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riterion takes no account of the activities of those people, nor what

produced. Much of the total cost already has been repaid, so the gure you give certainly is not applicable now.

Mr. Rich. Well, the only thing that it does, in my judgment, is to show that the Federal Government is advancing a lot of money for that development, and that the cost per capita is a very large um of money.

Mr. PAGE. What it amounts to is this: The Federal Government is Joaning to 150,000 people, or to the community, a sum of money for "he development of that community. The entire community has been created soley by the water that we have applied to the desert

and on which they live. The valuation of the entire community of many millions of dollars, was created due to the loan of this Federal money. It is being repaid. I might note that the Salt River project as the very heart of Arizona, supporting almost half of the State's population.

Mr. LEAVY. I want to supplement the record with one question that I think is apropos of Mr. Rich's inquiry, and that is, Has the Salt River project been able, through the years, to pay its current liabilities to the Federal Government?

Jr. Page. Yes, sir. It is a little ahead of its required payments. A census down there shows that the Salt River project spends for manufactured articles about $50,000,000 a year from the wealth produced on that irrigated section.

Mr. Rich. It is one of the projects that was started in 1903?
Mr. Page. Yes, sir.

Mr. Rich. They ought to be going back on a paying basis. They paid back into the reclamation fund $6,811,000.

PINE RIVER PROJECT, COLORADO Mr. SCRUGHAM. The next project on the construction list is the Pine River project in Colorado, for which an item of $500,000 is proposed.

Mr. PAGE. I submit the justification as follows: Apprupriation requested for fiscal year 1938, reclamation fund.----- $500, 000 Prods available, reclamation fund, fiscal year 1937...

1, 000, 000 Amunt necessary to complete after fiscal year 1938. ------- - 1,500,000 Latimated cost ------

3, 000, 000 Loration.-The Pine River project is situated on the Pine River, in the southeastern part of La Plata County, Colo.

Description.-- The 51.000 acres of irrigable land on the Pine River project lie on both sides of the Pine River in the vicinity of Bayfield and Ignacio, Colo. The area is now served by 17 different canals, all except 1 of which divert directly fruen the Pine River. Of the total area, 16,000 acres are on the Consolidated I'te Indian Reservation and 35,000 acres are the property of farmers outside the

servation. The water supply is obtained from the unregulated flow of the Pine River and is inadequate for the irrigable area. At the present time the irrigated area on the reservation amounts to about

O artes of land. However, the Office of Indian Affairs is expecting to extend be irrigation service to the entire 16,000 acres in the near future. The 35,000 Wtos outside the reservation have been under cultivation for many years. Most

the area was homesteaded under laws requiring a showing of use of water and the settlers believed they had obtained a right to the water which they had used otbrir lands. However, on October 25, 1930, a Federal court decree granted to the l'te Indians a right to a flow of 212.75 second-feet for the irrigation of 16 000 acres of land. This decree was given a priority of July 25, 1868. Although only 6,000 acres of Indian land are at present irrigated, the canal system on the Indian lands is being extended to cover the entire 16,000 acres. The prior right of the Indians places the lands of the white farmers under an acute shortage of water every year. In fact the natural flow of the stream will not meet the Indian rights in most years. This condition makes it necessary to develop a water supply from storage on the Pine River. The second session of the Seventy-fourth Congress appropriated $1,000,000 for the commencement of construction on the Pine River project for this purpose. The project, as planned. includes the Pine River Dam and Reservoir.

The Pine River Dam is located on the Pine River about 18 miles above Bayfield, Colo. It will be a rolled earth embankment with a rock fill on the downstream slope. The maximum height of the dam will be about 150 feet above the low part of the foundation and the crest length will be about 4,600 feet. The construction will involve the placing of about 2,775,000 cubic yards of rolled embankment and 540,000 cubic yards of rock fill.

The outlet works will be situated in a tunnel through the right abutment. The upper 400 feet of this tunnel will be 18 feet in diameter, while the lower 790 feet will be 20 feet by 15.75 feet horseshoe-shaped sections. Hydraulically controlled gates will be located in a gate chamber at the lower end of the circular section. Below the gates the water will flow through two 86-inch diameter steel pipes located in the horseshoe section of the tunnel. The discharge will be regulated through two 72-inch needle valves.

The spillway will be of the open-channel type, the channel being of a trapezoidal section. Flow will be regulated by three radial gates.

The dam will form a reservoir of 123,000 acre-feet capacity and cover about 2,480 acres of land.

Estimated cost and funds available.—The estimated cost of the Pine River Dam is $3,000,000.

Funds were provided for the investigation and surveys of the project in October 1935, when the Public Works Administration allotted $50,000 to the Office of Indian Affairs for this work.

The second session of the Seventy-fourth Congress appropriated $1,000,000 from the reclamation fund for the purpose of commencing construction on the dam and appurtenant works.

