« PreviousContinue »
editors of one or two other Hamburg papers will do the same.
It should also give us great satisfaction to perceive that several of our publications find their way into various channels. So, for instance, " The Man that Killed his Neighbours," has now been published in German by three different parties, and lately we have been asked for the permission of printing our German translation of "The Story of the Beautiful Book," which has accordingly appeared in this place. A short time ago I found one of our little Leaflet stories in a email German volume for children. The same may be the case in many other instances \vJm-li have not come to my knowledge.
About three weeks ago I had the pleasure of receiving a visit from Mr. B., the brother of our excellent friend H. B., in R., and in him I found a decided coadjutor and wellwisher of our movement. He has become a regular reader of the Bond, and will in many ways be able to support and spread our doctrines. From Miss B. I received again a long and highly interesting letter, containing much that is encouraging, and also many useful remarks. Miss !,., in B., also has by two beautiful letters given a very valuable testimony of her warm and lively sympathy with our principles and operations, and lias offered to introduce our German Leaflets into several educational establishments. Miss J. H., in Sleswick, likewise requests me, in her last letter, to send a number of copies for similar purposes.
Looking back on the year that has now again gone by, and seeing that every month I have been enabled to give some good news, and indication of progress of our work on the Continent, which if gathered into a yearly report would be of no inconsiderable amount, we should not forget to praise God, and cheerfully say—
Come, let us anew our journey pursue,
Roll round with the year,
And iierer stand still till the Muster appear. His adorable will let us gladly fulfil,
And our talents improve,
By the patience of hope, and the labour of love.
Adrian Van Andkl. Hamburg, Dec. 19th, 1853.
It is by unjting small efforts that we arrive at great results. Each of our fingers is of little worth by itself, but altogether they form the hand with which houses are built and mountains pierced.—Confessions of a Working Man,
This little boy was only three years old, but so passionate and self-willed that his parents found it very difficult to manage him. If he did not get what he asked for immediately, he would stamp with his feet, strike any one that opposed him, and even throw anything that he had sufficient strength to wield. To check these passionate outbursts,each parent would occasionally correct him—his father sometimes rather severely —but hitherto with no marked improvement; for the child discovering that he was flogged when be did not please his parents, got also to act similarly to those with whom he was not pleased, saying, " I shall flog you, you are very naughty." His father being thus foiled, was led to consider whether a better management might not be adopted. He thought of the beautiful plants—many of them rare exotics—entrusted to his care. In order to manage these properly, he knew how much care and study and patience were required. He remembered how he had studied their habits, and as far as the nature of the ground would permit, planted them accordingly—some delighting in an exposed situation, others requiring shelter; but although he gave equal care to all, they did not equally flourish. So he began to reason with himself in this way—" Here is my beloved boy, given me by the Lord of Heaven, to fit him to be transplanted to a heavenly inheritance. I will treat this plant with the same degree of forbearance I use towards the flowers entrusted to my care by ray earthly lord." Reflecting in this way, he saw that when those plants did not flourish according to his wish, that he felt no anger towards them, but set about to examine the cause, and, if possible, remove it. Sometimes he found those he entrusted to water had neglected to do so; others were in too rich a soil, and some, perhaps, not sufficiently good. But with all he fouud it necessary to have the ground thoroughly prepared, so that the roots might expand and take firm hold of the soil. He would by no means shake or strike the tree, that might have been incautiously or hastily planted, but would tell his men to dig round it—himself superintending the work—and then prepare the ground, carefully spreading the roots; but one thing he found necessary for all, and that, my dear readers, was a sunbeam. Whether tall or short, growing on the bill, valley, or side of the stream— each and all refused to flourish when deprived of the sun's rays; nay, so greatly did his trees require it, that they would struggle with each other, if placed in too close contact, like unhappy people suffering hunger in a besieged town. In fact, the lowly shrnb would change its character, and stretch and struggle with its taller brethren, until it also again basked in the sun, or became stifled in the conflict. These considerations caused him to alter his plans regarding bis son, determining to give him sufficient light and heat—in other words, education and kindness. Not simply sending him to school, to learn a few lessons from a book, and perhaps an equal number of wild tricks; but to give him an occasional lesson on his own knee, regarding the law of kindness, the beauty of the flowers, the adaptation of insect life, the goodness and kindness of God, our heavenly Father, in thus placing each where the greatest degree of happiness can be attained. This plan of treating this passionate child is working the desired result. The little face brightens when he hears his father's footstep, and he runs to meet him, sure, at least, of a little sunlight—for what can be more like it than the parent's cheerful smile? Instead of walking away with a sullen look of defiance, there is the growing confidence of childish trust; and when ebullitions of temper arise, as rise they will, it is more easily suppressed by a few firm words kindly expressed, or even by a look of sorrowful reproof, than by a blow.
