Gender and Justice in Multicultural Liberal States
Gender and Justice in Multicultural Liberal States explores the challenges that culturally plural liberal states face when they hold competing political commitments to cultural rights and sexual equality, and advances an argument for resolving such dilemmas through democratic dialogue and negotiation. Exploring recent examples of gendered cultural conflicts in South Africa, Canada, and Britain, this book shows that there is an urgent need for workable strategies to mediatethe antagonisms between the cultural practices and arrangements of certain ethno-cultural and religious groups and the norms and constitutional rights endorsed by liberal states. Yet such strategies will be successful only insofar as they can resolve conflicts without either reinforcing women's subordinationwithin cultural communities or unjustly dismissing calls for cultural recognition and forms of self-governance. To this end, the book develops an approach to mediating cultural tensions that takes seriously the demands of justice by cultural and religious minorities in liberal democratic states. Grounded in an argument for democratic legitimacy, this approach invokes norms of political inclusion and democratic dialogue, and highlights negotiation and compromise as the best vehicles forarriving at resolutions to conflicts of cultural value. However, it also reconceives the basis of democratic legitimacy so as to include not merely formal expressions of political consent, but also a range of non-formal democratic activity that occur in the private and social spheres, from acts of culturalreinvention and subversion to outright expressions of dissent and cultural refusal.
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Liberal Approaches to Conflicts of Culture
Womens Rights as Human Rights
Empowering Cultural Communities
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Aboriginal Aboriginal governments Aboriginal women African argue arranged marriage Canada capabilities approach CEDAW challenge Charlottetown Charlottetown Accord Charter choices claims compromise conflicts of culture consent constitutional contested cultural practices critical cultural and religious cultural communities cultural conflicts cultural group members cultural minorities cultural rights customary law customary marriage customs debate decision-making deliberative democracy democratic legitimacy dialogue discrimination discussion example Feminism forced marriage formal forms freedom group rights human rights law Ibid ideal individual rights issue justice Kukathas Kymlicka liberal democratic liberal norms lobolo Martha Nussbaum mediating moral Multiculturalism Native women negotiations nonliberal Nussbaum NWAC Okin oppression Oxford participants plural political deliberation political inclusion Political Theory practices and arrangements procedures proposed protections reasons reform requires responses self-government sex equality sexual equality society South Africa Spinner-Halev status strategic Susan Okin tensions traditional cultural traditional leaders University Press Valadez vulnerable women's human rights women's rights