Repayment contracts.-—At the present time no repayment contracts have been executed. However, the white settlers outside the Indian reservation have organized the Pine River public irrigation district and repayment contracts will be negotiated for the reimbursement of that portion of the construction costs not chargeable to flood control or to Indian lands.

Construction program through the fiscal year 1937.—The surveys and investigations provided for by the Public Works Administration allotment to the Office of Indian Affairs are well along toward completion.

Specifications for the construction of the Pine River Dam and appurtenant works will be ready for publication early in January and bids will be received in February. Actual construction work should start in April.

Construction proposed for the fiscal year 1938.—It is proposed to continue work on the dam and appurtenant works throughout the fiscal year 1938.

Mr. Leavv. On the Pine River project you are asking for $500,000 this year as against $1,000,000 last year.

Mr. Page. Yes, sir.

Mr. Leavy. Will that complete that project?

Mr. Page. Xo; but that is probably sufficient to carry on the work at a satisfactory rate of progress.

Mr. Leavy. Does that project have within it any hydroelectric development?

Mr. Page. No, sir.

Mr. Rich. Now, about the Pine River project in Colorado. That is to cost eventually $3,000,000. You arc asking in this bill $500,000 for it. There are 51,000 acres that will be developed. At this time there are 41,000 acres, and you are bringing into cultivation new lands to the extent of 10,000 acres.

Mr. Page. That 10,000 acres is almost wholly Indian lands. It is on a reservation there. This project, as I stated before, is a joint Indian and white project.


Mr. Leavy. In Colorado, Mr. Page, you list two incompleted projects there, one of which is the Grand \ alley project.

Mr. Page. Yes.

Mr. Leavy. You ask for nothing at all there. Has that one been finished?

Mr. Page. That has been finished as far as it seems to be wise to go at the present time. Of course, you realize also that there is a provision which we hope the committee will favor, and that is carrying over the unexpended balances of the 1937 appropriation.

Mr. Leavy. Is the Grand Valley project of recent origin?

Mr. Page. Oh, no; it is an old project, and this is in the nature of an addition to the old project. The money available there was not spent in 1937.

Mr. Leavy. Perhaps some other members of the committee will want to ask you more in detail about that. I want to move along now with a single idea I had in mind in reference to these.


Mr. Schugham. The next is the Payette division of the Boise project in Idaho, where an appropriation of $1,000,000 is proposed. Mr. Page. I submit this justification:


Appropriation requested for fiscal year 1938: Reclamation fund $1, 000, 000

Fund available:

Emergency relief allocation (1935 act) 700, 000

Reclamation fund appropriation, fiscal year 1937 1, 000, 000

Expenditures prior to 1932 81, 300

Amount necessarv to complete after fiscal year 1938 3, 897, 000

Estimated cost 6, 678, 300

Location.—The Boise project is located in Ada, Canyon, Gem, Payette, Elmore, Boise, and Valley Counties, western central Idaho, and a small area" in Malheur County, Oreg. The Payette division is in Canyon, Gem, and Payette Counties.

Purpose.—The purpose of the works now under way is the irrigation of 47,000 acres of land in the Payette division.

Description.—Lands of the project are situated near the confluence of the Snake River with the Boise and Payette Rivers, at an elevation from 2,300 to 2,600 feet above sea level. The total irrigable area of the project is about 234,000 acres contained in four divisions as follows:

Arrowrock 166,363] Pavette 47,000

Notus 6,874 | Hillcrest 14,000

Tn addition, 108,932 acres receive a partial water supply from project storage under Warren Act contracts.

Arrowrock division lies between the Snake and Boise Rivers. Boise River is the source of its water supply. The Notus division, receiving its water supply from drainage return of the Arrowrock division, is situated to the north of the Boise River. The Arrowrock and Notus divisions are the only ones for which irrigation works have been constructed.

Principal towns on the completed portion of the project are Boise, Nampa, Caldwell, Meridian, Kuna, and Wilder. The main line of the Oregon Short Line Railroad runs lengthwise of the project, and three branch lines serve outlying points.

More than 60 percent of the land is planted to alfalfa, which is used for stock feeding. Other crops include fruits, vegetables, corn, and wheat. Temperatures rarely go above 100° or below zero. The annual precipitation at Boise is 13.6 inches, of which about 70 percent occurs outside the irrigation season.

The Hillcrest division lands lie above the main south side canal of the Arrowrock division and will require pumping in order to place water on the land. There are no plans for immediate development of this division.

The Payette division lands lie between the Boise and Payette Rivers west of the Snake River, and adjoin the Notus division. Payette River water will be used for irrigating the entire area of 47,000 acres, of which 26,000 acres can be reached with a gravity system and 21,000 acres will require pumping.

