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quietly, by the ladies in Great Britain. Another meeting was appointed to be held during the following week, for tlie purposu of organising an Olive Leaf Society.

December 8.—Continued on to Boston, and broke ground for a great demonstration iu Fanned Hall on behalf of Ocean Penny Postage. The next day we called upon the Hon. Abbot Lawrence, formerly American minister in London, where wo had often seen him on the subject of this postal reform. He received us with great kindness and courtesy, and entered heartily into the question. He had long been convinced of the pressing necessity of reducing the ocean postage, and had written on the subject, while minister to England. He promised his support and sanction to the proposed meeting. We next called upon the mayor, wbo was also very cordial, and agreed to call a public meeting in Fanueil Hall, and preside on the occasion. In order to enlist all classes and interests in the demonstration, we had an interview with the secretary and treasurer of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, who have a vast interest in cheap ocean postage, in consequence of their wide-spread connexion and correspondence with foreign countries. They saw at once the bearings of this postal reform on their operations, and promised that some member of their board should represent them at the public meeting. In the evening of the same day, we met the members ot the Olive Leaf Society in Knxbury, which is virtually the continuation of Boston on the south. This has been a very active Circle from the beginning, and has done a great deal in disseminating the ideas of peace through their immediate community. Through their instrumentality, many of the ministers of the town have engaged to preach an annual seruicn on the subject to their respective congregations, and they have published several tracts for their own use. We trust it will become a kind of central circle for New England, and render great aid iu organising and sustaining other societies which may be formed this winter. E.B.

Boston, U. S. A., Dec. l'2th, 1853.

The Committee of the League of Brotherhood have received, with much pleasure, very gratifying accounts from their friend, I'.iilm Burritt, of the commencement of his tour through the United Stutes, to advocate the cause of Ocean Penny Postage. A feeling of deep and earnest sympathy with

| this movement prevails in America, and the Committee look forward with confident anticipation to the results of the combined efforts of their friends on both sides of the Atlantic during the ensuing session of Parliament.

In the retrospect of the valuable labours of i .Mm Burritt in this and the other departments of League operations, the Committee feel it only due to E. B. to state that, from the earliest formation of the League of Brotherhood, his services have been entirely gratuitous—no part of the funds raised having been applied to bis personal support or service. A very large proportion even of his continental travelling expenses having been defrayed by himselt. The Committee feel that, in the absence of I'.iilm Burritt, such a testimony is due on their part to one whose services have been as disinterested as they are valuable.


Lived Long Enough—In addressing the court and bar on the death of a young lawyer, to whom he was strongly attached, the late Mr. Webster said, "His race was short; but short as it was, he live>l long enough to do what some of us who are older have failed to do"—and the tears fell us he spoke—" he lived long enough to achieve a religious character"

Way TO Lay CP Heal Wealth—A man would do well to carry a pencil in his pocket, and write down the thoughts of the moment. Those that come unsought for are commonly the mos*t valuable, and should be secured because they seldom return Lord Bacon.

The Future.—It has been beautifully said, that " the veil which covers the face of Futurity is woven by the hand of Mercy." Seek not to rai -• that veil therefore, for sadness might be seen to shade the brow that fancy had arrayed in. smiles of gladness.

A Silknt Congregation—Rer. Mr. Gallamlet. of the Deal and Dumb Institution, has collected a congregation of deaf mutes in the city of New York, to whom he preaches every Sahbnth in the language of signs. He proposes to build a church for this unfortunate class.

Pkaise.—The real satisfaction which praise can afford, is when what is repeated aloud agrees with the whispers ot conscience, by showing us that we have not endeavoured to deserve well in vain Johnson.

A Solbiek's Pal—There had been paid to the late Duke of Wellington, for military services to the cud of 1851, a little less than a year before his denih, £2,613,975, or more than thirteen million dollars. Hie biire interest on which at 6 per cent, would be 780.000 dollars a year.

A Oueat Contrast On the trial trip of the

new steamship Arabia, of the Cunard line, the dean of Kipon was on board, who was also on bonrd Fulton's little vessel,forty-eight years ago, when she was tried on the American waters.

