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. : risees, who maintained that it was lawful for
men to divorce their wives for any trifling
cause. 91 Q. But what does. Jesus teach us on this sub
any other cause than fornication; causeth her
A. " Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord i 'thy God in vain, for the Lord will not hold.
him guiltless that taketh his name in vain." 93 R. Does our Lord quote these words in his iris Sermon? Bu
sistem as! A. No:-He expresses the same thing in words. E' somewhat different—“ Thou shalt not for.'" swear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord
thine oaths." 94 Q. How did the Scribes and Pharisees under. .. stand this commandment?
A. They taught the people that so long as they :: did not swear immediately by the name of
Jehovah, their oaths were not binding upon
in their common discourse. "
A. ], By declaring, that, on account of the
connection which exists between the creatures
2, By pronouncing it à sin to use any
other form of ordinary discourse than simple
assertions and denials. 96 Q. Does our Lord explain any other precept
of the law in his Sermon on the Mount? A. Yes:—The precept given to the judges to
punish offenders by the loss of an eye or a
tooth, when they had been guilty of destroy- ing the eye or tooth of another by violence. 97 Q. How did the Scribes and Pharisees pervert
this precept? A. They made it a cloak for bitter and rigo
rous revenge. 98 Q. Does our Lord permit' his disciples to
avenge themselves? A. No:-He teaches them to suffer repeated
wrongs both in their persons and property, and to submit to repeated instances of compulsion, rather than to return evil for evil, when
the injury sustained affects themselves alone. 99. Q. What line of conduct does our Lord direct
us to follow with respect to those, who, instead of taking away our property by violence, would beg or borrow from us? A. He tells us to give to him that asketh us,
and not to turn away from him that would
borrow of us. 100 Q. But is this rule to be followed without any
limitation? A. No:„A man must discharge the obliga
tions under which he lies towards his creditors, his family, and the household of faith,
before he is generous to others. 101 Q. Did the law of God command the Jews to love their neighbours, and to hate their ene
mies? A. No:-God spake the former part of these words, but the Scribes and Pharisees added
the latter. 102 Q. Does Jesus Christ correct the error of
these false teachers? A. Yes:—He tells his disciples to “ love their
enemies, to bless those who curse them, to do good to those that hate them, and to pray for those who despitefully use them and perse
cute them.” 103 Q. Who will acknowledge us as his children,
if we thus overcome evil with good?
A. God. 104 Q. What do you mean by our being the chil
dren of God? A. Our being born again in the likeness of God, and partaking of his nature, which is
Love. 105 Q. Is God loving unto every man, and are his
tender mercies over all his works? A. Yes:-" He makes his sun to rise on the
evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the
just and on the unjust." 106 Q. Is it sufficient to prove that we are God's
children, if we love them that love us, and wish well to our brethren only?. . A. No:-- Even the publicans and others
could go thus far, but God's children must
do more. 107 Q. Who were the publicans whom Jesus men
A. Persons appointed by the Roman Gover
nors to collect the public taxes in Judea. 108 Q. 'Of what kind was their general character?
A. They were notorious for extortion and
injustice. 109 Q. Whom should the children of God endea
vour to resemble? A. God himself, their Father which is in
heaven. 110 Q. In what respect should they aspire to be
like God? A. They should aspire to be perfect in Love
and mercy, even as God is perfect; and this is the grand and ultimate design of the Gospel, to incline and enable us to love one another, even our bitterest enemies, as God hath loved us, when we were dead in trespasses and sins, and enemies to him in our mind by wicked works.
SECTION IV. 111 Q. T HAT are alms?
V A. That which is bestowed for
the relief of the poor. 112 Q. What is the sin which our Lord cautions
· us to avoid in giving alms?
A. A deceitful person, who pretends to be
what he really is not. 114 Q. Were there any such among the Jews?
A. Yes:-The Scribes and Pharisees in gene
ral were hypocrites. 115 Q. What were the synagogues of the Jews?
A. Places resembling our churches, where
they met together for the purposes of hearing the word of God, and joining in public
prayer. 116 Q. Why did the hypocrites sound a trumpet
in the synagogues and in the streets before
they gave their alms? A. They did this under the pretence of call
ing the poor together, but their real design was to attract the observation and obtain the
praise of men. 117 Q. Will God reward the actions of those who
do them from so selfish a motive? A. No:- The praise of men being the only
reward desired, none other will be given. 118 Q. What does our Lord mean by that exhor
tation, “ When thou doest thine alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand
doeth?” A. That we should give our alms as privately
as circumstances will allow, and without
any ostentation. 119 Q. With what intention should our alms be
A. With the sincere intention of pleasing
creatures. 120 Q. If they are given with this pure intention,
will God accept them as a sacrifice offered to him?