The main irrigation features constructed to date on the Payette River are Deadwood Dam and Reservoir, the Black Canyon power plant, and Black Canyon diversion dam. Deadwood Reservoir is situated on the Deadwood River, a trib. utary of the Payette. It has a storage capacity of 164,000 acre-feet. These three features are a part of the works necessary for the irrigation of the Payette division. They were constructed in advance of the other work to provide power for pumping on the Owyhee project and to provide a point of diversion for the Emmett irrigation district.

The remaining works necessary for irrigation of the Payette division are a canal and lateral system; pumping plants for the high lands; a system of drains; and supplementary storage.

The main canal will have a capacity of 1,090 second-feet. It will start at Black Canyon Dam and run in a westerly direction about 27 miles. From the main canal water will be distributed to the land by means of a pumping plant and a system of laterals. Drains will be constructed as needed after the land has been placed in cultivation.

Deadwood Reservoir has sufficient capacity to provide a partial storage supply for irrigation of the new lands. However, as any water used to irrigate the Pavette division will not be available for generation of electricity, it will be necessary eventually to provide additional storage for irrigation, to avoid interfering with the generation of power needed for pumping. No definite decision has been reached as to the size or location of a reservoir but no difficulty is anticipated in obtaining the necessary storage capacity by construction of a dam on the Payette River.

Estimated cost and funds arailable. The estimated cost to complete the Pavette division, including $1,500,000 for storage, is $6,597,000. Funds available are an Emergency Relief allocation of $700,000 and a reclamation fund appropriation of $1,000,000.

A tabulation containing data of estimated costs, funds available, and funds needed to complete will be found at the end of the statement.

Repayment contracts.-The Black Canyon irrigation district is under contract to repay the construction costs to the t'nited States within 40 years after completion of the work. The costs are limited to $5,500,000 for the distribution and drainage system and $1,500,000 for storage capacity in a reservoir to be constructed. No part of the cost of Deadwood Reservoir nor of Black Canyon Dam and power plant is to be charged against the Payette division. It is eipected that the average construction charge will be about $145 per acre.

('onstruction program.- Construction was started on the main canal in March 1936. On December 1, 1936, a total of three contracts had been awarded covering completion of about three miles of canal and construction of all the tunnele, Additional work will be started on the main canal as soon as plans can be pro pared. It is proposed to continue work on the main canal and start construction of the lateral system in the fiscal year 1938. Borne projed, Payelte dirixion, Idaho Estimated costa, funds arailable, and estimate

for 1938

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Mr. LEAVY. Now, coming to Idaho, Boise project, Idaho, Payette division, you had an appropriation of $1,000,000 on that project last year, and you are asking for a like sum this year. Will this appropriation this year complete the Boise Payette project?

Mr. PAGE. No, sir; it will not. It is merely to carry on the work now in progress, and the situation there is very similar to that on the Gila project. The more money we get, the faster we can complete it, because it is a canal system and pumping plant which can be constructed at a rate to be governed by the Congress in supplying the money which is needed.

Mr. LEAVY. Does it involve any hydroelectric development?

Mr. Page. The hydroelectric development is in connection with the Black Canyon Dam on the Payette River.

Mr. LEVY. Is this a project of recent origin?

Jir. PAGE. No, the Boise project was started many, many years ago, about 1906, I think, and this is the addition of a new unit which was started in 1934. This unit, the Payette division, was contemplated from the first. The original request provided for this, but it was not built at the outset, and no cultivation under this canal system was started.

Nr. LEAVY. You say it does not involve the generation of electric energy?

Mr. Page. No, sir. Mr. Rich. For the Payette division in Idaho, to cost ultimately $1,678,300, you are asking for a million dollars for that project in this wall, and it will put into cultivation 47,000 acres of new land.

Mr. PAGE. Yes, sir.
Mr. Rich. And it is to serve a population of 5,000 people.

Mr. Page. That, again, is similar to Gila, in that the lands which are to be watered are not populated, cannot support a population until we get the water to them.

Mr. Rich. Do you expect to put additional people onto those lands?

Mr. Page. Yes. Perhaps I should mention this, that on these projects, where irrigation is required, there is no way for a man possibly to make a living until he gets water. The rainfall is insufficient to produce any crops whatever until water for irrigation is available. Therefore, no one can live on those lands unless irrigated water is ready for application. I have discussed this subject in statements previously introduced in more detail.

Mr. Rich. If I divided that number of 5,000 people into the amount of money it costs, I would find that that ground would cost about $1,300 per individual. I did not divide it by the number of acres, but it seemed to me that it was a high per-capita assessment.

Mr. PAGE. Well, again, I do not believe that figure is applicable. 1: takes into account no estimate of the total number of people which will live on the land when irrigation is begun. They will be many more than 5,000 and they will come from great distances in many instances. We will replace jackrabbits with people on this land.

Mr. Rich. How many people do you think you are able to put on an nereage of 47,000?

Mr. PAGE. There should be a family on every 48 acres, and we count the average family as 3 people.

Mr. Rich. That would be 1,000 families?

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