Chinese Thermometer The Chinese, says a

missionary, ate little fire, and measure cold by the thickness of jackets. Three jackets cold, in moderately cool; six jackets cold, is keen; and from ten to fifteen jackets cold, is extremely severe.

A Fact Fob Recruits Of the ona thousand How Cheap Postage Works In Englaxd

men who formed the New York regiment in the The returns of the General Post-office for the Mexican war, only 60 are now nlive, and but 40 last year give additional proof of tlie efficacy of are able to earn their living. the penny postaKe system. In 1839, the number

Victims OK Desi'otism.— The Emperor of of letters was 76 millions; in 1B40, the first year Russia has been obliged to pass a law to prevent! of the new system, 169 millions; in 1845, 271i his subjects from mutilating themselves to avoid | millions; in I-.ih, 317 millions; ami in 1852, 379} military service. Between January, 1850, and millions.

July, 1851, 1,600 persons had mutilated them- The Dat Of Small Things.—It is a fact, bclves to avoid enrolment. 'though not generally known, that, two hundred

Growth or Cities In 1790 there were but1 and thirty yeara ago, twenty-four dollars pur

tliree cities in the United States which contained . chased the whole city and county of New York. a population of over 20,000 each; now there are Hope For The Chinese. —A company of seven of over 100,000 each, and thirty of over > Chinese are about erecting a.large warehouse in •jij.oou, among which aro several that have sprung ; Sun Francisco, for the accommodation of Chinese into existence within ten years. emigrants. Their leader, who is an educated

Was It A Sufficient Cause Fob War?— '. man, has offered to give Rev. Mr. Speer, misGeneral C.vss. in a late speech in the Senate said, ( sionary to the Chinese, 2,000 dollars towards the "The fact is indisputable, that England went to erection of a chapel and school for the education war with 13urnmh, and annihilated its political | of his countrymen.

existence for the non-payment of a disputed de-: What A Whiskey Barrel. Contains.—Senator Id and of 4990." !Rusk of Texas was once at an Indian •' talk,"

A Chinese Newspaper—In Pekin, a news- when a man drove up with a barrel of whiskey, paper, .v'tid to huve heen started more than a j An old Indian, after looking earnestly for borne thousand years ago, is published weekly on silk, time at if., asked Air. Rusk if he knew what was Several numbers of the paper are preserved in • in that barrel. He said he presumed it was the Royal Library at 1'aris. They are each ten : whiskey. "No," said the Indian," there art about and a quarter yards long. [ a thousand songs and fifty fiyhts in that barrel."

The Ukuei>t Wohse Than The Disease—A I Growth Of Iowa. — The editor of the Si. Pauft man who had recently joined the Sons of Tern- I Minnetotian says he was at one time one of the perauce went ou business to Mobile, where he | only three white men residing within the limits \yas taken sick. The physician finding him in a of the present state of lowu, which has now a dangerous situation prescribed brandy, which population of over 400,000.

Cost Of The Army And Navy—The annual cost of the army and navy of the United States, to each one of our population, is til cents. In Great Britain and Ireland the cost is 3 dollars 56 cents; in France, 2 dollars 10 cents; in Germany, 2 dollars 28 cents.

the sick man refused to take. The doctor told him that he must, or he would have spasms. "Well," said the temperance man, " I will try a couple of spasms first." He kept his pledge, and had no spatnu.

The Letter II—Five of the sweetest words

in the English language begin with H, which is , Fires In California The total loss of pro

ouly_a breath—Heart, Hope, Uoine, Happiness, perty by fires in California, during the past three Heart is a hope-place, and home is years, is estimated at sixty-six millions of dol.rt-place, ifnd that man sadly mistaketh, lars; more than has been destroyed by fire in all who would exchange the happiness of home for | the rest of the United States during the last ten

i years. A large part of Sacramento city was recently destroyed by fire.

only a

and Heaven. . .

heart-place, ifnd that man sadly mistake .. ho would exchange the 1 anything less than heaven.

