]

Il fold projects." the true shape of it.

), a decrease of sea level, the trudil'

die rurrent fiscal year. every naturn) Ar.

•t of the noncooperacan they pure

, national parks, are pot arith

with the States have maps (atli la which are

Infor: l in the following summary : Nucl. 11 lit:

wes of noncooperative sunds !

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de mesditing for 1987 is $31.940 It prorides for prential

wereulons, for the pun hs of field surveying ini tor teld stationery, and for (xmbined plate-proof

LE

4 6), all suhtems being the same as for the cur from of instrument purchase tfeld) is reduced to

STATE COOPERATION

In the fiscal year 1936 the total expenditure Sir I --was $207,608.33. This sum is $17,391.67 less than a P in cooperation with States or municipalities. The are from less than was anticipated.

For the current fiscal year 1937 the amount asperur , tion offered by States and municipalities is $21731 Fe has been allotted to meet State offerings; $5,964.41 I . additional cooperation ; $60 represents savings besig of ... tions; and $13,900 is held as a Budget reserve. E s te the end of the current fiscal year $25,000 will be

. . of Puerto Rico for cooperative surveys. The Legisla. De Rico has passed Act No. 76, appropriating $25.000 a 7 . expended in cooperation with the Geological Survey fox 316 inser of the island. This cooperative project is held in a r an information that territorial funds are available for t h e authority exists for the Geological Survey to coopera' r: .. Puerto Rico in topographic surveys under Public Pesa tuurth Congress, approved June 17, 1935.

The amount set up in the Budget for 1938 for the Feiern tion is $227.750. This represents the estimated amous: 5o meet State cooperation offerings which the State agen logical Survey may be definitely anticipated, and, based on State legislatures in the several States, is the minima The estimate, however, does not include funds for pos t . Territory of Puerto Rico or by the State of Connectica los may be too low.

The details of cooperative expenditures, allotments, and me marized in the following table :

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TABLE 2.-Summary of expenditures, allotments, and estimasina

veys in cooperation with the States

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XONCOOPERATIVE PROJECTS

That part of the appropriation for the fiscal year 1936 which was available for noncooperative projects was $175,000; of that amount, $106,602.45 was expended, leaving an unexpended balance of $8,397.55. As contrasted with the sum made available in the preceding year, this amount provided more adequately for Federal administration and for the replacement of field instruments and parts by purchase, permitted a moderate expansion of office projects, and provided for the resumption of mapping in areas of primary Federal importance for which map data are urgently needed.

For 1937 the total amount available for noncooperative projects is $133,000, an increase of $218.000 over 1936. The allotment of these funds is shown below in table 3 and subsequently in more detail under the headings of "Federal administration", "Federal office projects", and "Federal field projects."

The estimate for noncooperative work for 1938 is $122,250, a decrease of $10.750 below the amount available for that purpose in the current fiscal year. Federal field projects, which constitute all but a small part of the noncooperative program, include surveys of areas in the national forests, national parks, and Indian reservations, and on other public lands in which the States have no direct concern and responsibilities.

The uses of noncooperative funds are set forth in the following summary:

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1 Recent rapid developments in apparatus to adapt airplane photographs to topographie mapping make it highly desirable and an obviously economical procedure to increase the survey's etereoscopic mapping equipment. It is anticipated that about $70,000 worth of this equipment will be purchased from Dodonoper stive funds in gos, and the distribution of funds indicated to this table prepared late in the calendar yar 190, will probably be modified soundingly.

That part of the administration of the Topographic Branch which has no relation to State cooperation. # Not related to state cooperation • of which $354,200 has been allotted and $28.110 is reserved for allotment later where most beeded.

YEDERAL ADMINISTRATION

"Federal administration" is that part of the topographic branch administration and operations which is not directly related to current field and office projets The expenditures in 1838 were $2,412., the increase over the allotment antit pated for this purpose being caused by the necesity for replacing equipment which was worn or damaged beyond repair, by the purchase of parts and of new surveying instruments, and by the purchase of another unit of a stereo scopie plotting instrument.

The allotment under this heading for 1837 is $31.940. It prorides for wential items of administration and operations, for the purchase of field surveying instruments and repair parts, for field stationery, and for combined plate proof checking

The estimate for 1838 is $28,540, all subitems being the same as for the cur rent year except that the subitem of instrument purchase (feld) is reduced to 83.000

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