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there is danger left the houses, loaded as they will be with people, all pressing forward in the fame direction, should fall down upon the procession. The least evil that can be expected is, that in so close a crowd, fome will be trampled upon, and others fmothered; and surely a pomp that costs a single life is too dearly bought. The new streets, as they are more extensive, will afford place to greater numbers, with less danger.

In this proposal I do not foresee any objection that can reasonably be made. That a longer march will require more time, is not to be mentioned, as implying any defect in a scheme of which the whole purpose is to lengthen the march and protract the time. The longest course which I have proposed is not equal to an hour's walk in the Park. The labour is not such, as that the king should refuse it to his people, or the nobility grudge it to the king. Queen Anne went from the palace through the Park to the Hall, on the day of her coronation; and when old and infirm, used to pass on solemn thankfgivings from the palace to St. Paul's church *.

Part

* In order to convey to the reader some idea how highly parade and magnificence were estimated by our ancestors, on these folemn occafions, I shall take notice of the manner of conducting lady Anne Boleyn from Greenwich, previous to her coronation, as it is recited by Stow.

King Henry VIII. (says that hiftorian) having divorced queen Catherine, and married Anne Boleyn, or Boloine, who was descended from Godfrey Boloine, Mayor of the city of London, and intending her coronation, fent to order the Lord Mayor, not only to make all the preparations necessary for condu&ing his royal confort from Greenwich, by water, to the Tower of London, but to adorn the city

after

Part of my scheme supposes the demolition of the lo Gate-bcuje, a building fo offensive, that, without any occafional reason, it ought to be pulled down, for it difgraces the present magnificence of the capital, and is a continual nuisance to neighbours and passengers.

A longer

after the most magnificent manner, for her paffage through it to
Wefiminfter.
In obedience to the royal precept,

the
mayor

and common-council not only ordered the company of Haberdashers, of which the lord mayor was a member, to prepare a magnificent state barge ; but enjoined all the city corporations to provide themselves with barges, and to adorn them in the most fuperb manner, and especially to have them supplied with good bands of music.

On the 29th of May, the time prefixed for this pompous proceffion by water, the mayor, aldermen, and commons, assembled at St. Mary-bill; the mayor and aldermen in scarlet, with gold chains, and those who were knights, with the collars of SS. At one they went on board the city barge at Billingsgate, which was most magnificently decorated, and attended by fifty noble barges, belonging to the several companies of the city, with each its own corporation on board; and, for the better regulation of this procession, it was ordered, that each barge should keep twice their lengths afunder.

Thus regulated, the city barge was preceded by another mount. ed with ordnance, and the figures of dragons, and other monsters, incessantly emitting fire and smoke, with much noise. Then the city barge, attended on the right by the Haberdashers ftate barge, called the Bachelors, which was covered with gold brocade, and adorned with fails of filk, with two rich standards of the king's and queen's arms at her head and stern, besides a variety of Aags and ftreamers, containing the arms of that company, and those of the merchant adventurers; besides which, the shrouds and ratlines were hurg with a number of small bells: on the left was a barge that contained a very beautiful mount, on which stood a white falcon crowned, perched upon a golden stump enriched with roses,

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A longer course of scaffolding is doubtless more expensive than a shorter ; but it is hoped that the time is now past, when any design was received or rejected according to the money that it would cost. Magnificence cannot be cheap, for what is cheap cannot be magni

ficent.

being the queen's emblem ; and round the mount sat several beau-
tiful virgins, singing, and playing upon inftruments. The other
barges followed in regular order, till they came below Greenwich.
On their return the procession began with that barge which was be-
fore the last, in which were mayor's and Pheriff's officers, and this
was followed by those of the inferior companies, ascending to the
lord mayor's, which immediately preceded that of the queen, who
was attended by the Bachelors or state barge, with the magnificence
of which her majesty was much delighted; and being arrived at
the Tower, he returned the lord mayor and aldermen thanks, for
the
pomp