California.—Four years and a half ago the first Protestant clergyman began to preach the gospel in California; now there are 111 evangelical clergymen, the greater part of whom are exclusively employed in preaching, and there are nearly the same number of distinct church organizatipna. The country is still very inadequately supplied with the means of religious instruction iri'l education.

Navies Of The World Great Britain has 636

vessels of war afloat, or in ordinary or building, carrying 17,631 guns; France has 346, carrying 8,923 guns; Russia lius 179 afloat, carrying 5,896 Kuns; Holland has 134, carrying 1,646 guns: Turkey has 66, carrying 2.660 guns; the United States have 77, carrying 2,345 guns.

Dead Letters—Seven hundred bushels or about a million of dead letters were recently destroyed by fire at Washington, according to the usage of the Post-office Department. Several hours elapsed before the conflagration was completed.

The World's Fair. The receipts of the London Exhibition were £505,098, and the net profits more than .£250,000. The Exhibition was open to the public 140 days; for 28 days the adniissiou price w»s five shillings sterling; for 30 tiuys, two shillings and sixpence; and for 89 days, one shilling.

Commerce Of Canada The value of the exports for 1852 from Canada to Great Britain was .£1,639,214, and to the United States £1,571,130.

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Free Labour.

The Free-Labour Movement, during the past month, has been, though slowly, none the less surely progressing, and doubtless, as the time is arrived for the more regular meeting of the Olive Leaf Circles, a decidedly increasing interest in it will be manifested. There can be no necessity, in a cause like this, to make a more earnest appeal than has already been made to the wives, mothers, sisters, and daughters of our Christian England—to those who bear theJAffffie of Him who has said, "WhaUoever ye would that men should do unto you, do ye even so unto them." It is only necessary to inquire, what would be to oiar own minds the surest proof of sincere sympathy were we suffering under the fierce torials of slavery, and total abstinence from slavegrown produce will be felt a positive duty; especially must this be the case with', those who advocate the cause of human brotherhood, who are striving to disseminate the peace and love. Our

oo, wo are str I holy principles of

sisters in slavery have a claim upon us for! Ocean Penny Postage. help. Let us not say we can do but little, j We look forward, with hopeful expectaand therefore will do nothing; rather, we J tion, to the parliamentary sessign of 1854. •will do a(l we can, and endeavour to rouse Our readers will probably remember that, others to join in our efforts. although Milner Gibson was unable to Let no discouragement be felt in this obtain a night, last session, for bringing formovement because tbe beginning is small, ward a specific motion, yet that, conversaThe little stream becomes in its progress the tionally, he elicited from the Chancellor of mighty river, and sweeps away all obstacles the Exchequer an intimation that be rein its ever onward path. The'dim twilight j garded the subject as a very proper, one for *• • «- parliamentary inquiry. It is expected, there

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of early dawn adds brightness to bright
till we behold the splendour of the n
day sun. So will it be with every under-
taking which has truth for its foundation,
the glory of God and the good of man for

its end.

The Free-Labour

Movement may be

much assisted by the wide circulation of the

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Free-Labour Bazaar. Inquiries having reached us from various quarters whether it is intended to hold another Bazaar next year, we think it well to state for the information of our friends, that we do not think it desirable to attempt

fore, that shortly after the opening of Parliament, Milner Gibson will move for the appointment of a Committee, upon whose report a substantive motion for theestablishmnnt of an Ocean Penny Postage will be introduced. The success of this motioji will depend mainly upon the amount of public interest brought to bear upon Parliament, in the shape of petitions. We appeal once more to our friends throughout the country for their active and energetic co-operation in this matter. From every city, town, and hamlet, let an appeal go up, praying the Legislature to grant this great boon to the people. We shall be glad to render every assistance to those who are willing to institute petitions in their respective neighbourhoods. We will send printed forms of petitions as guides to those who will take the trouble to have then^ written out; or, where necessary, we will send a form ready written, which will only require to be taken round for signatures. It is very

a demonstration of this kind during the year I desirable that the petitions should, as much 1854. It is, however, probable that the : as possible, be drawn up and engrossed in operations for pressing the Ocean Penny the places from which they are sent. It Postage question upon the attention of the carries with it the weight of a spontaneous Government, during the ensuing session, j iocal effort. We shall also be glad to will so far exhaust the funds at present in j 9upply tracts for distribution, and we may hand, that we shall look forward to a suggest to our friends that they cannot Bazaar early in the summer of 1855, to render more valuable help to the cause than enable us to press forward a vigorous agita- by sending short paragraphs to the local tion of the Free-Labour.Movement. We journals, calling attention to the question hope that the Olive Leaf Circles generally and announcing that petitions are in course will sympathise in this anti-slavery depart- Of signature. E. F.

