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" Admiral Byng arrives, printed in the Gazette, where “ the most material passages in vindication of his conduct

are cut out; to preserve the former impressions of his having behaved like a coward, at the same time con

demning the resolutions of the whole council of war “ unheard, a most fagrant affront on men of superior “ birth, by one who has undeservedly started into nobility.

It was now necessary to continue inventing more “ tales against Mr. Byng ; one day it was given out, « that he had sold out of the stocks forty-four thousand

pounds before he sailed, which was to insinuate, that “ he left England with a design never to return: the “ falfhood of this report may be seen in the stock books, “ Then it was reported, that this was the man who « cruised before Genoa last war, and took money to let “ vessels with provisions and men pass to the relief of “ the town; a known falshood, and were not the ashes “c of the dead sacred, I would tell you his name: was so not this to hint the idea of venality ?

“ Then it seems it was discovered, that a ship with

provisions had gotten into Mahon the very day before “ the action, which ship arrived at the port a month “ before the investing the citadel ; was not this to in“ sinuate that he might have landed his soldiers also ?

“ Ballads were made to keep up your resentment, « and the admiral hanged and burnt in effigy at the “ national expence, by the clerks and officers of public “ offices, amongst whom one Mr. Glover, belonging “ to the Viktualling-Office, burning him in Whitechapel “ road, was rewarded with a broken leg by the Barking « stage-coach,

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“ It was now thought necessary to affert, that Mr. " Byng was attempting to escape in women's clothes, i to impart the idea of conscious guiltiness, which is « likewise an invention of fallhood ; and yet this idea

was to be continued by fixing iron bars to the win

dows, to prevent a man from escaping, whom they « wish to be well rid of, and who would not leave the

place if they would permit him.

“ At one time he is represented as mad, and then “ as killing himself with drinking: then, that it is to « be feared he may attempt suicide. Believe me, he « has not lost his senses, as his accusers will find, nor “ will he destroy himself with his own hands; and it is

the duty of the people to preserve his life, for the “ sake of more perfectly knowing what influenced his “ pursuers to contrive and conduct the expedition in so

preposterous a manner.

“ And lastly, these contemptible artifices are followed " by a letter to Admiral Byng, published at the expence “ of his enemies, and hawked through the streets for “ the sake of universal publication*. But the whole is

an entire declamation, intended to infiame, founded “ on no one argument, and concludes with a confeffion, “ which his adversaries would do extremely well to learn

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* This was probably the performance mentioned by Dr. Johnson in the life of David Mallet. “ In the beginning of the laft war, " when the nation was exasperated by ill success, he was employed

to turn the public vengeance upon Byng, and wrote a letter of « accusation under the character of a Plain Man. The paper was “ with great industry circulated and dispersed; and he for his “ feasonable intervention had a considerable pension bestowed upon “ him, which he retained to his death.” E. 8

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< by heart, against that day when public justice will « demand them to their trials.”

Such is the plea of the persecuted Byng, on which, though we do not suppose that the public will pay much regard to our determination, we shall give our opinion with the freedom of men uninfluenced by dependence or expectation.

It appears to us that Byng has suffered without fufficient cause,

That he was sent to the relief of Minorca, when relief was known to be no longer possible.

That he was sent without land forces, the only forces that could raise the siege.

That his feet was inferior, and long before the battle was known at home to be inferior to that of the French.

That he fought them, and retreated only when he could fight no longer.

That a second engagement would only have increased the loss suffered in the first.

That a victory at sea would not have saved Minorca.

That there was no provision for the chances of a battle.

That the nation has been industriously deceived by false and treacherous representations.

That Minorca, if not betrayed, has been neglected.

That Byng's letter has been mutilated injuriously, fraudulently mutilated.

That every act of defamation has been practised against him.

That unless other evidence can be produced, Byng will be found innocent.



The Conduct of the MINISTRY impartially

examined, in a LETTER to the Merchants of London.

F this pamphlet the eight first pages contain only

the general declarations of every writer of every party, with a little flattery, not gross or indecent, of the merchants, an exhortation to impartiality, and an encomium on the purity of his own intention. When a man appeals to himself for what only himself can know, he may

be very confident of a favourable sentence. This author may perhaps think as he writes, for there are men who think as they are bidden. He then takes into consideration a pamphlet which he does not name, because, I suppose, he would not help to advertise it. This is artful, but it is not dishonest. The pamphlet is, I think, one of the Letters to the People of England, from which he gives the following quotation, with his answer.

“ In the year one thousand seven hundred and forty, nine, or fifty, fome American traders, subjects of the

king of Great-Britain, travelled to the borders of the « Obio to traffick with the natives of those


this being known to the Canadian French, messengers were

dispatched to acquaint them, that, unless they with« drew from their master's territories, their effects would « be confiscated, and themselves carried to prison et


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Quebec. This message the traders thought fit to obey, “ and withdrew in consequence of it. “ The succeeding season, another company

of British subjects came to trade on the Ohio: and not with

drawing on a like message with the former, their “ goods were confiscated, and themselves carried pri

soners to Quebec, from whence they were brought to « Rochelle in France, and still detained in prison. Not « conscious of having violated the laws of nations, or “ traded on any ground to which the king of GreatBritain had not an undoubted right, they remon“ strated to the British ministry, insisted upon being “ claimed as British subjects, and honourably discharged from prison, as persons unoffending the laws of na“ tions; nay, they entertained the honourable hopes of

Englishmen, that the ministry of England would not « cease to demand an indemnification for the loss of " that merchandize, which had been unjustly taken from “ them; and reparation for the insult and long im“ prisonment of their persons : expectations becoming

men, who value their liberties, properties, and nation's " honour. In this they were deceived, the true spirit « of an English minifter no longer dwelt amongst us. “ The ambassador at Paris, instead of demanding these

subjects of his master, as men unjustly held in prison, “ and reparation for the wrongs they had received, was “ ordered by the ministry to folicit, as a favour from “ the court of France, the discharge of them only, ac“ knowledging their offence.”

Thus he relates and circumstantiates the fact : and here I beg leave to remark, that when the circumstances,



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