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Mr. Page. Yes, something over 1,000 families on the lands themselves. Taking into account the small towns and communities which spring up in the middle of these irrigated sections this number will be vastly increased.
Mr. Rich. I tried to figure out from these various projects as you had them developed yesterday the new lands that would be cultivated under this bill. There are 2,525,524 acres in new projects that you are now developing?
Mr. Page. I think I guessed at it the other day as 2,000,000 acres. It is about 2,100,000 acres. I submitted the exact figures for the record earlier when this was discussed.
Mr. Rich. That was one item that I was trying to get within my own mind, how much new acreage we were trying to develop, and to see what amount of money we are spending, in order to determine whether we should go ahead with a lot of these projects that were not specifically authorized by Congress.
Mr. Page. Our experience has shown that an irrigation district can pay, depending on its location, from $50 per acre to $175, possibly $200 an acre for water. The location, the climate, the type of soil, and other factors make the difference. All of these projects have been found feasible by that yardstick. The per-acre ability to repay is considered in finding feasibility. For instance, at Grand Coulee— the Columbia Basin project, which has most of the new lands—in the estimates set up there, in addition to the repayments from the lands themselves, we anticipate a heavy revenue from the sale of power, and the same thing applies to some of these other projects. It is all carefully calculated.
So that if you use only the lands to be irrigated, and divide that into the total expenditure which is proposed, you do not get the right answer in every instance. You must take in the power and other revenues which accrue from the projects themselves to reach a conclusion.
Mr. Rich. When you speak of Grand Coulee, you expect to get 1,200,000 acres?
Mr. Page. Yes; in the next 25 or 30 years or 50 years. Only 150,000 acres will be developed in the first unit.
BOISE ARROWROCK PROJECT
Mr. Leavy. On the Boise Arrowrock project you have not asked for anything?
Mr. Page. That was largely a repair job, for which the present budget is sufficient.
Mr. Leavy. Does that have a hvdroelectric system in connection with it?
Mr. Page. No, sir; not in connection with this work.
Mr. Leavy. Is electric energy developed there at all, whether it becomes a source of revenue or not?
Mr. Page. There is electric energy produced down there, down stream, which is made possible by the storage of water at the Arrowrock Dam, but it is not in connection with the structure itself. There is a power plant dowrn the river from Arrowrock, which does provide electricity used for pumping, and for interchange of current, a commercial arrangement with the Idaho Power Co.
Mr. Leavy. In this interchange do you sell electric energy to the Idaho Power Co.?
Mr. Page. So far no money has changed hands. We sell power to them at one place, and take back power at some other place for our own requirements. So far it has just about balanced in the exchange.
Mr. Leavy. You exchange unit for unit?
Mr. Page. On the basis of kilowatt hours exchanged, we furnish them to their lines, at one point, and take it off at some other point.
SUN RIVER PROJECT, MONTANA
Mr. Scrugham. The next item is the Sun River project, Montana, for which $300,000 is requested.
Mr. Page. The justification in support of this item is as follows:
SUN RIVER PROJECT, MONTANA GREENFIELDS DIVISION
Appropriation requested for fiscal year 1938, reclamation fund $300, 000
Reclamation fund (principally) prior to June 30, 1933 0, 940, 000
Public Works allotment . 950, 000
Emergency Relief allocation 215, 000
Amount necessary to complete after fiscal year 1938 595, 000
Estimated cost 9, 000, 000
Location.—The irrigable lands of the Sun River project are located about 28 miles northwest of the city of Great Falls, Mont., in Teton and Cascade Counties, and comprise an area of about 30 miles east and west by about 18 miles north and south.
Purpose.—As the average rainfall in the region is only about 10 inches per year and occurs mostly in April, May, and June, it is necessary to provide irrigation for the growth of crops. The purpose of the present construction program is to increase the capacity of the Gibson Reservoir by raising the spillway; enlarge the Pishkun Reservoir, Pishkun canal and Sun River Slope canal; complete the lateral systems; and construct a system of drains.