I will conclude this paper by assuring parents that no one possesses so wide a field of usefulness as themselves, nor so fearful a responsibility if their children are neglected or ill-trained. There is a degree of false kindness, or Inzy indulgence, that some parents are disposed to give way to. Not liking to take the trouble to inculcate good habits, particularly those that require example to enforce—for children are close reasoners. Incautious example is every whit as bad as undue severity. Therefore, dear friends, take heed to your ways, that you cnuse not one of these little ones to offend. C.
Numn's first act was to discharge the body of 300 men, called Celeres, whom Romulus kept about his person; for he neither chose to distrust those who put confidence in him, nor to reign over a people that could distrust him.—Plutarch's Lives.
Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-four. —
And still another! How rapidly the |k>k>loge of Time tells off these great years of human existence? With one side of its dial-face turned towards tbe boundless ocean of eternity, and the other towards this earth-island" of time and humanity, it saith, "Never here, for ever there." But the year that has rolled its round and disappeared, has not ftillen like an isolated meteor into the abyss of the past. There has been no break in the chain of time since the flood. Every year has been also linked to its future, and given to it shape and compass. So the one that has just gone its way into the "net7er"-side of eternity, will bring a future, fashioned, to a certain degree, by the events of the Inst twelve months. So vital and intimate is this consanguinity of the years, that the one that has just smiled upon us, in the first day of its infancy, should be regarded not only as the child o"f 1853, but the father of a greater future. This brings home to the heart more impressively the admonition, "Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might." For, as in the individual experience of the human soul, day by day ns they roll, it forms the character it shall wear in eternity; so, in the collective influence of mankind, do we, in a large measure, form the character of future years. Thus, this new-born child of time, with the sunlight of scarce three mornings on its baby brow, is to be the father of 1855; is to form its character; is to put its monlding hand far into the plastic future; and perhaps fashion, under Providence, the great events that are to come. All the years between the present and the end of time are to be affected, perhaps partially determined, as to their moral character, by the moral being which this youn^ scion of eternity shall bequeath to the future. Why, here is a vista of great and sober realities! Here is something to be done, sure enough!
"Let us, then, be up and doing,
With u heart for any fate,
Learn to labour and to wait."
The Olive Leaf Mission—^'e trust, if no untoward event transpire to hedge the way against the expansion of this beuutifnl •and beneficent enterprise of philanthropy, it may be extended to twice its present compass and effect, during the year upon
whicli we have entered. We must try to put forth these Christian teachings of peace und human brotherhood this year in Rome, St. Petersburgh, and Constantinople. Then nv» must endeavour to sow two of these seed-thoughts where we drop one now, in those countries brought already under the i mission of the Dove. We hope to promote the organisation of fifty Olive Leaf Circles in America, during our stay on this side of the Atlantic, which shall aid in expanding the work in foreign lands. The antislavery movement in the United States absorbs and employs moat of those benevolent sympathies and activities, which might be otherwise enlisted in the Olive Leaf Mission. However, we hope to find a few earnest spirits, here and there, who will co-operate with the Circles in Great Britain in spreading the ideas of peace among all nations.
Ocean Penny Postage. _-The preparations for opening the American campaign in favour of this great postal reform with a grand demonstration in Boston, are nearly complete. Thinking that a great meeting in Fanueil Hall, "the cradle of American liberty," as it has been called, would give the movement a status and impulse, we have come to this city for the purpose of enlisting the co-operation of some of its leading men. Nothing could have exceeded the ready cordiality with which they have promised their aid. The mayor, without the slightest hesitation, engaged to call a meeting in Fanueil Hall, and take the chair on the occasion. We have called upon Abbot Lawrence, Robert C. AVinthrop, and many other eminent citizens, who have manifested a lively sympathy with the proposed measure, and will give it their active support. The meeting is to take place on the 22nd of December; and we intend to spend the intervening week in calling upon influential individuals, and upon the editors of the different journals, to enlist them in the movement. In the meantime, we hope to arrange for similar demonstrations in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and the other principal cities, to follow immediately the meeting in Boston. Nearly every day we send a short original article to some widely-circulated journal, presenting some particular aspect of the question, •and inviting the co-operation of its friends in getting up petitions to Congress. AVe offer to forward manuscript forms, all ready Tor signatures, to those who will engage to (ill them with the names of their fellow
citizen?, and transmit them to Washington. Many applications have already come in, mid petitions will soon begin to flow into Congress from every part of the country. We trust that the subject may be brought simultaneously before the British Parliament and the American Congress, and that the measure proposed may be carried out, at least, in the course of the year, between the two countries.
