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Some regulations are necessary, whatever track be 12 chosen. The scaffold ought to be raised at least four feet, with rails high enough to support the standers, and yet fo low as not to hinder the view.


oration, in which was a wish that her majesty might prove extremely prolific.

The procession then advanced to the conduit in Cornbill; where the graces sat enthroned, with a fountain before them, incessantly discharging wine; and underneath, a poet, who described the qualities peculiar to each of these amiable deities, and presented the queen with their several gifts.

The cavalcade thence proceeded to a great conduit that stood opposite to Mercers-ball in Cheapfide, and, upon that occafion, was painted with a variety of emblems, and during the solemnity and remaining part of the day, ran with different sorts of wine, for the entertainment of the populace.

At the end of Wood-ftreet, the standard there was finely embels lished with royal portraitures and a number of flags, on which were painted coats of arms and trophies, and above was a concert of vocal and instrumental music.

At the upper end of Cheapfide was the aldermens station, where . the recorder addressed the queen in a very elegant oration, and, in the name of the citizens, presented her with a thousand marks in a purse of gold tissue, which her majesty very gracefully received.

At a small distance, by Cheapfide conduit, was a pageant, in which were seated Minerva, Juno, and Venus; before whom food the god Mercury; who, in their names, presented the queen a golden apple.

At St. Paul's gate was a fine pageant, in which fat three ladies richly dressed, with each a chaplet on her head, and a tablet in her hand, containing Latin inscriptions.

At the east end of St. Paul's cathedral, the queen was entertained by some of the scholars belonging to St. Paul's school, with verses in praise of the king and her majesty, with which she seemed highly delighted

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It would add much to the gratification of the people, if the horse-guards, by which all our processions have been of late encumbered, and rendered dangerous to the multitude, were to be left behind at the coronation; and if, contrary to the desires of the people, the proceflion must pass in the old track, that the number of foot soldiers be diminished; since it cannot but offend every Englishman to see troops of soldiers placed between him and his sovereign, as if they were the most honourable of the people, or the king required guards to secure his person from his subjects. As their station makes them think themselves important, their insolence is always such as may be expected from servile authority; and the impatience of the people, under such immediate

oppression, always produces quarrels, tumults, and mischief.

Thence proceeding to Ludgate, which was finely decorated, her majesty was entertained with several fongs adapted to the occafion, fung in concert by men and boys upon the leads over the gate.

At the end of Shoe-lane, in Fleet.freet, a handsome tower with four turrets was erected upon the conduit, in each of which food one of the cardinal virtues, with their several fymbols; who, addressing themselves to the queen, promised they would never leave her, but be always her constant attendants. Within the tower was an excellent concert of music, and the conduit all the while ran with various sorts of wine.

At Temple-bar she was again entertained with songs, sung in concert by a choir of men and boys; and having from thence proceeded to Westminster, the returned the lord mayor thanks for his good offices, and those of the citizens, that day. The day after, the lord mayor, aldermen, and sheriffs, affifted at the coronation, which was performed with great splendor. Stow's Annals.

Note, The same historian informs us, that queen Elizabeth pafled in the like manner, through the city, to her coronation.




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HE public may justly require to be informed of

the nature and extent of every design, for which the favour of the public is openly solicited. The artists, who were themselves the first projectors of an exhibition in this nation, and who have now contributed to the following catalogue, think it therefore necessary to explain their purpose, and justify their conduct. An exhibition of the works of art, being a spectacle new in this kingdom, has raised various opinions and conjectures among those who are unacquainted with the practice in foreign nations. Those who set out their performances to general view, have been too often considered as the rivals of each other, as men actuated, if not by avarice, at least by vanity, and contending for superiority of fame, though not for a pecuniary prize. It cannot be denied or doubted, that all who offer themselves to criticism are desirous of praise; this desire is not only innocent, but virtuous, while it is undebased by artifice, and unpolluted by envy; and of envy or artifice these men can never be accused, who, already enjoying all the honours and profits of their profession, are content to stand candidates for public notice, with genius yet unexperienced, and diligence yet unrewarded; who, without any hope of increasing their own reputation or interest, expose their names and their works only that they may furnish an opportunity of appearance to the young, the diffident, and the neglected. The purpose of this exhibition is not to enrich the artists, but to advance the art; the A a 2


eminent are not flattered with preference, nor the obscure insulted with contempt ; whoever hopes to deserve public favour, is here invited to display his merit.

Of the price put upon this exhibition some account may be demanded. Whoever fets his work to be shewn, naturally desires a multitude of spectators; but his desire defeats its own end, when spectators assemble in such numbers as to obstruct one another. Though we are far from wishing to diminish the pleasures, or depreciate the sentiments of any class of the community, we know, however, what every one knows, that all cannot be judges or purchasers of works of art; yet we have already found by experience, that all are desirous to see an exhibition. When the terms of admission were low, our room was thronged with such multitudes as made access dangerous, and frightened away those whose approbation was most desired.

Yet, because it is feldom believed that money is got but for the love of money, we shall tell the use which we intend to make of our expected profits.

Many artists of great abilities are unable to sell their works for their due price; to remove this inconvenience, an annual sale will be appointed, to which every man may send his works, and send them if he will without his name. These works will be reviewed by the committee that conduct the exhibition. A price will be secretly set on every piece, and registered by the secretary. If the piece exposed is sold for more, the whole price shall be the artist's; but if the purchaser's value is at less than the committee, the artist shall be paid the deficiency from the profits of the exhibition.

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the prosecution of this work, I received many remarks from learned friends, which came fometimes too late for insertion ; and some of my own remarks, either more mature reflection, or better information, has disposed me to retract. An appendix, therefore, became necessary, that I might omit nothing which could contribute to the explanation of my authour. I do not always concur with my friends in their opinion ; but their abilities are such as make me less confident when I find myself differing from them; and the public might justly complain, if I suppressed their sentiments either by pride or timidity. From the Revisal of Sbakspeare, lately published, I have selected foıne just remarks, and from Dr. Grey some valuable illustrations. I am far, at last, from supposing my work perfect; but do not think any thing which I am likely to add to it, of value enough to justify longer delay*.

* The preface to Shakspeare, in the last publication of Dr. Johnson's works, having been mutilated by the omiffion of the following paragraph, in justice to the memory of Dr. Johnson it is here restored from the edition of Shakspeare of the year 1773, where it originally appeared. “ Of what has been performed in this " revisal, an account is given in the following pages by Mr. Steevens, who might have spoken both of his own diligence and

fagacity, in terms of greater self-approbation, without deviating " from modesty or truth."


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