The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Warfare: From Ancient Egypt to Iraq

Front Cover
Penguin, Apr 16, 2012 - History - 512 pages
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Previously published in hardcover as War: The Definitive Visual History

War has been central to the rise and fall of civilizations since the dawn of time. The history of warfare first emerges from legend in Mesopotamia, the cradle of civilization, around 3,000 years before the birth of Christ. The first armies that we know about fought in Sumeria, Ancient Egypt, and Syria. From these first battles, fought with spears or axes on horseback or on foot, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Warfare traces the campaigns and conflicts that have shaped world history and examines the evolution of military tactics and technology.

The story of the development from these primitive battles to the global conflicts of the 20th century and the modern "War on Terror" is the story of humanity itself, reflecting the same political, cultural and technological forces that have defined human history. From longbows to laser-guided missiles; from chariots to jet aircraft; and from Samurai warriors to SAS soldiers, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Warfare provides the definitive visual chronicle of this intense, brutal, and often heroic tale.

War combines a coherent and compelling spread-by-spread historical narrative with a wealth of supporting features on weapons and technology, strategy and tactics, the experience of war, and history's fighting elites to recount the epic 5,000-year story of warfare and combat through the ages.

 

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Contents

198 The Peninsular War
198
COMMUNICATIONS
200
202 Napoleons Downfall
202
ARMOR
204
WATERLOO
206
208 The War of 1812
208
210 South Americas Wars of Liberation
210
212 The Greek War of Independence
212

28 Alexanders Successors
28
30 The Rise of Rome
31
32 The Punic Wars
32
34 The Gallic Wars
34
ENGINEERING
36
38 Roman Civil War
38
A DISTANT POSTING
40
42 The Roman Empire
42
46 The Late Roman Empire
46
48 The Warring States Period
48
50 The Three Kingdoms
50
HELMETS
53
54 The Mauryan Empire
54
56 WAR IN THE MEDIEVAL WORLD 5001500
57
58 Introduction and timeline
58
62 The Rise of Byzantium
62
64 The Ascent of Islam
64
68 Frankish Expansion
68
70 Viking Raids and the Norman Conquest
70
72 The Rise of the Turks
72
74 The First Crusades
74
76 Expulsion of the Crusaders from the Holy Land
76
WARRIOR SAINT
78
80 Japans Gempei Wars
80
82 Mongol Invasions
82
86 The Wars of Kublai Khan
86
88 The Conquests of Timur
89
90 Guelphs and Ghibellines
90
MERCENARIES
92
94 Crusades in Europe
94
96 AngloScottish Wars
96
98 The Spanish Reconquista
98
CRÉCY
101
102 The Hundred Years War
102
SWORDS
105
106 The End of the Byzantine Empire
106
108 EARLY MODERN WARFARE 15001750
109
110 Introduction and timeline
110
114 The Italian Wars
114
116 Spanish Conquests in the New World
116
120 Mogul Conquests
120
122 Ottoman Expansion
122
LEPANTO
124
126 Wars of the Sengoku Era
126
128 Korea Resists Invasion
129
SAMURAI ARMORER
130
132 Manchu Conquests
132
134 French Wars of Religion
134
138 The Dutch Revolt
138
140 The AngloSpanish War
140
142 The Thirty Years War
142
FIRST BREITENFELD
145
146 The British Civil Wars
146
148 The AngloDutch Wars
148
152 The Early Wars of Louis XIV
152
154 The War of the Spanish Succession
154
DAGGERS
156
158 The Great Northern War
158
SUPPLIES
160
162 The War of the Austrian Succession
162
164 THE AGE OF REVOLUTION 17501830
165
166 Introduction and timeline
166
170 French and Indian War
170
172 The Seven Years War
172
LEUTHEN
174
176 Britains Wars in India
176
178 The American Revolution
178
182 The Wars of Catherine the Great
182
THE KINGS RIGHT ARM
184
186 French Revolutionary Wars
186
188 The Rise of Napoleon
188
190 Triumph of the Royal Navy
190
TRAFALGAR
193
194 Napoleons Imperial Triumphs in Europe
194
214 THE DAWN OF MECHANIZED WARFARE 18301914
215
216 Introduction and timeline
216
220 The Crimean War
220
MEDICINE
222
224 Wars of Italian Unification
224
226 The Rise of Prussia
226
228 FrancoPrussian War
228
230 Mexican Wars
230
232 Start of the US Civil War
232
GETTYSBURG
235
236 End of the US Civil War
236
238 Imperial Wars in Africa
238
240 Wars in China
240
242 Plains Indian Wars
242
MUSKETS AND RIFLES
244
246 The Zulu Wars
246
248 The Second Boer War
248
VELDT DIARY
250
252 SpanishAmerican War
252
254 The RussoJapanese War
254
TSUSHIMA
256
258 War in the Balkans
258
260 ERA OF THE WORLD WARS 19141945
261
262 Introduction and timeline
262
266 Outbreak of World War I
266
Stalemate on the Western Front
268
The Wider War
270
Air and Sea Battles
272
The Defeat of Germany
276
ARTILLERY
278
280 The Russian Civil War
280
282 The SinoJapanese War
282
284 The Spanish Civil War
284
PROPAGANDA
286
288 World War II Begins
288
The Turning Tide
290
STALINGRAD
293
The Battle of the Atlantic
294
The War in the Air
296
The Fall of Hitler
298
WARTIME ODYSSEY
300
The War with Japan
302
The Defeat of Japan
304
306 CONFLICTS AFTER WORLD WAR II 1945PRESENT
307
308 Introduction and timeline
308
312 The Cold War
312
314 The Chinese Civil War
314
316 The Korean War
316
318 Decolonization in Southeast Asia
318
DIEN BIEN PHU
320
322 The Vietnam War
322
PRISONER IN VIETNAM
325
326 Revolutionary Wars in Latin America
326
328 African Wars of Independence
328
330 Postcolonial Africa
330
332 South Asian Wars
332
334 The ArabIsraeli Conflict
334
336 The Falklands War
336
MACHINE GUNS
338
340 Wars in Afghanistan
340
342 Gulf Wars
342
ETHICS OF WAR
344
346 PostCommunist Wars
346
348 The Occupation of Iraq
348
352 DIRECTORY
353
354 War in the Ancient World
354
372 War in the Medieval Era
372
394 Early Modern Warfare
394
416 The Age of Revolution
416
436 The Dawn of Mechanized Warfare
436
456 Era of the World Wars
456
478 Conflicts since World War II
478
498 Index and Acknowledgments
498
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