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Reasons offered against confining the Procession to the

usual Track, and pointing out others more commo

dious and proper.

To which are prefixed,

A Plan of the different Paths recommended, with the Parts

adjacent, and a Sketch of the Proceffion.

Most humbly submitted to Consideration.

First printed in the Year M DCC LXI.

Τ Η Ο U G H T S

ON THE

COR ON A TI O N,

&c.

Α'

LL pomp is instituted for the sake of the public.

A shew without spectators can no longer be a Mew. Magnificence in obscurity is equally vain with a sun-dial in the grave.

As the wisdom of our ancestors has appointed a very splendid and ceremonious inauguration of our kings, their intention was, that they should receive their crown with such awful rites, as might for ever impress upon them a due sense of the duties which they were to take, when the happiness of nations is put into their hands ; and that the people, as many as can possibly be witnesses to any single act, should openly acknowledge their sovereign by universal homage.

By the late method of conducting the coronation, all these purposes have been defeated. Our kings, with their train, have crept to the temple through obscure passages; and the crown has been worn out of sight of the people. Of the multitudes, whom loyalty or curiosity brought together, the greater part has returned without a single glimpse of their prince's grandeur, and the day that opened with festivity ended in discontent.

This evil has proceeded from the narrowness and shortness of the way through which the procession has lately passed. As it is narrow, it admits of very few spectators; as it is short, it is foon passed. The first part of the train reaches the abbey before the whole has left the palace; and the nobility of England, in their robes of state, display their riches only to themselves.

All this inconvenience may be easily avoided by chusing a wider and lorger course, which may be again enlarged and varied by going one way, and returning another. This is not without a precedent; for, not to enquire into the practice of remoter princes, the procession of Charles the Second's Coronation issued from the Tower, and passed through the whole length of the city to Whiteball *

The

• The king went early in the morning to the Tower of London in his coach, most of the lords being there before. And about ten of the clock they set forward towards Whitehall, ranged in that order as the heralds had appointed; those of the long robe, the king's council at law, the masters of the chancery, and judges, going first, and so the lords in their order, very splendidly habited, on rich footcloths ; the number of their footmen being limited, to the dukes ten, to the lords eight, and to the viscounts fix, and the barons four, all richly clad, as their other servants were. The whole show was the most glorious in the order and expence, that had been ever seen in England; they who rode first being in FleetAreet when the king issued out of the Tower, as was known by the discharge of the ordnance: and it was near three of the clock in the afternoon, when the king alighted at Whitehall. The next morning the king rode in the same state in his robes, and with his

crown

The path in the late coronations has been only from Westminster-ball, along New Palace-yard, into Union-street, through the extreme end of King-street, and to the Abbey door, by the way of St. Margaret's church-yard.

The paths which I propose the procession to pass through, are,

I. From St. James's palace, along Pall-Mall and Charing-Cross, by White-ball, through Parliament-street, down Bridge-street, into King-street, round St. Margeret's church-yard, and from thence into the Abbey.

II. From St. James's palace a-cross the canal, into the Bird-cage-walk, from thence into Great George-fireet, then turning down Long-ditch, (the Gate-bouse previously to be taken down) proceed to the Abbey. Or,

III. Continuing the course along George-street, into King-street, and by the way of St. Margaret's churchyard, to pass into the west door of the Abbey.

crown on his head, and all the lords in their robes, to Westminster. Hall; where all the ensigns for the coronation were delivered to those who were appointed to carry them, the earl of Northumberland being made high constable, and the earl of Suffolk earl marshal, for the day. And then all the lords in their order, and the king himself, walked on foot, upon blue cloth, from Westminster-Hall to the Abbey Church, where, after a sermon preached by Dr. Morley, (then bishop of Worcester) in Henry the Seventb's Chapel, the king was sworn, crowned and anointed, by Dr. Juxon, archbishop of Canterbury, with all the folemnity that in those cases had been ufed. All which being done, the king returned in the same manner on foot to Weftminster-Hall, which was adorned with rich hangings and fatues; and there the king dined, and the lords on either fide at tables provided for them: and all other ceremonies were performed with great order and magnificence.

Life of Lord Clarendon, p. 187.

IV. From St. James's palace, the usual way his Majesty passes to the House of Lords, as far as to the parade, when, leaving the horse-guards on the left, proceed along the park, up to Great George-street, and pass to the Abbey in either of the tracks last mentioned.

V. From Westminster Hall into Parliament-street, down Bridge-ftreet, along Great George-street, through Long Ditch, (the Gate-house, as before observed, to be taken down) and so on to the west door of the Abbey.

VI. From Whitehall up Parliament-ftreet, down Bridgestreet, into King-street, round St. Margaret's churchyard, proceed into the Abbey.

VII. From the House of Lords along St. Margaret' sa Street, a-cross New Palace-yard, into Parliament-street, and from thence to the Abbey by the way last mentioned.

But if, on no account, the path must be extended to any of the lengths here recommended, I could wish, rather than see the procession confined to the old way, that it should pass,

VIII. From Westminster-Hall along Palace-yard, into Parliament-street, and continued in the last mentioned path, viz. through Bridge-street, King-street, and round the church-yard, to the west door of the cathedral.

IX. The return from the Abbey, in either case, to be as usual, viz. round St. Margaret's church-yard, into King-street, through Union-street, along New Palace-yard, and so into Westminster-hall

. It is almost indifferent which of the six first ways now proposed be taken ; but there is a stronger reason than mere convenience for changing the common course. Some of the streets in the old track are so ruinous, that

there

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