with which she had been conducted thither.
Two days after, the lord mayor, in a gown of crimson velvet,
and a rich collar of SS, attended by the sheriffs, and two domestics
in red and white damalk, went to receive the queen at the Tower
of London, whence the sheriffs returned to see that every thing was
in order. The streets were just before new gravelled from the
Tower to Temple-Bar, and railed in on each side, to the intent that
the horses should not lide on the pavement, nor the people be hurt
by the horses ; within the rails near Grace-church, ftood a body of
Anseatic merchants, and next to them the several corporations of
the city, in their formalities, reaching to the aldermens station at
the upper end of Cheapfide. On the opposite fide were placed the
city constables dressed in filk and velvet, with staffs in their hands,
to prevent the breaking in of the mob, or any other disturbance.
On this occasion, Gracechurch-freet and Cornhill were hung with
crimson and scarlet cloth, and the sides of the houses of a place then
called Goldsmiths-row, in Cheapfide, were' adorned with gold bro-
cades, velvet, and rich tapestry,

The

ficent. The money that is so spent, is spent at home, and the king will receive again what he lays out on the pleasure of his people. Nor is it to be omitted, that if the cost be considered as expended by the public,

much

The proceflion began from the Tower with twelve of the French ambaffador's domeftics in blue velvet, the trappings of their horses being blue farsnet, interspersed with white crosses; after whom marched those of the equestrian order, two and two, followed by judges in their robes, two and two; then came the knights of the Bath in violet gowns, purfled with menever. Next came the ab. bots, barons, bishops, earls and marquises, in their robes, two and two. Then the lord chancellor, followed by the Venetian ambas. sador and the archbishop of York: next the French ambassador and the archbishop of Canterbury, followed by two gentlemen representing the dukes of Normandy and Aquitain; after whom rode the lord mayor of London with his mace, and Garter in his coat of arms; then the duke of Suffolk, lord high steward, followed by the deputy marshal of England, and all the other officers of state in their robes, carrying the symbols of their several offices: then others of the nobility in crimson velvet, and all the queen's officers in scarlet, followed by her chancellor uncovered, who immediately preceded his mistress.

The queen was dressed in silver brocade, with a mantle of the fame furred with ermine; her hair was dilhevelled, and he wore a chaplet upon her head set with jewels of inestimable value. She fat in a litter covered with silver tissue, and carried by two beautiful pads cloathed in white damask, and led by her footmen. Over the litter was carried a canopy of cloth of gold, with a silver bell at each corner, supported by fixteen knights alternately, by four at a time.

After her majesty came her chamberlain, followed by her master of horse, leading a beautiful pad, with a side-saddle and crappings of filver tissue. Next came seven ladies in crimson velvet, faced with gold brocade, mounted on beautiful horses with gold trappings.

Then oration,

much more will be saved than loft ; for the excessive prices at which windows and tops of houses are now let, will be abated, not only greater numbers will be admitted to the shew, but each will come at a cheaper rate.

Some

Then followed two chariots covered with cloth of gold, in the first of which were the duchess of Norfolk and the marchioness of Dorset, and in the second four ladies in crimson velvet; then followed seven ladies dressed in the same manner, on horseback, with magnificent trappings, followed by another chariot all in white, with fix dies in crimfon velvet; this was followed by another all in red, with eight ladies in the same dress with the former : next came thirty gentlewomen, attendants to the ladies of honour; they were on horseback, dressed in alks and velvet; and the cavalcade was closed by the horse guards.

This pompous procession being arrived in Fenchurch-ftreet, the the queen stopped at a beautiful pageant, crowded with children in mercantile habits; who congratulated her majesty upon the joyful occasion of her happy arrival in the city,

Thence the proceeded to Gracechurch corner, where was erected a very magnificent pageant, at the expence of the company of Arseatic merchants, in which was represented mount Parnaffus, with the fountain of Helicon, of white marble, out of which arose four fprings about four feet high, centering at the top in a small globe, from whence issued plenty of Rhenish wine till night. On the mount fat Apollo, at his feet was Calliope, and beneath were the rest of the Mufes, surrounding the mount, and playing upon a variety of musical instruments, at whose feet were inscribed several epigrams suited to the occasion, in letters of gold.

Her majesty then proceeded to Leadenhall, where food a pageant, representing a hill encompafied with red and white roses; and above it was a golden stump, upon which a white falcon, descending from above, perched, and was quickly followed by an angel, who put a crown of gold upon his head. A little lower on the hillock sat St. Anne, furrounded by her progeny, one of whom made an

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