Description.—Sun River project consists essentially of the Greenfields and Fort Shaw divisions, containing an irrigable area of approximately 107,000 acres. In the Greenfields division of 93,000 acres are included the major Greenfields unit of about 64,000 acres, the Sun River Slope unit of 18,000 acres, Big Coulee unit of about 3,000 acres, and Mill Coulee unit of 8,000 acres. The Fort Shaw division contains approximately 14,000 acres.
The sources of water supply for the project are the Sun River and its tributaries. The irrigation works are of liberal capacity and of good construction, the principal structures being built of concrete. The completion of Gibson Dam in 1929 insures an adequate supply of water for all of the irrigable lands now under construction works on the project, but additional storage is needed for new land being developed.
The area under cultivation in 1935 on the 650 farms of the project was over 43,000 acres and the crop value more than three-quarters of a million dollars.
Estimated costs and funds available.-—An amount of $6,940,000 had been spent on the project prior to June 30, 1933. The additional work to complete the Gibson Dam spillway, enlargement of Pishkun Reservoir, Pishkun Canal and Sun River Slope Canal, construction of the lateral system and drainage system, and the making of farm unit surveys is estimated to cost an additional $2,060,000, or a total ultimate cost of $9,000,000. Work on the project was resumed in 1933 under a Public Works allotment of $950,000. An Emergency Relief allocation of $715,000 was made for continuing the work, of which $500,000 was later withdrawn.
A table presenting data for the several features of the project of estimated costs, funds available, and estimate for 1938, will be found at the end of this report.
Repayment contract.—The Greenfields irrigation district lias contracted to repay to the United States the entire cost of construction of the Greenfields division. Construction charges will be based upon 5 percent of the average crop value and will start with an annual installment of less than $1 per acre. The construction charge has not been definitely determined, but the cost probably will be about $100 per acre. The district is now operating and maintaining the completed units of the division.
The Fort Shaw irrigation district also lias a contract with the Government for repayment of construction charges. This charge amounts to approximately $35 an acre.
Construction programs through the fiscal year 1937.—It is expected that the Gibson Dam spillway and Pishkun Canal enlargement will be nearing completion by the end of the fiscal year 1937. Enlargement of the Sun River Slope Canal and construction of the lateral and drainage systems will continue in progress beyond the fiscal year 1937.
Construction program for the fiscal year 1938.—In order to continue construction of the lateral and drainase systems and to complete farm unit surveys, $300,000 will be needed for the fiscal year 1938.
Estimated cost, Sun River project, Montana, Greenfields division, funds available and estimate for the fiscal year 1938
1 Public Works allotment, $950,000; Emergency Relief allotment, $215,000.
Mr. Leavy. Is the Sun River project a new one?
Mr. Page. No, sir; that is an old project, one that has been under construction for many years, and this estimate is for the purpose of building additional canals and laterals to furnish water to lands which have always been in the project, and for which water has not yet been provided.
Mr. Leavy. Will this sum take care of your needs there?
Mr. Page. That is the same question again. This work could be expedited if more money were available. Perhaps I should mention that the Budget estimate on these amounts totaled exactly the amount furnished the Budget as the estimate which would be in the reclamation fund. In other words, these figures were cut to fit the anticipated revenues in the reclamation fund.
Mr. Leavy. Your estimate was not always made with that in view?
Mr. Page. Well, in some cases.
Mr. Leavy. Your estimate was made with regard to the immediate needs of the project through the fiscal year?
Mr. Page. Yes, sir.
CARLSBAD PROJECT, NEW MEXICO
Mr. Scrugham. The next is the Carlsbad project in New Mexico for which an estimate of $200,000 has been submitted. Mr. Page. This is the justification:
Appropriation requested for fiscal year 1938: Reclamation fund $200, 000
Emergency relief allocation 1, 000, 000
Reclamation fund, fiscal year 1937 900, 000
Amount necessary to complete after fiscal year 1938 None
Estimated cost —2, 100, 000
Location.—-Carlsbad project is located in southeastern New Mexico. The irrigable lands, and the two storage reservoirs, Avalon and Lake McMillan, are located in Eddy County near Carlsbad, N. Mex., while the Alamogordo Reservoir (now under construction) is located in Guadalupe and De Baca Counties near Fort Sumner.
