## General system theory: foundations, development, applications |

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Page xiv

4 Advances in General System Theory 87 Approaches and Aims in Systems

Science 87 Methods in General Systems ...

Characteristics of Open Chemical Systems 124 Equifmality 131 Biological

Applications 134 6 ...

4 Advances in General System Theory 87 Approaches and Aims in Systems

Science 87 Methods in General Systems ...

**Open System**120 GeneralCharacteristics of Open Chemical Systems 124 Equifmality 131 Biological

Applications 134 6 ...

Page 141

The primary order, therefore, must lie in the process itself. Some Characteristics

of

is ...

The primary order, therefore, must lie in the process itself. Some Characteristics

of

**Open Systems**We express this by saying that living systems are basically**open systems**(Burton, 1939; von Bertalanffy, 1940a; Chapter 5). An**open system**is ...

Page 163

The concepts of information theory— particularly in the equivalence of

information and negative entropy— correspond therefore to "closed"

thermodynamics (thermostatics) rather than irreversible thermodynamics of

The concepts of information theory— particularly in the equivalence of

information and negative entropy— correspond therefore to "closed"

thermodynamics (thermostatics) rather than irreversible thermodynamics of

**open****systems**. However ...### What people are saying - Write a review

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### Contents

Introduction | 3 |

The Meaning of General System Theory | 30 |

Some System Concepts in Elementary Mathematical | 54 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

allometric animals appears applied approach aspects atoms basic Bertalanffy biological catabolism causality cell characteristics chemical classical classical physics closed systems complex components consideration considered constant contrast cultural cybernetics defined differential equations dynamic elements emphasized energy entities entropy equifinality equilibrium essentially evolution example existence experience expressed fact feedback fields formulation function game theory graph theory growth curves homeostasis homeostatic important increase individual information theory interaction isomorphic kinetics language laws living organism Lotka machine mathematical means mechanisms mechanistic mental metabolic rate modern nature nervous system open systems organismic phenomena philosophy physical chemistry physics physiological possible present principle problems processes protein psychology psychophysical quantitative reaction reality regulations relations scheme schizophrenia scientific sense servomechanisms similar so-called social sciences society sociology specific steady structure symbolic system theory teleology theoretical theory of open thermodynamics tion Turing machine vitalistic whole world picture