The Free-Labour Movement.—We look forward with lively anticipation to the time when we shall be able to give to this enterprise of philanthropy, what of time and labour we have given to the Ocean Penny Postage Movement, for the last few years. The more we dwell upon its different aspects and probable workings, the more fully we are convinced that it is a department of anti-slavery effort which should commend itself to the hearty sympathy and co-operation of every friend of the slave. The present winter will probably close the ngitation for Ocean Penny Postage by public meetings. So, if our life be spared, we hope to commence the next season with a series of lectures on total abstinence from slavelabour produce. It seems to us, that the abolitionists of Great Britam and the United States ought to unite their efforts to produce a better sample of the working of free labour in the production of sugar and cotton, than that presented in the British West India Islands. The influence of that experiment upon the slaveholders of the United States has been most unfortunate for the cause of emancipation. They insist that it is an utter failure, and that emancipation in the United States would be attended with u like result. This is an unfortunate and unjust impression; for, probably, never, in the history of the world, was any portion of the earth cultivated on such an insane and ruinous principle as the West India Islands, both under slavery and emancipation. There may have been a time when absentee, proprietors of cotton or sugar plantations were so pampered with I he perquisites of monopoly, that they could produce those articles profitably by proxy in the tropical climates, while they themselves were revelling ia wealth and idleness nt the fashionable watering places in England. It such a time there ever was, it is gone by, never to return. It will never come back again, either under slavery or under freedom. Any experiment at cotton or sugar-growing under the system of absentee proprietors or producers must fail, and ought to fail. It is a libnl on the capacities of nature, which she will indignantly repel. Suppose the farmers of Great Britain should emigrate to the West India Islands, and undertake to cultivate tlieir farms at home by proxy; by the cumbrous, exhausting system of agents, solicitors, clerks, &c. The utter ruin of agriculture would follow this extraordinary course. But this result would no more test the profit of farming in Great Britain, than does the ruinous system of cultivation in tlie West Indies prove the capacity of producing cotton and sugar advantageously by the labour of emancipated slaves. The planters of the Southern States, with all their follies and fallacies, never undertook to grow cotton and sugar under this system of absenteeism.
If they have foremen or overseers on their plantations, they arc generally at home themselves, to exercise a personal supervision over their affairs. We, therefore, insist, that the result of emancipation in the West Indies does not furnish proof or indication of the condition which would follow emancipation in the United States. Consequently, free labour in the production of cotton, sugar, &c., must be tested under other circumstances, on other soil, in order to furnish an illustration of its capacity which will affect the slaveholders of the United States. Experiments under their own eyes, upon their own soil, would produce the best test. We hope and believe such will be tried ere long. Before we return to England, we hope to see a beginning made, at least, on one plantation in the Southern States.
The wiicols of Time truly roll, around at an express speed, and apparently all the more rapidly from being burdened with the cares and labours of human life. In our own life's log, we find we have left out of account a whole year. In our short" Goodbye," in the November Bond, we referred to our second sojourn of three years in Europe, and to the various operations connected with the movement during this period. Although we adverted to four Peace Congresses held in this time, we returned to America under the full persuasion that we had been absent only three years; nor were we corrected in this impression, until we had been in our native village a fortnight, when we found, to our surprise, that we had been in Europe./bur years during our last sojourn on that side of the Atlautic.
The Field and the Labourers. — While
looking out upon the ever-expanding field of philanthropic labour which opens to the view, it is well calculuted to soften and sadden the mind to pensive emotions to see one after another of the old, long-tried workers in the field falling at their posts, and others disabled for future effort. Several of these cases have recently occurred iu America. John G. Whittior, whose soulthrilling thoughts have stirred the hearts of thousands to new pulsations for freedom, is still in feeble health. In a letter just received from him, he writes: " I am so much an invalid just now, that I fear thy visit will not be as agreeable to thee as it might be at some other time; I have so many things to talk about, and so little strength! . . . I know that I shall be more disappointed than thyself in not seeing thee now: but a weary illness of three years has made me familiar with disappointment." We are sure Mr. Whittier's numerous friends in England will sympathise with him deeply, and earnestly desire his restoration. Gerritt Smith, also, one of the most munificent philanthropists ever born in America, is seriously indisposc-d, and fears are entertained that he will be obliged to resign his scat in Congress, to which he has been recently elected. In a note we received from him a day or two ago, he says: "Your letter finds me in bad health—so bad that I cannot take my scat in Congress at the opening of the session." Mr. Barnabas Bates, the Rowland Hill of the United States, wit 11 whom we expected to be associated in this Ocean Penny Postage campaign in America, is dead. Truly, the field is large, and the labourers few; but we are confident that the Lord of the harvest will raise up more.