Purpose.—-The Carlsbad project was constructed several years ago to irrigate 25,055 acres of land along the Pecos River in the vicinity of Carlsbad and Malaga, N. Mex. Due to excessive seepage from McMillan Reservoir and in the canal system, the project water supply is now insufficient to produce maximum crops on the highly productive lands of the project. The purpose of the present construction program is to remedy this condition by supplying additional storage and by lining as much of the project canal system as may be found desirable.
Description.—This project was taken over by the Bureau of Reclamation in 1905 and was later reconstructed. The Government has spent $1,464,650 in the rehabilitation of Avalon Dam and Reservoir (downstream from McMillan Dam), and the reconstruction and extension for 145 miles of canals and laterals and about 18 miles of drains.
The present program includes the construction of the Alamogordo Reservoir and the lining of a portion of the project canals.
Alamogordo Dam is a combination rolled-earth embankment and rock-fill structure, having a maximum height of 142 feet and a crest length of about 1,550 feet. In addition to the main dam, there will be a rolled-earth dike of a maximum height of 37 feet. The control works will be located in a tunnel situated in the right abutment of the dam. An open-channel spillway will also be located in the right abutment. The dam will contain about 1,559,000 cubic yards of rolled embankment and 270,000 cubic yards of rock-fill. The reservoir formed by the dam will have an estimated capacity of 157,000 acre-feet and cover about 4,520 acres of land.
Lining canals involves the placing of about 172,000 square yards of concrete lining in the main canal and lateral system of the project.
Estimated cost and funds available.—The estimated cost of the new construction program is as follows:
Alamogordo Dam and appurtenant works $1, 833, 500
Lining of canals and laterals 266, 500
New construction work mentioned above was approved by the President on November 6, 1935, and $1,500,000 was allocated from the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935. This allocation was later reduced to $1,000,000. The Interior Department Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1937, appropriated $900,000 from the reclamation fund for continuation of construction.
The tabulation which follows presents data for the various features of the project, estimated costs, funds available, and funds needed to complete.
Repayment contract.—Approximately 85 percent of the original construction costs on this project have been repaid under a contract with the Carlsbad irrigation district. On January 16, 1936, the district entered into a supplemental contract with the United States for the construction of the Alamogordo Dam and the eanal lining at a cost not to exceed $2,500,000, which, based on the project acreage, la approximately $100 per acre. Repayment is to be made in semiannual installments over a period of 40 years, beginning in 1944.
Construction in progress.—A contract for the construction of the Alamogordo Dam was executed January 25, 1936, and work was started on March 1. Good
progress is being made, and it is expected that the dam will be about 80 percent complete by June 30, 1937.
('onstruction proposed for fiscal year 1938.- Construction of the Alamogordo Dam will be completed early in 1938. Plans for the placing of the concrete lining will be completed and the placing of this lining by force account will be well along toward completion by the end of the fiscal yaar 1938. The estimated cost of the work considered necessary at this time is $2,100,000. The irrigation district executed a contract with a maximum repayment obligation of $2,500,000. Additional canal lining may be found necessary after 1938. However, the present program does not contemplate such work.
Carlsbad project, Verr Jerico - Estimated costs, available funds, and estimate for
fiscal year 1938
Supplemental repayment ontnct sets limit of expenditure at $2,500,000
Mr. Leavy. In New Mexico you have the Carlsbad project, for which you are asking $200,000.
Mr. Page. That is required to complete that project.
Mr. Page. No; there is no development of hydroelectric power there.
DESCHUTES PROJECT, OREGON Mr. LEAVY. In Oregon you have the Deschutes project. Is it a completed project now?
Vir. Page. The Deschutes project you are asking about?
Mr. Page. That project has not yet been started, except for preliminary work. Money was appropriated in 1937. By the general provision to carry over the unexpended balance we hope money will be available during the 1938 fiscal year.
Mr. LEAVY. Is it a hydroelectric project also?
Mr. PAGE. No. It is an old area which is inadequately supplied with water. It has been under cultivation, but not by irrigation from any Federal works.
Mr. Rich. You just want to get an authorization now for the work to proceed as a new project?
Mr. PAGE. We have that authorization through the last year's appropriation We have not been convinced that the plans we had at that time were sufficient and adequate and have been doing some more investigation.