Kc^jtff our labours, and that they may

again, in the preparations for the Bazaar, I Subtcriptions
find a source of additional interest to their
We hope they will


'onations received tince Month :— Wimborne Olive Leaf Circle _ £l

lUwtenntall •



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Cambridge, for Ocean Penny Postage...

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invite into their sewing parties as many of

their neighbours and friends as they can

conveniently accommodate, who may thus Lui

learn to understand and enjoy the spirit of ^J

the Ol'ive Leaf Movement, and we would

hope tliat many may be thus induced per

manen tly to identify themselves with the

Circles. E. F.

Offio;b Of Tub League Of Brotherhood—3-5, Broad-st. Buildings, London.

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"God hath made of onebloodaU nations of men." Acttxvu.26 "Nationihalluotliftup«»ofd

again»t nation, neither ihall they learn war any more." liaiak ii. 4.

NEW SERIES, No. 43.] FEBRUARY, 1854.



Practical Christian Benevolence 97

A Negro Benefactor 99

Letter from a recently escaped Slave in London 100

Tliere's Workenough'todo 101

This Help must come from the Lsidies 101

Editoh's Omnibus:—E.II.MntheMs—Another—And
vet another—Sow in Hope—Olive Leaf Mission—
The Ocean Penny Postage Campaign in America—
The Free-labour Movement 102

Ax Olfve Leaf rom Tn« Pf.oflx :—Stipulated Arbi-
tration— Try it—Fighting for Liberty 106

Germany 106

Ocean Penny Postage 108

Our little Rushlight 109

The Ocean Penny Postage Movement und Olive Leaf

Mission in America 109

The Two Dispensations Ill

Free Labour Movement 112


The sphere of practical Christian benevolence is the empyrean, the upper
heaven, of woman's glory. The yet undiscovered ways of spreading "peace on
earth and good will among men" are without number or bound. The possibili-
ties of combining greatness and goodness into new forms are as infinite as are
their archetypes in the Divine Mind. As the telescope, and printing and
steam—the phototype, the telegraph and chloroform—lay outside even, of the
Apostle's ken, so new orders of truth and new beauties of beneficence stand,
rank behind rank, in glorious effulgence, beyond our present vision. The despair
that made Alexander weep for another world to conquer was wicked, but its
folly surpassed its wickedness. All around us lie worlds of love and truth yet to
be conquered; and such inviting worlds must for ever bound the circumference
of mortal achievements, while the Infinite Creator remains superior to the
finite creature. When the sculptor, voyaging towards the classic land of Italy,
sails by the lulls of Cararan marble, he peoples their rocky bosoms with myriad
forms of beauty yet to be wakened into life. He says, "Let but the blocks be rifted
out, and let the chisel remove those superfluous parts that do not belong to the
perfect statues within, and new galleries of sculpture will be revealed for the
admiration of the world." So the lover of moral excellence sees all the space
between man's imperfections and God's perfections waiting to be filled with new
forms and new institutions of truth and duty and love.

Surely Christ and His disciples set forth the grandest idea ever promulgated
upon earth,—that of a kingdom of universal purity and holiness, yielding the
i-eward of universal happiness. This was the sphere which the infinitely bene-
volent Father of us all marked out for Himself, when, amid the chorus of morn-
ing stars and the joyful acclaim of the sous of God, he pronounced tlie work of
creation to be "very good." Was it not iu fulfilment of this Divide purpo«>o.'
that the Son of ilan came to seek aud to save that which was lotit? AnJ'.rf .
sphere of action was high and holy enough for the Creator of worlds; ;igit'

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beautiful and divine enough for the Redeemer of men; if it lias been the prayer and the passion of all the greatest exemplars and prototypes of human excellence who have adorned the earth ;—then who of the most aspiring of the sex shall say it is a sphere too humble and inglorious for her? If it is the very avenue to heaven, the vista through which its celestial gates are seen, not afar off, but near and nearer by, then let woman cast oft' all other ambitions and aspirations, and make this holy mission her cherished work. The heavenly vineyard is beyond her, and the Lord of the vineyard says, "Why stand ye here all the Jay idle?"