E. B. Boston, U.S.A., Dec. 12, 1853.
THE OCEAN PENNY POSTAGE MOVEMENT AND OLIVE LEAF MISSION IN AMERICA. Having spent a little more than a month in our native village, partly in visiting among our old neighbours and friends, and partly in preparing for the winter campaign, we commenced operations on the 28th of November, when we met a large company of ladies in the adjoining town of Fannington, Connecticut, and explained to them the Olive Leaf Mission. The meeting was held at a large seminary for the education of young ladies, of whom thirty or forty were present, besides many ladies of the town. This was the first time we had presented the subject to such a company in America, and we gave a pretty full account of the peace movement from the beginning, including the Peace Congress in Europe, and the cooperation of the ladies of' Great Britain, through the Olive Leaf Societies. They all listened with fixed attention; and we were glad to see that the young ladies of the seminary manifested much interest in the subject. As it was quite new to nearly all present, the further consideration was adjourned to the next meeting of a local benevolent society, with which, it was thought, the mission might bo associated. On the whole, we were much gratified at the result of the first conversazione on the subject since our return to America.
November 29.—The regular meetings of the Olive Leaf Circle in New Britain having been suspended, on account of the removal of the secretaries from the town, and other causes, a large company were convened on this evening, for the purpose of reorganising the society. There were nearly forty present, ull of whom listened with lively manifestations of interest to the statements we mi.de in reference to the progress and prospects of the movement in Kurope. There was such a disposition to listen, that we were constrained to begin again two or three times, after having concluded what we had intended to say. They were particularly interested in hearing whut the ladies in Great Britain had done in the various departments of philanthropy embraced in the League movement. They much admired the Friendly Address Mission to France, originated by the British Olive Leaf Societies, the Ocean Penny Postage Bazaar in Manchester, and other enterprises that had been accomplished during the last two years. The extent and success of these operations seemed to answer, to their complete satisfaction, the question, what can these little quietly-working Circles do for the promotion ot peace among the great nations of the earth? Another meeting was appointed during the ensuing week to complete their organisation, and all seemed animated to new hope, faith, and effort in the cause. The Olive Leaf Society in New Britain was the first formed in America, and it contributed £20 to the foreign mission of the Dove during the first year of its existence. The normal school, for the education of school teachers for the State of Connecticut, has recently been established
here, and the wives of two or three of the professors readily offered to take part in forming the new Olive Leaf Society. Thus, this important institution, we trust, will be brought under the influence of these ideas and teachings of peace.
December 5. — Being persuaded that Boston was the place in which to launch the Ocean Penny Postage movement in America, we left New Britain on the 2nd of December for that city. On our way we passed a few days with our dear friend Amasa Walker, formerly Secretary of State for Massachusetts, who resides at North Brookfield. This was the first time that we had met him since our return from Europe; and it was n joy and gladness to sit down with him by his bright wood-fire again, and commune together upon the post and future. On this evening, a large company of ladies and gentlemen were convened, filling two large rooms. We explained the Olive Leaf Mission pretty fully, and went over all the principal operations connected with the peace movement in Kurope during our last sojourn on that side of the Atlantic. Much interest was shown in these various operation?, and another meeting was appointed for the purpose of organising an Olive Leaf Society.
December 0. — In the evening we addressed a public meeting in North Brookfield on Ocean Penny Postage, it being the first time we had spoken on the subject in America. The evening was very unfavourable, but the Town-hall was pretty well filled with a very intelligent audience, who listened with marked attention to the development of the project. A large number of signatures were attached to the petition to Congress, at the conclusion of the meeting, and all present seemed to appreciate the importance and value of the measure proposed. This was the first petition sent up to Congress in behalf of the boon this season.
December 7.—Left North Brookfield and proceeded on to Framlingham, about twenty miles from Boston, where we met a large company of ladies at the house of the Rev. Mr. Bodwell, who, for several years, was settled in Bury St. Edmund's, England. There were about twenty - five present, all of whom listened with great attention to the exposition of the Olive Leaf Mission, and to the detailed history of the different peace operations in Europe which we gave them. The subject was apparently new to all, and they seemed surprised that so much had been accomplished, —J ~