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supplies both work and materials, and whose claim has not been paid by the contractor, company, or corporation, to whom the contract has been awarded, shall, within thirty days from the time such work is completed, file with the commissioners, managers, trustees, officers, board of supervisors, board of trustees, common council, or other body by whom such contract was awarded, a verified statement of such claims, together with a statement that the same has not been paid. At any time within ninety days after the filing of such claim, the person, company, or corporation filing the same may commence an action against the sureties on the bond, specified and required by section one hereof.

SEC. 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

There can be no lien upon public buildings. Mayrhoffer v. Board of Education, 89 Cal. 110. And persons contracting or dealing with public officers must be held to know and take notice

he powers and duties of such officers in the expenditure of public moneys. Hughson v. Crane, 115 Cal. 204.

TO PROMOTE HORTICUL

TURE.

An act to promote the horticultural interests of

the state by providing county boards of horticulture, and repealing the act entitled "An act to protect and promote the horticultural interests of the state," approved March 14, 1881, and certain acts amendatory thereof, approved March 19, 1889, and March 31, 1891.

[Approved March 31, 1897.] SECTION 1. Whenever a petition is presented to the board of supervisors of any county, and signed by twenty-five or more persons, each of whom is a resident freeholder and possessor of an orchard, stating that certain or all orchards, or nurseries, or trees of any variety are infested with scale insects of any kind, injurious to fruit, fruit trees, and vines, codlin moth, or other insects that are destructive to trees, and praying that a commission be appointed by them, whose duty it shall be to supervise the destruction of said scale insects, as herein provided, the board of supervisors shall, within twenty days thereafter, appoint a board of horticultural commissioners, consisting of three members, who shall be qualified for the duties of horticultural commissioner. Upon the petition of twenty-five resident freeholders and possessors of an orchard, the board of supervisors may remove any of said commissioners for cause, after a hearing of the petition.

SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of the county board of horticultural commissioners in each county, whenever it shall deem it necessary, to cause an inspection to be made of any orchards, or nursery, or trees, plants, vegetables, vines, or fruits, or any fruit packing-house, storeroom, salesroom, or any other place or articles in their jurisdiction, and if found infested with scale insects, or codlin moth, or other pests injurious to fruit, plants, vegetables, trees, or vines, or with their eggs, or larvæ, they shall notify the owner or owners, or person or persons in charge, or in possession of the said places, or orchards, or nurseries, or trees, or plants, vegetables, vines, or fruit, or articles as aforesaid, that the same are infested with said insects, or other pests, or any of them, or their eggs or larvæ, and they shall require such person or persons, to eradicate or destroy the said insects, or other pests, or their eggs or larvæ within a certain time to be specified. Said notices may be served upon

the

person or persons, or either of them owning, or having charge, or having possession of such infested place, or orchard, or nursery, or trees, plants, vegetables, vines, or fruit, or articles, as aforesaid, by any commissioner, or by any person deputed by the said commissioners for that purpose, or they may be served in the same manner as a summons in a civil action. Any and all such places, or orchards, or nurseries, or trees, plants, shrubs, vegetables, vines, fruit, or articles thus infested, are hereby adjudged and declared to be a public nuisance; and whenever any such nuisance shall exist at any place within their jurisdiction, or on the property of any nonresident, or on any property the owner or owners of which cannot be found by the county board of horticultural commissioners, after diligent search, within the county, or on the property of any owner or owners upon which notice aforesaid has been served, and who shall refuse or neglect to abate the same within the time specified, it shall be the duty of the county board of horticultural commissioners to cause said nuisance to be at once abated, by eradicating or destroying said insects, or other pests, or their eggs, or larvæ. The expense thereof shall be a county charge, and the board of supervisors shall allow and pay the same out of the general fund of the county. Any and all sum or sums so paid shall be and become a lien on the property and premises from which said nuisance has been removed or abated, in pursuance of this act, and may be recovered by an action against such property and premises. A notice of such lien shall be filed and recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the said property and premises are situated, within thirty days after the right to the said lien has accrued. An action to foreclose such lien shail be commenced within ninety days after the filing and recording of said notice of lien, which action shall be brought in the proper court by the district attorney of the county, in the name and for the benefit of the county making such payment or payments, and when the property is sold, enough of the proceeds shall be paid into the county treasury of such county to satisfy the lien and costs; and the overplus, if any there be, shall be paid to the owner of the property, if he be known, and, if not, into the court for his use when ascertained. The county board of horticultural commissioners is hereby vested with power to cause any and all such nuisances to be at once abated in a summary manner.

SEC. 3. Said county boards of horticultural commissioners shall have power to divide the county into districts, and to appoint a local inspector, to hold office at the pleasure of the commissioners, for each of said districts. The state board of horticulture may issue commissions as quarantine guardians to the members of said county board of horticultu-ral commissioners and to the local inspectors thereof. The said quarantine guardians, local inspectors, or members of said county boards of horticultural commissioners, shall have full authority to enter into any orchard, nursery, place or places where trees or plants are kept and offered for sale or otherwise, or any house, storeroom, saleroom, depot, or any other such place in their jurisdiction, to inspect the same, or any part thereof.

SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of said county board of horticultural commissioners to keep a record of

their official doings, and to make a report to the state board of horticulture, on or before the first day of October of each year, of the condition of the fruit interests in their several districts, what is being done to eradicate insect pests, also as to disinfecting, and as to quarantine against insect pests and diseases, and as to carrying out all laws relative to the greatest good of the fruit interest. Said board may publish said reports in bulletin form, or may incorporate so much of the same in their annual reports as may be of general interest.

SEC. 5. The salary of all inspectors working under the county board of horticultural commissioners shall be two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50) per day. In the case of the commissioners themselves, their compensation shall be four dollars per day, when actually engaged in the performance of their duties, and itemized necessary traveling expenses incurred in the discharge of their regular duties as prescribed in this act.

SEC. 6. It shall be the duty of the county board of horticultural commissioners to keep a record of their official doings and make a monthly report to the board of supervisors; and the board of supervisors may withhold warrants for salaries of said members and inspectors thereof until such time as said report is made.

SEC. 7. An act entitled "An act to protect and promote the horticultural interests of the state, approved March fourteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-one, and certain acts amendatory thereof, approved March nineteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, and March thirty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-one, are hereby repealed.

SEC. 8. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.

County horticultural commissions were created by act of March 14, 1881. [Stats. p. 88). The act provided for a petition by five or more resident freeholders and possessors of orchards, to the supervisors and the appointment by the board, after twenty days notice, of three

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