In these latter days, " signs nnd wonders" arc born of a zealous diligence. God speaks to us now, not from Sinai, not from the cloud and the pillar of fire, but through patience and perseverance in well-doing. Faithful work is holiest worship. Deeds, not words, lire our authentic inspiration. Divinity is revealed through duty done. The glories of the epicpoet are eclipsed by the brighter glories of the moral hero who performs the epic deeds. The divine, in his loftiest speculations, does not reveal God to man like the acted Christianity of the humblest life. Deeds of truth, deeds of benevolence, are the sublimes! theophanies. When human woe vibrates the chords of sympathy in the human heart, it makes not only heavenly music, but music in heaven.

On canvas and on marble, man has painted and chiselled the highest conceptions ot |he human mind. Woman's diviner work of art lies deeper than the insensate similitude. The new generations which God is perpetually sending into the world are her quarry, each individual of whom is more precious than all the marble of Pentelicus. Her studio - the nursery, the school-room, or wherever else she can rind an instrument or an hour, to shape the human soul into the likeness of Jesus Christ. Socrates, like his rather, was a sculptor until the age of thirty-five. Then he threw down his tools, and resolved, insto-ad of the earthly art of turning marble into the similitude of men, to engage in the heavenly nrt of turning men into the similitude of God.

Wide and illimitable as is woman's work of love, its centre and beginning must be at home. When the central home is well-ordered, then let its circumference be enlarged to take in other homes, nnd make the way-sides of poverty smile. There is no neighbourhood that does not present attractive scenes for deeds of beneficence. I do not mean almsgiving alone; for money is but one of the ingredients in charity. The poor need instruction in that g^reat art which belongs equally to the useful and the elegant arts,—the Art of Living. A few household ideas often make all the difference between penury and competence, between squalor and neatness, between disease and health. These ideas woman can sow, as a sower does his wheat, until there shall not bea neglected or noisome spot in the fields of life. She can dispel the ignorance that broods over abandoned childhood,—that ignorance which we speak of as one, but whose progeny of false ideas nnd actions is more numerous than the sands on all the shores. What a work for woman's plastic hand, in moulding to forms of elegance the rude manners of the community amongst whom she lives! When labourers and cottagers dwell amid models of kindness and courtesy whom they love, then will the exuvias of rudeness and vulgarity be cast away.

What a moral paradox it is, that cities, where talent concentrates, which art fills with embellishment, and which are the Deltas of all the rivers of wealth, should be the great centres of suffering and inhumanity, and the places where the wild beasts of crime make their lair; while, for every wretched family going blindly to ruin, there is a wealthy "lady" perishing with ennui! Here nnd there, indeed, are temples consecrated to God, to be opened on the first day of the week; but ton to one are those other temple*, dedicated to the Prince of Darkness, opened seven days in the week, each one of which engulfs its wide circle of ignorant adults and ofinnocnnt children, as the Maelstrom sucks down the unwary mariner. Does the woman of lofty aspirations pant for fields of glory and renown,—I point her to thete. There is more true glory in conquering one viciotis street to virtue, than in all the battles from Thermopylae to Waterloo. When the woman of high ambition looks with envy upon the orator, as in the senate or the forum the enraptured multitude hangs breathless upon his lips, let her remember that his most eloquent words ascend but a few furlongs into the upper air; but let her go forth and succour the distresses of the lonely, enlighten the darkness of the ignorant, and lead buck wanderers from their guilty course, and her lightest whisper shall pierce the starry dome, and give joy around the throne of God. If, as the luxurious worshipper says, Christ left the realms of bliss to save her from woe, cannot she go into the next street to snatch

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